« السابقةمتابعة »
ble is thronged by characters who Possessed of all this extensive edilaugh to utter scorn any idea co fice, he is confined within the narnected with the exhibition on the row dimensions of one chamber. wall, and do at the time CRUCIFY With forests and parks stocked with
OF GOD A FRESH AND PUT game of every sort, with Jakes BIM TO AN OPEN SHAME!”
abounding with fish, with gardens “ Yes, Sir; but that is the conduct and hot-houses full of every variety only of profligates. Surely you do of fruit, with cellars overflowing not include in this censure others.” with the wines of all countries, he
“I include all who are not genu- can take nothing. He would at this ine Christians; even the men whose moment sacrifice half of his estate to conversation is modest, and whose insure a day's quiet. We must eshabits are temperate. Sobriety and timate every thing according to its temperance may coexit with the actual value, and its value when most most bitter infidelity. If the con- wanted. The Duke is now just on versation of the dinner party be a level with my labourer, who lies neither blasphemous nor impure, it in the county infirmary under the may yet be sprinkle} with infide- effects of a similar accident. They lity, not gross perhaps, and there- are both well attended; but no mefore inore seductive and malignant. dical science can do for the Duke An unbeliever is not necessarily a what it cannot equally do for the sensualist: his temptations are of peasant.”—“ But all Dukes do not an intellectual description: his pas- fracture their limbs.”—“ No. Nor sions are quiet, but his understand- do all peasants. I only wish your ing is the busy genius of darkness. reason to tell me, what is the speciBy confining religion to sobriety of fic value of the world's most splendid conduct, we limit the inspired de- possessions, if they are so easily scription of the influence of the Gos- alienable as to be lost by a fall pel to one of its effects, and to one from a horse.”—“Well, then, I will which many probably find to be grant that, in peculiar cases, their the easiest : --we are required to value is gone.”—" Ah, Sir Arthur," live not merely soberly, but RIGHT- returned my companion, " you see EOUSLY AND GODLY IN THIS PRESENT that your favourite's estimate of boWORI.D.”—“ Appeals to Scripture Inour is something more than an apoam not prepared, Sir, to answer. If logy for cowardice. Can honour the world be what you esteem it; if set a leg? No. Or an arm? No. Os human nature be thus corrupt; if take away the grief of a wound? Christianity be hated except when No. Honour hath no skill.in surgery it ministers to the fine arts, I would then? No. What is honour? A word. be convinced of all this by reason; Who hath it? He that died o’Wedfor I presume that
do not plead nesday. Doth he feel it? No. Doth for a faith irrational.”
he hear it? No. Is it insensible As we left the Castle, my uncle then? Yea, to the dead. But will enquired how the Duke was, who, it not live with the living? No. as I then learned for the first time, Why? Detraction will not suffer it. was languishing under a fracture. Therefore I'll none of it.' And the The porter informed us, that his value of earthly possessions amounts Grace had passed an unquiet night, to just the same. It may seem irand that he was unable to take any reverent to couple with the enquiry nourishment. I raiher sunk at this of a voluptuous wit a citation from tale.
Scripture. But I may here ask, As soon as we were out of the What Is A MAN PROFITED, IF BE servants hearing, my companion GAIN THE WHOLE WORLD AND LOSEdarted
upon me with, “ So you see, I will not complete it by adding, Arthur, what it comes to! Now what his own soul-but even his healih is The World to the Duke of 1-! and tranquillity!"
