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THE WORLD AS IT IS.
sincerely respect his talents and at- lapidate his castle and renounce his tainments, and doubt not he has still hereditary honours, I should consihigher claims to esteem. May he der bis conduct as deeply criminal; so employ the advantages with which as by so doing, he would desert the Providence has blessed him, that responsible and highly important he may “ find mercy in that day.” station in which the Governor of the (To be continued.)
universe has thought fit to place him. Religion does not require us to dissolve our civil establishments, but to preserve them from abuse and corruption.
With regard to
our superiors in rank, we are exa Continued from p. 288.)
pressly commanded to render hoAudire, atque togam jubco componere nour where honour is due; and even quisquis
to SPEAK evil of dignities, characAinbiiione mala, aut argenti pallet amore, terizes, according to inspired auQuisquis luxuria
thority, those who insult God by The castle of Deloraine, bosomed perverting his grace to purposes of among the oaks of an ancient forest, lasciviousness. 2 Pet. ii. 10. Jude 8. formed an august feature in the land- It does not follow, that because a scape seen from the windows of man is a nobleman, he cannot thereMr. M—'s library. “I have fre- fore be a Christian; his title is not quently been surprised, Sir,” I ob. the necessary cause of vanity, nor served one day to my friend, “ that his estate of prodigality. It is inin all your discourses on the nature deed asserted, that few noble are of The World, you have never ad- called; but the very assertion itself duced Deloraine in illustration of intimates that some are: and at any your opinions. There, even I con- rate, it does not confine salvation to fess, is the world indeed.”—“ It plebeians. If few noble are called, certainly is;" he replied, “yet the few also of the bulk of mankind are world has no proper locality: it called; for when our Saviour declarabides as frequently at a cottage ased that few enter in at the straight at a ducal residence.” Without gate, he spoke of the human race in pausing at this rather mysterious as- general. Now we can refer to the sertion, I continued, “ But were most perfect examples of the vital your ideas realized, the pile would efficacy of religion in the persons of soon crumble into ruins: for on the nobility. What was the nobleman principles supported by you, the I just alluded to, the Marquis De very possession of such a palace as Renti? What was Lady Russell? this can never consist with pure re- Nay, to go to the summit of distincligion.”-“ Arthur, things are as tion, royalty itself is compatible with we make them : there is no evil in the most unadulterated religion, of herent in the rock and lime of which which I need only instance Jane of the shell of this castle is constructed; Navarre and the consort of our third nor in the more splendid materials William. I could never encourage that compose its internal decora- a proposal to demolish either a tions. Fär be it from me to plot Duke's palace or a Duke's privileges; the destruction of Deloraine ;-re- nor to blend the regal, patrician, member the sublime observation of and plebeian proportions of society a devout nobleman of France to his into an undistinguishable mass; patrician friends, 'I do not want convinced as I am, that schemes of you to dismantle your chateaus, and this description evidence, on the to devastate your gardens; let the part of their projectors, ignorance ruins be in your own hearts.' You both of human nature, and of sound attribute to me the sentiments of an philosophy. If depraved princes anarchist. Were the Duke to dic and patricians desecrate their rank this is not because they are kings But who is to heal the wound,-and and nobles, but because they spring what if the patient die in consefrom the same corrupt source as quence of this untimely severity their inferiors, whose jealousy and Dismantle this castle, and build bohatred towards those about them vels of the fragments; and what evince a common origin without shall we do next? Why, throw down further proof. Let me see ;---We the hovels in their turn, and retire to have about three hundred nobility: caves and forests, and there banquet now take out at random three hun- upon acorns and crabs, till all dred artisans and husbandmen; and our silvan philosophy terminate in it will be found on examination, bloody frays about who shall have that the proportions of virtue and most ; the athletic pillage and murvice between the two parties are der the feeble; the executioners probably equal. You weigh three themselves die of hunger and cold; hundred men against two hundred and so the whole republic is annibiand fifty; and there is an equipoise! lated. You see, Arthur, what must Let the two parties make an inter- be the final result of every system change of rank and opulence; and not founded on a conviction that you will find, in less than a month's THE CREATURE WAS MADE SUBJECT trial, that the coronet and the palace TO VANITY! When the restless spihave found in the persons of the rit of man busies itself in innovation, strangers their former possessors, what can regulate and limit its agenmen; and perhaps that the coronet cy? It is attempting with the Peris tarnished, and the palace pole sian to fetter the billows.