« السابقةمتابعة »
among the Mohammedans.
Great num- have been likewise divinely produced, but, bers of thein are affected with maduess, in what light they regard it I know not, which they suppose to proceed from the When they swear, they wish they may be influence of the Devil. The priests whip turned to the left hand at the day of judge them severely ; threaten them tiil they tell ment, if their oaths be false. They have the names of those whom they suppose to certain seasons at which they abstain froin torment them, which are written and flesh, milk, and eggs. They kill cattle thrown'into the fire ; and read over them a and feed the poor, when they repent of small Arabic book containing the names great sins. At present some of them labour of Noah, Mohammed, Jesus Christ, &c. by under dreadful conviction of sin, and pray which means they conceive themselves to night and day. The man with whom I conrestore inany to soundness of mind. Most versed, begged me to tell him whether I of the otlter diseases of this country are thought it likely that God would forgive frequent in Britain.
them or not. They keep Sunday in a reli“ I have had a good deal of conversation gious way. They likewise observe many lately with a man belonging to a people other days. Their priests marry. They called Sonnas, who dwell to the northward have many church books but do not know of Imerett, or Imeritia. Our geographers the meaning of them. They look on their mention a people in the Caucasian moun- preservation, and the preservation of Chris. tains, op the banks of the river Lisagour, tianity among them, as a miracle. They formerly called Soanes, whom they suppose find fault with the religion of the Georgiaus. to be the most ancient inhabitants of this “ I have not room to give you an account country; and whom they state to have of their laws: a few particulars more, howbeen a powerful people. The Lis gour, or ever, I sbalt mention. Some of them keep the river Ajour or Ager, runs through the slaves, but this is a practice of which the Soma country, divides - it into two parts, better sort of them disapprove, and dread and discharges itself into the Black Sea, that it will bring calamities upon them. They The country contails about 60 villages, inoculate their children with the small pox some of wbich may be accounted consider- on the crown of the head. They have abunable towns. Latin is said to contain about dance of fruit, and inclose their gardens 900 houses, which are built of stone and wth stone walls, but they have no grapes. lime. Most 't these consist of more sto. Their inen and women eat together. Wo. ries that one est of the people are free, men are not afraid to travel alone from one and acknowleo. :wing out Jesus Christ. village to another, a thing vesy uncommon A number of vitilmom, boweret, are at the in this country. The apartments of their absolute disposal Wian cinefs. The name houses are very large and contain themof one of them is soky, and the name of selves and their cattle. Perhaps their nung the other Otur. Cliet ea led Finuis tou bas ber amounts to near 200,000, but there are şeven villages at oin casposal, but I con. no certain data by which a calculation of ceive that he has been lately constituted a it can be made. The particulars which I ehief. The free people are the most pow. bave mentioned, however, have been con erful. There are some Georgian words in firmed by many persons with whom I have their language.
conversed. Were it possible, I should be “The people of Sonna beliere that there glad to try to do something for them. is one omnipresent God, wbu disposes of “It appears that the Russian Emperor bas all things according to his own pleasure ; begun to think of the propriety of ransom. that the human soul is immortal, and un- ing heathen children, and teachiog them coustined to any particular place after death; the principles of the Christian religion, and that Jesus Christ is their on) y king and His minister Count Coutchubey has ofsaviour, They pray that Goi may bless fered us and the Sarepta people as many as them for Christ's sake, and perpetuate to we may choose for this purpose. The Sathem the blessings wbich their departed repta people intend to take 40 or 50, and friends enjoyed. They baptize their chil- we wish to take the same number. Our dren by washing them all over. They ade academy will be large and expensive, but minister the Sacrament, but in what form I hope it will be supported.” I know not. They have images in some From letters received by the Society of their churches, one or two of which from their Missionaries, we extract the churches they conceive to hava been pro- following further particulars : duced miraculously by the power of God. " Our three baptized natives go on well In one of them they bave the complete and behave in a manner that gives satisform of a young foal, which they believe to faction to the whole family."~" We sueCHRIST, OBSERY. No. 54.
