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was attacked by the yellow fever, parents to retain the charge over and he died within so short a period her. Lord Euston and Lord Henry after the decease of Lady Horatia as Seymour were not satisfied with this not to have heard of that event. I arrangement. They made applicacannot help pausing here, in order tion to Lord Chancellor Eldon, who to notice the amictions which often noininated them guardians, and disovertake those who are the objects allowed the claim of the other party, of general envy, and fill the highest Mrs. Fitzherbert. The child, who ranks in life. “ Man," says the was now at their disposal, was likely Scripture, (and the saying is appli- to be placed by them under the care cable to high and low) " is born to of one of the sisters of Lady Horatrouble as the sparks fly upwards.” tia, the Countess of Waldegrave.

" He walketh in a vain shadow An appeal from this decision was and disquieteth himself in vain, he made to the House of Lords, and the heapeth up riches and cannot tell Marquis of Hertford, whose professwho shall gather them."-"Man ed purpose it was to leave the child that is born of a woman hath but a under the charge of Mrs. Fitzher. short time to live and is full of mise- bert, was introduced as a party ry. He cometh up and is cut down claiming the guardianship, and be like a flower. He fleeth as it were was appointed guardian by a very a shadow.”_" In the midst of life large majority of Peers; the prewe are in death."

sent Chancellor, Lord Erskine, reThe attachment which subsisted comme

mending this decision. between Lord Hugh Seymour and

The introduction of this new pare his Lady was peculiarly strong; as ty has, as I understand, been consi. was also the affection of both the dered by lawyers as somewhat noparents towards their children. Lord vel. But whether the admission of Hugh terms Lady Horatia in his it was, or was not, irregular; and will. “ the most beloved wife that whether, if it were irregular, it may, ever existed.” · He observes that he or may not, lead to dangerous conhad. “ looked to her as the source sequences, I presume not to decide. of all his hope," and he concludes I shall only remark, that the pubwith “ assuring his dear wife that licity of all the transactions of our his last breath would waft to heaven courts, and the freedom with which his prayers for her happiness, and an inquisitive and enlightened bar for that of their dear, dear children, is accustomed to canvass their deci: whom (said he) we love equally, sions, constitute the great safeguard and whom I leave to her protection of our liberties, and that I gladly, nnder God's grace, and to the con- therefore, leave to the lawyers the tinuance of her love, which I wish agitation of this question, to be such as I bear to her.”

The general arguments in this inBut I proceed with my narrative. teresting cause appear from sundry Lord Hugh Seymour appointed La- papers printed on the occasion of dy Horatia to be the sole guardian the trial to have been nearly as folto all his children in case of her re- lows. On the one hand it was said, maining unmarried; and in the event that Mrs. Fitzherbert was much atof her marrying again, he directed tached to the child, and the child to that the Earl of Euston, his brother Mrs. Fitzherbert; that the health in law, and Lord Henry Seymour, of the infant was tender, and that one of his own brothers, should be the separation might even endanger joint guardians with her Ladyship. her life ; and that the Prince of

It appears, however, that Mrs. Wales moreover had undertaken to Fitzherbert, having contracted a give to her a fortune of £.10,000 great affection for Miss M. Sey- on her coming of age, on the conmour during the child's visit, was dition of her remaining with Mrs. anxious after the death of both the Fitzherbert. His Royal Highness

