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cinations of the verse, the pathos of Taper and host, and book they bare, the sentiment, or the justness and And holy banner flourish'd fair

With the REDEEMER's name. vividness of the description, that I

Above the prostrate pilgrim band, have been at a loss where to fix.

The mitred abbot stretch'd his hand, The two passages which I have at

And bless'd them as they kneeld: length ventured to transcribe, have

With holy cross he sign’d them all, been chosen on account of their bear. And pray'd they might be sage in hall, ing a nearer relation to the subjects And fortunate in field. that usually occupy your pages, Then mass was sung, and prayers were than

any others which would equal- said, ly admit of being dissevered from And solemn requiem for the dead; the text.

The first extract I shall And bells tolld out their mighty peal, give, represents the faral termination For the departed spirit's weal; of one of those single combats which, And ever in the office close in the dark ages, were the appointed The hymn of intercession rose: means of deciding such disputes as

And for the echoing aisles prolong

The awful burthen of the song involved the honour of either party.

DIES IRÆ, DIES ILLA “ 'Tis done, 'tis done! that fatal blow

Hás stretch'd him on the bloody plain : While the pealing organ rung;
He strives to rise-brave Musgrave, no!

Were it meet with sacred strain
Thence never shalt thou rise again.

To close my lay, so light and vain ; He chokes in blood-some friendly hand Thus the holy fathers sung: Undo the visor's barred band, Enfix the gorget's iron clasp,

Hymn for the Dead. And give him room for life to gasp! That day of wrath, that dreadful day, O bootless aid !-Haste, holy friar, When heav'n and earth shall pass away, Haste, ere the sinner shall expire !

What power shall be the sinner's stay? Of all his guilt let him be shriven,

How shall he meet that dreadful day? And smooth his path from earth to heaven.

When shrivelling like a parched scroll, In haste the holy friar sped,

The flaming heavens together roll; His naked foot was dyed with red,

When louder yet, and yet more dread, As through the lists he ran :

Swells the high trump that wakes the dead: Unmindful of the shouts on high That hail'd the conqueror's victory, O! on that day, that wrathful day, He rais'd the dying man.

When man to judgment wakes from clay, Loose wared bis silver beard and hair, Be Thou the trembling sinner's stay, As o'er him he kneelid down in prayer; Though hear'n and earth shall pass away.” Aud still the crucifix on high

L. B. He holds before his darkening eye; And still he bends an anxious ear, His faultering penitence to hear:

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Still props him from the bloody sod,

The subject of duelling has of late Still, even when soul and body part, Pours ghostly comfort on his heart,

been so fully investigated, and its

sinfulness so clearly demonstrated, And bids him trust in God, Unheard he prays: the death-pangs o'er, that one would imagine no unbiassed Richard of Musgrave breathes no more.” and considerate mind would resist

I shall add only one more pas- the proofs which have appeared in sage. It is taken from the close of your publication, and in many exthe Poem, and describes the funeral cellent dissertations on the subject. rites performed, afterthe popish man- But we find by daily experience the ner, in honour of the unfortunate truth of that scriptural declaration, Musgrave. It thus proceeds: that the depravity of human nature

requires " line upon line, and pre. “ And slow up the dim aisle afar With sable scowl and scapular,

cept upon precept, here a little and And snow-white stoles in order due,

there a little;” and this has induced The holy fathers two and two

me to hope, that notwithstanding la long procession came;

the number of treatises that have

appeared on the subject, another son who hazards his own life in a short consideration of it might, hy duel, even though he attempts not the grace of God, not be found un- that of his adversary. God would profitable. And I was more espe- give you time to repent: you refuse cially desirous to address you, be. it; you voluntarily throw yourself cause I thought it might be useful upon his anger, laden with all your to make more public a very forcible unrepented sins; nay, leaving the argument against duelling, which I world by a sin which, in as much as first learned from a novel, and never it is a violation of his law, an express saw in any other publication. In contempt of his command, is alone the novel io which I allude, a pro- sufficient to whelm you in everlastfessed libertine has by the most dis- ing misery. You are the condemned graceful means ruined a virtuous criminal, who, scorning the reprieve young lady, and thus occasioned offered by royal clemency, insists her death. In consequence her cou- on dying by the hands of the exe-' sin challenges, and kills him; but cutioner. Such an infatuated wretch being a man not wholly destitute of you would in any other case pity or serious impressions, he afterwards despise; yet by your actions you breaks forih into this pathetic la- approve his conduct. Thus you treat mentation: “When God would have your heavenly king; thus you

