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LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI
JUL 30 1936
ANNAPOLIS, MD., January 3, 1900.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Delegates:
The Constitution of Maryland requires the Governor to inform the General Assembly of the condition of the State and recommend such measures as he may judge necessary and expedient for the public welfare.
It has always been my desire, and it is better for the State, for the people to have an accurate knowledge of the Departments and Institutions which derive their support from the public funds.
In the management of all State Institutions and Bureaus I have insisted upon the application of business principles, and it gives me pleasure to say that their condition was never more satisfactory. The details of their workings will shortly be submitted to you by their respective heads. I ask your careful consideration of these reports, as I shall but briefly sketch the operations of the branches of government.
The financial condition of the State, which is a matter of first importance, may be summarized as follows:
September 30, 1895, the net debt was......................... $3,005,253 13
building of the new Penitentiary and the Second
Hospital for the Insane-
..... 1,200,000 co
Making the actual reduction in the State debt since 1895
............... 1,608,210 18
in the Treasury on that date of .............................. 566,351 30
into the Treasury during the year were ................... 3,791,298 77
................ 4,357,650 07 The report of the Comptroller for the fiscal year ended
September 30, 1899, shows the total disbursements
.............. 3,649,724 07
........... 707,926 00
The substantial reduction in the State debt recorded above has been accomplished in the face of greater appropriations for educational and charitable purposes than were made during any preceding administration. The revenues of the State are steadily growing, and with this continuance of increase, which should come under a wise and economical conduct of State affairs, there is no reason why the tax rate of 1734 cents should not be materially lessened, and, within a few years, the public debt paid off.
Unnecessary cffices should not be created and useless ones should be discontinued. Every effort ought to be made to lessen the weight of taxation.
Along this line I think that the office of State Fire Marshal should be abolished. The $5,500 which is annually appropriated for its support could be withheld, and the powers of the State Insurance Commissioner so enlarged that the duties of Fire Marshal could be performed by one of his deputies.
For the purpose of attracting to the State desirable immigrants the General Assembly of 1896 established the Bureau of Immigration.. The experiment has been tried, and in my judgment the results have not been satisfactory.
The new buildings of the Maryland Penitentiary are completed and occupied. They were erected and equipped at a cost of $1,071,110.45. This is now the most modern penal institution in the country. It continues to be self-supporting; the receipts for the past year having been $120,396.46, the largest in its history.
To make room for the new buildings it became necessary to raze some of the workshops. For the good of the inmates, as well as the self-maintenance of the institution, these shops should be restored, others put into operation, and the present ones rearranged. The old Penitentiary building, too, should be remodeled for hospital and other purposes. To carry out this work $150,000 is needed. With the facilities which would then be had it would not be long before the interest on the Penitentiary Loan could be paid out of the proceeds of the industrial enterprises located there.
HOUSE OF CORRECTION.
There is no institution in the State in which greater or more needed advance has been made in the last four years than the House of Correction. The original structure has been added to and improved so that there is now a dormitory exclusively for women, and a workshop apart from the living quarters, while modern sanitary arrangements have been installed in the whole building. New industrial enterprises have been inaugurated, the proceeds of which have increased the revenues of the State $12,000 more than in any year prior to 1896. Better discipline is preserved, and the general administration is highly creditable to the State.
STATE TOBACCO WAREHOUSES.
The work of the State Tobacco Warehouses under the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1898 has been very satisfactory. The first report of the Chief Inspector for the year ending March 31, 1898, showed the net earnings for the year to be $15,705.05, an increase of more than $5,000 over any one year since the establishment of the warehouses. Experience has shown, however, that the law should be amended so as to give the Chief Inspector larger powers over the appointment and removal of subordinates.
MARYLAND AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.
The Maryland Agricultural College has become one of the most valuable educational institutions in the State. New buildings have been added and much-needed improvement made to the old, while the curriculum has been enlarged. The growing importance and appreciation of the college makes an addition to the main structure imperative.
The offices of State Entomologist and State Pathologist, which are conducted in connection with the college, have been administered so as to receive commendation from almost every county, while the Department of Farmers' Institutes has been productive of much good in the discussion of subjects which are of practical import to agricultural classes.
MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. The Maryland Geological Survey, inaugurated by the General Assembly of Maryland of 1896, has accomplished important results during the brief period.of its operations.
Three large volumes have already been issued, including reports dealing with the building stone industry, magnetic variations, highway improvement, and our agricultural and mineral resources,
Reports of an educational character of the physiography and geology of Maryland have been furnished, and other publications based upon the work of the past years are already in press, including a fourth volume of the survey dealing with the geological and economic resources of the western counties, together with a report of the surveys of both the western boundary and