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author in p. 13, characterises, with “ is very aptly termed the oculus just severity, “ those noxious, and episcopi,” and iš “of infinite utility.” disgraceful weeds, the hunting, the Our author now advances to the gaming, the drinking, and the time- most arduous part of his undertaking, hilling churchinen.” Does he pro- and having acquired courage in his mise himself much spiritual or anti- progress, or presuming upon his schismatic advantage from the resi- concealment, shrinks not from predence of such incumbents? Or can scribing the duties, and even ex. he call such, vigilant pastors? Some- posing the faults, of the episcopal thing far more satisfactory, and with order itself. which we cordially concur, is said, * But, my Lord, I find myself imper
ceptibly advancing towards a subject of “ We must secure an efficient priest greater delicacy, but which I have always bove, and a vigilant episcopacy: the former, considered as a still more prominent cause seriously impressed with the importance of of this and other too prevailing evils. lo their obligations, competent to defend their thus bringing it to public potice, I am senassailed faith, and recommending it to their sible that I tread on very tender ground: docks by their earnest, moral, and pious but, my Lord, others will tread it with demeanour :--the latter watchful in their
worse motives; and as it will be good posuperior and most iinportant calling, as licy in the delinquents (may I thus prelights, not only to their own particular sure to call them ?) to correct the evil, so church, but to the world.” (p. 15.)
must it not be considered as an act of busImmediately after our first quota- tility to point it out. Far be it from me to tion, and at p. 5,commences a discus- charge the present Right Reverend Bench sion respecting the residence bill, the with neglect of their important duties. object of which, the author justly I am far from undervaluing the piety, literegrets, is yet but imperfectly at- rary talents, and professional exertions of
But the question, tained. Although, for reasons which several amongst them.
if proposed, as to the spirit and nature of appear above, we are not very san
their office, would not fall without its due guine concerning the effect of this point and application. Are they not s7:6bill, should even its entire object be
20706-overseers? Overseers of what? Of attained we consider its operation their own dioceses surely. Yet keen must or tendency in several respects of a be the sight of some to enable them to watch negative description, as highly be the progress of events from the very distant neticiał. Clerical covetousness, if stations to which they have removed them, not in the disposition, at least in the selves. "Is it, my Lord, honestly to underact, and in the disgrace and injury take this office, when existing and contiattached to the act, is considerably pued engagements, by preventing resis restrained. The influence of the dence, absolutely bar the proper discharge
of its most weighty obligations? Is it to most unworthy, (and may we say, perform the part of an overseer, to with pestiferous ?) part of the clergy is
draw altogether from a diocese to a very circumscribed. The sense of respon- distant residence; and to concentrate all sibility which residence must,in some the personal communications with it into degree, impose upon all but the most occasional political pamphlets, submitted hardened, together with various re- under the equivocal shape of a triconial straints arising from the same source, charge? by increasing the repulsiveness of
• Cold friends to me : what do they in the the office to those who are averse north, from its duties, must gradually, al- When they should serve their sovereign in though perhaps imperceptibly, di- the west ?? minish the number of those who enter into it with unworthy motives.
Or again, by what parallel exarople of
praise-worthy excellence shall we counteSome observations follow, which we entirely approve, on the expe- active scenes, where duty calls, to an ob
nance the practice of withdrawing from diency of restoring the office of scure seclusion at a distance; or of lingerArchdeacon to its proper eshiciency. 'ing, for months together, amid the vapid “ This officer," the writer observes, insipidities of a public watering place ? Report states, that similar delinquencies have deeply impressed with the dangers been. The consequences are not confined which threaten the venerable fabric to the bad example: here is a radical im- of the Church of England ; one who possibility that such bishops (whose duty admires it for the purity of its docI will venture to say it is to be personally trines and the apostolic excellencies acquainted even with every curate in their diocese) can be informed of the various of its polity; onė, moreover, who proceedings of their clergy: and thus, he, yields his full tribute of applause to who should be the adviser, the instructor,
the learning, the piety, the exemthe superintendant, becomes in truth the plary morals, and the active progreatest stranger of the whole flock. fessional exertions of a very great
“ Certain dissenters have objected that majority of her prelates and clergy; the modern bishop is no counterpart of the but one, at the same time, who sorely character thus denominated in the New laments that the enemy should des Testament, or in the primitive charch. In
rive any advantage from the delinthis they palpably err. But it is to be la
quency of a few. p. 14. With an mented that their error should be counte
amendment respecting the expresnanced by somewhat too nearly bordering
sions « upon truth. The office is as strictly apos
very great majority," and tolic now, as it was in the very first ages.