ceed in printing far beyond my expecta- heavy chains are rivetted by the cruel bontion. We have now a great part of a tract dage in which they are held by their ebiefs, printed in the Turkish language which al- who reigo with an unmerciful sway, over most every Tartar understands. I do not both their bodies and their souls. think that any printer in Britain could have
“ Abdy does not come on as we could done it better. I have no doubt of the wish, and is still in an unsettled state of mind. ahility of our printers to print the Scrip. However, he does not scruple to argue tures, and as soon as we have the means stoutly against Mohammedainism. One otporucu ing paper, we intend to begin the evening in the time of their Oraza, or fast, printing of the New Testament.”-“The he attacked the Effendi in the Mosque, obildren have good capacities. Some of after he had been haranguing the people. them have made such proficiency (in read- One point on which they argued, was the ing both English and Turkishi) that I hope passage in the Koran, which allows Mosthey will soon be able to assist in teaching lems to take four wives; another point was, the younger children."-" It is my opinion, Mohammed's 'amour with Zeid's wife, in and mdeed we are all convinced, that every which the arch-impostor succeeded by etfort should be made to ransom children persuading her husband to divorce her, from slavery, with a view to teaching them that he might be at liberty to marry her. useful knowledge. Young children are by Against these and some otber particulars far the most hopeful: their minds are free in the Koran, Abdy argued with great froin prejudices agaivst Christianity, nor
keenness. The Effendi at last got into y have they learned those vicious customs rage, and exclaimed, 'You are a rebel! and habits that prevail among the Mohan you adhere to the Christian way, but that medans. We have found by experience, is inot our way. You are inclined to hear thai oid people are extremely untractabie, what the English people say, and pay more ant that it is very difficult to bring them regard to the New Testament than to the oti' sroun their evil practices.”
Kuran, which God gave to our prophet by "lu a former letter, I mentioved the re- the angel Gabriel.' 'As for the Koran," tura of die young Sultan Katagerry. For said Abdy, that is an out-of-the-way some time he appeared to be in a very un- question : it contains things which perhaps happy state of mind, and neither adhered were not intended for us. But with regard to the Mubaminedan vor to the Christian to the New Testament, even Moslems al. reingion. At last he forced the resolution low it to be a revelation from God, and I of renouncing the delusion in which he had believe it to be so. I don't say that I have beeu erlucated, and after making it knowo renounced all that is ju the Koran: but to some of us privately, he publin v de- supposing I had two horses, the one, a weak otared his belief of the Christian religion, lean oue, and the other a strong fat one, and his determination to abide by it. Since and if I were going to fight against my ene. that time he has continurd s edfast in the my, I would mount the strong horse, and profession of Christianity, notwithstanding leave the weak one at home.' When the the perspcution he has met with from his peopie, who were still present in the relations, and the derision with which he is Mosque, heard this, soine of them said, treated by his acquaintances. He is about • Abdy, you have been going about the seventeen years of age; of a most prepos- English people these three years, why did sessing appearance, and engaging manners. you not inform us of these things before His talents are of a superior kind. He un- now?' Abdy replied, “These three years ! derstands both the Tartar and Turkish have only been learning myself, and I did languages, speaks the Russ pretty fuently, not wish to teach you what I did not underand is making rapid progress in the Eng. stand, and what my mind was not settled lish. He can now read a chapter in the abnut.' Many such conferences take place Bible, with little dificulty. He frequently betwixt Abdy, and the Effendi, and the atteinpts to support the Christian religion, people. What effects they will produce, even against Molos (priests), and Effendis time will discover. One thing is plain, (doctors). It is our desire and prayer, that many of the people are friendly towards us, he may be inade a blessing to many of his and favourably disposed towards our rewretched countrymen, who are fast hound ligion.” by ignorance and delusion, and whose
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
head quarters are at Frankfort. A corps CONTINENTAL INTELLIGENCE.
