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carried in the lower house by a consi- neutral nations. We are bappy, howderable majority ; but was negatived in ever, to perceive, that even those who the senate by one vote. The congress clamour most loudly against the conduct however has manifested its unshaken anti- of England, do not attempt to deny that pathy to the Slave Trade, by prohibiting she has much ground of serious complaint ; it, in spite of the loudest murmurs of their and that there exist many Aagrant abuses new citizens of Louisiana, in that exten- of the rights of neutrality, which it is no sive province.

more than equitable on the part of England A very considerable sensation continues to suppress. We have little doubt that the to be felt in America on the subject of the reasonableness of our claims will be felt by principles asserted by this country respect. the sober and dispassionate part of the ing the relative rights of belligerent and United States.

GREAT BRITAIN.

}

SECRETARIES OF STATE.

GENERAL REFLECTIONS.

vernment on the broadest basis seems not We mentioned in our last number the

to have been fulfilled. It moreover appears death of Mr. Pitt, and the consequent ex

that the removals which have taken place pectation of a new ministry. The new in the inferior departnients have been conadministration has since been formed. siderably greater than have been usual in His Majesty who, on a foriner occasion, is the case of other changes of administraunderstood to have stedfastly resisted e- tion. The new ministers are as follows; very solicitation to admit Mr. For into those who compose the cabinet being office, influenced, doubtless, by the cir

marked thus (*). cumstances of the present times, appears

TREASURY. to have readily consented to the plan of an

*Lord Grenville...... First Lord. administration, suggested to him by Lord

*Lord H. Petty .....Chan. of the Excheq. Grenville, in which Mr. Fox bears a con

Lord Althorpe . spicuous part. We cannot help contem

Mr. Wickham Lords. plating this act of our Soverign as pecu

Mr. Courtenay Jiarly honourable to his character, since it

Mr. Vapsittart...... indicates a disposition which indeed bas

Secretaries.

Mr. King......... been also manifested on former occasions, to make his own opivions bend to the force

*Earl Fitzwilliam ....Presid, of the Council. of circumstances, to the temper of parlia- *Visc. Sidmouth ...... Lord Privy Seal. ment, and to the wishes of the people *. Among the new cabinet ministers, not one is to be found who was a member of the *Mr. Fox

Foreign Department,

? this respect the profession of forming a go- General Walpole...

*Earl Spencer ........ Home Department. * We here allude in particular to his Mr. W. Wynine

Under Secretaries. Majesty's former admission of Mr. Fox

Mr. Harrison.... into power, and also to his recognition of *Mr. Windbam ......Colonial Department. American independence. When Mr. Sir G. Shee..... Adams, the first envoy from the United Mr. Amyot.. States of America, obtained his introductory audience, he was received by his Ma. *Lord Erskine......... Lord Chancellor. jesty with the most gracious affability.

ADMIRALTY, Sir," said the king, “I was the last man in the kingdom to consent to the in- *Mr. Grey ....... ..First Lord.

Sir Ph. Stephens... dependence of America; but now it is

Admiral Markham granted, I shall be the last man in the

Sir C. Pole........ world to sanction a violation of it." Mr.

Sir H. B. Neale,....

Lords. Adams was much affected. This dignified

Lord W. Russel..... language constituted a striking refutation

Lord Kensington... of many of those calumnies against his Majesty, which had been propagated in *Earl of Moira ......... Mast. Gen. of Ord. America,

Gen. Fitzpatrick ....... Secretary at War.

} Under Secretaries,

Bart Buckinghamshire; } Joint Postmasters.

Mr. Sheridan .........Treas. of the Navy. guardians of the constitution, and as we Duke of Bedford...... Ld. Lieut. of Ireland. conceive not without reason, to be a conMr. Elliot

Secretary to Do. junction of two employments which are in BOARD OF CONTROUL.

compatible. Lord Minto, Lord Spencer.

In forming our estimate of the present Mr. Windham,

ministry, we are disposed to allow that they Mr. Fox, Lord Grenville, Lord H. Petty.

undoubtedly comprize the principal talents Lord Morpetb, Mr. H. Addington.

of the country : and if, in making this ad

mission, we seem to reflect on the precedMr. Sullivan.

ing administration, not one of whom, as we have already noticed, has any place in

the cabinet, we do but the more exalt the Lord Auckland........Pres. Board of Trade. stupendous talents of Mr. Pitt, who anEarl Temple......... Vice President ditto. doubtedly communicated to those with

whom he was associated, a degree of rethe Porces.

putation and strength, which rendered Earl of Carnarvon.... Master of the Horse.

that ministry, while Mr. Pitt's health and Lord C. Spencer ......Master of the Mint.

life remained, by no means incompetent to Earl of Albemarle... Master of Stag Hounds.

the adninistration of the affairs of this Lord Ossulston........ Treas. of Household.

great country. s Chancellor of the Du.

