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Peace necessarily implies a recognition of A violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius all his usurpations, and of his exorbitant has spread havoc and desolation throughout power. He has repeatedly declared that the adjacent districts. that power will be employed in making Spain has shut her ports against Sweden, France sovereign of the seas. Peace, if it
on the pretext that the vessels of the latter will not enable him actually to realize this
power are employed in introducing English project, affords him the only chance (and a merchandize into the Spanish dominions. formidable chance we must admit it to be) The differences between Sweden and of realizing it. Peace, should it be ac- Prussia are still unadjusted. It is supposed complished, will prove no obstacle to Bo- that the hostile movements of Prussia are naparte's seizing, on some frivolous pretext, only restrained by the fear of incensing the the Grecian Archipelago, and invading the Emperor of Russia. In the mean time the dominions of Turkey. Our tardy interfer- King of Sweden is strengthening himself in erice may involve us in a fresh war, but Swedish Pomerania. In consequence of will not wrest from his gripe these ap- some resistance made by the regency of proaches to our oriental empire. His co- that province to his orders for organizing lonies in the East and West will be em- the military force, he has dissolved the ployed as depots of troops ready for any former constitution of Pomerania, and deexigency. And the Boulogne fiotilla, which clared that it shall enjoy in future the we now view with indifference, will, in the same government and laws as bis Swedish event of another rupture, and before we dominions, but without being subject to the can place ourselves in a posture of defence, taxes and debts of Sweden. prove a inost forinidable engine of annoy
SOUTH AMERICA, ance ; for the immense standing army of France, be it remembered, will suffer no
The accouts of the progress of General reduction in consequence of a peace. The Miranda, in bis attempts to revolutionize
South America, are so contradictory, that prospect is certainly of such a nature as may well lead us to mix trembling with it is impossible to ascertain the trutb. He our joy. May it also lead us to place our
appears to have had two of his vessels taken wnfeigned reliance on Him by whoin em
by the Spaniards. He himself, however, pires rise and fall, and to seek lis favour it is said, has landed at the Caraccas, where
he found a large body of the native inhaand protection as the sole means of our safety.
bitants ready to join his standard. The evacuation of Cattaro by the Rus
ST. DOMINGO. sians, it is supposed, bas by this time taken An American Captain who arrived at place. A large Austrian force had sailed New York from Cape François reported, that from Trieste to take possession of it. Bend. in May last, Dessalines had ordered a geing beneath the weight of French influence, neral massacre of the White French inhaAustria has ordered the officer who sur- bitants at the Cape, and throughout the rendered Cattaro to the Russians to be ca. Island. Among other particulars it was shiered, and has also issued a decree, pro- stated, that at the Cape he had caused bably of a temporary nature, shutting the 150 of his victims to be strangled in their ports of the Adriatic against all English and beds, but that their bodies were afterwards Russian ships. The French armies continue mangled, and exposed to every species 'to occupy their former stations in Germany. of indignity; that many more had been
The fortress of Gæta still resists all the shut up in forts, and afterwards put to death efforts of the French to reduce it. The in a most cruel manner; and that this had garrison is aided, and its wants supplied, by been done for the sake of the property the active co-operation of Sir Sydney of these unfortunate people. All this is Smith and his squadrons.
evidentiy one of those calumnies against A considerable British force has digem- the persecuted negroes of St. Domingo, by barked in Sicily, and has removed all ap- which the french hope to apologize for prehensions of an attack on that Island. their own hideous enormities. For besides
Bodies of French troops have spread the absurdity of supposing that Dessalines themselves through the ecclesiastical states, would take the pains to strangle these supand taken possession of Rome. It is ge- posed victims in their beds, when he was af. 'nerally reported that the temporal domi. terwards to exhibit them in a mangled state ;
nions of the Pope will be annexed to the whençe, may we not ask, did the se white "kingdom of Naples, and that the Pope will French come in such numbers? We have have the city of Turin assigned him as the already been amused with circumstantial "bent of his future residence,
details of massacres stated to be universal.