under Bernadotte occupies Ausparh, BamThe only event of considerable moment berg, and Nuremberg. Davoust's corps is which has occurred on the continent of Eu- stationed in lower Swabia on the left of the rope during the last month, has been the Danube, Soult's corps is cantoned in lower establishment of monarchical government Bavaria. Mort:er's corps is in the interior in Holland, in the person of Louis Bona
of Franconia, and Ney's coips in upper parte. Such changes have of late become Swabia, besides a few other corps which so common, that they cease to occasion are dispersed in tbese circles. The total surprise. The manufacturing of Kings bas number is said to amount to R10,000 men, become one of the ordinary occupa
A French force under General Lauris tions of the cabinet of France. In the sun ton took possession of the city and republic pulations which have been entered into of Ragusa on the 27th ult. The only reason between France and Holland, Bonaparte advanced for annihilating the independence engages to inaintain the integrity of the of this little state is an obseure and vague Dutch possessinns at home and abroad. insinuation, that the enemies of France This contract involves an anbiguity which
have exercised too much ipAuence there, was probably intentional. It may be un
A very important circumstance, however, derstood, os may suit the convenience of is disclosed in the proclamation issued on Bonaparte, to mean, that the Dutch posses
this occasion, viz. that it is not the possessions are to be maintained entire in their sion of Ragusa, the occupation of Dalexisting state, or as they were at the com- matia, or the expulsion of the Russians mencement of the war. A new constitu. from the Mouths of Cattaro, which will sational law has been given to Holland, by tisfy Bonaparte. He looks to the evacuawhich the public debt is guaranteed; equal tion of Corfu and the whole of the Seven protection is granted to all religions, the ex- Islands, as well as to the retiring of the ercise of them being confined to the interior Russian squadrons from the Adriatic. Voof the churches; the king is invested with til these objects are effected, he declares the whole exccutive authority of the State, his intention of retaining possession of Rae and with the government of the colonies gusa. But if these objects were effected, and the direction of every thing relative to no one who knows Bonaparte will believe their internal regulation. The power of that he will ever restore that State to its législation is placed in the king, concur
former independence. rently with the Assembly of their High
We mentioned in a former number, that Mightinesses, consisting of 33 members, by the blockade of the Adriatic ports, the vacancies in which are to be filled by Russia had formally recognized the right the king's choosing one of two persons no
of blockade which has always been conminated by their High Miuhtinesses. In
tended for by this country, and to prevent all other respects things are left on the same
our exercise of wbich Russia formed and fuoting on which they stood under the for- headed in the last war the northern league. mer constitution,
Siveden, another of the coolederates in that The fortress of Gaeta still holds out league, has likewise recognized the right, Against the French in Italy; and will pro. by ordering the blockade of the Prussian bably be able, in consequence of the faci. ports in the Baltic to be maintained, nat lity of supplying it with men and prov; only against Prussian, but agaiust neutral gions from the sea to stand a long siege. The ships. new king of Naples made his triumphal It is reported, though it is impossible to only into that city on the 10th ult. say with what truth, that Russia is en.
No certain accounts have as yet been deavouring to mediate a peace between received of the evacuation of the Mouths of Prussia and Sweden. Cattaro by the Russians, although it ap- An Ambassador from the Turkish Court pears probable that that event may have has arrived at Paris, with felicitations on taken place before this time. In the mean Bonaparte's accession to the imperiai Mine the French annies continue to occu- throne. In replying to bis speech Bonapy the same stations in Germany which parte made the following significant oba they held three months ago. Augereau's servatios. « Let Sultan Selim recollect
that his enemies, who are my enemies also, of the Captains of the British ships compos. wish to approach him. Prom me he can ing the cruising squadron, with a view to hever have any thing to fear. United with their trial for murder. Those who have me he never need to dread the powerful taken the lead in these transactions have arms of any of his enemies."
been of the Federalist party : they seem EAST INDES.
to regard the circumstance as affording a
favourable opportunity of obtaining popuWe are happy to state, that on the 16th Jarity at the expence of Jefferson and his of February last, when the packet sailed
party, of whose pusillanimity on this occa. from Bengal, tranquillity had been entirely
sion they speak in the most opprobrious re-established. The treaties with both
The present effervescence, how. Scindiah and Holkar have been ratified.
ever, we trust will soon subside, and leave NORTH AMERICA.