-I return luted precisely as before. I have to my original position:—things are not so much sickly and indolent as we make them. The world may charity for my species, as to believe, be, and ought to be USED; use and that any of your equalizing plans abuse are by no means convertible proceed from a disinterested and phrases. The possession of Delovirtuous anxiety to reform and bless raine, with its appendages of title the world; but on the contrary, and wealth, may be no more detrifrom an eagerness to enrich the mental to its owner in a moral view, speculator with the solid spoil of than the mud cottage on the waste his projects. He foresees a scram- to the warrener. The Duke may ble, and of course to none so pro- contemplate his castle with as little fitable as to himself: though, as it vanity as the warrener his cottage.” generally happens, look to France I now thought it expedient to assail for instance-the scrambler is le- my companion on another ground, velled in his turn; and so the game with “ Well, Sir, but you will algoes on. A political theorist is any low that the world has a stronger thing but a patriot: he hates royalty hold on the Duke than on the waron the ignoble principle of rivalry; rener, because it affords him greater and hence a jacobin, as I once heard possibilities of happiness." an expert analyst of the human cha- “ I doubt that. Recollect what racter define him, is a man who hates King Henry, when personating a kinys because he is not a king himself. common soldier, said to one of his li a man would benefit his country, men: I think,' said the supposed he must learn to regulate and to re- plebeian, 'the king is but a man as I store; not to disorder and to destroy. am: the violet smells to him as it We have heard of the amputation of doth to me: the element shews to diseased political members in order him as it doth to me: all his senses to effect a cure of the whole system; have but human conditions. His and certainly this remedy has one ceremonies laid by, in his nakedadvantage, which is, that it is
easy ness he appears but a man: and enough for any clumsy operator to though his affections are higher hack and hew till the limb falls off, mounted than ours, yet when they
stoop, they stoop with like wing: places with the steward, and instead I believe that the Duke would of residing at the Castle take up his authenticate this philosophy of quarters at the Lodge. Those noShakspeare. Do not imagine that blemen who know nothing of their ducal possessions exempt their pos- estates but from their agents, afford sessor from the primeval curse ; par- to servants opportunities of graduticipation of that is the only natural ally supplanting their masters; equality of mankind. The Duke which, while man is what he is, will may be said to earn his bread by not be neglected.--As the Duke the sweat of his brow."
cannot prevent his demesne from Arthur's respect for the speaker producing thorns and thistles, so here prevented incredulity from neither can he avoid that other conventing itself in a laugh. He con- sequence of the curse which continued grave, and only replied with demns all inankind to soine species unwonted haste, “I was not born of servitude. His Grace is, in one to comprehend paradox. If you sense, no more independent than mean that his Grace's forehead ex- his tenantry: both are obliged to hibits the effects of violent exertion work: and they work for each other, after a fox-chase, I will allow that As to his possessing greater possihe literally earns his pleasures with bilities of happiness, he possesses the sweat of his brow; but in them as far as felicity is the natural other matters it is not his own fault production of the earth, and as a if he suffers by exertion. I fancy man; but no farther. If he be a he may buy his bread with forty thou- Christian, he will indeed know, that sand a-year without the trouble of felicity of a more sublime character working for it!”–
is confined to no degree of distinc“The possessions of this world tion or affluence. He will know, are inseparably connected with dis- also, that such happiness is conveyquietude and labour. If the Duke ed to man through earthly chanhad nothing to do but to receive the nels; for a person's property may rental of his estates, put up the re- providentially become the second venue, turn the key of the iron chest, cause of good. Let a man act as the and then hurry away to pleasure, steward of his wealth, and not as its your fancy might be pretty correct: absolute possessor, and then, I Lebut I perceive you have yet to know, lieve, that he will gather figs of that overseers are to be themselves thistles. You suppose, that the Duke overseen;-hisGrace must act with is happy, because he possesses a the vigilant prudence of a man who feudal palace and all the circumcarries his little chronometer into a jacent country.” London crowd, who, as the epigram “And you imply that he is unsays, must
happy, because he has all that proPocket his watch, and watch his pocket perty." too!
