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ble to the doctrine of the church, propagated against the characters and whose life and pastoral exertions here described. He must prove, are most conformable to their ordi- that he is not to be made a tool of nation vows and the dictates of Scrip- the prejudiced or profligate, that he ture. As the peculiarities, either of is not to be inveigled by their flatCalvinism or Arminianism, consti- teries, or intimidated by theirthreats; tute not, even in the eyes of their for those who can, upon occasion, more moderate professors, the ex-lick the feet of their superiors, can clusive entire of the Gospel or mi- likewise and will, upon occasion, nisterial competency, let the esti- aim the deadliest shafis of calumny mate of character be formed inde- at their character. Such a bishop pendently of these distinctions: and must, with primitive courage, arm when such clergymen are found, as himself against the insensate claare distinguished by the soundness mour of those who hate their more and scriptural character of their zealous brethren, because the zeal doctrine, (using the expression with of these brethren most poignantly some latitude,) by their professional reproaches their own indifference learning, by their prudence, by and neglect; and must be reconciled their zeal, and by their labours, to all the odium which he will unwhether the persons be popular, or avoidably draw down upon himself of a retired character and scarcely by so doing from the parties agknown out of their parish, (for these grieved, confident, however, that are in general hut accidents to the by this mean he is most effectually, substance) let them be treated, not as far as his official influence is conwith distance or jealousy, much less cerned, subserving the best interests with disrespect, but with conspicu- of that church over which the Holy ous attention and encouragement Ghost has made him overseer. by their diocesan. If in persons of In contemplating the best means this class, there should be found any for the security and prosperity of thing which requires reprehension the established church, the placing and amendment, and it would be a bar to the admission of incompehard to demand perfection in them, tent or unworthy persons into holy we are persuaded, that, by many, a

orders obtains a principal place. frank and reasonable remonstrance And there is some truth as well as would be attended to with conscjen- point, but at the same time we think tions respect, and that this is the too much severity in the observation most likely method to prevail with of the Address:-" The intrusion of all. The qualifications here mention- unworthy characters, both into or. ed would, in our view, constitute a ders and preferments, too plainly defar better claim to distinction and monstrate that aliquando dormitat preferment, than a simple freedom episcopus: but I fear it will be found from fanaticism, or a ferocions anti- too frequently, that he escapes the pathy to it, both of which, and par- charge of sleeping at his post.” ticularly the latter, are not only con- p. 13. We question whether it be sistent with the utter absence of in the power of a bishop, except in every pastoral qualification, and the very flagrant cases, to deny ordinapresence of many most unpastoral tion or induction to a person, who and unchristian vices, but frequently comes recommended by a devotion owe their entire origin to them. of himself to academical studies for To effectnate the important object the prescribed time, by the requisite which is here recommended, it will and unexceptionable testimonials, become the overseer of the clergy to and by such a portion of a flity as hold himself superior, and indeed to pass the usual examination for shew himself decidedly adverse to orders, with some other suborélinate the vain and malicious calumnies qualifications. At least such a denial which will always be invented and would be extremely painful to the person giving it, and would, in most and good will I bear to the welfare cases, with difficulty, be justified, of religion in general, and to the however just, to the interested party, prosperity of the church of Engand to the world at large. Jo fact, land in particular; that as we have the root of the evil lies much deeper. noble foundations for the encourageIt is in the want of a propes theo- ment of all sorts of learning, and eslogical or clerical education, that pecially for divinity, in our two fa the seeds of future incampetency mous Universities, which are the and mischief in the clergy is to be wonder of the world, for the num. sought. As matters now stand, there ber of their colleges, their stately s necessarily (we speak not of the structures, and liberal endowments; voluntary and honourable exceptions) so we had also some of these foun10 appropriate instruction in our dations entirely set apart for the universities for those members who forming of such as are candidates are intended for orders, till towards for holy orders; where they might The latter end of their residence in be fully instructed in all that know. College, and then nothing more is lodge which that holy institution required of them than attendance requires, and in all those duties uspon a course of theological lectures. which are peculiarly incumbent So that, for any difference that it upon a parochial priest:- Where would make in the course of their lectures might be daily read, which studies, they might, till this time, in à certain course of time should be utterly undetermined to what include a perfect scheme of divinity; profession they should addict them- where all particular cases of con: selves. We question whether any science might be clearly stated, aud profession was ever undertaken at such general rules Jaid down, as such a disadvantage as this most ar- might be able to assist them in giv: duous, most responsible, and most ing satisfaction to all those that remomentous one. And much as we pair to them for advice in difficult coinmend and felicitate the Univer- matters:- Where they might resity of Oxford in particular, upou ceive right notions of all those spithe improvements which she has in- ritual rights which are appropriated troduced into her examinations for to the priesthood, and which are not degrees, we think that her praise is in the power of the greatest secular not complete till she has supplied person either to convey or abolish; this urgent desiderutum. We are and yet are of such great importance, unwilling to say any thing more on that some of them are not only ne this subject ourselves, when'we can cessary to the well-being, but in the appeal to an author, by whose con- very being of the church:~W'here currence our opinion will not only they might be taught to perform all be defended from some charges the public offices of religion with a Wvhich we might otherwise appre becoming gravity and devotion, and hend, but considerably fortified and with all that advantage of elocution, recommended.

