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of new ones, provided they do not form. The following sentiment we rise very considerably above the conceive to have been uttered under standard of those which have now the influence of this state of mind. been reviewed. We shall probably “A professing Christian should take occasion to look into the suc- even blush in secret, if he could for ceeding portions of this work; and a moment indulge the wish, that we assure the conductors of it, that truth on any subject should not be we shall have sincere satisfaction brought to light, with whatever sein giving our readers a favourable verity and in whatever direction its report of their progress. In the dictates may fall.” p. 3. It is easy to meantime we would give them our imaginecases in which this principle, best counsel; and that is, “ Be slow if acted upon, would produce effects to print.”

highly detrimental both to religion and morality; and it will hardly be

affirmed, that in such cases simple Reasons for separating from the Church concealment, much less a wish to

of Scotland, in a Series of Letters. conceal, ought to be pronounced By William Innes, Minister of criminal. Let it be remembered the Gospel, Dundee. Chiefly ad- likewise, that in some cases certain dressed to his Christiau Friends truths produce the effect of falsein that Establishment. Dundee; hoods.Should a person who had and London, Vernor and Hood. just sufficient knowledge to under1804. 12mo. pp. 156.

stand the nature of the fact, be inThis is the production of a conscien- formed, that the various readings tious man, who has thought it his in the New Testament amount to upduty to separate from the Church of wards of 30,000, the result, there can Scotland, and having so done to of- be no doubt, in his mind would be fer his reasons for his conduct. It unfavourable to the credit or integives us pleasure to bear testimony grity of that part of the Scripture; to the general temperance observed although to a competent judge this by the author, on a subject, and un- circumstance has directly a contrary der circumstances, which beyond effect. . Of the same character with most others tend to draw forth the that which has been quoted is anacrimonious passions.

other assertion of this writer, which We are not concerned to defend represents conviction as resembling the church of Scotland against the the sensitive plant: “it shrinks," attack of this writer, as being the adds he, " at the gentlest touch of form of ecclesiastical government power, and the rude intruder must exclusively prescribed by Scripture. be completely withdrawn, before it As a species of government, how- again exerts its energy.” p. 47. ever, in the church, and as consti- Mr. Innes condemns the estatuting a part, one order, in the epis- blished church of Scotland, or Prese copal, we consider Presbyterianism byterianism, as unscriptural, both as entitled to our respect: nor do we in its constitution and in its admifeel ourselves wholly indifferent to nistration; and he opposes to it the an attack, which would level not system of independency which he only the professed object of hostility, has embraced, as the only system but with it the venerable fabric of founded upon scriptural authority, our own ecclesiastical constitution. deduced from apostolic example as

The author of these letters seems well as apostolic precept, and excluto be affected with a morbid sensi- sively binding upon the Christian bility of conscience, which, how world. The principal Scripture adever commendable in its origin, duced in support of independency is when it has proceeded to this ex- Matthew xviii. 15–17. A very cess, obscures and distorts the duties slender foundation for so ponder. which it would discover and per- ous a superstructure.

In all controversies offensive ope- pendency as upon Presbyterianism. rations are carried on with the great. The unconstitutional influence in est advantage, because the general the one case is likely to be as great imperfection of human knowledge and as injurious as the constitutional leaves many points vulnerable even in the other; and the remedy held in subjects the best established. Let out by the Independent system, in ters iii. and iv. are directed against the liberty of secession, is of too dethe constitution of Presbyterianism, sperate a nature to entitle it to any the distinguishing feature of which favourable opinion. is said to he the system of represen- Concerning the second head of tation. And it is urged, that when this author's charge against the the majority in the representation established church of Scotland, the becomes corrupt, the whole body, defects in its administration, this under their influence, must become being a question of fact, we shall the same, unless the uncorrupt part claim permission to be silent: obobeys this summons to separate. serving only, that, from the acThis statement appears to us greatly quaintance which we have with the overcharged, nor do we plainly see, state of discipline in that part of the that the corrupt majority has any united kingdom, it would give us constitutional influence sufficient to pleasure if we could perceive the counteract the successful execution same in this. of duty in those who are disposed to We have only to remark further, perform it.

