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1. The experience of three years has If this be broken down, these evils will not demonstrated the mischievous tendency of fail to extend themselves, But it is farSunday-drilling. The evidence which has ther to be considered, that the effects of been already adduced, places this point be the system which we are opposing, though yond the reach of doubt, and renders it a they will to a certain degree be immodi. most imperious duty to oppose by every ately visible, will not wholly vytold them. Jawful means the farther continuance of so selves at once, but be gradually progressive great an evil. Every man who is possessed through a long course of years. We have of any infuence, whether immediate or therefore before us a most alarming proremote, with any member of the legislature spect of the moral evils which will be felt is bound, as we conceive, to employ it in not only in this, but in future generations, procuring an interdiction of the practice. should the systematic violation of the Sibe
2. The practice of Sunday-drilling is a bath be sanctioned by law, or even perdirect breach of the divine command; an mitted, in one of our most important nationawful departure from the principles of our al institutions. established religion. On this particular, Various other evils might be pointed though the most important of all, it seeins out as likely to arise from this practice; unnecessary to enlarge. The proposition such as the disgust and dissatisfaction will scarcely be disputed. And the conse- which it must occasion in the minds of quence of a wilful and deliberate contempt many; the discord which it will tend to of the divine authority is sufficiently obvi- produce at a moment when union is par.
ticularly to be desired, &c. :--but we must 3. The practice in question stands di. bring this long discussion to a close. Berectly opposed to the spirit, and even to fore we do so however, it may be proper the letter of the laws which have for their just to notice the only argument by, which object “ the better observance of the Lord's we have heard any one attempt to justify day;” and must render abortive all the the continuance of Sunday-driiling. The laudable attempts which have been made plea of necessity is now no longer resorted by the Society for the suppression of Vice, to: and if it were, it would be too absurd and by others, to enforce those laws. to merit any notice. While 26 days in the
4. The due observance of the Sabbath is year are deemed sufficient for the purpose one of the principal barriers against the of training both the volunteers and the inroads of irreligion and licentiousness* compulsory levy, it would be utterly ridi
culous to plead necessity in extenuation of Gisborne, A. M.” printed for Cadell and
Sunday-drilling. The plea of economy Davies. We quote these in preference
has likewise been abandoned. The inen to others which we have seen, because,
are to be paid for drilling on Sundays. The bearing the authentication of so respecta.
only reason that has been given for ble a name, they will carry with them
continuing the practice is, that the men, by greater weight than if they were produced
drilling on Sundays, will be a shilling richer on the authority of an anonymous journal
than they otherwise would have been. Ist. Mr. Gisborne's pamphlet is every way
Surely this is not a reason which can be toworthy of the consideration pot only of our
lerated for a moment. Men are to be in. readers, but of the public at large, and
duced by the motive of gain to violate the particularly of the members of the legisla
Sabbath ; although the whole current of ture Mr. Cooper's pamphlet on Sunday
our legislative acts on this subject have hidrilling, reviewed by us in 1803, has been
therto been direrted to connteract this published with a new preface. We con
inntive. If such an argument as this shall only add to the favourable account which
induce parliain nt to sanction Sunday. we then gave of it, that its value and impora drilling, may it not be fairly extended by tanre are in no small degree enhanced by individuals to every case of profitable emthe circumstances which have led to the ployment? If the grin of a shilling a day present discussion.
will justify a man in attending drill on a *“ Destroy the Sabbath," obferves Mr. Sunday; how much stronger will be the Gisborne in the tract already mentioned; justification of every mechanic in the king“and you destroy religion. Destroy reli
dom, to say nothing of farmers and trades. gion : and you destroy morals, property, then, and of every vender of spiritous liTanks, parliaments, and thrones. In combating the tremendous power upraised To abrogate the Sabbath, was one of the by the revolutions of France, will you en
first steps in her progress. Imitate her ter the track by which revolutionary France conduct, and you approach ber calamibas advaneed through aparchy to slavery? ties."
quors, who shall employ that day in the Such are the outlines of Mr. Windham's ordinary occupations of his trade? The plan. We do not mean to enter particuconsequences to which such an argument larly into the details of it; but we cannot leads are monstrous in the extreme; and help entertaining a serious doubt as to the we trust that hey will be averted by the policy of allowing the soldiers of the regu. timely interference, by all legal means, of lar army a right to claim their discharge every individual, ia parliament or out of' during the coutinnance of a war. It likeparliament, who feels for the best interests wise appears to us, that the proposed meaof his country, and of posterity ; for the sures of defence are inadequate to the preoutraged claims of decency and morality; sent emergency. We should be calling and for the insulted honour of the divine forth the whole strength of the country, and law.
