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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Bombay Literary Society.-On Mon was discovered to be fine, and fit for makday, the 30th of November, a meeting of ing a' beautiful stuff, when manufactured the Society was held, when an interesting by expert artists. It cannot yet be deterpaper from Captain Boog, of the Sir Evan mined whether it grows in equal quantity Nepean, was read, descriptive of a journey on each animal, at least until the animals up the Nile to "hebes, Dendera, &c. This are refreshed and accustomed to the cliaccount corroborates the testimony of other mate. The fleece is chiefly white; there travellers, that the statue of Memnon is is some long black hair growing about the still in its ancient resting place, and that head and neck of some, on others it grows the one shipped by Belzoni for the British in different spots on the body, Their Museum was not the real one.
fleeces are thick, growing very long, and The Captain has presented to the mu- covering even the legs. In consequence of seum of the Society an Egyptian mummy, the long journies, the animals had suffered inclosed in a wooden case, richly adorned, much ; a good number have, however, and in a high state of preservation. He been preserved by the care taken of them also brought with him two other mum during their quarantine in the lazaretto of mies of equal richness, which may be seen Marseilles. They are now scattered on the at the theatre.
hills around Alanch, where they thrive These extraordinary remains of the much from the use of excellent pastures science and skill of the ancient Egyptians and good air. M. Anredée Jaubert has are probably more than 2000 years old. arrived at Toulon with the remainder of The art of embalming was well known and the flock, which is to be brought into practised in Egypt in the time of Joseph, France." 1689 before the Christian era, as appears Northern Expedition. The British Gofrom the last chapter of the book of Gene vernment have fitted out two new expedisis, wherein mention is made of the em tions for the Arctic regions; the one has balming both of Jacob and Joseph. The sailed for Baffin's Bay, and the other, by being put into a coffin was considered as a land, for Hudson's Bay, and the coasts of particular mark of distinction, and hence it the Arctic Ocean. The party to be emis expressly observed of Joseph, that he ployed in the land expedition consists of was not only embalmed, but was put into Lieutenant Franklin, the commanding offia coffin als). These antique coffins are cer; Dr Richardson of Leith, medical offistill to be seen in Egypt, and consist of cer and naturalist ; two midshipmen, and stone or sycamore wood; some are said to two seryants ;-in all, six Europeans. be made of a kind of pasteboard, formed They sailed about the 20th of May, and by folding and glewing cloth together a expected to reach York Factory about the great number of times, which are curious- middle of July. The primary object is to ly plastered, and then painted with hiero- co-operate, if necessary, with the nautical glyphics. This is mentioned by Thevenot, expedition, to ascertain the north-eastern Maillet, and most other travellers in Egypt. boundary of the American continent, and The coffins in which Captain Boog's mum to endeavour to trace the Copper-mine Rimies are inclosed are of wood, most proba. ver to its termination in the ocean. There bly of sycamore wood, and the paintings is a probability, then, by tracing this river and hieroglyphics, both on the outside and to its termination, the expedition may reach inside, are richly and beautifully done, and nearly to the north-eastern point of the have a very fresh appearance.
