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BY THE LATE
SAMUEL WILLOUGHBY DUFFIELD,
AUTHOR OF "THE HEAVENLY LAND,” “WARP AND Woof," "The Burial OF THE
DEAD,” AND “ENGLISH Hymns: Their AUTHORS AND HISTORY."
EDITED AND COMPLETED BY
of the University of Pennsylvania.
"Et semper in hunc studiorum quare munitissimum portum ex hujus temporis tempes-
“In diesem Sinne betrachte ich diese, uns von der Vorzeit überlieferten ehrwürdigen
FUNK & WAGNALLS,
44 FLEET STREET.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1889, by
FUNK & WAGNALLS,
SOME months before the death of my true hearted friend, Rev. S. W. Duffield, he wrote to express his wish that I should complete this work, if he did not live to finish it. As I was not aware how grave, and even hopeless, was his illness, I did not feel that I was undertaking a serious responsibility in assenting to his wish. But his untimely death brought to me the duty of discharging a wish which “the emphasis of death” made imperative.
In our conferences over the book and its subject, which we had had for three years past, I had come to appreciate Mr. Duffield's ideas as to its form and content, and read with much interest his preliminary studies in the Christian Intelligencer, the Sunday School Times, and the New Englander. On coming into possession of his manuscript and notes, I found that the greater part of the book had been carried almost to the point of readiness for the printer, although several chapters had not been written and all needed careful revision.
I have revised throughout the chapters Mr. Duffield left, but in doing so I have been embarrassed by the very vitality and personal quality in Mr. Duffield's style. He reminds one of what Arch. deacon Hare says of the freshness and living force in a page of Luther's. This has constrained me to leave intact many a phrase or expression I should not have used, but which was natural and even inevitable in him. It is my hope that I have not sacrificed this admirable quality of his writing to any pedantry of judgment.
The chapters on Pope Damasus (Chapter IV.) I have rewritten throughout. That on Bernard of Cluny I have rearranged, but without much alteration. That on Thomas of Celano I have rewritten to the top of page 252.
That on Hermann of Reichenau I should have liked to rewrite ; but as I dissented from some of its arguments, I feared to more than retouch it.
It stands as a
monurnent of its author's vehement conviction that in Hermann
The later chapters, from Thomas Aquinas, with the exception of
Mr. Duffield's own idea of his book is well expressed in the
Samuel Augustus Willoughby Duffield was born at Brooklyn,
Samuel W. Duffield was of the sixth American generation of his family. From his youth he was a young giant, with an inborn love of active sports, quick in movement, and apparently incapable of fatigue. His mind showed equal vigor and freshness, and he early developed a passion for poetry. By his tenth year he had mastered Chaucer, in spite of difficulties much more serious to beginners in those days than in our own. And he very early began to find expression for his own ideas in verse. He united with the Church at the age of thirteen, when his father was a pastor in Philadelphia, being the only one who did so at the time, so that the act was the result of personal decision and not of a revival excitement. He graduated at Yale in 1863; and after teaching for a while, he began the study of theology under the care of his grandfather and his father. Not until after he had been licensed to preach, and had had charge of a mission in Chicago, did he present himself as a student in Union Theological Seminary.
His first pastorate was from 1867 to 1870 at Tioga, one of the northern suburbs of Philadelphia. As he frequently came to the office of the American Presbyterian, on which I was assisting the late Dr. John W. Mears, I then formed an acquaintance with him, which ripened into a friendship that was to be lifelong, and I hope even longer. He was an impressive figure, of more than the ordinary height, and yet so massively built that he was seen to be tall only when beside another person, His manner was cheerful, affectionate and buoyant, giving evidence in various ways of his French descent. His character was winning and attractive by its openness, and its entire freedom from selfishness. He was a man