putting it into a state of efficiency. InPARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. stead of that, the volunteers by being in We have already adverted to the new mi- some measure degraded, will probably be litary system proposi'd by Mr. Windham, greatly reduced in number, while the sub. With respect to the regular army, he pro
stitution which is projected must for a conposed as his first object to make the situa. siderable time be wholly unavailing. tion of a soldier estimable and desirable, Lord Henry Petty opened his budget in by enlisting him only for a limited time, & very masterly manner on the 28th Feb. say seven years; at the end of which he The unredeemed debt on the 1st of Feb. might retire with the privileges now given 1806, was £517,280,000, and the redeemto militia men. In case of his re-enlisting ed, £123,436,000. The unfunded debt for a second term of seven years, bis pay
amounted to 23 millions. The permanent should be increased by sixpence a week, taxes were 32 millions and a half. The and if he retired, it should be with a pen- charge for
England this year sion. In case, however, of his serving for £43,630,000, and for Ireland, £5,297,000. a third terin of seven years, a shilling a The ways and means for England were, week should be added to his pay, and at Malt and personal Estates.........2,750,000 the expiration of the term he might go off Grants for captures....... ...1,000,000 with an allowance from Chelsea of at least Lottery...
..390,000 ninepence or a shilling a day. He aiso Surplus consolidated fund .........3,500,000 proposed an increase of allowance to offi. War taxes...
.18,000,000 cers' widows. With respect to the existing Loan......
18,000,000 army he meant to make no other change than to increase the pay and the Che'sea al.
243,630,000 lowance, according to the length of their service. As to the militia, it was bis inten- As additional war taxes, he proposed that tion to abolish the ballot, and to keep its the property tax should be raised to 10 per number at 40,000 men, by means of a cent, and that a million should be added to small bounty. The volunteer corps he 'the customs and excise duties. This would proposed should be put on the allowance of make the war taxes 19 millions. August, 1803, instead of that of June. This The loan was negotiated at £4. 19s. 9d. we understand to be, that pay for twenty- per cent. To pay the interest on it be six days drill only is henceforth to be al- proposed to make the tax of last year on lowed them. The pay for permanent duty wine permanent, which would yield and for drill serjeants, and the marching
£500,000 guineas, are also to be discontinued ; all Pig iron.... ......... ..........500,000 which will be a saying of near £900,000. Equalization of tea duty
..70,000 He further proposed that in future, no re- Appraisements.............. ....60,000 gular officer, above the rank of a lieutenant, should hereafter be commanded by a vo
€1,136,000 lunteer officer, whatever his rank might be. As a substitute for the volunteers who might On the 21st instant a message was sent withdraw, and as in itself a more efficient by his Majesty to both Houses of Parliameans of defence, he proposed to train the ment, announcing the rupture with Prus. mass of the population to arms, and parti- sia. The style of the message is remark. cularly to firing rapidly and accurately; a able for an union of moderation and digsixtb part in its turn for 26 days in a year. nity. Both Houses concurred in a vote of If this were done, the ranks of the regular thanks to his Majesty. ermy might always be recruited with ease, A bill has been brought into the House while we should have a large body of irregu. of Commons by the Attorney General, for Iar troops to harass the enemy.
abolishing the slave trade carried on by
British subjects, for the supply of the co
The blockade of the rivers Ems, Weser, Ionies of foreign nations, or of those con
Elbe, and Trave has been official.y notified ; quered by his Majesty's arms during the and vessels belonging to persons residing in present war, which, we trust, will pass into these rivers are ordered to be detained. a law.
Two French squadrons have appeared on Lord Howick (Mr. Grey) has moved an the coast of Africa, by one of which the increase of pay to the officers and seamen Favourite sloop of war, and several slave of the royal navy.
ships, have been captured. The bill for making provision for stipen- On the 4th of February, an American diary curates, has been rejected by the ship fell in, in lat. 15. 22. S. long. 13. 25.W. House of Commons,
with a French squadron of seven sail of the From some expressions which fell from line and one frigate; one of them com. Mr. Fox in the House, we are disposed to manded by Jerome Bonaparte. The offithink that the interchange of dispatches cers stated that they sailed from Brest on between this country and France which the 14th of December, consisting then of has been so frequent of late, refers only to eighteen sail of the line. Five of them the exchange of prisoners.
have since been accounted for by Adiniral NAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
Duckworth. It is reported that four more In consequence of the embargo laid ou all had found their way to La Guira Bay, in Prussian vessels, great numbers have been the island of Cuba, and that Admiral Duckdetained in port, and many more have been worth had sailed from Jamaica in quest of brought in by our cruizers.