refuse given him time to repent, I would to receive his merciful offers. The not.” I know not, Mr. Editor, that sinner, who lives from day to day I ever saw an argument against duel- in his iniquity, expects, or at least ling, which speaks more forcibly to hopes, that a time may come when a heart not utterly devoid of feel- worldly cares and worldly enjoying. Would every duellist, before ments will no longer oppose his rehe enters the lists, reflect that in ceiving God's offers of mercy, and seeking his adversary's life, he en- piously employing the time granted deavours to send him laden with in- for repentance.

You at once cut repented sin into the presence of an yourself off from every such hope ; avenging God; that he aims to the you look forward to no such future utmost of his power to consign him day, but willingly and purposely die to a place of eternal torments; I in your sins. He acts as a hardened think it might be a check even to but trembling sinner; you as an insome whom abstract considerations fidel. You may escape from a duel of duty fail to move. Surely hu- with life; possibly the chances are inau nature, even in its most deprav- in your favour; still, however, your ed state, would shudderat the thought guilt is the same; still you cannot of being the cause of eternal misery deny that you court death, that you to a fellow creature,

provoke damnation. And let not the man who accepts

I would wish that every one,

who a challenge merely to preserve his has received a challenge, and finds character in the world, without any it difficult to incur the disgrace atfeelings of malice, hatred, or anger, tendant on refusing it, would once against an adversary, nay, who en- ask himself the following questions: ters the lists with a full determina- If I kill my adversary, do not I detion not to take away his life, let ny bim the time which God would him not I say, imagine, that this grant him for repentance? If I myself consideration does not apply to his am killed; do not I, as a self murcase. Is not self murder (I would derer, deny to myself that time for demand of him) a breach of the 'repentance which God would grant sixth commandment? In the same to me?

S. F. N. manner as the sixth commandment applies to the case of a self murderer, does the consideration now be. fore us apply to the case of the per

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To the Editor of the Christian Observer. the ship to leeward, alleging that To the Editor of the Christian Observer. he mistook Jumrich for Hispaniola. Is your volume for 1804, p. 547, Sickness and mortality had by you hare inserted an anecdote of the this time taken place. It is ncedless Slave Trade which inust have im- to state, that previously to the act presed with horror every person regulating the transport of staves*, who read it. It states that, “ In the these evils scarcely ever failed tocarmonth of March, 1783, the following ry oft vast numbers during the voycircumstances came out in the trial age; the avarice of the traders inducof a case of insurance before the ing thein to crowd, or rather to pack, Chief Justice of the Court of King's too many slares together in the holds Bench, at Guildhall. An ignorant of their ships. On board the Zong, master of a slave ship had overshot between the time of her leaving the his port, Jamaica, and was afraid of Coast of Africa (6th September) and waning water before he could beat the 29th November, 1781, upwards up again to the island.

He himself of SIXTY slares and SEVÉN white fell sick. In the course of his ill- people died, and a GREAT MANY of re's he ordered his mate, who was the remaining slaves, on the day the man that gave the evidence, to last mentioned, were sick of some sethrov for erboard 46 slaves hand- vere disorder, and LIKELY NOT to cuffed : and he was readily obeyed. LIVE LONG. Two days after he ordered 36 These circumstances of sickness more to be thrown after them, and mortality are necessary to be reand after two days more another marked; and also the consequence, parcel of 40. Ten others, who had of them, viz. that the dead and dying been permitted to take the air on slaves would have been a deud loss deck unfettered, jumped into the to the owners, and in sonic proporsea indignantly after them. The tion also to the captain of the ship, ship after all brought into port 480 who was allowed a certain per cengallons of water."

