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will serre to throw light on the pri-. I have, for the satisfaction of your vate sentiments of our reformers, on readers, added a short account. some important points.

1. Robert Menuren. (Dr. Robert

Farrar, Bishop of St. David's.) This “We confess and believe that the excellent and learned prelate had Catholic Church, which is the spouse been remarkably zealous, during the of Christ, as a most obedient and reign of Edward VI. in promoting

the reformation. Soon after the loring wife doth embrace and follow the doctrine of the Scriptures, of frivolous articles were exhibited

accession of Queen Mary, a number in all matters of religion ; and therefore is she to be heard accordingly: against him; on which he was seiz

ed and imprisoned, and after many so that those who will not hear this

vexatious examinations was degradChurch, thus folloviny and obeying the word of her husband, we account ed, and condemned to be burnt. as heretics and schismátics, accord- This sentence, which he endured ing to this saying, ' If he will not cuted upon him in the town of Caer

with admirable constancy, was exehear the Church, let him be unto thee as a heathen'.”

marthen, on the 30th May, 1555.

2. Rowland Taylor. The Rev. JUSTIFICATION.

Dr. Rowland Taylor was vicar of “ We believe and confess con- Hadley in Suffolk, and a man of cerning justification, that as it com- eminent piety and learning. He eth only from God's mercy through was highly esteemed by Cranmer, Christ, so it is perceived and had of through whose recommendation he none, who be of years of discretion, obtained the living of Hadley. Soon otherwise than by faith only: which after the accession of Queen Mary, faith is not an opinion, but a certain he was apprehended and thrown persuasion wrought by the Holy into prison, where he remained till Ghost in the mind and heart of man, the month of February, 1555, when by which, as the mind is illumined, he was conveyed to Oldham Comso the heart is suppled to submit mon, in the vicinity of Iladley, and itself to the will of God unfeignedly, there burnt. During the whole of and so sheweth forth an inherent his imprisonment he manifested a righteousness, which is to be dis- fearlessness of death, and a cheercerned, distinguished) in the arti- fuluess, which did not forsake him cle of justification, from the righ- even in that trying hour when he teousness which God endueth us was called to seal the truth with his withal in justifying us, although in- blood. separably they go together. And 3. John Philpot, of Tenterden. He this we do not for curiosity or con- was burnt at Wve, in January, 1557. tention sake, but for conscience 4. John Bradford. He was chapsake, that it might be quiet: which lain first to Bishop Ridley and afit can never be, if we confonnd, terwards to king Edward VI. durwithout distinction, forgiveness of ing whose reign he distinguished sin and Christ's justice (righteous- bimself by his zeal as a preacher, in ness) imputed to us, with regenera- reproving sin, opposing heresy and tion and inherent righteousness. By error, inviting sinners to Christ their this we disallow the papistical doc- redeemer, and earnestly exhorting tripes of freewill, of works of super- them to a holy life. In August, erogation, of merit, of the necessity 1553, the first year of Mary's reign, of auricular confession, and satis- he was seized and thrown into pri-. faction to Godward.”

son, where he continued till the The protestation from which these month of July, 1555, when he sufextracis have been taken was sign- fered by fire in Smithfield. At the ed on the 8th May, 1554, by the time of his martyrdom, he appeared following persons, of each of whom to have forgotten his own private

griefs, and to have thought only of 5. John W gorn. and Gloc. (John those of the nation. Some of his Hooper, Bishop of Worcester and last words were, “ O England, Eng. Gloucester.) In the reign of Henland, repent of thy sins; beware of ry VIII. he had been obliged to quit idolatry, beware of Antichrist,” the kingdom on account of his re“Be of good comfort,” said he to ligious opinions. But on the death the youth who suffered with him, of that monarch he came to London,

we shall have a merry supper with where, for some time, it was his the Lord this night.” Hecontinued to practice to preach once or twice the end of life the intimate friend and every day to immense crowds that confidential correspondent of Rid- flocked to hear him. At length he ley*

was called to preach before King

Edward, by whom he was made * As it has been too much the practice of late with some periodical writers to de. Bishop of Gloucester, and afterwards grade Bradford in the eyes of their readers, of Worcester. On the accession of resembling in this, as in some other points, Mary, he was one of the first who his papistical persecutors, I shall take the was apprehended on the score of liberty of adding in a note some testimo- religion; and after a tedious imprinies to his eminent worth, which Ridley, sonment, he was conveyed to Glouwhom the same persons, somewhat per. cester, where he sufered martyrversely, profess to hold in great admira

dom in February, 1555.