that when two systems are compared In opposition to the representa. together, they should be compared tive system, the radical vice of Pres- upon equal scales. A very incorbyterian government, Mr. Innes as- rect and unjust judgment will geneserts the distinguishing feature of rally be the result of comparing a independency to be individual opi- novel society or sect with an ancient nion or conviction in every act of one, which has had time to acquire that species of government. It seems, corruption; or a small society or however, almost a contradiction in sect with an extensive one, in which terms to call that system of associa- a greater proportion of corruption, tion a government, in which every agreeably to the encroaching nature member is left perfectly free to fol. of evil, will almost always be found. low the dictates of his own con- This remark is set in a very forcible science, on every subject. Every light by Bishop Warburton, when government implies a consent of combating Bayle's Apology for Epithe whole body to submit to certain cureans and Atheists. As to the laws, the execution of which is de- lives," says he, “ of his Epicureans, legated to a part, to whom authority and other Atheists, which we now necessary for that purpose is com- come to; the reader is first of all demitted: and this authority must, in sired to take notice of the fallacy he inany cases, interfere with and con- would here obtrude upon us, in the troul private opinion. If the cases judgment he makes of the nature of are accurately defined, and appear the two different principles, by setto be calculated for the more effec- ting together the effects of atheism, tual execution, upon a general scale, as they appear in the majority of of the object of the society, no ob- half a score men; and those of relijection can be alleged against the gion, as they appear in the majority authority here spoken of, which of infinite multitudes: A kind of does not equally hold with respect sophism, which small sects in relito this object. It should be observed gion have perpetually in their likewise, and Mr. Innes has not re. mouths, when they compare their moved the difficulty, that the sup- own morals with those in large composition of a corrupt majority press-munities, from which they dissent.” es with as much weight upon Inde- Divine Legation, book i. sect. 3.


&c. &c.


with a great number of private letters PREPARING for the Press:-A History of written to the late Mr. Woodfall, from the the Mililary Operations of the British Forces Author, illustrative of his personal characin Hindostan, from 1744 to 1784; in two ter, and many of his objects in writing and large vols. royal 4to. ; with Maps, Charts, publishing those celebrated Letters. Mr. Plans, and Views; by Dr. John MOODIE: Woodfall proposes to print a new edition of - Elements of Elocution, or an Introduc

the Letters, on the plan at first proposed tion to Pronunciation and Reading; in by the author; but which could not then which the Pauses peculiar to Poetry are be put in execution, consistently with bis distinguished by particular Marks; by Mr. views of having them published at a partiROBERT HAMILTON, Teacher of Elocu• cular period. In this edition such parts of tion in the Colleges of Old and New Aber- the private correspondesce will be given, deen:-A Review of the Reports to the Board as may be deemed interesting to the readof Agriculture, by Mr. MARSHALL. er; together with Fac-similes of several of

In the Press:-A new and splendid edi. the Letters; the publication of which, will, tion of WALPOLE's Royal and Noble Au- it is presumed, have a tendency to satisfy thors, by Mr. PARKE; in 5 vols. 8vo. :- the curiosity of the public, with respect to Mr. PARKINSON's second volunie of the the much contested author ; as they will Organic Remuins of a former World :-A exhibit the hand-writing in which all Junew Edition of Dr. VINCENT's Nearchus : nius's letters were sent to Mr. Woodfall -Caledonia; or, A Historical and Topo- for insertion in the Public Advertiser. graphical Account of North Britain, from

Mr. M. GREGSON, of Liverpool, has lately the most Ancient to the Presert Times; with published the result of some interesting a Dịctionary of Places, Chorographical and Observations, relative to the Use that may Philosophical; by Mr. G. CHALMERS:-A be made of Articles consumed by Fires. second volume, containing Cambridgeshire, He collected from the ruins of the wareCheshire, and Cornwall, of Magna Britan- houses destroyed at that place in 1802, a nia; by the Rev. Dan. Lysons, and SAM. quantity of wheat, burnt sugar, rice, flour, LYSONS, Esq.: also Part the Second, contain

and cotton. He reduced the sugar to a ing 24 Views in the said Counties, of Bri- fine powder, and made it into a water cotannia Depictu :-oography, or the Beau- lour paint:'it also answered as a varnish ties of Nature, displayed in Beasts, Birds, ground, an oil colour, and a printing ink. Fishes, Insects, Shells, Plants, Minerals, The burnt wheat answered the same purand fossils; by the Rev. W. Wood, of poses: and the fine American flour be Leeds:-A Practical Attempt towards free- made into excellent paste. Thus, though ing Individuals and Families from the Dis- the articles dainaged by the above fire sold position to Scrophuia, Consumption, and other for little more than £13,000, Mr. Gregson prevalent Disorders; founded on Reports expresses his conviction, that, had his mekept by several Medical Gentlemen at the thod been adopted, a saving of 1.44,000 Preventive lostitution at Bristol; with an might have been made on the grain alone. Explanation of the Design, and occasional The Society of Arts and Manufactures have Remarks by the Editor, T. BEDDOES, voted him their Gold Medal for his obserM. D.: A System of Chemistry, in 4 vois. vations. 8vo.; by Mr. MURRAY, Lecturer in Che- Since the opening of the Royal Infirmary mistry, &c. at Edinburgh:-A new edition for Diseases of the Eye, in Nassau Strcet, in of the three volumes already published of March 1805, there have been received 1894 Mitrord's History of Greece, with a fourth patients; of whom 1259 have been disvolume entirely new :-A new Edition, charged cured, 60 pronounced incurable, with Additions and Corrections by the and 575 now remain on the books of the Author, of the Criterion, or Miracles Et Infirmary. Within the period of nine amined; by the Bishop of SALISBURY. months, among other operations, 76 had