“ few," we should be content to I should however fear to trace the parallel adopt this apology for ourselves. with respect to practice. The advice of Nothing can be more iniquitous, alIgnatius, μηδεις χωρις Επισκοπα τι πρασσέλω though nothing is more common, των ανηκοντων εις την εκκλησιαν: and again, than to brand those who point out “οπε αν Φανη ο επισκοπος έχει το πλήθος εστω, the faults of the clergy as enemies cannot well be interpreted otherwise than of the church. This effect may inas exacting a personal superintendance: deed be obviated by those who have and accordingly in ancient times, consist
the address so to qualify their cenently with Gospel language, the bishopric sure, or so to balance it hy equivawas considered as the spouse of the bishop; lent concessions of an opposite deand like a faithful husband, he attached himself to her for life. Now, it must be scription, as to satisfy the persons owned, the same harmony does not always
who would otherwise take offence prevail. Too frequently he solicits a dis at it. But this is a conduct which Force, for reasons not unusual in such neither integrity nor consistency cases, that he may marry with one more
will allow. richly dowered ; and then again will he The 16th page brings us to the separate, as if wearied with her importu- subject of dissent. And here the nities. So did not the bishops of old times. · first article which comes under disDiscipline is exceilent: that of our church cussion is the Toleration act. It is is peculiarly so: but it must not only be alleged that this statute has beca enforced by authority, 'it must be recom.
perverted from its original design; mended by example also.” (p. 9-12.)
and the writer will surprize some The importance, and we fear, the persons by asserting, that “ in mainjustice of this extract will, we trust, taining the fair principles of this excuse its length. It would, indeed, act,” “ the respectable Dissenters give us the ambiguous satisfaction themselves are equally interested which results from the triumph of with the members of the established truth over our feelings, perhaps in church.” “ Break through it,” he some degree our prejudices too, to adds, “ according to the modern add the two immediately succeeding attempt, and the hedge which fences paragraphs. Butin this case weshould the privileges of the Dissenters is probably have ground for the same equally broken down, as that which apprehension as the author himself, defends the church.” p. 18. Our who immediately after observes, author observes, pp. 22, 23, “ But your Grace will apprehend
“ That act was intended for the relief of that you discern an enemy in dis- tender consciences, and was applicable to guise. Believe me, you are in error. those who bail previously established sysYou have before you one, who is tems, which they could not pursue, but at their peril. But here, the minister does commence their exertions in the not grow out of the congregation, as was same field. When the minds of men evidently the presumption in the act of are first awakened to religious imKing William ; but the minister goes about pressions, a dexterous injection of to form, to seduce, to trepan a congrega- doubts respecting various particution, as an object of private convenience lars in the national church seldom and profit to himself; and the act, whicla fails to produce the effect of alienata yields him a licence to preach, becomes, not, as it was intended, a relief to a tender ing their affections from her; and conscience, but a means of estrangement it is natural for them to believe, and seduction from the established church.” that the truth is with those, who, as
In order to illustrate the abuses they conceive, have opened their of the act in question, the proceed- eyes to the perception of error. ings of a numerous class of separa
But to return to our author. The tists, here denominated Methodists, remedy which he proposes of the is described. Concerning these it wide spreading mischiefs described is said, that “two principles of ar. by him, a remedy both the policy rangement, which have been hi- and practicability of which are fairtherto unknown, distinguish and cha- ly questionable, is, that every “mi. racterize their system. The one is, nister, preacher, or teacher, shall rarely to permit the residence of a be licensed to and confined to his own minister with a congregation beyond appropriate registered place of worthe term of a single year.” p. 19.