which is aptest to secure attention, The pious Nelson, as he is fre- and beget 'devout affections in the quentlv, and not unjustly, called, in congregation :- Where they might his Life of Bishop Bull, when he particularly be directed how to se mentions the theological tuition un- ceive clerical confessions, how to der which ihe future prelate was make their application to persons in advised to put himself, takes occa- times of sickness, and have such a sion to make a digression on that method formed to guide their adimportant subject: and we doubt: dresses of that nature, that they not that it will gratify our readers to might never be at a loss when they be here presented with it " And; are called upon to assist sick and upon this occasion I cannot help dying persons :~Where they might wishing, from the hearty affection be instructed in the art of preach

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pp. 246.

ing; whereby I mean not only the use of it. This is necessary to sancbest method in composing their ser- tify his lcarning, though it be of mons, but all those decent gestures never so prodigious a size; hy keepand graceful deportment, the influ- ing him within the bounds of humience whereof all hearers can easier lity, and by rendering him servicefeel than express:-And where they able to those who are committed to might have such judicious rules his charge*.” given them for prosecuting their We shall only add to this importheological studies as would be of tant extract, that it does not appear great use to thein in their future to us necessary, for the carrying of conduct:- But above all, where this design into execution, that a they might be formed by constant separate seminary should be appro. practice, and by the example of priated to it. We conceive, that it their superiors, to piety and devo might very properly be made a part tion, to humility and charity, to of the general course of instruction mortification and self denial, to con for those who chuse the profession tentedness and submission to the of the church. will of God in all conditions of hu. man life: and more especially excited to great zeal in promoting the The Birds of Scotland, with other salvation of souls, which is the true

Poems. By JAMES GRAHAME, spring of all that industry and ap

Edinburgh, Blackwood ; London, plication which is required in the

Longman and Co. 1806. 12mo. clerical function.

" It would be a mighty satisfac- It is with particular attention that tion to the governors of the church, we contemplate poetry when con, to ordain persons who had passed nected with religion. The cause some time in such seminaries with whose interests may be promoted or the approbation of their superiors. impeded presses upon our minds, It would be no small comfort to the and makes us feel with more lively candidates themselves, to be so qua- warmth the merits of the verse, and lified by the purity of their in- renders us, if not more sensible of tentions, and by their personal en- its defects, more solicitous to condowments, as to find themselves tribute to their removal.

The anable to answer with a good con

thor of the little volume now before science that important demand in us, has already distinguished himordination, Phether they trust they'ure self by the originally anonymous inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost to publication of "The Sabbath.” He take upon them that office und minis, now gives to the world a collectration? And it would certainly be tion of poems on various subjects, á great blessing to the natioii, to some of them avowedly scriptural, have such labourers sent into the others partaking more or less of vineyard of the Lord, as had been a religious cast. Under the influwrought up by particular applica: ence of the motive which we have tion and study to that purpose. That recently specified we proceed to an man knoweth but liule of the dig- examination of the work, nity and importance of the priest

The first and longest poem in the hood, that can content himself with volume is entitled “The Birds of ordinary attainments for the dis- Scotland.” Its object the author charge of so great and so sacred a slates to be that of delineating the trust; and yet he will find himself manners and characters of birds, with very much deceived, if he depend- little description of their external eth upon the greatest perfection of appearance, but with interspersed human knowledge, without constant pictures of the scenes which they and fervent prayer to God for his * Nelson's Life of Bishop Ball, pp. 19grace to .epable him to make a right 22, second edition.

frequent. He professes to write The gift innate of Him, without whose will chiefly from his own observation; Not even a sparrow falleth to the ground.” but not to offer a complete and sys

(p. 9, 3.) tematic performance. From this “ A bow-shot off in front a river flows, poem, which is divided into three That, during summer drought, shallow and parts, we subjoin the following ex- clear, tracts as fair specimens of its gene

Chides with its pebbly bed, and, murmur. ral complexion:

ing, Come, Fancy, hover high as eagle's Invites forgetfulness; half hið it flows,

Now between rocks, now through a bushwing:

girt glade, Bend thy keen eye o'er Scotland's hills and dales;

Now sleeping in a pool, that laves the roots

Of overhanging trees, whose drooping Float o'er her farthest isles; glance o'er the main;

boughs Or, in this briary dale, Ait with the wren,

Dip midway over in the darkened stream; From twig to twig; or on the grassy ridye, While ever and anon, upon the breeze, Low nestle with the lark: Thou, simple The dash of distant waterfall is borne.

A range of hills, with craggy summits bird,

crowned, Of all the vocal quire, dwell'st in a home

And farrowed deep with many a hosky The humblest; yet thy morning song as.

cleugb, cends Nearest to heaven,- sweet emblem of bis Wards off the northern blast: There skins

the bawk song*, Who sung thee wakening by the daisy's Forth from her cliff, eyeing the furzy slope side!