The tortion, has left behind bin. In one of his letters to Bradford, Ridley thus writes: ments he was called to endure were “ Dear Brother, the time is now come peculiarly severe. Owing to the when it pleaseth God for Christ our sa- weather, it was three quarters of an viour's sake to bid you come: happy are hour after the fire was kindled you that ever you were born thas to be around him, before it reached his awake at the Lord's cailing. "Well done vitals: and during the whole of that thou good and faithful servant, because time he betraved no symptom of thou hast been faithful in few things, be impatience; but with a surprising shall place thee over many things, and fortitude bóre the extremity of corthou shalt enter into the joy of thy Lord.' If it be not the place that coth sanctify the poral pain, until his soul, relieved man, but the holy man doth by Christ from its prison, took its flight to God. sanctify the place, then, Brother Bradford,

6. Edward Crome. Of this dis happy and boiy shall be that place where- vine, Ridley țhus speaks in a letter in thou shalt suffer, and which shall with thy to Hooper, I pray you, Brother, ashes in Christ's cause be sprinkled over salute in my name that reverend Fawitbal. All thy country may rejoice of ther your fellow prisoner Dr. Crome. thee, that ever it brought forth such a one, by whom, since the first day that I which would render his life again in his

heard of his most godly and fatherly cause of whom he received it."

« Blessed be the Holy Trinity for your threefold con

constancy in confessing the truth of fession. I have read all three with great

the Gospel, I have conceived great comfort and joy and thanksgiving unto God consolation and joy in the Lord. for his inanifold gifts of grace, wherewith it for the integrity and uprightis manifest that God did assist you mighti- ness, the gravity and innocency of ly.” The same Bishop, on the occasion of that man, almost all England I think & vacancy in St. Paul's Cathedral about hath known long ago. Blessed be the close of King Edward's reign, wrote to God therefore, who in such overSir John Gates and Sir William Cecil re- flowing of ungodliness, and such dequesting that the office might be given to Bradford, “ whom in my conscience," Father's reverend old age, such a

cay of piety, bath given to us in this said he, “ I judge more worthy to be a Bi witness for the truth of his Gospel. shop, than many of us who are Bishops already to be Parish Priests.” And he urges Truly wretched is he, whom the the appointment on this ground, that he piety and constant confession of so himself was in daily need of learned men's worthy, so grave, and innocent a counsel and couference. Ridley's L fe of man, will not move to acknowledge Ridley, p. 386,

and confess the truth of God."?

7. John Rogers. The Rev. John which he was released at the earnest Rogers was vicar of St. Sepulchre's, request of the King of Denmark, and reader of St. Paul's, in London. and permitted to go into banishWhile Chaplain to the English fac- ment. He returned to England on tory at Antwerp, he had assisted the accession of Elizabeth, but reTindal in translating the New Tes- fused to be restored to his see. tament. On the death of Henry I have been this particular in m VIII. he came to England, and af- account of the individuals who sign. terwards received from Bishop Rid- ed this protestation, that the sentiley the above appointments. Con- ments there expressed inay want no tinuing faithfully to preach the Gos- part of the weight which justly bepel after the accession of Mary, at longs to them; and that, as the writthe instigation of Bonner he was ings of several of these men may sent to Newgate, and placed among hereafter be referred to, your reathe common felons, where he re- ders may have some previous knowmained till the 4th of February, ledge of their character. In the 1555; on which day he was taken mean time I beg to revert to the exto Smithfield and burnt. He was tracts from the protestation which offered a pardon by the way and at are inserted above. the stake, if he would recant: but From the first extract we learn he refused. His wife, accompanied that these holy martyrs regarded by his eleven children, one at the heresy and schism, as consisting breast, met him as he went; but in refusing to heur the church, while even this sight did not shake his con- it follows and obeys the word of stancy: he cheerfully bade them Christ. But the point to which I farewell, and emhraced death for wish particularly to call the atthe sake of Christ.