Continent. The expedition expect to emCashmir Goals.-The following infor. bark in canoes eight or ten days after their mation respecting the celebrated wool goats arrival at York Factory, and proceed by from Cashmir has been received from Mar- . Cumberland House, Isle à la Crosse, &c. seilles, dated May 26 :-" These animals, to Fort Chepewya, or, if possible, by Slave which were at one time supposed to be Lake. sheep, at another time goat-sheep, a third
The Nero Comet.The new comet, time goats, and a fourth time antelopes, which was observed on Thursday night, are nothing else than real goats, nearly re the 1st July, in the northern hemisphere, is sembling those of our country in their ge thus described by Mr H. S. Christic of the heral conformation, in their movements, Military Academy at Woolwich :-" I first and in their habits. Their horns are more observed the comet a few minutes before er less large, the greater part being straight; eleven o'clock last night, (Saturday,) and there are some, however, turned backward. judge that it came to the meridian about Their fleece is composed of long hair min- twelve. Its elevation above the horizon gled with short hair, resembling down, appeared about 10 degrees, and the sun growing near the skin. On examination it being at the time ncarly 15 degrees below,
its distance from the sun cannot much ex. lour faded gradually until it was dissolve ceed 25 degrees. The night was remark- ed. On the same evenings of the 5th and ably light, and the moon covered by clouds, 6th of March 1803, a shower of red snow circumstances extremely favourable to the fell at Pezzo, at the extremity of the Valle brilliancy of its appearance ; and, consider- Camonica. It was preceded by a very vio. ing this, I should judge, that, under, more lent wind on the 5th. favourable circumstances, its splendour On the evenings of the 14th and 15th of wonld be equal to that of any comet upon March 1813, coloured rain and snow fell record - the head vied with Capella (to the over a very large extent of country. Red cast of it) in brilliancy. The length of the rain fell in the two Calabrias, and on the tail, which, when the comet was on the opposite part of Abruzzo, the wind being meridian, pointed somewhat to the west of at east and south-east. Snow ard hail of a the zenith, extended about 15 degrees, and, yellow red colour fell over all Tuscany, unlike the comet of 1811, it appeared to with a north wind. Red snow fell at Tol. proceed immediately from the nucleus. I mezzo, the wind being at north-east, and viewed it for some time through an excel in the Carnia Alps. And, finally, snow of lent small reflector, and observed that the a brownish yellow colour fell at Bologna, nucleus was much denser than that of the the wind being south-west. foriner comet, and that there was no sepa On the 15th of April 1816, coloured ration between it and the coma, but that snow again fell in Italy, on Tonal and the body became gradually rarer, and in other mountains. It was of a brick colour, the upper part expanded into the tail, and left an earthy powder, very hight and which appearance may arise from a very impalpable, unctuous to the touch, of an dense atmosphere surrounding the nucleus, argillaceous odour, and tasting a little acid, and reaching to the rarer fluid forming the saline, and astringent. These characters tail, if there be any distinction between the agreed with those of the powder left by the two fluids, as appears to have been the case coloured snow of March 18t03. This pow. with the comet of 1811. I may observe, der analyzed gave the following results : that in this, as in all other comets, the ap
Silex pearance to the naked eye is much more Iron striking and brilliant than tlırough a tele. Alumine
1 Education. From a statement made by
Carbonic acid Mr Brougham in the House of Commons, Sulphur
.25 it appears that the number of schools for Empyreumatic oil
2 the whole of England is 4800, and the Carbon number of children educated at the endow. Water (by re-agents) ed and unendowed schools, comprehending
2.25 day schools, is about 700,000. The nuin. ber of day schools is 3500, and the num
26 ber of children educated there is 50,000, The extent of country covered by these leaving 650,000 for the number educated showers, as in 1803 and 1813, extending at the endowed and unendowed schools to eight degrees in length and breadth, throughout England.