That joins the mountain to the smiling vale. With earliest spring, while yet the wheaten Through all the woods the holly evergreen,

And laurel's softer leaf, and ivied thorn, blade Scarce shoots above the new-fallen shower Lend winter shelter to the shivering wing. of snow,

No gravelled paths, pared from the smooth

shaved turf, The skylark's note, in short excursion, warbles :

Wind through these woods; the simple up

made road, Yes! even amid the day-obscuring fall, I've marked his wing winnowing the fea- Marked with the frequent hoof of sheep or thery flakes,

kine, In widely-circling horizontal flight.

Or rustic's studded shoe, I love to tread. But when the season genial smiles, he No threatening board forewarns the hometowers

ward hind, in loftier poise, with sweeter fuller pipe, Of man-traps, or of law's more dreaded Cheering the ploughman at his furrow end, gripe." The while he clears the share, or, listening,

(p. 59–61.) leans

The following passage is of a Upon his paddle-staff, and, with raised

higher character: hand,

“O, nature ! all thy seasons please the Shadows his half-shut eyes, striving to scan

eye The songster melting in the food of light.

Of him who sees a Deity in all. “ On tree, or bush, no lark was ever seen: It is His présence that diffuses charms The daisied lea he loves, where tufts of

Unspeakable, o'er mountain, wood, and grass

stream. Luxuriant crown the ridge; there, with his To think that He, who hears the heavenly mate,

choirs, He founds their lowly house, of withered Hearkens complacent to the woodland song; bents,

To think that He, who rolls yon solar sphere, And coarsest speargrass; next, the inner Uplifts the warbling songster to the sky; work

To mark His presence in the mighty bow, With finer, and still finer übres lays,

That spans the clouds, as in the tints miRounding it curious with bis speckled

nute breast.

Of tiniest flower; to hear His awful voice How strange this u:taught art! it is the In thunder speak, and whisper in the gale; gift,

To know, and feel His care for all that * Burns,

lives;

'Tis this that makes the barren waste ap- The beauty of this short poem, it pear

will be observed, resides principally A fruitful field, each grove a paradise.

in the concluding lines. Indeed Yes! place me'mid far stretching woodless wilds,

our author's descriptive sketches are Where no sweet song is heard ; the heath- often distinguished rather by single bell there

traits of a happy kind, than by a Would southe my weary sight, and tell of general glow of richness and beauThee !

ty. At least this is the case in the There would my gratefully uplifted eye biblical pictures, more than one of Survey the heavenly vault, by day-by which exhibits a mass of feebleness night,

relieved by an occasional stroke When glows the firmament from pole to that bespeaks the touch of a masterly

pole; There would my overflowing heart exclaim, ample, of the commotions of nature

pencil. The description, for exThe heavens declare the glory of the Lord, The firmement shetos forth his handy work in that attended the crucifixion is ex:

(63–64.)

tremely prosaic, with the exception These beautiful lines would be of the following very picturesque

lines; improved to the ear of a South-Briton, by the substitution of a more re

Appallid, the leaning soldier feels' the spectable word in the place of ti

spear niest,” (an adjective to which Mr. Shake in bis grasp ; the planted standard

falls Grahame is partial) in the eleventh Upon the heaving ground.”

(p. 112.) line; and in the twentieth, the words “by day,” might have been intro- The character which we have here duced, considering what is to follow, ascribed to Mr. Grahame's muse, with more propriety and clearness is perhaps no where more conspiat the beginning of the line: which cuous than in the following versifiwould also be amended by exchang- cation of one of the most impressive ing“ survey." for some word which and affecting incidents recorded in is not a rhyme to “ day.” It is in the Gospels. part the beauty of the whole passage Who is my mother, or my brethren? which induces us to note these ble- He spake, and looked on them who gat mishes.

around, A number of short poems, entitled With a meek smile, of pity blent with love, “ Scriptural Pictures, succeed. More melting th:n e’er gleamed from huThe following, denominated “ The man face, Finding of Moses,” is a pleasing As when a sun-beam, through a summer

shower, specimen.

Shinos mildly on a hitle hill-side flock ;“ Slow glides the Nile; amid the margin And with that look of love he said, Behold flags,

My mother, and my brethren: for I say, Closed in a bulrush ark, the babe is left,

That whosoe'er shall do the will of God, Left by a mother's hand. His sister waits

He is my brother, sister, mother, all.” Par off; and pale, 'tween hope and fear,

(p. 103.) beholds The royal inaid, surrounded by her train, The weak and colourless lines Approach the river bank, approach the spot which conclude the above quotation, Where sleeps the innocent: She sees them remind us of some of the effusions stoop

which we occasionally meet in the With meeting plumes; the rushy lid is pages of the Southey and Coleridge oped,

school. But the simile of the sun And wakcs the infant, smiling in his tears, -

beam so bcautifully illuminates the As when along a little moustain lake, The summer south-wiad breathes with gen. unaptly be considered as descriptive

surrounding haze, that it might not tle sigh, And parts the reeds, unveiling, as they bend, of itself

. A water-lily floating on the wave."

The different months are then (p. 93.)

characterised severally by poetic

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