Mr. WOODFALL, in consequence of the been performed for the extraction of the death of his father, has become possessed cataract, 69 of whici were attended with of the copy from which the genuine edin perfect success. tion of Junius's Letters was printed, together Mr. Royston is engaged in an extensive Christ. OBSEky. No, 54.


work on the Medical Literature of this will be on such a plan, es to give the pupil country. It will contain a description and a more scientific potion of a globe than can analysis of books published in the English be acquired by any common map, and to language, on the science of medicine; be- enable him to solve the usual problems on ginning with the earliest works, and ending the globes. It will be accompanied with with the year 1800. It is intended to be a Treatise. The price will be 18s. given in the manner of a Bibliotheca, de- Mr. HAWKER, of Dudbridge, Glouces. scribing the editions, form, and peculiari. tershire, lately exhibited at Sir JOSEPH ties of every work; with an analysis of the BANKS's, Complete Drawings, and seceral contents of each volume; constituting a Bones, of a large Fossil Animal, similar to a concordance of facts and opinions, arranged erocodile, wbicb was found in a solid strain a manner that will afford a ready refer- tum of limestone, twenty feet thick. It ence for the student, the practitioner, and was inbedded fifteen feet below the surface the man of science.

of the stratum. The skeleton measures The late Mr. Russell, celebrated ten feet and a ball in length, and all the amongst men of science for the production parts are wonderfully perfect. The jaws of the Lunar Globe, left, at his death, Two contained the teeth in high preservation, Lunar Planispheric Drawings, the result of and still covered with enamel. One of numberless telescopic observations mea- them, which was broken, had so exactly sured by a micrometer: one of wbich the fracture of petritied wood, as to furnish Drawings exhibits the Lunar Disk in a strong ground for suspicion, that many state of direct opposition to the sun, when fossils, generally held to be of vegetabie, the eminences and depressions are unde- are of animal origin. In the same stratuin termined, and every intricate part, arising of limestone are found many cornua amfrom colour, form, or inexplicable causes, monis, muscles, and other shells. is developed and delinealed; the other, of Salt, it is said, has rendered barren apprecisely the same proportion, represents ple-trees, in an orchard belonging to Mr. the eminences and depressions of the moon GILBERT, agent to the late Duke of determined as to their form, producing their BRIDGEWATER, highly productive of fruit; shadows when the sun is only a few degrees by being spread on the ground, round each above the borizon of each part. The for- tree, at a small distance from the trunks. mer of these was engraved by Mr. Russell, Mr. DANIEL LAMBERT, of Leicester, the who had likewise very considerably ad- largest man probably in the world, is now vanced in the engraving of the latter, when exhibiting himself in Piccadilly. He is death terminated his labours : it is, how about 36 years of age, five feet eleven ever, left in a forward state. Mr. William inches high, and his weight is upwards of Russell, son of the late Mr. Russell, pro- 50 stone, 14 pounds to the stone.

He enposes to publish by subscription these lunar joys perfect health and rigour; his breath. plates. The price to subscribers will be ing is free and easy; his sleep undisturbed, Five Guineas.

to which he has no extraordinary propenMr. STOCKDALE is preparing Three sity; and he eats common food, and drinks Grand Imperial and Topographical Maps of water only. His unusual bulk arises from the United Kingdom, on 48 large sheets of an immense accumulation of fat within atlas paper, each sheet measuring two feet the abdomen, and in the adipose membrane two inches, by two feet ten inches. The under the skin. The tumefaction of the cost of the Map of Ireland will not exceed thighs, legs, and feet, is enormous; while to subscribers 3 guineas; Scotland, gui- the arms and hands do not much exceed neas; and that of Englund and Il'ales, 4 the usual proportion in fat persons. All the guincas.

functions of the body are in good order. Mr. JAMES HUNTINGFORD, formerly of He never felt pain or uneasiness from the Winchester, has circulated Proposals for stretching of the skin. His bulk has inAn inproved Map on the Plane of the Equa- creased gradually from 20 years of age. tor, designed as an Introductiou to the Use