tention of your readers is the view 8. Laurence Saunders. This faith- of justification which is exhibited in ful minister of Jesus Christ enjoyed the second. Here all is plain, and the living of All-Hallows, Bread- express, and unambiguous. Justistreet, at the beginning of Mary's tification cometh only from God's reign: but he soon became the ob- mercy through Christ; and it is had ject of persecution ; and after an im- of none, who be of years of discreprisonment of 15 months, he was tion, otherwise than by FAITH ONLY. brought to the stake, where he wit- Again: this justifying faith is nessed a good confession, on the wrought in the heurt by the Holy Ghost; 8th February, 1555.

and its effects are to enlighten the 9. Edmund Laurence. This I take mind, to render it unfeignedly subto be the same, who by Fox is called missive !o the will of God, and to prothe Rev. John Laurence: for he duce in it inherent righteousness, or also was confined in Newgate at the sanctification. Observe also holy same time with Bradford, and the very carefully these holy men disother persons already mentioned. tinguish between justification anti Of this however, I speak doubting- sanctification, which yet “ insepaly. On the 29th of March, 1555, rably go together.” By the former the Rev. J. Lawrence was burnt at we obtain forgiveness of siri and are Colchester.

accounted righteous before God, 10. Miles Coverdale. He had as- through the righteousness of Christ sisted Tindal in effecting the first “imputed to us,” and received by version of the Scriptures into Eng- fuith only. By the latter we are re; lish, published in 1537, and repub- generate, made new creatures, inlished with notes in 15.10. In 1551, herently righteous or holy, the mind he succeeded to the see of Exeter. being enlightened with divine knowOn the change of religion in Mary's ledge, and the will being wholly reign, he was ejected from his bir subjected to that of God. shopric and thrown into prison, from Let the statement of these noble

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confessors be compared with the to be useful to those who have lately
confused and unintelligible hypo- entered into the ministry, they are
theses which have been framed on much at your service.
this fundamental doctrine of Chris-
tianity by some of our modern di-

Your constant reader, vines:-iake for example Mr. Dau

M. A. beny's chapter on Justification in his Tiniciæ, or Mr. Pearson's letter on the same subject, or such writings

LETTER I. as those of Dr. Waterland :-and their contrariety will soon appear.


gave me sincere pleasure to hear, But it is not for the purpose that you have entered upon the dumerely of deciding a controverted ties of your office and have obtained, question in speculative theology, at so early an age, a living of your however important, that I have pro- own, in which you have a prospect duced the above quotation. I am far of being fixed for lite, in a station more anxious that your readers where you will have full scope for should apply the weighty testimony professional exertion. I shall most which is there adduced, to their own readily comply with the wishes you consciences; than that they should so earnestly express of giving you employ it in adjusting the compa- my advice on any points in which rative claims of others to the title of it may be wanted.

llad your exorthodor. Let them remember that cellent father been living, my counthe doctrine there stated and de- sel would have been unnecessary: or fended is a practical doctrine: and bad it pleased God to spare him till that it will be of no avail to have you were of suflicient age to obcontended , however strenuously, for serve his conduct, you would have its truth and importance, if they had only to recollect and copy his have not themselves experienced its example. I am conscious that my power and efficacy. The inquiry advice can but ill supply the place then which I would principally urge of his instructions. them to make is this: “ Am I looking And now, my dear Sir, before I for salvation only from God's mercy answer any of the questions which through Christ; and do I possess that you have proposed to me, permit faith, the work of God's holy spirit, me to put one inquiry to yourself, which, issuing in true holiness,-in —what is the grand object you prosubmission to the divine will, and in pose to yourself in becoming a Miactive obedience,-is the only satis- nister? Why have you entered into factory evidence of my acceptance orders, and what do you aim at efwith God?” And the comparison fecting? All your exertions and which I would principally urge them usefulness as a clergyman will deto institute, is that or their hearts and pend entirely upon the answerwhich lives with the holy law of God, with conscience muy give to these enthe character of Jesus Christ, and quiries. Your neighbour Mr. Swith the bright transcript of that makes no scruple to profess that his character, which shone forth in those design in taking orders was to quaholy men who “resisted unto blood, lify himself to receive the income striving against sin."