We walked slowly through the some surprize 'Mr. M—'s familiar park, while my friend repeated with acquaintance with Shakspeare. But impressive interest that fine passage my friend had the touch of Midas. in Henry the Sixth, where War- In that great poet he recognized wick, expiring of his wounds, thus moral philosopher who was deeply takes leave of the world:
versed in the science of human naThese eyes that now are dimm'd rith ture. Garrick complained of one death's black veil,
whose declamation roared while Have been as piercing as the mid-day sun, passion slept; but he added, when To search the secret treasons of the world. Shakspeare wrote, he dipped the pen The wrinkles in my brow, now fill'd with in his own heart! The observation blood,
would by many be thought equiWere likened oft to kingly sepulchres : For who livd king, but I would dig his vocal; and it is capable of an ingrave ?
terpretation which might have And who durst smile when Warwick bent startled and offended the bard's his brow?
idolater, who yet could not be igLo, now my glory smeard in dust and blood, norant that the most interesting and My parks, my walks, my manors that I had, even instructive scenes in ShakE'en now forsake me: and of all my lands speare are disgraced by ribaldry, Is nothing left me, but my body's length: and polluted by licentiousness ! Why, what is pomp, rule, reign, but earth and dust?
(To be continued.) You will probably perceive with
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A few plain Answers to the question, fic object of the pamphlet before us Why do you receive the Testimony of to promote doctrines, which, as far Buron Swedenborg? addressed from as they are peculiar to the system a Minister to his Congregation. By defended, we regard, not only as the Rev. J. Clowes, M. A. Rector void of all foundation, but in many of St. John's Church, Manches- respects as highly pernicious; when ter, and late Fellow of Trinity we consider further that these docCollege, Cambridge. 8vo. pp. trines are zealously inculcated, from xxii. and 72. Manchester; Lon- week to week, upon anumerous body don. J. and E. Hodson, Hatton of men in an extensive and populous Garden, 1806, price 28.
town, and still more publicly proUNQUESTIONABLY it would be hard pounded, vindicated, and enforced to deny to any clergyman the li- through the medium of the press, berty of defending from the press the by a person of great respectability, doctrines which he inculcates from to say nothing of other similar cases; the pulpit, and to furnish his flock we likewise consider these circumwith an answer to those who may stances as importunately calling ask them a reason of the peculiar upon us to resist the progress of hope which is in them. We have opinions, in our view, more or less no complaint therefore against the dangerous, according to the proporgeneral object of the present pub- tions in which they are embraced, lication, and as little against the and the simple or mixed influence spirit with which it is written. But with which they may operate; and we claim a right to use the liberty to put in possession of our readers which we freely allow to others; and at least, a few plain Answers to the when we consider that it is the speci- Question, Why they do not receive Christ, OBSERV. No. 54.
the Testimony of Baron Sweden- he is converted? We have heard it borg?
observed, that the inquirers after We will endeavour to perform truth in the philosophy and theology this task by following our author, as of Hutchinson, become converts on closely as we can, through the suc. having made some progress in the cessive portions of his work, and in- fifth volume of the twelve bulky octerspersing such argument: and re- tavos of that author. But here, and flections, as our fixed principles con- in a much wider sea, no limits are cerning truth and importance natu- prescribed ; and a bark, which is rally suggest.