made an affidavit, from which, this engagement that he settled on for the sake of accuracy, I shall the child the £ 10,000 already give some quotations. His Royal mentioned. Highness stated, " that about June, It was urged on the other side of 1801, he received a message from the question, that Mrs. Fitzherbert Lady Horatia, requesting him to is a catholic, and a wish was .excall upon her; that he found her pressed that the House of Lords, if in an extremely debilitated state ; they should see fit to reverse the that she mentioned to him how judgment of the late Lord Chancellittle time she had apparently to lor, should devise some means of live; and that when his Royal preventing the infant from being Highness tried to divert her ideas educated by a person of that perfrom such melancholy prospects suasion. The disposition of the fa she desired him to be silent, as ther of the child to prefer Lord she had much to say to him, and Euston and Lord H. Seymour as particularly as the purport of it was guardians, to all other persons, was the request of a dying mother in be said to have been clearly manifesthalf of her child; that she called ed by the circumstance of his havthe infant, who was sitting on the ing nominated them to be joint Prince's knee, remarked what a love- guardians with his widow in the ly sweet babe she was, how fond of event of her second marriage;. and the Prince, and how the Prince ap- the mother's wish in favour of the peared attached to the infant; that same guardians, or in favour at least she thanked him in warm expres- of such guardians as would not leave sions, and observed how fortunate Miss Seymour in the hands of Mrs. she had been in meeting with such Fitzberbert, is affirmed to be ren a friend as Mrs. Fitzherbert had dered equally clear by several exbeen to her, under all circumstances, pressions in letters of Lady Horatia, with whom to leave the child, which are in the possession of the and not only expressed her strong Countess of Waldegrave; expresapprobation of the condition she sions, undoubtedly, not easily to be found the child in, but her complete reconciled with those ascribed to happy situation under Mrs. Fitzher- the deceased by his Royal Highness bert's care; that she then adverted the Prince of Wales, during his last to a conversation she had held with interview with her. The terms on Mrs. Fitzherbert, said she should which the affidavit of the Countess have been as unfeeling as a brute of Waldegrave states Lady Horatia to have taken the child from her to have written, are these : “ How at the time in question, " observing happy shall I be to hear that my that the child knew no other mother poor dear children are all together.but her.-But," added she, “ I have "I fear that Mrs. Fitzherbert will somethiog more, Prince of Wales, not give up little Mary till my to say to you. Recollect that it is turn," namely her return from the the last request of a dying mother,

West Indies. “ It is so very disand that is, that you will take an tressing to have my child ihere,oath and swear to me most solemn- namely under the roof of Mrs, Fitzly, that you will be the Father and herbert. The Countess of WaldeProtector through life of this dear grave's evidence is confirmed by child. Whereon he gave his so- that of Lady Euston. kema engagement to her, to fulfil to The objection of Mrs. Witzherthe utmost her request; that Lady bert's being a papist is repelled by Horatia then said she should die a declaration of that lady, that she is content, and that God would reward of opinion that every child ought to him for it.”. The Prince of Wales be educated in the religion of its proceeds to state in his affidavit, that parents, and by evidence given, that *was as an evidence of his sense of she had begun to train up this infant in the principles of the church of cumstances which the deceased paEngland. The testimony of the Bi- rents might have deemed of trans. shop of Winchester is resorted to on cendent consequence in the decithis subject. His Lordship states sion. In the present instance, a " that he had, in consequence of an Roman Catholic is made the de facto application of Mrs. Fitzherbert, re- guardian and instructress of a Procommended the Rev. Mr. Croft, of testant infant. On the same ground Portland Chapel, as the religious it may equally happen that various instructor of Miss Seymour; that other consideratious, both of a reliMr. Croft had assured his Lordship gious and moral nature, may be that his employment was attended overbalanced, in the eye of the Chanwith great satisfaction and success; cellor and of the House of Lords, by that the young lady had made great the circumstance of relationship, of proficiency in the catechism of the worldly connection and pecuniary church of England, had read seve interest. ral books of instruction in the prin- Parents also should learn, from ciples of that church, and promised, this case of Miss Seymour, not to as far as a child of her age could be too delicate or complimentary promise, to be a firm and steady upon points of such unspeakable momember of the church.”

ment. The visit of a child permitted I shall now take the liberty of or encouraged, with a view to the offering a few observations. gratification of an acquaintance, may