ship.” p. 24. He considers that it This is considered as a politic pro
would operate as a further check vision, both on account of the attrac- upon indiscriminate schism, were tion of novelty which it secures, and every teacher, when licensed, to be because the individual minister is required to specify to what class of thereby prevented from establishing dissenting Protestants he belongs.” an independent influence. The se- p. 25. “I am aware,” he adds, cond principle is the establishment
« that this would in many cases be in this country of a regular propa- imposing a considerable difficulty ganda societas, under Methodist pro- on the individual.” ibid. The author tection. It is asserted, that the ef- then adduces some stories and reforts of this society are directed to ports in confirmation of his general the indefinite nultiplication of Me- argument: but as we cannot ourthodist societies, and, as it should selves vouch for their authenticity, seem, by stratagem; and that the and as by adopting them we should adventurers, thus commissioned, expose ourselves to an assault from “ are most successful, where there the opposite quarter of probably an is no resident minister, or where he equal number of equally authentic is said to be indolent, or inattentive anecdotes; we shall beg, in the preto his charge.". The writer has, we sent case, to stand neuter with rethink, overrated the comparative spect to all; observing only, that kumbers, power, and hostility, of we much distrust such logic so apthe Methodists: but we consider plied, whatever cause it may fahim perfectly justifiable in repre- vour. senting their efforts a: most suc- It is but justice to this zealous opcessful where there is no resident ponent of schism to quote the folminister. He should have likewise lowing passage: stated the still more unfavourable
“ Nor would I venture to condemn case, when the resident not only is every species of separation as a culpable said to be, but actually is, indolent schism. But I would urge it for the consiand inattentive to his charge. There deration of many kinds of separatists, are, however, instances in which weight to justify their separation; and
whether their objections are of sufficient the very vigilance and success of a whether the public mischiet does not much faithful pastor have proved an invi- more than counterbalance the private tation to dissenting inissionaries to gain?” (p. 30.)
At page 31, the author, with more place, that we may bestow more aceuracy than usual upon this sub- distinct and careful attention upon ject, represents it as the plea upon it. It is as follows: which * the whole class of Methon “ In the opinion of some persons, I may dists” justify their separation, when possibly seem to have failed in the proper they do separate, from the church, point of my address, in having objected lo " that the doctrines of the church facts, without noticing the peculiar doc-. are not taught in the church.” This trines of the individuals against whoin 1, charge is somewhat equivocally re.
have remonstrated. To such persons I shall pelled by referring to the literary only observe, that doctrines were not the productions of the clergy. Some of that are bighly objectionable, and son.e
Many certainly these undoubtedly do honour both altogether new, are extensively circulated; tr. the authors, and to the church in bút I fear the shafts which were levelled at which they minister. But is the them would fall pointless to the ground. palpable and pernicious heresy of All that the church is solicitous for, is, that many of the sons of the establish- they shall not be clandestinely or irregument to be overlooked in such an larly taught.”. (pp. 35, 36.). inquiry? Does the writer know no- Now although what is here said thing of Dr. Paley, Mr. Fellowes, concerning doctrines relates to such or, among the theologi minorum gen- as are held and taught by the sepatium, Drs. Kipling, and Croft, the ratists, it must strike every atten: Anti-jacobin Reviewers, British Cri- tive reader, that doctrine itself is tics, &c. &c. ?