OBITUARY. On the 8th Inst. RICHARD PATCH was resolutiou which I had originally formed, executed at the new Gao!, Horsemonger and to offer for your insertion the follow, Lane, baving been found guilty of the ing brief warrative of facts. murder of Mr. Isaac Blight. The cir- I had only two private interviews with cumstances of unprecedented atrocity him antecedent to his trial; for these ! which attended the perpetration of this was indebted to the adjournment of the murder are too notorious to require from us Court from Kingston to the County Gaol. any specification of them. We doubt not, Itis very seldom that a criminal can bevisit. however, that it will be a satisfaction to ed with any good effect, till his fate is deter. our readers to receive some more authen- mined. It is not to be expected that he tic account of the last hours of this un- will make any confessions. His mind, if fortunate man, than has yet been submit- not dissipated and hardened, which is too ted to the public. This we are enabled frequently the case, is so occupied in preto do by means of the following commu- paring mcans of defence, and so deceived nication, with which the Rev. Mr. Mann, by the hopes of escaping justice, that he is the Clergyman who attended him, bas little disposed to listen to the admonitions obligingly favoured us.
of a spiritual friend. I believe this to have
been the case with Patch. The circumTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. forded me, however, an opportunity, which
stance which I have just mentioned afThe general interest which has been ex- I did not neglect, of conversing with him cited in the public mind by the execution after the bill had been found against him, of the unfortunate Patch ; the very incor- and before his trial; and it is but just to rect and erroneous accounts which I have say that, whatever might have been the seen in the newspapers, respecting the previous state of his mind, to me there temper and conduct which he is said to have never appeared jo him any thing bordermanifested in his last moments; the nu- ing on levity. He not only behaved with merous and very pressing applications civility and propriety, but seemed thankwhich bave been made to me for informa. ful for my visit, and desirous that it should tion on these particulars ; the satisfaction be repeated. I place the greater stress which a circumstantial and official state. upon this, because in my public sermons ment of the whole transaction, as far as and exhortations, at which he was always it came under my immediate observation, present, I had spoken só plainly and may afford many persons both in the me- pointedly, that it was impossible for him tropolis and in various other parts of the not to perceive that I was addressing mykingdom, and, above all, the hope that self immediately and directly to him; • some abler pen than mine will improve the measure in the adoption of which I thought subject, baye induced me to alter a myself fully justified, and which some
263 experience had taught me to prefer to any to suffer; by no arguments could I conother.
vince him that such confession, being I observed as little ceremony in my the only restitution, or satisfaction, in his private conversations with him as I had power to make, was a duty which he owed done in my public discourses. In order, to the family whom he had injured, to the however, that I might not defeat my own jury who had found him guilty, and to the purpose, and to render my visit as accept- surrounding world. He would reply, able as would consist with the fidelity and "I have confessed all my sins to God; he responsibility of my character and office, I knew them all before I confessed them; first told him that I did not mean, directly, but I have laid them all before him; i or indirectly, to extort from him any con
have concealed nothing. I forgive all my fession of his guilt; but that, regarding him enemies, and all my prosecutors; and I hope in his present situation as a person appre
that God, for Christ's sake will forgive me.”, headed by the justice of his country, and This was the language he invariably used, under the strongest circumstances of suspi. when urged to that particular confession cion, it was my duty to inform him of the ge. which would have been so satisfactory to neral opinion,- that he was guilty—and that me and to the public at large. I repeated he would suffer. I repeated this on my se- my arguments, and multiplied others in cond visit ; and on both occasions made it abundauce, after the performance of the the ground of a serious exhortation to pre- last service in the chapel; but with the pare for an event, wbich it was almost uni. same effect. He was evidently over versally believed
would happen, and whelmed with distress on my renewing the . “ which," I added, “ it is my own firm subject; and it grieved me much to be, persuasion, will take place.” He appear- as I conceived, under the painful necessied very little affected by this declaration; ty of disturbing and embittering his few at the same time I could plainly perceive remaining moments. He was then pithat he had lost that confidence of his ac. nioned, and in his last hour. He pressed quittal, which he was said to have previ- my hand between both bis, calling me ously possessed. With the loss of this his dear and best friend, and expressing confidence, I should have been happy to himself in the tenderest and most affechave seen a proper concern for the awful tionate terms respecting my attentions to consequences, as conneeted with his own him. He thanked me both for iny public eternal happiness or misery.
