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religion, when we were disposed to protectors, unless it be done in such set our faces as a flint against the a way as to expose them to the cenarguments and rebukes of our male sure they merit. friends! St. Peter was fully aware Surely it will not be said, that inof their power. “ Wives be in sub- struction cannot be conveyed in a jectio. to your own husbands, that periodical Miscellany, unless occaif any obey not the word, they also sional violations of the laws of pro. may without the word be won by priety in the delineation of chathe conversation of the wives.” He racters are permitted. None of shews in what immediately follows, your correspondents can be so ighow conducive he thought“ a meek norant of the value of those laws, and quiet spirit” in the wife, to the or so deficient in ingenuity, as to attainment of this great object*. advance this plea. What would Now, Sir, I cannot but fear, that Horace have said, had it been your correspondent is not sufficiently brought forward by a dramatic wriaware of the danger of laying aside ter, in defence of a breach of the part of the weapons appropriate to rules laid down, in hisArt of Poetry, her sex, and of taking up others of for supporting the proprieties of the a very different kind. I cannot but different characters introduced into fear, that she is not a lady whom St. a play? And I hope, Sir, that you Peter would have quite approved. will not permit liberties to be taken He would have liked, if I am not with the dramatis personæ who may much mistaken, a greater appear- appear in your work, which would ance of deep consciousness of her not be tolerated in a theatrical comown faults, and more backwardness position, inferior as such composiin mentioning, and even in seeing, tions are to the Christian Observer, the faults of others, and especially both in the objects they have in those of her aunt. He would have view, and in the good which even thought her, I apprehend, some- the best of them actually effect. what less winning than young wo- However not merely the literary men ought to be.
character of your work, which is a But perhaps it may be thought, point of secondary importance, but that I am combating a phantom, and its moral and religious tendency is that there is in reality no such lady implicated in the present question. as Narcissa. Be it so. Still I would « Example takes where precept advise your correspondents to be- fails ;" and the personages who apware how they assume signatures, pear in your pages may perhaps without sustaining the proprieties of produce almost as great an effect the characters they personate. That among your readers, as the able arinstances of this species of fault may guments by which truth is there be produced from the Spectator, and enforced. If then, in delineating a other books of the same class, I well character of substantial worth, some know. But authorities will never bad qualities are thrown in, without vindicate what is an outrage against blame in some shape or other atgood sense. Bold and forward young tached to them, is there not danger, women are an anomaly in the na- that the base coin may pass current tural, and a far greater in the Chris- amidst the sterling gold? Is it not tian world: and surely good sense to be feared, that some of your will not authorise their introduction readers may even exclusively copy into your Miscellany, especially what is blameable, since that is alwhen they are so bold and so for ways most easily copied; or at least, ward, (to say no more,) as to pour.' that they may take but a small portray the faults of those relations tion of the good along with it? who are their natural guides and I am the more jealous of the forward
ness of Narcissa in displaying the * 1 Pet. iii. 1-4.
faults of her aunt, (I remember, that CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 49.
another young woman did some- trywomen for all those amiable err thing of the same kind in a former dowments which are the glory of number) as there is a spurious re- the sex: and you would be grieved ligion among us, which is said to to find, that any of them were led make its professors bold, and imper- astray by qualities of an opposite tinent, and unfeeling.
nature being not only exhibited nuine Christianity inculcated by without censure, but rendered reyour Miscellany, is of the very op- spectable in common eyes by their posite kind. It is calculated to add association with penetration, sound graces to female delicacy, and even judgment, and upright intentions, to implant it in the bosom where it , in female characters which have a was not originally found. The la- place in the Christian Observer. dies who study your pages, will I
P. M. hope, be eminent among
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Discourses on rarious Subjects and ourselves) by no sentiments disal
Occasions, with a Preface addressed lowed by Christianity or good manto the Congregation assembled in ners; and if we must oppose our Christ's Church, Bath. By the opinions, on some subjects, to those Rev. Charles DAUBENY, Arch- of Mr. D., we hope to do it with deacon of Sarum, and Author of a meekness and charity, and without Guide to the Church, vol. ii. Lon- forgetting the respect which is due don, Rivington and Hatchard, to him. Nor shall any remembrance 8vo. pp. 427. 1805.