considered as a secondary and inAfter soine censure of private ferior object. Accordingly, our au. chapets, the author proposes the thor observes in the next page, that erection of free churches, like those he never considered a man less as a of Bath and Birmingham, at the friend, a brother, and a fellow Chrispublic expense: a measure, which tian, because he differed with him it vonld give us great pleasure to on a point of faith. This treatment see extensively put in execution. of doctrine reminds us of what, in And then, reverting to the subject our opinion, is a very culpable omisof doctrine, he asserts, with that sion of the author under examinablind prejudice against Calvinism, tion, and that is, that in a professer! and that invincible misconception consideration and proposal of the upon the subject, which characierise remedy for schism, he has made some theologians of the present day, but a slight and oblique reference to that, “in the ordinary Methodist so- the doctrine taught in the establishcieties, the calamities of the Calvi- ment, and the pastoral conduct of Ristic doctrines are generally pre- its ministers: although it must bé valent; predestination,” &c. &c. evident to every impartial and rep. 36. Can this writer be ignorant, flecting person, that in these printhat the Methodists, the Wesleian cipally originates the evil, and thereMethodists at least, who alone are fore in these principally is the reformed into societies, are distin- mcdy to be applied. Our author guished by their adoption of the himself
, in the last page but one of tenets of Arminianism
this Address, supposes that it is the But the readers of the Address improper conduct of the clergy before us will perceive, that we which furnishes the most plaisible have passed over a passage relative ground for dissent. We are firmly to doctrine, which occurs imme- convinced; that were the gospel diately before that just alluded to, preached in its parity and simpliand which they will probably con- city, and seconded by the correceive of too much importance to be sponding lives and labours of its dismissed without some remark, teachers in the establishment, sepas We think the same; and for this tation would more effectually be very reason we give it its present prevented; or even remedied; an Cgxist. OBSERV, No. 55,
by any other means. This effect On referring to the offices, of or. would, of course, be greater or less dination for priests and deacons, in proportion as the abovementioned and of consecration for archbishops qualities prevailed in the higher or- and bishops, it will appear with ders of ecclesiastical ministers. To what predominance and iteration prove that we are not singular, nor those solemn and apostolic forms in. unsupported by respectable autho- sist upon the truth of doctrine, and rity, in this opinion, it will be suffi- innocency and holiness of life, in cient to quote a passage from Lord those who assume, or are advanced Bacon. • It cannot be denied,” in holy orders. The venerable and says that profound and judicious judicious fathers of our reformed nobleman, in what he entitles An church, doubtless foresaw in those Advertisement touching the Contro- qualifications the best preventive of versies of the Church of England, schism; and the proper remedy is “ but that the imperfections in the perhaps in all cases of the same naconversation and government of ture, as the preventive: we can take those which have chief place in the upon ourselves confidently to assert church, have ever been principal that it is so here. causes and motives of schisms and The author before us has given divisions. For whilst the bishops the example of a just and manly and governors of the church conti- freedom in his strictures upon his nue full of knowledge and good superiors, as it should appear, in the works; whilst they feed the flock church, emboldened perhaps by indeed; whilst they deal with the the circumstance of his concealsecular states in all liberty and re- ment, or his not offering to the public solution, according to the majestyany name to which the responsibiof their calling, and the precious lity of such a proceeding might atcare of souls imposed upon ihem, so tach. As, hy our constitution, we long the church is situated as it possess the same advantage or apowere upon a hill; no man maketh logy, we the less hesitate to imitate question of it, or sceketh to depart the example. Might we, therefore, from it: but when these virtues in presume to offer any suggestions to the fathers and leaders of the church our spiritual rulers, in addition to have lost their light, and that they those which are implied in our prewax worldly, lovers of themselves, ceding observations, respecting the and pleasers of men, then men be- most important of all interests, the gin to grope for the church as in interests of religion, there is one the dark; they are in doubt whether measure, which, although very obthey be the successors of the apos. vious, yet on account of the high tles, or of the Pharisees; yea, how- probability of its success, and the soever they sit in Moses' chair, yet facility with which it may be carthey can never speak, tanquam auc- ried into effect, we are particularly toritatem habentes, as having autho- tempted to recommend. Let those rity, because they have lost their who occupy the highest. stations, reputation in the consciences of men, and consequently the stations of by declining their steps from the most influence in that church, emway which they trace out to others; ploy the best instruments of inforso as men had need continually mation at their command, to dis. have sounding in their ears this cover among the clergy subjected same nolite exire, go not out; so ready to their controul, and entitled to are they to depart from the church their protection, those whose docupon every voice*.”
trine and teaching are most agreea* Works, vol. ii. pp. 506, 507, last edi. powerful application to the controversies tion. The whole of this piece, together of the present day, and deserves to be with that which follows, bears a direct and carefully studied.