And first this occurrence may lead, as we have here seen, to the suggest to all parents the import- complete transfer of that child into ance of taking effectual means of the hands of the person with whom placing their children, in the event she had taken up a temporary resiof their becoming orphans, in the dence. hands of those to whom they incline But it may perhaps be said, that to confide them. It is natural for a all objections ought to be considered father to suppose that, if he appoints as done away in the case of Miss his widow to be a guardian to his Seymour, by the circumstance of children, that widow, in the event of Mrs. Fitzherbert's having engaged her own death, may nominate such to educate her as a protestant. Is it succeeding guardians as she may then sufficient that a clergyman of chuse. This, however, is unques. the church of England should occationably an erroneous supposition. sionally visit her, in order to instruct The law does not permit a widow, her in the principles of our church? though she herself should be a guar- Granting that the foundation is ever dian, to name a succeeding guardian so wisely laid, who is to raise the to her children. The father alone superstructure: A religious educacan nominate. In default of his no- tion chiefly consists in the applicamination, the Court of Chancery as- tion of the all-important doctrines sumes that office. It moreover ap- of our religion to the occurrences of pears from Miss Seymour's case, common life; in a continual recurthat even though the two parents rence to the great truths which have should have indicated, the one by been taught; in the comparison of writing, and the other by- a con- the ordinary motives, the habitual ditional appointment in a will, a temper and the daily conduct, of disposition in favour of certain guar- the young disciple of Christ, with dians, those guardians may not be the motives, temper, and conduct of "the persons nominated by that high our Saviour and of his apostles. You authority to which the appointment are to renounce, says the Rev. Mr. devolves. The eldest of the several Croft to his pupil

, while he instructs next of kin may be preferred by the her in the Catechism, “ the pomps Chancellor, or by the House of and vanities of this wicked world Lords, without any reference to cir- and all the sinful lusts of the flesh,"

But who is more immediately to see and how to augment our stock of to it, that she does renounce them moral wealth. It matters little Who is to be the practical expositor whether we are Protestants or Paof these terms ? Who is to point out pists, if our religion consists in asto her, when she enters the stage of senting to the articles of our creed; life, what is that particular pomp -if deriving our doctrine from one which she is to fear, what are those instructor, and our practice from anvanities of which she is to beware, other, we learn to conceive of our and what are those sinful lusts from Credenda, and of our Facienda, as the least contamination of which she of successive lessons on separate is to shrink? Is it not Mrs. Firza sciences, taught at their respective HERBERT?

seasons by masters independent of It has been frequently remarked each other. A disposition to sepaof late, that the principles of science rate religion from morality constiheretofore taught in our universi- tutes indeed one character of popeties have been general, and have not ry. To profess a most devout and been sufficiently brought to bear on implicit faith in the doctrines of the the concerns of human life. Many church, and to join with this prolectures have been instituted with fession much practical unbelief;— the view of supplying this defect. to combine a few occasional strict. The modern mathematician is be- nesses with a general system of inginning to learn the connection be- dulgence;--to be gay and dissipattween the problems of Euclid and ed during fifty weeks of the year, the management of a vessel, and the but extremely sorrowful in Lent;student in mechanics how to enrich and to set the merit of a most unsus. his country by turning machinery pecting faith against all the licensed to manufacturing uses. It would follies and irregularities of the life; be well if the same common sense are faults which belong more parti-, were applied to religion, and the cularly to the catholic church. They science of divinity were contem- form however a part of popery to plated with a clearer reference to which some are extremely well afpractice. In vain is all our fund of fected who retain the name of protheological knowledge; in vain is testants. Is there not a danger lest all the orthodoxy conveyed by our in these respects at least, Miss catechism, or inculcated in a week- Seymour should be brought up a ly lecture from the pulpit, if we are papist ? not taught how to steer our vessel,



DR. PINCKARD's Notes on the West within his notice might afford; on Indies.

the contrary, that he was disposed (Continued from our last Number, p. 372.) to form hasty conclusions in their We have already shewn by an ex. favour, and to defend them upon tract from this interesting work, fallacious appearances from some that the author had no inclination part of the imputations under which to aggravate the enormities of the they laboured. şlave trade, or to withhold from its Towards the planters of the West 'conductors such extenuations of Indies, he has not exhibited less their crimes as the facts which fell candour; or rather we may fairly say, he appears to have had a strong of bis mind either to conceive or comprepredisposition to think favourably hend the sepse we attach to the term. of their conduct as masters, and to Were freodom offered to him he would apologize if possible for the slave- refuse to accept it, and would only view it ry of the Colonies; as the following and vexations, but offering no commensu

as a state fraught with certain difficulties further extract from his epistolary

rate good. • Who give me for nyaam journal may prove:

Massa,' he asks, it me free?'—Who give ." But however great the richness, beau

me clothes!'Who send me doctor when ty, and fragrance of the estate, its canals,

me sick?" and its walks, still I an sensible that I shall

“With industry a slave has no acquainte more firmly secure your attachment to it, ance, nor has be any knowledge of the by meutioning the simple fact that, to

kind of comfort and independence which slavery, it affords-a happy home!

derive from it. Ainbition has not taught “I kno:v not whether upon any occa. him that in freedom he might escape from sion, since my departure from England, I

poverty-nor has he any conception that, have experienced such true and heart-felt by improving his intellect, he migbt become pleasure as in witnessing the high degree of higher importance in the scale of humaof comfort and happiness enjoyed by the nity. Thus circumstanced, to remove him saves of « Profit' Mr. Dougan not only from the quiet and contentment of such a grants them many little indulgences, and bondage; and to place him amidst the tustudies to make thein happy, but he ge

mults and vicissitudes of freedom, were nerously fosters them with a father's care ;

but to impose upon him the exchange of and they, seasible of his tenderness to- great comparative bappiness, for much of wards them, look to their revered master positive misery and distress. as a kind and affectionate parent: and

“ From what has been said you will per with undivided, unsophisticated, attache ceive that to do justice to the merit of Mr. ment cheerfully devote to bim their labour Dougan, would require a far more able and their lives.

pen. His humane and liberal conduct does “ Not satisfied with bestowing upon his

him infinite honour; while the richness of slaves mere food and raiment, Mr. Dougan the estate and the happiness of the slaves establishes for them a kind of right. He as- loudly proclaim his attentive concern. We sures to them certain property, endeavours

were pleased with all around us, but to to excite feelings of emulation amoug them, witness so happy a state of slavery gave us and to inspire them with a spirit of neatness peculiar delight. The cottages and little and order, not commonly known among gardens of the negroes exhibited a degree slaves; and I am happy to add, that the of neatness and of plenty, that might be effects of his friendly attentions towards envied by free born Britons not of the them are strongly manifested in their poorest class. The huts of Ireland, Scotpersons, their dwellings, and their general land, France, Germany, nay, many even demeanour.—Perhaps it were not too much of England itself, bear no comparison with to say, that the negro yard at · Profit,' these. In impulsive delight I ran into forms one of the happiest villages within many of them, surprising the slaves with the wide circle of the globe! The labour

an unexpected visit, and, verily, I say the ing poor of Europe can attain to no state

peasantry of Europe might envy these at all adequate to such slavery, for had dwellings of slavery. They mostly consist they equal comforts, still could they never

of a comfortable sitting room, and a neat be equally free from care.—The slaves of well-furnished bed-room. Jo one I obMr. Dougan are not only fed, and clothed, served a high bedstead, according to the and tenderly watched in sickness, without present European fashion, with deep matany personal thought, or concern, but each trasses, all neatly made up, and covered has his appropriate spot of ground and his with a clean white counterpanc: the bedcottage, in which he feels a right as sacred posts, drawers, and chairs bearing the bigh as if secured to him by all the scals and polish of well rubbed mahogany. I felt a parchments of the Lord High Chancellor desire to pillow my head in this but for of Eugland and his court. Happy and

the night, it not having fallen to my lot, contented, the slave of • Profit' sees all his since I left England, to repose on so in. wants supplied Having never been in a riting a couch. The value of the wbole state of freedlom, he has no desire for it.

was tenfold augmented by the contented Not having known liberty, he feels not the slares being able to say, '* all this we feel privation of it; nor is it within the powers to be our own.'

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