of those altercations, into which we
have been reluctantly drawn with If we go into an extended review Mr. D., be allowed to affect the imof these sermons, our motive for partiality of our criticism. doing so will, we trust, justify our We are glad to commence our reprolixity. The writings, the sta- port with commendation. In his tion, and the reputation of the au- first sermon, on 1 Pet. ii. 17., Mr. thor, give considerable importance D. ably vindicates the importance to whatever issues from his pen: his of religious principle to the stabiname will add weight with some lity and prosperity of all human gopersons, even to the heavy bullion vernment; and with great strength of triuh, and it will also give cur- of argument he controverts Dr. Þarency to prejudice and error. It ley's well-known position upon the becomes our duty, therefore, to avail subject of obedience to civil authoourselves of his authority, whenever rity, that, “ so far as relates to the it lends its aid to the promoting of extent of it, the gospel has left man what we deem to be" pure and precisely in the same condition in undefiled religion ;” and when his which it found him: that it has proviews no longer coincide with our vided for no extreme cases, but laid own, and the difference appears to down only the general principle of us of moment, the same sense of obedience to government; leaving duty will compel us to oppose our it to the discretion of the subject to cautions against his assertions, and determine in what cases and under to correct his statements by others, what circumstances, it is to be apwhich we conceive to be more scrip- plied.” tural and just. In discharging this " This if I mistake not," says Mr. D. lcast agreeable part of our duty, we “ is not so much to interpret scripture, as shall be actuated (so far as we know to explain it away. And certain it is, that
such a position, which includes in it a right God, no state of things is very of resistance in certain cases, is not more likely to arise as our constitution contradictory to the letter and true spirit is now settled, which any suber of the religion we profess, than it is to the
and conscientious person will be positive laws of the country in which we
inclined to regard as an extreme lire, " But the falsehood of this position is not
case, loosening his ordinary obliga
tion to obedience. However he more evident than is its absurdity. The law of obedience to government was made may be disposed, therefore, to apofor the purpose of securing society against logize for revolutions among other that power of force, which knows no dis- less favoured nations, such a man tinction between right and wrong. But, if will never cherish the iniquitous and the application of this law is to depeud on infatuatcd wish, of seeing the prethe judgment of the party intended to be cedent imitated by his own counbound by it, the design of its promulgation
trymen. On this ground, jarring must, io a great degree, be frustrated. Før the right of resistance to authority politicians, if honest men, might being, in such case, left to be determined cordially meet each other; and then, by the resisting party, all causes of that whether, in their speculative views kind, are, of course, tried by a rebel jury ; on the subject of obedience to goand, consequently, erery criminal is sure vernment, they range themselves to meet with an honourable acquittal. with Dr. Paley, or with Mr. Daul'pon such uncertain ground no society beny, Englishmen would have nocould subsist.” (p. 16, 17.)
thing to fear from the practical apThe subject is further argued plication of their principles. from Scripture, which certainly The second sermon affords us the sa. lends little countenance to Dr. Pa- tisfaction of beholding Mr. D. stand. ley's statement; though, as Mr. D. ing up as the advocate of those views admits, the obedience it inculcates of the spirituality of Christianity, “extends not to the extinguishing considered as a practical system, those rights which the subject may which it is the great purpose of our legaily claim;" and St. Paul himself work to recomniend and defend. is adduced as an example of resist. Practical Christianity, we conceive, ance to authority illegally exercised, contains in it inuch more than mere in his conduct towards the magis- morality on the one hand, and than trates of Philippi. “ The constitu- mere rites and ceremonies on the tion of this country,” Mr. D. justly other; with one or other of which, observes, “ grounded on the law of or with both combined, it has been God, admits of no right of controul too often confounded. It requires over the power of authority but a a right state of heart, corresponding legal one." Happily for Britons, a to the external acts of virtue or of legal controulsis provided by their devotion, to render these available; admired constitution, sufficient and and in such a state of heart, alien to effectual to keep the exercise of the man by nature, and the fruit only Supreme authority within its just of a divine operation upon the soul, limits, and to repress all wanton and we apprehend the spirituality of injurious abuse of power. With religion to consist. Mr. D., we are regard to us, at least, it is therefore happy to say, concurs with us in a question of mere speculation, this sentiment. After quoting van whether there be any such extreme rious passages of Scripture which cases as Dr. Paley supposes; and confirm the doctrine of the text, whatever may be thought of the (taken from John vii. 37) he promatter, as other countries are con
ceeds to say, cerned, whose government, being
“ Passages of Scripture need not, it is despotic, are consequently without presumed, be multiplied, to convince you legal restraint or controul, our duty of the propriety of the figurative language beyond all dispute, is as Mr. D. in the text, which, under the emblem of has described it.