tage on the proceeds; unless some My object in adverting to this pretence or expedient had been horrid story is to furnish you with found to throw the loss upon the ina more correct and circumstantial surers, as in the case of Jetsin, or account of it, which I am enabled to Jetson, i. é, a plea of necessity to do in consequence of my being fa- cost overbourd some part of a cargo voured with minutes of the above- to save the rest, These circummentioned trial, taken at the time stances, I repeat, are necessary to he' by a gentleman of the first respecta- remarked, because they point out bility, and which have since been the most probable inducenient to carefully preserved. The particu- this enormous wickedness. lars, as stated in evidence, will shew The sickness and mortality on board that, dreadful as are the facts re- the Zong, previous to the 29th Nolated in the above anecdote, they vember, 1781 (the time when they fall far short of the real enormity of began to throw the poor negroes the transaction. Permit me to detail overboard alive) was not occasioned it at farge.

by the want of water; for it was prore The ship Song, Luke Collingwood, ed that the people on board did not miaster, sailed from the Isle of St. discover till that very day, the 29th Thomas, on the Coast of Africa, the November, that the stock of fresh 6th September, 1781, with 442 water was reduced, as was alleged, slaves and 17 whites on board, for

* Though I am one of those who rejoiced Jamaica; and on the 27th November

in the passing of this act as some alleviation following, she fell in with that of a monstrous evil, yet I am of opinion island; but instead of proceeding to that it stains and disgraces our statute some port, the master, either through book. What is it, in truth, but an act reignorance or a sinister intention, ran gulating robbery and murder ?

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to 200 gallons. Yet the same day, sending their boat for water, no less or on the evening of it, before any than 13 days sooner, viz. on the 9th soul had been put to short allowance, December, when they

made the and before there was any present or

west end of Jamaica distant two or three real want of water, the master of the leagues only,” as was stated by a pership called together the officers, and son who was on board; so that the six told them to the following effect, casks of rain water caught on the 1st • that if the slaves died a natural and 2d of December, (only seven death, it would be the loss of the days before this opportunity of obowners of the ship: but if they were raining water from Jamaica) was not thrown alive into the sea, it would be the only a providential supply, but may loss of the underwriters,'and to palliate perhaps be viewed as providentially this inhuman proposal, the master, demonstrating the iniquity of Collingwood, argued, that it would tending a necessity to put innocent not be so cruel io throw the poor sick men to death, through the mere apprewretches (meaning the slaves) into the hension of awant, which, even suppossea, as to suffer them to linger out a ing it had taken place, could not have few days, under the disorders with aiforded an admissible justification of which they were afflicted. To this the horrible deed; but which did scheme the mate (whose name wis never really erist or take place at all in Kelsall) objected at the first, and said their case ; their stock of water hav

there was no present wunt of water ing never been actually consumed. to justify such a measure.' But Col. But this is not all. Notwithstandlingwood prevailed upon the rest of ing this supply, and the proofwhich the officers and crew to listen to his it atlorded of the possibility of obproposal, and on the same evening, taining further supplies by rain ; and and during two or three following although they had the auditional days, he caused to be picked out hope of being able to hold out with from the ship’s cargo 133 slaves, all their increased stock of water, till or most of whom were sick, and they might chance to meet with thought not likely to live, and Order- some ship, or be able to send to some ED THE CREW BY TURNS TO THROW island for a further supply; they neTHEM INTO THE SEA, which order was vertheless cast 20 more human persons readily complied with. It appear. alive into the sea, EVEN AFTER THE ed by the evidence of Mr. Stubbs, RAIN! whose hands were also fetterlate Governor of Anamaboe, then a ed. And this act was done, it seems, a passenger, and of the chief mate in the sight of many of the unhappy Kelsall, that on the 29th November, slaves who were upon deck at the 54 persons were actually thrown time. And such an effect had the overboard alite, and that on the fol- sight on them, that apprehending a lowing day 42 more were also similar fate, and drcading, it would thrown overboard.