That his death should issue in the total Earl of Derby......

chy of Lancaster. exclusion of his colleagues from office, and

that the succeeding ministry should never

Gent. Pensioners. theless claim to be a combination of alLord Rt. Spencer..... Surv, of Crown Lands. most all that is great in parliament, and in Mr. Bond.... ..Judge Advocate, the country, is a new proof of his transMr. Pigott ........ Attorney General. cendancy. Mr. Romilly.. .Solicitor General. Some meetings have been called for the

Chancellor of the D. Mr. Adam.....

purpose of congratulating the king on the of Cornwall. choice of his new ministry, and on the con

Attorney General to sequent prospects of the country. Under Mr. Garrow..... bis Royal Highness these auspices, it is now supposed by the Prince of Wales.

some, either that the war cannot fail to be Lord Ellenborough has a seat in the Cabinet. vigorously carried on, or that a peace will

We apprehend that the changes in some be procured which shall be at once safe of the law departments, and also the intro- and honourable *. daction of the party of Lord St. Vincent in- We entertain upon this subject some. to the Admiralty, are the parts of this ar- what less sanguine expectations. The rangement which will be the least satis- difficulties in which we are involved arise, factory to the public.

as we think, more out of the times in which The appointment of a military council we live, than out of the fault of this or that which is to assist the Duke of York, who admmistration, although there may be continues to be Commander in Chief with- ground for the praise or the censure of some out having a seat in the cabinet, is consist of the various acts of governinent. Though ent with the former professions of some of accustomed to regard with no suall degree the present ministry, and will unquestion of jealousy the principles of some of the ably be gratifying to the nation. In a individuals who form the new ministry, we moment like the present, every measure are desirous, nevertheless, of exercising which may contribute to the more effec- totvards them, and of claiming on their betual defence of the country will obtain the

half, the same candid construction of their public applause ; and all improper delica

measures, which we demanded for the last. cy ought to yield to higher considerations. And we would warn our countrymen, in His Majesty has given another proof of the the outset, against indulging any expectapredominance of his regard to the public tion of being relieved from great burdens good over every private and natural feel

as well as great exertions. Even the best ing, by acquiescing, after only a short

peace which we can reasonably hope to atsuspense, in this part of the arrangeinent. tain must be insecure and questiouable,

The appointment of Lord Ellenborough, Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench to a seat in the Cabinet, bas excited some * See the debates and resolutions of the surprise, and is thought by waay joalous Com Mou Council of the City of London.

Was

and is likely to be maintained only by exertions for the safety of the empire. Bo. an expence little inferior to that of our naparte will not be charmed into submiswar establishment. It has been the gene- mission by the name of a Fox or terrified ral practice of those who have constituted into it by that of a Grenville or a Windthe opposition party in parliament, to exag- ham." He knows his own strength, and we gerate the distresses of the country, to fear that he may be disposed to make a refer them too exclusively to the fault of farther trial of it, without sacrifices and government, and to excite expectation of a concessions on our part, which, while they greater improvement in our affairs, in the procured for us the delusive semblance of a case of their succeeding to power, than peace, would only serve to render our deevents have warranted.

struction more speedy and inevitable. When the ministry of Lord North was Our new government, as we trust, will act overthrown), an immediate peace a wise and manly part: they will call forth deemed likely to follow. But the new mi- the resources and the energies of the peo. nistry knocked at the door of almost every ple: they will greatly extend our measures cabinet on the Continềnt, without effecting of defence, as we may presume Mr. Pitt their purpose. And it was reserved for the would also have done : and they will consucceeding administration, of the Earl of tinue rigorously to employ that immense Shelburne and Mr. Pitt, to make peace ; a maritime power, with which providence has peace which Lord North and Mr. Pox blessed us, not only in turning the tide of united in condemning as inadequate. war from our own shores, but in reducing

Much disappointment also took place in the immense resources of our formidable respect to the reform of parliament, and of enemy. the various departinents of the state. Some The nation also we trust will have reason laws indeed were passed for the limitation to perceive that no meanis are left untried of the infuence of the crown, which we be- for extricating us out of our difficulties ; lieve to have been beneficial: but they fell and they will consent, from a clear conremarkably short both of the clains of our viction of its necessity to bear that heavy reformers, and of the first intentions and pressure which must be brought upon profossions of the very movers. That one them. The disaffected, whether in this ministry differs less from another than is country, or in Ireland, will be convinced commonly supposed, in respect at least to that they have no party in the parliament the general principles of government, was of the united kingdom favourable to their also soon afterwards indicated in the clear: views : and the tone of those who have est manner by the union of the two most heretofore been thought by many, to have, adverse parties in the country, that of too much countenanced the spirit of dise Lord North and Mr. Fox, who, after ap- coutent and faction, will no doubt be such pearing to the nation to be the very anti- as becomes the ministers of the state. podes to each other, met in the same ca. The chief hope however which can reabinet.