of soine family preferment, by which, Q. when added to his own fortune, he

might be enabled to live in a stile To the Editor of the Christian Observer. has attained: his house is commo

of great comfort. This object he

dions and in excellent repair; his Iryou think the inclosed letters upon garden is well stocked; his wines of subjects connected with the charac- the best flavour ; his table plentiter and duties of a clergyman, likely fully furnished; and he is surround

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ed by a number of cheerful friends, our friend have been so limited, and with whom he lives on a footing of that he did not even intend to do the most pleasant intercourse. At more than he has effected. the same time S- has no concep- Take care then, my dear Sir, that tion that he neglects his duty; he you form just and comprehensive resides generally at his parsonage, views of your pastoral obligations, preaches regularly, takes the pains and that the oljects you propose to of writing out the best sermons he yourself be not only right in themcan find, and administers the sacra- selves, but that they be if that noble ment to any sick persons who desire andelerated kino which Christianity it. He endeavours to do his duty, recommends to your pursuit. For this as he calls it, decently; and he is purpose collect from the New Testathought by most to perform it very ment what is required of the ministers respectably. It is true, he does not of Christ. You will there find thai the tratail in birth" with souls until Son of God came down from heaven Christ be formed in thim," nor is he with the express view of gathering “instant in season and out of season” to himself, out of the corrupt world, in his ministerial labours. It is no a society of persons 'who should be part of his plan to take extraordina- holy and separate from sinners, who ry pains, nor does he see any neces- should be delivered from the pollusity for it.

tions that are in the world through Our acquaintance Mr. F- pro- lust, and become partakers of the poses to himself something more than divine nature; and when our blessthis. He wishes to bring his parished Lord had finished his course into good order; and he has in some upon earth, he committed to his dismeasure succeeded. He has la- ciples the same service. They were, boured assiduously to persuade all in Christ's stead, to beseech sinners his flock to come to church, and the to be reconciled to God; to make attendance is certainly very full. known the means of reconciliation ; The congregation behaves also with and to give themselves wholly up to remarkable propriety. Every per- the work of the ministry, and to the son brings his prayer book, and edification of the church. makes the responses with a reguia- In this view of the subject two rity which indicates more than or- things particularly deserve our atdinary attention. F has taken tention : viz. the condition of man. much pains to improve the singing, kind by nature, and that of those which, for a country parish is ex- who are turned from darkness to cellent. The children are regularly light, and translated into the kingbaptized, and taught to repeat the dom of Christ. Now though I have catechism; and he insists on their no particular knowledge of the state attending the confirmation. I may of your parish, I can casily conjecadd, that since he succeeded to the ture what it is, from knowing the living the number of communicants general state of mankind. The is more than doubled. The parish greatest part of your parishioners is in general orderly, the pub- are doubtless acting only upon lic houses well regulated, and there worldly motives, without any deep are few instances of very scandalous sense of religion, or any just view's wickedness. I must, moreover, do of the benefits of the redemption of him the justice to remark, that it Christ Jesus. In a word they are has not been without much atten- not faithful disciples of Christ and tion and constant endeavours on his obedient subjecis of his kingdom ; part, that his flock has been brought but alienated from God, resting in into the state I have described. This the form of Godliness (if indeed unquestionably, as far as it goes, is they rest in any thing or maintain well, and highly to be commended: even the form of religion,) without and I only lament that the views of the power of it, and therefore subject Culat, OBRY. No. 52.


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