seem, the being fettered, ten moro On the second day after this bar- of them in despair jumped overbarous murder had been committed, board, and were likewise drowned! viz, on the 1st of December, and be. All these facts, it is never to be fore the stock of water was consumed, forgotten, came out, not upon the there fell a plentiful rain, which was trial of Collingtood for murder, but admitted to have “ continued a day upon a civil suit instituted by the or two,” and which enabled them to owners, for the purpose of recovercollect six casks of water, which was ing from the underwriters, the value "FULL ALLOWANCE for 11 days, or for of the slaves thus cruelly murdered. 23 days at half allowance,” whereas And, still more strange to relate, the the ship actually arrived at Jamaica owners gained their cause, while the in 21 days afterwards, viz. on the agents in this horrible transaction 220 December, 1781. They seem were not even questioned criminally also to have had an opportunity of upon it.


No comment can add to the im- I was amused by the Reviewer's pression which these atrocities are claiming with so much eagerness calculated to leave on the reader's Mr. Foster as an Anti-Calvinist, for mind. And does not the blood of a sentiment in which many reputed these murdered Africans, and of Calvinists would heartily concurt. hundreds of thousands, who in va- Even according to the worst conrious ways have been cqually the struction of the doctrine of Calvin victims of British avarice, cry for himself, does the Reviewer think that vengeance upon us? This is an aw- that Reformer had attained the ne ful consideration, which you indeed, plus ultra of rigour in his creed? Mr. Editor, have not forgotten to Grotius, not a Calvinist—at least press upon the national conscience; till the Anti-jacobin Review has but which, alas, is too much over- made him such-will tell him a dif. looked, in estimating our state and ferent story. Having spoken of the our prospects, even by many good doctrine of Calvin, that eminent men. Let me call on them, as they theologian adds, Auxit sententiæ rivalue the innumerable blessings gorem Genevæ Beza, per Germawith which Providence has crowned niam Zanchius, Ursinus, Piscator, this Island, to lay it more to heart, sæpe eo usque provecti, &c. &c. and to unite to their prayers, their Annal. Belg. l. xvii.- Bezeans, Zanearnest endeavours to remove that chians, Ursinians, or Piscatorians, load of guilt with which the detest- would by no means be improper able slave trade is weighing us epithets to substitute in the place of down to the dust.

Calvinists; particularly, as they convey more reproach.

I was amused, in the third and

last place, by tlie logic of the ReTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. viewer respecting the term EvanOy taking up the last number but gelical. This term he considers, or one of the Anti-jacobin Review and reasons as if he did, as void of sigMagazine in a public library, for, nification and therefore useless, bewithout any offence intended to the cause every Christian teacher will conductors of that Miscellany, I assuine that his doctrine is evangeliI am neither a subscriber to it nor cal. Upon this principle we must a constant reader, my eye and cu- abandon every term expressive of riosity were attracted for a few mi- commendation, because every pernutes to the Review of Foster's Es- son, as occasion requires, will apply says; and two or three particulars it to himself. We are therefore to amused me.

discard from the language the words, I was amused by the Reviewer's honesty, justice, piety, sobriety, discovery of the religious persuasion &c. &c.—at least we can never disof the author. He is, it should ap- tinguish a rogue from an honest pear, one of the people of Mr. Wes- man, because the rogue will assume ley's connection, because he says so this same Mr. Foster, instead of being an much about the influence of the Ho- Arminion Methodist, as they suppose, is, in ly Spirit. By this medium I should fact, a minister of that denomination of imagint that he might, not imprc- Christians, who' call themselves particular bably, be concluded to be a quaker: Baptists, from their holding the tenet of but I willingly bow to that sagacity, particulur, as opposed to general, redempwhich has found out, that Hooker tion. Editor. was an Arminian, and that Mr.

+ It is singular enough that the Anti-jacoPearson, Mr. ('ooper, and the Anti- bin Reviewers should have discovered Mr.

Foster to be an enemy to Calvinism: and Ju obin Reviewersentertain precisely the same sentiments on the sub- yet that it should fall to the lot of the Chris

tian Observer to censure some of his expresject of human corruption*.

sions as exceeding the ordinary measure of * It furnishes a curious illustration of the calvinistic opinions. (See the last Nomtheological discernment of these men, that ber, p. 108, note). Editor

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