all the various points iņ dispute to be set. A circumstance which lately occurred tled by calm and temperate discussion, inin America has unhappily tended to aggra- stead of tumultuary meetings and inflamvate the discontents excited in that coan. matory resolutions. try by the course which our Government Mr. Pinckney has been sent over to this has pursued relatively to neutral commerce. country to assist Mr. Monro in adjusting A shot from one of our cruizers stationed the differences between the two countries. off the port of New York, in bringing to The Ex-General Miranda, who is a naan American vessel, accidentally killed an tive of South Aunerica, and whose thoughts American seaman. Tois occurrence has have for a long time been directed to the produced a very strong sensation through- liberation of that continent from the Spaout America, which bas manifested itself nish yoke, has secretly fitted out an expein acts of intemperance and outrage. The dition from New York, uith that view, lo his body of the inan thus killed, was exposed way he caled at St. Domingo, where he to view in the most public places in New obtained some addition to his force. He York. 'The corporation of New York march. has since made bis appearance on the coast ed in procession at his funeral. The inha- 'of the Caraccas, on which it is said he bitants met and adopted violent resolutions. means to make a descent, in the expectåThe provisions purchased for the British tion of being joined by the natives. His ships in the offing were stopped and given own force is supposed not to exceed five or to the poorhouses And the Presi ent has six hundred men. issued a proclamation for the apprehension
would deem it necessary to institute, In our last number we expressed a previously to passing a bill, the hope that the act for abolishing the only step, with a view to general foreign Slave Trade would be fol- abolition, which it appeared praclowed by farther measures for put- ticable to take, was to express the ting a final period to the whole of sense of parliament on the subject, that criminal traffic. That hope has and to give a solemn pledge to the been happily realized. On the 10th country and to the world, that they instant, the House of Commons re- would proceed early in the next 'solved, on the motion of Mr. For, session to legislate upon it. The re“That, conceiving the African Slave - solution was carried in the lower Trade to be contrary to the princi- house, after a debate which was ples of justice, humanity, and sound protracted till one in the morning, policy, the House will, with all by a very large majority, 114 voting convenient speed, take measures for for it and 15 against it; and it was abolishing it, in such manner, and sent up to the Lords with a request at such liine, as shall be thought ad- that they would give it their conFisable." The late period of the currence. Several circumstances session not admitting of che inves- prevented their lordships from delitigation which the House of Lords, berating, upon it before the 24th,
instant, when Lord Grenville con- increase; indeed must insure its dicluded a speech no less remarkable minution : and, as the act is intendfor the pure and upright principlesed to be in force for two years, we which it asserted, and for the right have little doubt that before that feeling which it manifested, than time its operation will have been for the powerful and impressive elo- completely superseded by the total quence with which it was expressed, abolition of the trade which it by a motion to concur in the vote of serves in the mean time to restrain. the House of Commons. A debate No one who has been accustomed ensued which continued till past to peruse our pages will doubt the midnight, when, to the honour of sincerity with which we congratutheir lordships, a large majority late our readers on the prospects voted in the affirmative. The numbers, thus happily opened to the view, independent of proxies, were 41 in and with which we desire to unite favour of the resolution and 20 against with them in grateful acknowledgit, We purpose in a future number ments to the Author of all good, for not only to give the names of those, these earnests of his favour. The in both' houses, who distinguished time, we trust, is not now far distant, themselves on this occasion, but to when we shall gladden the eye of gratify our readers with a sketch of the heaven, by relieving the fourth part very interesting debates which took of the globe from the oppression, place, and which have issued in the degradation, and misery of this actriumph of reason, of humanity, of cursed traffic :-when arresting the justice, of religious principle, over progress of that system of fraud, the sordid, selfish, and inhuman, but treachery, and blood, which conpowerful passions which actuate verts the immense continent of those who are themselves engaged Africa into a field of warfare and in the trade, and the no less unfeel- desolation, we shall begin to heal ing and detestable policy which is the breaches we have made; we falsely urged in its support, by cold shall begin to compensate for our and speculating calculators who, in accumulated wrongs, by ardent enthis respect resembling the philoso- deavours to introduce its wretched phers of modern France, - seem to inhabitants to the blessings of Chrisregard the shedding of human blood tianity, the comforts of civilized, as no more than the diverting of and the sweets of social life. å little red fluid from its ordinary course, and are disposed to per
PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. petuate the guilt, the miseries, and the murders of the Slave Trade,
The charges exhibited by Mr. Pauli rather than forego a single possibi- against the Marquis Wellesley have occulity of commercial gain.
pied a considerable portion of the time of the But this is not all. Both the houses lower House. The examination of witnesses
on the Oude charge (that charge which of parliament have addressed his inculpates the conduct of the noble Mar. Majesty, praying that he would be quis in bis transactions with the Nabob graciously pleased to negotiate with Vizier of that province) began on the 18th foreign powers for the purpose of inst, and is still contioued. The object of procuring a general abolition of the Mr. Paull is to prove that the late Governor Slave Trade. And lest the resolu. General, without any just cause, contrary tions which have been adopted to the Company's orders, and in violation should have the effect of giving a
of solein treaties subsisting with the Na
bob, made exorbitapt exactions of money temporary impulse to slave-trading speculations, a bill has been brought of territory guaranteed by treaty, and
from him, forced from him the surrender in, and we trust will pass into a
treated hinrin other respects with great inlaw, to prohibit any ships from en- dignity, endeavouring to degrade him in tering into the Slave Trade, which the eyes of bis own subjects, and to excite are not already actually engaged in then to disubedience and insurrection. it." This will effectually prevent its The tax ou private brexeries, which Lord