but provisioned for a short, and that The introductory address of Mr. a necessary voyage, is to lose its time Clowes to his congregation, contains and risk its safety, by committing itmany judicious, useful, and highly self to an oceail, agitated by a conimportant observations, and we had test of all the elements and infested only to regret their station and ap- with monsters of every description, pearance in such heterogeneous com- in the search of an island which does pany. Here the author insists upon not exist in this globe. And how the necessity of some preparation, can Mr. Clowes require the same in order to a just view and conse- mode of interpretation to be applied quent reception of the peculiarities to an author addressing his cotempoof Swedenborgianism..The direc- raries, and in language perfectly tions given, many of them, are just umderstood both by the writer and and applicable to every inquiry af- his readers, as to compositions writ. ter religious truth; yet we think the ten at the distance of near eighteen pious author, for such we do cer- centuries, in languages not generally tainly esteem him, has gone rather understood, and in an idiom and too far, however such a principle with allusions still more remote from might subserve his purpose, when modern intelligence? how can he from “ the essential character of all require, as he does, that Baron Sweheavenly truth to oppose and con- denborg and the evangelists and tradict the preconceived opinions apostles should be interpreted by of men,” he inters, that this charac- the same rule? pp. ix-xi. ter, where found, so far from be- We now proceed to the Plain ing an argument against the doc- Answers. And the first number of trines in question, affords rather a them asserts, which will not be constrong presumption, if not an abso- tested, that the Baron “respected lute demonstration in their favour.” and enıbraced in his system of p. vii. We indeed should not es- theology some of the most interestteem it a strong presumption, ing and edifying doctrines of the much less an absolute demonstration Christian faith and life.” p. 2. In in favour of any religious system, the third number, which proposes to should it affirm that two and two are vindicate the new prophet's view equal to eight, or that the part is of the doctrine of the Redeemer and greater than the whole. The au- Redemption, we first meet with his thor should have specified the cha- peculiar notion concerning the triracter of the preconceived opinions nity, which we shall notice in its which religious truth opposes; but proper place. What is said conthis would have proportionably in- cerning redemption, the subject in jured the argument in favour of the hand, is first to be attended to. doctrines in question. Mr. C. makes Redemption then,” says our as unreasonable a demand, when he author, “ according to this testimorequires of the aspirant to the mys- ny,” the testimony of Swedenborg, teries of Swedenborgianism, that he “ doth not consist in the vicarious should peruse the writings of the suffering of one God to appease the honourable author “extensively.” wrath, or, as some express it, to saWhat is meant by extensively jill tisfy the justice of another God; but
it consists in the labours, the temp- be proper to add that this reviver of tations, the combats, and the victo. Sabellianism expressly condemns ries of the one ONLY LIVING and both the Nicene and the Athanasian ETERNAL GOD, the GOD-MAN JESUS creed. To us it appears evident, Carist, whereby he satisfied the that this fanciful and unfounded divine emotions of his own infinite doctrine is nothing more than a molove, requiring that men should be dification of deism, and that it is saved, and requiring further the only the result of that dilemma which orderly means or mediums of salvation, arises from a desire to conform to viz. the subjugation of the internal Scripture, and an inability to make powers, and the glorification of that the required submission of the huHUMANITY, by which he might again man understanding: it is a kind of have access to his creatures, and compromise between the reveries of his creatures have access to him.” natural reason and the dictates of pp. 9, 10.
divine revelation.. We have here to give Mr. Clowes The fifth number is intended to full credit for not dissembling the vindicate the hypermystical interheresy of his prophet. But we beg pretation which Swedenborg gives leave seriously to ask Vr. Clowes, io the Scriptures. There is, acwhether he does or does not believe cording to him, in every part, a lithat sin is offensive to God; whether teral, a spiritual, and beyond this, a he does or does not believe, that the celestial sense. Mr. Clowes calls wrath of God is revealed from heav- the last their inmost or highest sense. en against all ungodliness and un- It would probably rather amuse than righteousness of men; whether he edify our readers, to give them a does or not believe the state of man, specimen of the mode of interprein this respect to have been affected tation as the Baron has applied it to by the advent and acts of the Sa- the Decalogue. The “heavenly marviour? What does he mean then by riage,” which is described as taking the Socinian language, which, in place between the divine perfeccontradiction to the subscribed ar- tions, powerfully reminded us of the ticles of his own church, as well as Æons of the Gnostics. to the Scriptures, he has permitted In the sixth number is representhimself to use?
ed the doctrine of Swedenborg conThe next number is on the tri- cerning the atonement, which is nity: and here is pretty fairly re- perfectly in unison with what we vealed the doctrine broached by have already transcribed, and comSabellius, and openly asserter in mented upon, on that subject. In every part of Swedenborg's writings. the next, we are indistinctly taught The three divine persons, accord- what the system under consideraing to the Baron, " all concenter tion teaches on the subject of justiand are united in the one divine fication. This doctrine is so deperson of the Lord God the Sa- pendent upon the former, that we VIOUR Jesus Christ, who, as to his may naturally expect the same obessential divine nature, is called and servations in the one as in the other. is the Father, and as to the human And indeed, Mr. Clowes advocating nature, which he assumed and glo. his prophet, asserts, " that a saving rified, is called and is the Son, and life is the joint effect of faith, of chaas to his divine operation, or pro- rity, and of good works united, and ceeding virtue and energy, is called that to separate any one of the three and is the Holy Spirit.” p. 12. from the other two is to destroy all.”