sonably be entertained in favour of our A new coalition has now been formed, country must always arise from the virand it consists, somewhat in like manner, tues rather than the talents of our rulers; of men heretofore the most adverse to though the latter are the too common obeach other. We are persuaded that the ject of idolatry. A fair and honourable public opinion of our political parties is conduct towards our allies; a faithful and, much lowered by these combinations. close attention in every department of

We are willing at the same time to government to the laborious duties of their hope for some advantages from the present respective offices; a selection of inen acunion of influence and of talents. Let us cording to their merit, and not according not however be entirely blind either to the either to court favour or their influence evils which may result from the heteroge- in a party, a point of supreme importance neous nature of some at least of the mate- in the command of our fieets and armies ; rials out of which this ministry is coin. and a paramount regard to the religious posed : and above all let us not imagine and morai interests of the nation in the that it is in their power to change the pre- concerns both of the executive government sent state of things upon the Continent; and of the legislature :-these appear to ug to induce Bonaparte to forego his ambi. to be the bighest recommendations of a mis tious projects againt the greatness and in- nistry; and they imply much more of updependence of Britain ; or to provide rightness and integrity than of intellectual alberwise than by Dew burthens and new endowment,

POINT.

But it is not to the virtues of the admi- justice. Upon these grounds there is nistration only that we must look for the every necessity for putting an immediate' preservation of the empire. General cor- end to it.”—“Let us therefore this night ruption will always be the source both of act the part which will do us honour : let parliamentary and ministerial corruption. us vote for bringing in a bill for the abolie Are the people selfish, void of public spi- tion. If we fail, I have only to express rit, complaining, factious, and unreason- my gratitude to the honourable gentleman able? The ministers in such case can (Mr. Wilberforce) for the part he has hardly fail to partake in the common in- taken. He does not need my exhortation fection, and are tempted to employ cor- to persist. But this I will declare, that rupt means of governing so corrupt a peo whether we vote in a small minority, or in ple. The parliament also is then placed a large one, WE NEVER WILL GIVE UP THE under the necessity of taking varivus

Whether in this house or out of this In asures which infringe on liberty for the house; in whatsoever situation I may ever be; make of preserving its own authority, and as long as I have a voice to spcak; THIS QUESThe general principles of the constitution. TION SHALL NEVER HAVE AN END.

If it Are the people on the other hand loyal, were possible that the honourable gentlesober, industrious, patriotic,' at peace man could entertain the idea of abandonamong themselves, and united in sentiment ing it, I would not.”-“We who think against the common enemy? How easy is that these things are not merely impolitic, it for almost any ministry to direct the ef- but inhuman, and unjust ; that they are forts of such a nation ! How nearly cer- not of the nature of trade, but that they are tain must be the success of such a peo- crimes which stain the honour of the country : ple against the armies of a profligate in- WE, SIR, WILL NEVER RELAX OUR EFvader, and how confidently, moreover, FORTS.” On every subsequent discussion may they expect that the blessing of hea- of this momentous question, the language ven will crown their efforts. So true is it of Mr. For has been equally decided ; nor according to the language of the prophet, does there appear the least ground to that righteousness exalteth a nation, but question his sincerity. Lord Grenville, sin is the ruin of many people.

whenever he has had an opportunity of There is one point of view, yet unno. expressing bis sentiments, has manifestticed, in which we are disposed to contem- ed an hostility no less marked and deplate with hope the accession of the new termined to this detestable commerce. ministry to power : we allude to the abo- " No advantage,” he has declared, lition of the Slave Trade. The majority " which individuals or the public can deof the leading men in the present admi- rive from the continuance of the slave nistration have pledged themselves to trade shall ever induce me to give it my the prosecution of the measure. On this approbation, or to consider it in any other question Mr. For has thus expressed light than a system, not only of injustice himself. Any gentleman, who after a and inhumanity, but of fraud, robbery, full knowledge of the subject, can avow and murder.” Other members of the Cabimself an abetter of the shameful traffic binet, as Lord Spencer, Lord H. Pelly, and in buman tesh, it can only be either from Mr. Grey, have declared themselves on sonne hardness of heart, or some such dif- the same side in this question. And alficulty of understanding as I really know though there may be parts of the new not how to account for.”_" The cause of ministerial arrangements which appear abolition," he remarked on another occa- somewhat inauspicious : although moreover sion, “ being a cause of justice, it is one in we have learned, especially in this question, which I cannot adınit of any compromise ; to moderate our expectations from man, for there can be no compromise betiveen justice and to look for a solution of its difficulties end injustice."-"Upon the whole, I shall to a higher interference than even that of a give my opinion of this traffic in a very few British legislature ; we nevertheless in. words. I believe it to be impolitic. I dulge a hope that some effectual remedy know it to be inhuman. I am certain it is will at length be applied to this enorunjust."--" Even if the objects of it were mous evil : an evil, our wilful continuance brute animals, no humane man could ex. of which seems to exclude a rational and pose them to be created with such wanton well founded reliance on the divine cruelty. If the mercbandize were totally blessing and favour. If it be true, as has inanimate, no honest man could support à already been said, that it is righteoustrade founded upon such principles of in- ness which exalteth a nation, then what Ggrist. OUSEkv. No. 50.