Two such were confidently affirmed to have credence. That the French were numertaken place in 1804. All the French inhabi. ous at the Cape may therefore be assumed, tants, a few priests excepted, were then sa- and if so, what becomes of the former talcs vagely butchered, if we are to credit Amc- of horror which were so generally believed ? rican Captains, and death depouuced And does not the manifest faischood of against every Frenchman who should set those old tales destroy the credibility of his foot on Hayti. Did the murdered this new one, conveyed to uf, as it is, preFrenchmen come again to life; or were cisely through the same channel? Independ. their countrymen so fearless of death, as, ently indeed of this constructive reasoning, in spite of both the massacre and the pro- the story itself is wholly unworthy of credit. clamation, again to put themselves in And here we would warn our readers great numbers in the power of Dessalines: against the thousand arts which will be One hundred and fifty French are said to practised on their credulity, previously to the have been strangled in one night, and a next session of Parliament, in order to turn greater number sent to the forts at the the current of public feeling against the Cape alone, besides a still greater num. wretched African race. The game is alber which, it is said, suffered in other parts ready begun, and the scenes of St. Doof the Island. They are said too to have mingo will be frequently re-acted. But this been the victims of Dessalines' avarice. will only be one of many sources of ima But surely if all the details of universal posture. Already, by way of producing a massacre and proscription which we have
sentiment of compassion in favour of West heard during the last two years were true, India planters, one of their body has offerit is impossible that so many Frenchmen ed his estates to sale by a public adver. should have remained at St. Domingo, and tisement, in which, while he pretends to should be possessed of property sufficient invite purchasers, he expresses his fears lest to tempt the cupidity of Dessalines. The the effects of the late parliamentary profalsehood of those details, however, is proved ceedings with respect to the Slave trade, to our satisfaction by this more recent should be to produce insurrection and various fabrication. Considering the constant in- other evils, by which the value of West tercourse between America and St. Do
Indian property will be greatly deteriorated, mingo, it must be a matter of notoriety, One would suppose that such a clumsy at New York, whether there was any num- trick could scarcely deceive a child; and ber of French inhabitants al Cape Fran- yet we know that men have been deceived çois. If it was known that there were by it. But surely one moment's reflection no such persons there, the falsehood of the
must convince every person who reads it, present report would have been at once so that such an advertisement is nothing more manifest, that it could have obtained no than a Slave-trade squib.
ordinaries of Great Britain, and £.600,000 PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS.
for Ireland during the present year; A Bill has passed for the relief of Insol- £.55,000 for purchasing lands for the use vent Debtors imprisoned for debt, by of Chaiham, Woolwich, &c.; £12,000 for which their persons are liberated from con- building a Court of Exchequer in Scotland; finement on their making a complete sur- 2.7,500 for improving the Scotch Fisheries; render of all their effects.
2.8,000 for Agricultural Improvements in In the Committee of Supply the following Scotland; €.2,000 for a Lunatic Asylum; sums have been voted, viz. £.272,386 for an Annuity of £.18,000 instead £,12 000 the extraordinaries of the army during the to each of the younger Princes, excepting last year above what was voted by Parlia- the Duke of York, of £.7,000 instead of ment; £.54,184 for purchasing certain 2.6,000 to the Princess Charlotte of Wales; buildings in Palace Yard; 2.12,600 for of £6,000 instead of £.5,000, to each of works about the Houses of Parliament; the Princesses, and of £.5,000 instead of £,7,500 to the British Museum ; £.4,500 €.4,000, to the Princess Sophia of Gloufor the expence of Lord Melville's prosecu. cester; £.15,000 to the College of Surtion; £.1,000,000 to the East India Com- geons for the erection of a builuing for the paus, for expenees incurred for the public late Mr. John Hunter's Museum, and for service ; £. 3,000,000 for the Army Extra- an Anatomical Theatre ; .26,500 to the
CRUELTY TO A NEGRO.