Thanks 'be to water, the necessary aliment and support
of man's natural life, represents that grace Of this excellent comment there of the Holy Spirit derived, from the foun- is one correction, however, which tain of life, through Jesus Christ, without we beg leave to propose. When which every man living is counted dead be- Mr. D. speakąs of the invitation of fore God. • The pure fountain of life,
our Saviour, as well as that of the (we read in the book of Revelations,) clear
as crystal, proceedeth out of the throne of prophet being “ addressed only to God and of the Lamb;'-and whoever at
hungry and thirsty Christians," we tempteth to draw from any other fountain; should be inclined to substitute the in plain language, whoever looketh for grace word men for Christians. And the and salvation from any other quarter, than emendation is of more importance from that which has been provided by a than may at first sight appear. There merciful God, through the merits of a cru- is a class of religionists amongst cihed Redeemer, is like a nan that is seek- us, whether known to the author or ing foi water in broken cisterns that can
not, who warmly contend, that the hold no water'.” (p. 34, 35.)
invitations of the Gospel are not adOne more passage, however, he dressed to all men, but to the regeafterwards brings forward, “ be: nerate only; and they comment on cause too striking to be omitted,” these very passages precisely in the viz. Isa. 55. I, &c. on which he
same manner, that Mr. D. has done, thus comments :
and thus make them to speak the " In pursuance of the same method of language of their own pernicious instruction, by which sensible objects are and unscriptural opinion: an opimade subservient to the illustration and en- nion which Mr. D. would, we apforcement of spiritual subjects; the prophet prehend, be far from wishing to in the preceding passage, under the emblem sanction by his authority. It may of the natural food of the body, represents be worthy, therefore, of his consi, the spiritual food of the soul ; with this dif- deration, whether the terms "hunference only, that the former is to be bought with a price, whilst the latter is of gry and thirsty,” be not rather intoo great value to be purchased with mo
tended to describe the condition of ney; it is the gift of God: that meat which mankind at large, who seek happiperisheth not, but endureth unto everlast- ness in the ways of sin and vanity, ing life, which the Son of Man shall give and find it not, than that of such unto all that diligently seek him. But to only as, with genuine spiritual apthis end it is necessary that attention petites, hunger and thirst after should be paid to the condition of the party righteousness. And the whole scope who is to obtain it. Every one knows what of the quotation from the prophet are the sensations of hunger and thirst; strongly supports this exposition; and that without an experience of them,
nor indeed to our mind, can it very there is no inclination either to eat or drink.
consistently admit of any other. But every one, alas! does not know what is meant by the hunger and thirst of the For to whom is the invitation, “Ho! soul. Such sensations, however, taken in a every one that thirsteth, &c.” exspiritual sense, must be felt by every Chris. pressly addressed, but to those who tian, before he will think of coming to the " spend their money for that which water of life; or of applying for that food is not bread, &c.?”-a description from heaven, which alone can save bis surely, that will not apply to the soul alive ; upon the same principle that no
characters pointed out by “hungry one cometh to the physician, till he finds and thirsty Christians." The object bimself sick. The invitation therefore, of of the address, therefore, and its our Saviour in the text, like that of the prophet before us, is addressed only to bungry view of the passage, is, to call off
accompanying assurances, in this and thirsty Christians.