T

A nAU

reasonable expectation can Christinns en- 2.617,584 for the militia of the United tertain that the Almighty will bless our Kingdom. efforts, while the Slaçe Trade, that great- A resolution has passed for raising the est practical evil which ever has afflicted sum of five millions by Exchequer bills. the human race, that compound of all The Committee appointed to try the that is base, fraudful, and inhuman, is merits of the Middiesex election' have re.. retained and cherished by us.

ported that “ G. B. Muinwaring, Esq. was

duly elected and ought to have been re. PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. turned." Little business of moment has come be

A bill bas passed both houses and refore Pavliament during the present month,

ceived the Royal assent, for enabling Lord

Grenville to retain the office of Auditor of in consequence of the changes of Govern. ment, and the delay necessarily caused by

the Exchequer wile he holds the office of

First Lord of the Treasury, appointing a the re-election of the new ministers.

Thanks have been voted to our naval deputy to discharge the daties of the former commanders, who distinguished themselves due discharge, and who should not be re

ofice, who should be responsible for their by the late victories, and to the officers and

movealıle by Lord Grinville. This act men who served under them.

has caused some dissatisfaction in the pubment in St. Paul's was voted to the me

lic mind. mory of Lord Nelson, and it was stated at the same time to be his Majesty's intention

A French squadron, bound as is supposed

to the West Indies, fell in with part of the to settle £.2000 per annum on the widow of Lord Nelson, and to appropriate the long. 23. and is supposed to bave captured

outward bound West India fleet in lat. 36. sum of £.200,000 to the purchase of an

six or seven ships. estate to be attached to the title of Earl

No farther account has yet been receired Nelson.

of the various French squadrons which are We mentioned in our last, that a reso

out of port. lution was carried in the House of Com. mons for an address to his Majesty, pray. Pitt took place on the 22d inst. The cere

The public funeral of the Right Hon. W. ing that the remains of Mr. Pitt might be

mony was conducted in a very solemn and interred at the public cha'ge, and that a

But the nation pays monument might be erected to his memory in Westmiuster Abbey, “ having an in him a nobler homage than that of any pascription expressive of the national regret geant or procession, however splendid. His at the loss of that excellent statesman."

affecting inanner.

grare is watered with the tears of his counAn address to his Majesty was afterwards trynen, who feel that, agreeably to the moved in the House, to issue the sum of words used in pronouncing the style of the £.40,000 for the purpose of paying deceased, Non sibi sed patriæ virit. Mr. Pitt's debts, which passed unani

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. mously.

Sir John Newport is appointed ChancelThe treaties and other explanatory pa- lor of the Exchequer for Ireland. pers, which have been laid before Parlia- The following persons have been raised ment by his Majesty, have thrown much to the peerage of the United Kingdom, viz. light on the causes wbich hare led to the Thomas Anson, Esq. created Viscount Anlate disasters on the Continent; and have son: the Marquis of Sligo created Baron tended to fix on the Austrian Cabinet the, Monteagle: the Earl of Eglinton created charges of gross improvidence and inisma. Baron Ardrossan: tte Carl of Lauderdale pageinent, and of a violation, in the conduct created Baron Lauderdale: the Earl of of the war, of her engagements to this Granard created Baron Granard: Joba country and to Russia, particularly in the Crewe, Esq. created Baron Crewe: Wilunfortunate advance of General Mack's liain Lyga, Esq. created Baron Beauarıny into Suabia. To these causes, on champ; and the Hon. Thomas Erskine which our limits forbid us at present to en- created Baron Erskine. large, may be immediately referred the Viscounts Gosford, Oxmanton, Somer," suddenness at least of the ruin which has ton, and Charleville, liave respectively been overwhelmed that power.

created Earls of Ireland, by the titles of The following estimates have been voted Gosford, Ross, Normanto., and Charleville, viz. .1,193,105 for 134,437 men for ge- avd P.J. Thellusson, Esq. has been created vieral service for three months; £.505,037 a peer of Ireland, by the title of Baron Rep. for the troops employed abroad; and dlesbam.

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