Commissioners of Naval Enquiry; and which they had stood forward in their coun€.10,500 to the Commissioners of Military try's defence; which, we are sorry to say, Enquiry.
was got rid of by the previous question. Lord H. Pelly after pointing out the hap- A Bill has passed for reducing the Holi. py effects which had been produced by the days at the Custom House, which have discovery of vaccination, moved an address hitherto proved a great and useless impeto his Majesty to direct the College of, diment to public business, to three, and Physicians to enquire into the state of the
for regulating the fees of officers. Vaccine Inoculation, the evidence in sup- A Bill has also passed for altering and port of the practice, and the causes which amending the Bankrupt Laws in some rery retarded its progress, and to make a report important particulars. One object is to thereon to the House ; and he intimated his
prevent a Commission of Bankruptcy from intention, should the report prove favour- being superseded by previous secret acts able, to follow it up by some legislative re
of bankruptcy, and to legalize the claims gulations for securing to the public the be
which, subsequently to such secret acts of neficial effects of the discovery, and by bankruptcy, bona fide creditors may have some farther remuneration to Dr. Jenner,
acquired on the property of the Bankrupt. The consideration of the charges pre- On the 23d inst. Parliament was proferred against the Marquis Wellesley has
rogued by a Speech from the Lord Chanbeen deferred till the next Session of Par
cellor in the King's name. liament. The Bill for empowering the Privy Coun
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. cil in certain cases to suspend the operation of the Navigation Laws, as they affected the intercourse of America with our
On the 10th inst. a cause was tried in West India Colonies, has passed into a law,
the Court of King's Bench, which will serve It is enacted that no Field Officer of the
to illustrate what we have often advanced Regulars shall be commanded by any Volun- respecting the influence of the Slare trade teer Officer, whatever be his rank; with
in steeling the heart against all tbe ordinary respect to inferior Officers their relative emolic ns of humanity, at least, towards rank remains as before. This appears to be
tbose who are the subjects of that cruel a judicious regulation.
traffic. Of this horrid trial we shall now lay Lord Morpeth brought forward the India a copious account before our readers. The Budget. It appears from his statement, plaintiff in this cause was an African negro, (we are by no means confident that we may
of the name of POTTER JACKSON: the de. not have misapprehended the results) that fendant, whose name is LIVESLEY, was there is a deterioration in the state of the Captain of the ship Lord Stanley, of LiverCompany's affairs during the last year of pool, engaged in the Slave trade. The near a million pounds sterling.
circumstances of this extraordinary case of The Bill for training the mass of the po- cruelty and atrocity were as follows: pulation to the use of aims has passed into When the Defendant in the pursuit of a law, An effort was inade to introduce bis voyage had arrived in Jamaica, be found into it a clause authorizing Sunday drilling, it expedient to make some addition to his but it was successfully opposed. As the crew; and for this purpose, he bired the act now stands, Sunday drilling is prohibited, Plainxiff in the capacity of Captain's Stewexcepting only ip cases of necessity.
ard, and a man named Robinson as Second The Slave Ship Restriction Bill, men
Mate. The ship sailed for Liverpool, in tioned in our last Number to have heen April, 1805, but it was not until the 4th of brought forward, by Mr. For, in order to June that any thing occurred material to prevent any extension of the Slave trade, state in elucidation of this affair. On that and which goes to prohibit all persons, not
day, the Plaintiff' being on duty, on deck, now actually engaged in the Slave trade, with Robinson, whose watch it was, asked from embarking in it, and all ships, not pre- leave of the latter to go below, in order to viously occupied as Slave ships, from en. make the cot of the First Mate. Permis. tering into that trade, has passed into a sion being given, he performed what he Jaw. We anticipate the happiest effects proposed, and at the same time, at the de. from this well-timed enactment.
sire of the First Mate, gave him some grog. A motion was made in the House of Com- Presently afterwards the Captain enquired mons for the thanks of the House to be what he had been doing? to which the Plaingiven to the different corps of the Voluna tiff replied consistently with the truth. The teers, for the promptitude anel zeal with Principal Mate hearing that the Plaintin had told the Defendant that he had given Liverpool, he was put on shore, and Mr. him some spirits, was so much irritated, Lindsay, a respectable surgeon, attended that be pursued him to the mizen chains, him, until tnoney and friends forsaking him, where the Plaintiff sought refuge, and then he was sent to the Infirmary of that town, threw him into the sea, as the vessel was and although most terribly lacerated, be advancing at the rate of five knots an bour, survived to bring his case before an English Robinson, by jumping into the boat, rescued Jury. the black from a watery grave.