“No. I am only asserting, that a Landed property of forty thousand gigantic fortune affords to its owner a-year is divided into distinct estates no immunity from the universal lot and then subdivided into farms, and of mankind, from disquietude and each portion, whether estate or farm, labour. With regard to happiness, has its leases, repairs, and so on: and I incline to think that the capability now an unruly tenant must be ma- of securing this undefinable entity naged; now a law suit must proceed; is bestowed upon all equally. My and a thousand other vexations wish is to convince you, that terresarise in every variety of teazing im- trial things have a natural tendency portunity. Estates will never take to produce vexation and toil; that care of themselves: so that were the they are in themselves unsatisfacDuke to entrust all to servants, his tory: the more we have, the more Grace would in due time change we crave. But their effect is yet
more pernicious, in that they fetter me Kings for coinpetitors, said Alex. our affections, and tempt us habi- ander, and I will enter the lists at tually to forget concerns nore in- Olympia.” dispensable.”
On the morning after the above · Then, Sir," I replied, "it fol- conversation passed, (of which I do Jows, that the more a man has, the not pretend to communicate a comfarther off' he is from religion. Alas plete detail,) we visited Deloraine. for the Duke of L-!"
As we approached, the pile open“ You will misunderstand me. I ed upon us with all the stern and allow no such consequence; because sullen majesty of a baronial forthis might induce a farther conse- tress. But I shall not detain you by quence, namely, that a human being a minute description. We entered born to ducal honours and opulence by the eastern portal, and were conhas an unequal hope of future feli- ducted through a long suite of city. You would also make me rooms till we reached the armoury. argue, thata man's moral excellence There was something in the warlike must be exactly parallel with his air of this apartment which seemed wealth; but you should consider, to realize the gorgeous legends of that a person coming into life under feudal romance. Who," I exthe circumstances of his Grace, is claimed, 'does not lament that the familiarized froin infancy to man- age of chivalry is gone!”—My comhood with the appropriate splendors panion smiled at my enthusiasm. of his situation, and probably thinks “: The present race of warriors,” he no more of them than I do of the observed, has restored the valour humble, and comparatively bege of that age; but its virtues appear karly, conveniences of this house, to be whelmed in cold oblivion. Now the warrener yonder thinks Chastity and temperance were the me as much above him as I think characteristics of chivalry: but what the Duke above me; and the esti- would our soldiers and sailors think mate may be correct. The warren- of a man who should seriously tell er perhaps imagines that were he them, that the toils of war are not to in my situatiou he should possess be forgotten in interperance and unmingled happiness; and twenty illicit indulgence! Our admiration yours ago I used to imagine the of what I have heard described as same of the Duke's situation. I be the martial philosophy of the gothic licve the warrener's opinions and age is, I believe, the admiration of mine to be equally just, that is, su- the fancy, which takes special care perlatively silly;--for as far as I can to separate from the imposing splen. philosophize from Scripture and ex- dors of that system its perilous l.zperience, actual enjoyment is the bours. We can peruse by a quiet result neither of rank nor riches, fireside the adventures of steel-clad but of a principle independent of champions, their miserable privaboth, and which reveals the true tions, their bruises and gashes, nay secret of happiness to persons in even their struggles with the most every situation under heaven. A terrisie energies of death ;-all these person may think that the Duke is things, when dressed