proves that the cause is not local, but very Coloured Snow. It appears, by the general. Giornale di Fisica, &c. tha: a shower of FRANCE.-The population of France, red snow fell in Carniola, in the nights of according to the last census, is 29,327,388 the 5th and 6th of March 1808. On the souls. The superficial extent, exclusive of same night, a shower of snow, of a rose co- Corsica, is fifty-two millions of hectares; lour, fell over the surface of Carnia, Ca. 45,445,000 produce more or less; 6,565,000 dore, Belluno, and Feltri, to the height of produce little or nothing. From the detwenty centimetres. The earth was pre- tailed statement given by M. Chaptal, it viously covered with snow of a pure white, appears that one-halt of the producuve soil and the coloured snow was succeeded by is arable, one-eighth forests, one-titteenth other of a pure white; neither were the two pastures, a fifteenth meadows, a twentykinds mingled together, but remained per. second part vineyards, a thirteenth unin. fectly distinct even during liquefaction. closed land, heaths, and the like. M. When a portion of this snow was melted, Chaptal states the mean revenue of a hecand the water evaporated, a little finely-di- tare at about 28 francs, and the general vided earth, of a rosy colour, remained, produce according to this basis would be not attractable by the magnet, and con- 1,456,000,000 francs. The agricultural sisting of silex, alumine, and oxide of iron. capital amounts to 37,522,620,476 francs,
The same phenomenon happened at the the estimate of the gross produce to same time in the mountains of Valtelline, 4,678,708,885 francs, --and that of the net Brescia, and the Tyrol. This snow was of produce, deducting expences of every kind, a red or blood-rose colour, and was under to 1,344,703,370 francs, which he consi. laid and covered with white snow. Its co. ders as subject to impust. From thete re
sults he infers, that, if the territorial im. that they were overturned by violence, and posts (meaning, we presume, the land. tax) prostrated in the spots where they formerly vere duly apportioned, it would not form stood erect; besides, many of them are disa fifth part of the revenue of France, covered in eminences which no inundation whereas, at present, it absorbs the third in could have possibly affected. The bed of some departments, and scarcely the eighth earth which covers them consists of sand in others.
and clay. Under dry sand, the wood is reInstitute of France.-La Place has given duced to dust ; but the form of the tree rethe following results, as deduced from ana mains visible, if the dust be removed carelysis, and from the experiments made with fully. Under wet sand, the wood is found the pendulum in both hemispheres. perfectly sound, with, however, a blackish
1. That the density of the strata of the colour. Only large oaks appear to have terrestrial spheroid increases from the sur. been torn up by their roots. The trees face to the centre.
which are partly petrified are found chiefly 2. That the strata are very nearly regu- under a bed of potter's clay. The oaks larly disposed around the centre of gravity which have not been petrified, on being exof the earth.
posed to the air, harden considerably. It 3. That the surface of this spheroid, of is remarkable that these trees are frequente which the sea covers a part, has a figurely found in grounds where none of the sort a little different from what it would assume now grow. Mr Kunizyn imagines that in virtue of the laws of equilibrium, if it these trees were thus prostrated and coverbecame fluid.
ed with earth by the same violent motion 4. That the depth of the sea is a small of Nature which, in the north of Russia, fraction of the difference of the two axes of separated enormous masses of granite from the earth.
their foundations, and carried them to a 5. That the irregularities of the earth, considerable distance. Perhaps also the and the causes which disturb its surface, remains of mammoths, which are somehave very little depth.
times discovered, may be attributed to the 6. That the whole earth has been origi. same action. As the trees all lie in the nally fluid.
same direction, north to south, that must These results (he says) ought to be placed have been the course of the shock. among the small number of truths which SWEDEN. The universities of Sweden geology presents.
are in an excellent state. In the begin. RUSSIA.-Professor Kunizyn has just ning of the year, the whole number of pupublished several interestióg observations pils was 3485. The expence to governon the petrified trees found in Russia, the ment is about L 70,000 per annum, a object of which is to show that the were great part of which is for the support of not, as is generally supposed, deposited in poor students. There are 45 printing. the places where they are found by an in- presses in Sweden, 16 of which are in undation The situation of these trees, Stockholm. The number of journals awhich, separated from their stumps, are mounts to 46, of which eight appear in the found sometimes as much as fourteen feet capital. under ground, chiefly in marshes, proves
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and Inverness-shire, in the autumn of 1818, LETTERS on the Events which have with an account of the Caledonian Canal, passed in France since the Revolution in in one volume 8vo, is nearly ready for 1813, are printing, by Helen Maria Wil- publication. liams, a name of distinction in the splendid Dr Cooke's 'Treatise on Nervous Dis. epochs of the French Revolution.
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