Daniel Robinson, fully confirmed this not until the evening that the Defendant statement. He also said, that the pasinterposed, but then he ordered the Plain- senger wbo had lost only a guinea and tiff to be turned before the mast, and im- some silver was two thirds of his time inmediately tied his hands behind him, and sane from intoxication, and actually died fastened him to the ring bolts of the deck, drunk. On one occasion the man was flogin which situation he was continued more ged for three hours without any cessation, than eight hours, the Captain, in the mean and in all he had received about 1000 time, throwing buckets of water over him, lashes. Particularly on the 14th, the puas (he said) “ he was so fond of the sea.” nishment was so severe, that the blood (It seems the unhappy Plaintiff' had threat- gushed from his breasts. His back was ened to cast himself overboard to escape apparently in a state of mortification. the cruelty of his tyrants.) The next day, Mr. Lindsay, the surgeon, said, he had at four in the afternoon, the Defendant been eight years in the navy, and had atcalled the Plaintiff upon deck, and charged tended officially on many occasions when him with stealing money from one of the punishments were inficted, but he nerer passengers, which the latter positively de- knew a single instance where the eff cts nied. After some ineffectual search on the were so terrible. A large portion of the person and in the bag of the Plaintiff, the flesh came away over a surface of the back Defendant, taking a new log-line, made sixteen inches square. After this there what is called a cat-o'-nine-tails. The was a prodigious accumulation of fungus, or Plaintiff was then stripped naked, tied up, proud flesh. He saw his patient yesterand flogged by the Defendant, until being day, when he observed considerable con. exhausted, he commanded the Chief Mate, tractions in the muscles of the back, in and afterwards the Second Mate, without consequence of the wounds. intermission, to renew the torture. While Lord Ellenborough remarked that the the wounds were yet fresh, this inhuman case was indeed one of the most unparalmonster ordered the brine to be taken from leled cruelly. He should bave been induced the harnish-tub, (so the beef-cask is term- to suppose the statement of the counsel ed) and to be rubbed into the open sores. To exaggerated, had it not been so clearly add contempt and derision to this horrid proved not only by the Plaintiff's witnesses, series of atrocities, the Plaintiff was thrown but by the absence of all testimony on the into the turtle-tub full of water, under part of the defendant. The defendant had which his head was at intervals immerged added insult to barbarity, in a way which by this barbarian. These horrid ceremo- the lowest degree of human depravity could Dies being performed, the lacerated wretch scarcely account for. A disclosure of such was put in double irons, and was in this sarage and unprovoked cruelty, he becondition exposed without a rag to cover lieved had never before disgraced the anbim. On the 8th of the same month, this nals of a British Court of Justice.-A vermiserable object was again brought upon dict was found for the Plaintiff to the full deck, and then the Captain said to him amount of his declaration: damages Five
"If you do not tell me where the money. Hundred Pounds, is, I will have the value out of your back.” If all the secret transactions of the midThe man persisting in his innocence, the dle passage were thus disclosed to the eye Captain, assisted by the Chief Mate, and of a British jury, we are persuaded that the two others of the crew, again returned to borrid barba:ities commitied by Captain apply the same torment, until the Plaine Livesley, would be relieved of a great pore tiff was in a state of insensibility; after tion of their shade. Our review of Pinckwhich he was put in irons as before, and ard's Notes on the West Indies, in the last continued in that situation until the fol- and present Number, will prove that even lowing day. The like ferocity was prac. in the West Indies, that terrestrial paratised on the wretched victim on the 11th, dise, as some represent it, the delights of 1Stb, and 14th of the same month; and on which are to form a more than adequate the 5th of July, the ship having arrived at compensation to the enslaved African for
all the horrors endured in his transit thither, Two boats from the Minerva man of war ssistances of cruelty, to the full asatrocious attacked and carried a fort, mounting eight as that which is related above, are often 24 and 12 pounders in Finisterre Bay, and perpetrated on the persons of the negroes, brought away five Spanish luggers that and what is worse, perpetrated with impu- were under its protection. nity; day, without a single apprehension of A French schooner and four row boats their becoming the objects of punishment, aided by his Majesty's sloop Dominica, the or even of reproach.