His father and uncle were both large meu; of the Globes, and to initiate the Pupil into but neither of them exceeded 30 stone. the Rudiments and Study of Geography,

FRANCE. by a more ready and expeditious Method M. BIEMONTIER, Inspector-General of than any common Map can afford. One the bridges and roads in France, has paid projection on the North Pole will be given; much attention to quicksands found on the and another on the South Pole, on the re- sea-coast and other places. He observes, verse side of the paper. This map will that horses and other animals rarely fall have all the principal places; and it is said, of themselves into danger from thein; and


that if at any time they do, they throw Galvanism may be applied to distinguish themselves instantly on their side. Hence apparent from real death. He denominates, he recommends to any person who should it The Test of Life. He has publisbed a meet such misfortune, to extend bimself Treatise on its use. The instrument is nearly in the attitude of a swimmer, when sold at Goetlitz, for 15 crowds. be throws himself into the water.

M. KEHMAN, Physician to the Prince of Bonaparte has purchased, from his bro- Furstenberg, has received a letter from his ther-in-law Prince Borghese, the cele. sous, Physician in the suite of the Aubassabrated Borghese l'illa, at the price of 13 dor from Russia to China. It is dated from millions of franks. The valuable collec. Kiatcha, frontier of China, Oct. 14, 1805.. tion of antiquities which it contained, is to This gentleman had vaccinated a number of be transported to Paris, in order to enrich the children of the Monguls: and he assures the Napoleon Museum.

his father, that, from the measures which The National Institute bas proposed as a had been adopted, Vaccination will be subject of a Prize Essay, to be adjudged in practised from Jekutzh to Jakuch. July 1808, To examine what has been the infuence of the Crusades on the Civil Liberly

ITALY. of the People of Europe; on their Civiliza

A letter from Ragusa, inserted in the tion; and on the progress of their Leurn

Vienna Court Gazette, says that the Vacing, Commerce, and Industry. The dis

cine Inoculation has in that country, through to be written in French or Latin; the zeal of Dr. STULLi, surmounted all and must be delivered in before the 1st of the obstacles which prejudice and careApril, 1808. The prize is a Gold Medal of lessness threw in its way. The Catechism 1500 francs in value.

written by Dr. Carro, of Vienna, having The French booksellers Teeuttell and

been translated into the Illyrian tongue, WURZ have announced a Collection of Orie

and circulated in Ragusa and its neighbourginal Ilorks of Louis XVI. in 3 vols. 8vo. hood, had induced a great number of the MSS. of the King, partly written by him, inhabitants to adopt the Vaccination. It and partly dictated, and corrected with is likewise making progress among the Dalhis own band.

matians and Turks. M. POIDEVIN, of Rouen, has published

Bonaparte has nominated a number of a warning of the Danger attuching to the Italian Literati members of the Legion of use of Earthin Mare mnd Pottery of a bad

Honour. He well knows the infidence of Quality, on account of the metallic oxides the press on public opinion; and seems used in the glazing, which are capable of anxious, therefore, to enrol all scribblers doing much injury, being frequently solu- who come under his authority, whether, ble in fat or acid substances. The most natives or foreigners, in his favourite lenoxious effects are the cavities or pits, and gion; where, like soldiers good and true, the underbaking. The cavities are occa- they must either by ink or blood, sustain sioned by being too little acted on by the and defend his cause, crown, dignity, and fire, and thereby not fused into a vitreous disorganizations. substance. By underbaking the enamel does not agglutinate, and is capable of being

RUSSIA. taken up by all the liquid with which it The Imperial Russian Society of Arts may come in contact.

and Sciences at St. Petersburgh, is emGERMANY.

ployed in making arrangements for the fuThe University of Gottingen has been

ture use of the Roman Letters in writing threatened with a general desertion. Three and printing the Russian language. hundred of the students, dissatisfied witli

In the list of persons who died in the their professors, and believing themselves year 1805, in the Heptarchy of Pinsask, injured, by a refusal of justice on their

five of them were 110 years of age; one complaints against the burghers; retired to

113; four 120; one 128; one 130); and Minden; declaring they would not return,

one of the uncommon age of 150 years. till their injuries were redressed. The Go. vernment of Hanover entered into a nego

AMERICA. tiation with them; and all difficulties were Col. Lewis, who was commissioned, in removed. The students received an atn. 1804, by the President of the United States, nesty for their insarrection, and are re- to explore the sources of the Missouri, asturned to Gottingen.

cended this river for the space of 500) Dr. STRƯve has invested a machine, by leagues; and stopped in 47° of latitude, in means of which, without long preparation, order to pass the winter. Here the tem

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