! If any man thirst,' says our blessed Saviour, 'let him
fallen man from his vain pursuit of come unto me and drink.:— Ho, every happiness in forbidden paths, and one that thirstetli,' says the prophet.) to offer him that solid and substan
come ye to the waters; come ye, buy tial good, the loss of which indeed and eat, without money and without he bitterly feels, but, till enlightprice'.” (p. 36, 37.)
ened from above, knows neither
We are glad
wherein it consists, nor how it is to light of a madman, when praying for his be recovered.
disciples,' that they may be filled with Mr, D.'s application of this sub- all the fulness of God;' and plainly telling ject to his hearers, is faithful and them, that ' if they have not the spirito
Christ, they are none of his'.” (p. 4–143.) impressive. The following extract from this part of the sermon, though
It would be faint praise to say of long, will require no apology to be the next sermon in this collection, made for its insertion.
that it is liable to no particular obo ** Alas! when we look abroad in the jeçtiou, It is both spiritual and world, and measure the modern profession impressive, and in the explanation of Christianity by the primitive standard, and defence of the Christian duty we feel as it were shrinking within ourselves on which it treats, is entitled to high upon the experiment.
The subject which commendation. From Daniel's ex. in better days inflamed the heart, occupied anıple and success in “ setting his the thoughts, and engaged the conversation heart to understand, and to chasten of those spiritual Christians who loved the himself before God," the obligation Lord in sincerity, is now become, for the most part, fiat and uninteresting. We do and use of mortification, and selfnot say, there are not spiritual Christians denial are inferred, and with great to be found among us; God forbid there earnestness enforced. should not. But when speaking of the
to aid the circulation of such rer general state of religion, it must be ad- marks as these: mitted, that we possess little more than the
“ The world may change its fashions shadow of what ought to be possessed by every day; for it is a matter of little conus, to entitle us to the character of a Chris. sequence to thoughtless mortals, whether tian people. Christianity, from being what they hunt after one shadow or another: but it ever must be, to become effectual to sal- the Christian Religion, it is to be rememyation, a vital principle influencing the bered, bears the unchange ble character of thoughts, controuling the passions, and di
its divine author, the same yesterday, torecting the conduct of every baptized per- day, and for ever.'—What was Christianity son, is for the most part degenerated into a
therefore 1700 years ago, is Christianity mere nominal profession. If decent ap
still. The professors of it may, and inpearances are kept up, if the grosser habits deed do at times, difler widely from each of sin are avoided, Christians are apt to other; but this makes no alteration in the fatter themselves that, because they may standard that has been set up, by which not be so notoriously vicious as other men,
the Christian character in every age of the they are therefore what they ought to be.
church must be measured; and, what is But those who conclude thus, have surely still of greater importance, by which it will perer considered one principal end for be definitively judged. This circumstance which Christ came into the world. Did considered, it might be expected, that inour blessed Saviour purchase a church with stead of resting satisfied with a form of his bloud, promise his presence and pro- godliness, a mere outside shew of religior, tection to it, furnish it with the means of which is a disgrace to the Christian prograce, and appoint certain persons for the fession ; we should be desirous of practising regular administration of those means; did those means, by wbich Christians of a he, think ye, make this gracious provision former day arrived at that exalted degree for the spiritual welfare of fallen man, for of spiritual attainment, to wbich modern the purpose of raising him to no bigher state professors are for the most part perfect of perfection, than that to which the mo
strangers." (p. 57, 58.) rality of the heathen world might have ad- We recommend to our readers the vanced him ?-Had the great and stupen- whole of this discourse, in which dous scheme of human redemption, that many sensible and judicious reflecglorious combination (if we may so say) of tions are expressed in a lively and divine wisdom, no higher object in view,
striking manner. than to qualify man for the discharge of
In a sernog on the sacrament of tbe reciprocal duties of civilized society? --He who thinks thus, must never have the Lord's supper, which comes looked into his Bible; or if he has, and next underour review, we are happy remains of the same opinion, he must con- to find Mr. D. recognizing the dissider that chosen yessel, St. Paul, in the tinction between nominal and real