crew of which had mutinied and carried her Lord Caledon is appointed Governor of into Guadaloupe, made their appearance the Cape of Good Hope. He is to be ac. at Roseau, in the Island of Dominica, with companied by his uncle Mr, Henry Alex- an intent to destroy the town and shipping. ender.
The Wasp sloop of war, and the Duke of Lord Minto has been nominated to suc- Montrose packet, had however, arrived ceed Sir George Barlow as Governor Ge- there in the mean time, and by their spirit, neral of India, and is succeeded as Presi- ed exertions the Domiuica and the schoon. dent of the Board of Controul for India by er were both taken. On board the formes the Hon. Thomas Grenville.
was a French General. The public funds have not felt, in any great Several of the enemy's national vessels degree, the influence of the negotiation and privateers have been captured by our which the King's speech has discovered to cruizers. exist. Omnium is at a premium of about The Jamaica, Leeward Island, and East any per cent. and 3 per cent. consols are at India Aeets have arrived. The first only about 64.
has sustained any loss by capture, and that
not a heavy one. Four valuable country NAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
ships have been captured in the East Indies. The squadron in which Jerome Bona. A line of telegraphs has been elected parte has a command, sailed froin St. Sal- between London and Plymouth, by which vador on the 21st April, and six days after a short message has been conveyed and was seen 25 leagues E. N. E. of that place, an answer returned in twelve minutes, and supposed to be going to the West Indies. one of considerable length in thirty miThere are several squadrons employed in putes. pursuing him.
Rev. Thomas Sampson, D. D. Groton R. co. Suffolk.
Rev. Robert Wood, M. A. CropwellBishop living, co. Nottingbam.
Rev. John Mounsey, B. A. Authorpe and Withero RR. co. Lincoln.
Rex. Peplue Willian Ward, Winston V. co Siffolk.
Rev. Thomas Moore, Covington R. co. Huntingdon, vice Sanderson, dec.
Rev. Anthony Lister, M. A. Gargrave V. in Craven, vice Croft dec.
Rev. William Lade, M. A. Goolnestone R. and Graveney V. (consolidated) Kent, cice Stephens, dec.
Rev. Townley Clarkson, M. A. Swavesey V. co. Cambridge.
Rev. S. Hart, Alteroon V. co. Cornwall, vice Booth, resigned.
Rev. Duke Yonge, jun. Antony V. co. Cornwall, vice Stackhouse, resigned.
Rev. Jobu Watson, M. A. Bradfield and Mistley cum Maningtree R. Essex, rice hompson, dee.
Rev. George Owen Cambridge, M. A. minister of Twickenham chapel, Middlesex, and prebendary of Ely, Middlesex archdeaconry, vice Eaton, dec.
Rev. John Barlow Seale, D. D. Anstyc R. Herts.
Rev. William Pochin, B. A. Edward. ston V. co. Suffolk.
Rev. John Moir, Ebrington V. co. Glou. cester, and appointed one of the Lord Chancellor's donestie chaplains.
Rev. Alexander John Scott, of St. John's college, Cambridge, chaplain to the late Lord Viscount Nelson, admitted D. D. by Royal mandate.
Rev. H. Bathurst, LL. B. Ashby and Obey with Thirne R. co. Norfolk, vice Wordsworth, dec.
Rev. J. Colman, Swafield R.; and Ret. Francis Edward Arden, Paston V. both co. Norfolk, and both vice Meux, dec.
Rev. William Tyler, rector of Bratoft, co. Lincoln, Ashby R. near Spilsby, in the same county, vice Pearson dec.