This Mr. Clowes calls the ortho. p. 28. This, it is true, is the docdox or right opinion. It is true it trine of Bishop Bull, and of his folis Swedenborg's, and he illustrated lowers, but not of the church of it by a kind of human trinity, body, England, which deliberately asserts soul, and operation in man. It may in her article on the subject, that
“We are accounted righteous be- It is hardly possible not to call to fore God, only for the merit of our mind the very similar manner in Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by which Mahomet replied to the same faith, and not for our own works or requisitiont. The author with whom deservings." He who will take the we are now concerned, endeavours pains to consult Swedenborg's “True to prove the impropriety of requirChristian Religion,” &c. will per- ing miracles in the present case, beceive that the author is peculiarly cause they would be equally neceshostile to the doctrine of justifica- sary in the case of every expositor tion by faith alone. And lest it of Scripture. Is Swedenborg then should be replied, that he is only to nothing more than an expositor of be understood of a solitary, unpro. Scripture? Mr. Clowes will not ad. ductive faith, and therefore as op- mit this. Indeed he defends the posing the solifidian hypothesis visions of the Baron, after the Baalone, it will be proper further to ron himself, as being themselves observe, that the doctrine, upon this miraculous. Now allowing these subject, which he condemns and visions to be, as they are said to be, reriles, is the doctrine as it was held supernatural communications, they pàrticularly by Luther, Melancthon, are not miracles, in the sense of diand the reformers in general; for in vine attestations, to any otherthan the the interview which he had with individual himself. But have there these persons in the spiritual world, never been visionaries, mystics, fathe unhappy Melancthon more es- natics in the world before? Have not pecially is represented as undergo many persons so deluded retained ing a course of purifying discipline, great consistency of character? Do in order to wean him from this doc- not Montanus, Mahomet, Lord Hertrine, and to induce him to give the bert, and Jacob Behmen; the Gnosdue honour, hitherto denied, to tics, the monks, and saints of the charity.
Romish communion without number, The conclusion adduces other ar- immediately press upon the mind, guments in favour of the mission of as soon as such claims as those of Swedenborg: but the most curious Baron Swedenborg are preferred? part is that, in which his present But where in Scripture are we enadvocate answers the requisition of couraged to expect, or when premiraculous evidence to attest his tended to receive, such revelations extraordinary pretensions. The as those proposed by the honoura. Preshyter has not informed us, as ble Swede? Mahomet shewed some the Seer honestly has, that this ob- art, but greater ignorance in projection was originally urged in the claiming himself the promised Pa. spiritual world, the scene of his raclete: but where is the character, greatest honours. Some of the in- advent, and mission of the modern habitants of that state had the har- prophet designated in Scripture? dihood, in a confused murmur, to We feel ourselves therefore under say to their visitant, Do miracles an invincible obligation of joining and we will believe. It was re- with the Baron's opponents, both plied, that the very visions with spiritual and human, in urging the which he was favoured were mira- absolute and highest necessity of cles,
This did not satisfy the spi- miracles to substantiate so extraorrits: they rejoined, Reveal future dinary, and we may add, superfluevents. The Baron excused him- ous a claim as his. self upon the plea of the inconve- We think we have now gone nience which would result from the through the greater part, if not the communication of such a power*. whole, of what is deserving of re
* True Christian Religion, containing the mark in the pamphlet of Mr. Clowes; Universal Theology of the New Church to. + See Sale's Koran, Svo. vol. ii. pp. 58, wards the End.
and 108, or chap. xiii. and xvii.