with rock, happy because he is the first man wood, and water scenery, and the in the county ;-but what is that to due quantum of a questionable paskim? A noble, as a noble, feels no sion, are the very fondlings of the elevation from superiority over com- fancy, and of the fancy only; for moners. lle may all the while be as to any practical imitation, we pining with jealousy, because the are all Sybarites.” Lord Lieutenant of the next county I scarcely heard Mr. M.'s rehas a high r oflice in the state, or marks, being absorbed in the exa more superb palace. He cares amination of two complete suits of not to vie but with his equals. Give armour that once invested some
ancient croisaders of the family, companion,“of the world's unseemly fighting under Richard Cæur de intrusion!" What has the world Lion. My friend perceived that to do here?” I quickly replied, my imagination was marching in “ Hence that world is excluded. Palestine; and in half whispers pro- This is the sacred retreat ofreligion.” ceeded, “ A person whom the sight The throne of gorgeous superstiof these antique relics transports tion. But, Arthur, do not suppose into fairy land, has never heard that I am more insensible than yourmuch of the dull story of life: he is self to the beauties of architecture, offended by any sober intimation painting, and sculpture. of the black guilt which they in- i have visited this place, I think that strumentally perpetrated. Life is St. Hubert's chapel contains the not the play-ground of the fancy: most interesting assemblage of art it is a state of probation: and the that the fancy can desire. But do croisader's zeal to rescue the holy not affix ideas of devotion to glass, sepulchre from the infidels was a and marble, and canvass; nor accuse combination of the murderous pas- me of austerity in affirming, on ausions with the religion of romance. thority indisputable, that we must To tread the circle of every day du- worship in spirit and in truth. Our ties is a penance far more severe ancestors converted their sacred than ever constituted the prepara- edifices into exhibition rooms for tory ceremonies of knighthood,-a artists; and images originally inpenance I mean to those who do tended to represent objects of adonot view life as it actually is. For ration paved the way to the most after all we must come down to rea- abject idolatry.
Our church prelities: there is no nourishment in serves the true mean between the high flavoured dainties.”--Mr. M. sordid negligence of some of the went on thinking aloud, and appa- separatists, and this harlotry of the rently not disturbed by my inatten- Romanists.- 1 barely insist that a tion. At length he cried, " Arthur, beautiful chapel has no power to don't you wonder at my indiffer- impart moral beauty. As far as ence? I have seen this armour fifty Christianity will purvey to the arts, times before. To you it is perfectly the most inveterate anti-christian novel. Its possessor seldom enters will avail himself of its assistance. this apartment, and it is now opened Michael Angelo having caused a but for strangers, or to be periodi- man to be extended on the wheel, cally cleaned. Dissolve the spells directed that he should be stabbed of novelty, and the vision gradually on such parts of the body as he supvanishes." I could no longer con- posed would occasion the most extain, “ Why, Sir, you would per- cruciating torture, that he might resuacie me that there is nothing in all present the agonies of death in the this!”
most natural manner; and from We then visited the chapel. This this the artist painted The Cruciedifice remained as it was before fixion* ! A worldling will gladly the reformation, and now was never decorate his dining room with reused, as the household attended the presentations of such awful scenes parish church. I was almost ap- as the Agony in the Garden and the palled by the gloomy aspect of the Last Judgment, because the picplace. The stained glass, the losty tures may exbibit the triumph of arches, the sepulchral effigies of graphic science. And yet his tawarriors and statesmen, the confes.
* This is told on the authority of Dr. sional, and all the barbaric magni, Young, who wrote some lines on the cirficence of the ancient faith, filled
cumstance: the mind with corresponding images while his Redeemer on bis canvass dies, of grandeur and sublimity. “An- Stabb’d at his feet his brother welt'ring other instance," attered my cruel dies, &c. &c.