services in the chapel, and for my private It was subsequent to his trial, that the discourses and prayers with him; and blesschange in his mind became visible. And edGod that he had ever known me, and that it is in this, more than any other particular, he had been brought to that prison. “ Since that I feel myself impelled to do justice you have been with me this morning,” said even to a wretchod criminal; by contra- be, "I have been bappier than I ever was dicting what I have seen propagated, and in my whole life-I am willing to suffer what I believe to have been the too gene. I am ready to go-The Lord have mercy ral opinion :--that he was obstinate and on my soul, for Jesus Christ's sake.” sullen ;-that he discovered no symptoms
How far, or whether at all, these apof penitence ;-thal, on the morning of his pearances are to be considered as the execution, he exclaimed, “ Is there no signs of a real and gracious repentance, is mercy for an innocent man ? &c."--No beyond any judgment of mine to detersuch disposition appeared in him; no such mine. I only state facts. I am accuswords were
ever uttered by him. If, tomed to such scenes. I draw no conclu. prior to his conviction, I had observed an
sions from them *. indifference approaching to insensibility,
It is proper to mention that, in all my innow his heart seemed broken within bim. tercourse with him, I spoke to him as a While I was with him, he wept almost in.' person respecting whose guilt I did not encessantly ; listened with the most serious
tertain the smallest doubt ; nor did he, in attention to every thing I said ; lamented, in general terms, the sins and crimes of * The penitent thief confessed his guilt his former life ; joined in prayer with ap- and the justice of his condemnation. “We parent great devotion ; and several times' indeed” suffer “justly ; for we receive the was on the point of fainting away through due reward of our deeds."-"And Joshua distress of mind.
said unto Acham, my son, give, I pray To all this I have to oppose what must thee, glory to the Lord God of Israel, and appear a very great inconsistency. By make confession unto bim, and tell ine now anentreaties could I prevail on him to con- what thou hast done ; hide it not fron frees the particular crim. for which he was me.” EDITOR,
any form whatever, deny the fact ; * any confession ; were we acquainted with he wished me to be silent on the subje ther, though they could not have been and once said, “Do not press me, I. such as would justify his conduct, they said all that I can say.” The gene would lessen our surprise. Exclusive of of your readers will find the same difácutý this one incousistency, which I allow to be which I have done, in reconciling this ap- very essential, I should have been disposed parently contradictory language and con- to say of Patch, that he was one of the most duct; with only this difference, that I am penitent criminals I ever attended. in the habit of witnessing, in other crimi. I shall be glad if this short, but faithful, nals, similar inconsistencies and contra- account shall draw from your correspondictions, and that I cease to wonder at dents soine remarks, which may be both them. There must have been very strong generally profitable to others, and particureasons, strong I mean in his own mind larly useful to mysell, in the future disand judgment, to have induced him thus to charge of a painful but important duty. persevere in a resolution, which nothing St. Savior's, could shake, of not criminating himself, by April 21, 1806.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
IF AN ENQUIRER will peruse with care the pages of the Christian Observer, he will ea
sily discover what are the different opinions which have been held on the doctrine of
justification. 0.10FTWYOS; S. T.; AN ANTISECULAR PHILOSOPHER; and P will be inserted. C. W.; R. S. T.; D. B.; MINIMUS ; JacoBUS; Kirittuv;' and H. T. are under con
sideration. AMICUS; A GENTILE ; EVANDER ; and THEOPHILUS are received. We agree with a CHURCHMAN that the Church of England can with no propriety be.
called Arminiun : but surely it does not follow as a corollary from this, that she is
Calvinistic. We make no doubt that C. O. T. is correct in his statement. But we have no recollec
tion whatever of the paper to which he alludes; nor should we now know where lay
our hands on it. We shall be glad to receive the paper alluded to by R. H. S. Mr. Justice Harding's Speech has never, as far as we can recollect, been sent to us. We can assure PELERIN that so one can think worse of the principles and views of the
Conductors of the Monthly Magazine than we do. But we have as yet met with
nothing in that work which has appeared to us to merit a serious refutation. To Senex we recommend the Commentaries of Henry and Scott; and the Sermous, au
Beveridge, Walker of Edinburgh, Walker of Truro, Witherspoon, Milner, Gishorne,
Cooper, and Scott, together with the Essays of the last mentioned gentleigan, Dr. H. must have seen that our review is a select one, a circumstance which would of it.
self sufficiently account for the omission of any particular work. Besides thus we had already expressed our opinion respecting the points in dispute. As for the paimpolet which he supposes may have operated to his prejudice, we assure him that it nevet
made the slightest impression on our minds. We regret that Aniles should have any cause to complain of our inattention. We certainly received his Epitaph.
We have been desired to state that the Second Annual Meeting of the British and Foreign Bible Society will be held at the New London Tavern, in Cheapside, on Wed
nesday, the 7th of May next, at 11 o'clock. PosTSCRIPT. The last accounts from the Continent strengthen the apprehensions that
have been entertained of a renewal of the war. The French armies are accumulating in Germany, and in consequence of what has occurred in Dalmatia, it is declared that Braunau has been reoccupied, and that the Austrian prisoners on their marth home have been stopped. The greatest exertions are making at the same time to recruit the Austrian arruies. The Russians are said to be advancing,