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COMPANY.

EVENING.

Cast up

mercy and

gruce of God that

1

MORNING,

God, both for his friend, that he might fitable. View the evidences of thy salbe restored to life again, and for bim- r'ution, the state of thy soul, the coming self, that he might be forgiven, for of Christ, thine own moriality; it will giving countenance to such excesses. make thee humble and watchful. He made a vow at the same time, that he would never again keep. dissolute company, nor even drink Do good in them. Use God's name a tvast while he lived. His friend reverenily. Bruure of leaving an ill recovered, and he most religiously impression or ill example. Receite good vbserved his vow till bis dying day. from them if more knowing. His views concerning the importance of attending to the concerns of his soul now became more serious. He

the accounts of the day. If gare, "p, his gay companions, and ought amiss : beg pardon ; guther re

solution of nore'rigilance. divided his time between the duties

If well:

bless the of religion and the studies of his profession. The following extract

hath supported thee. from his own diary will 'shew what Thus did this great and good man excellent use he made of his time. spend his time in the service of God,

at the same time that he was making

great progress in the study of other 1. To lift up the heart to God in sciences, but particularly ihat of the thankfulness for renewing my life.

law, in which he became a greater II. To renew my curenunt with God proficient than any of his cotempoin Christ. (1.) By renewed acis of raries. “ It may seem almost infaith receiving Christ, and rejoicing in credible, that one man in no great the height of that relation ; (2.) Reso- compass of years, should have aclution of being one of his people, doing quired such a variety of knowledge; him allegiance.

and that, in sciences which require III. Adoration and prayer.

much leisure and application. But

as his parts were quick and his apDAY EMPLOYMENT,

prehension lively, his memory great There must be an employment of and liis judgment strong ; so his in: two kinds,

dustry was almost indefatigable. He I. Our ordinary calling to serve rose always betimes in the morning, God in it. It is a service to Christ was neveridle, and scarcely ever held though never so meun. Colos. iii. Here any discourse about news, except faithfulness, diligence,cheerfulness. Not with some few in whom he confided to overlay myself with more business entirely. He entered into no core than I can beur.

respondence by letters, except about II. Our spiritual employments. Min- necessary business or matters of gle somerhat of God's immediate ser- learning; and rice in this day.

in eating and drinking: for as he never went to public feasts, so he

gave no entertainments but to the I. Meat and drink, moderation sen

poor : for he followed our Saviour's soned with somerhat of God. II. Recreations. (1.) Not our busi- these) literally : and in eating and

direction (of feasting none but ness. (2.) Suituble. No game, if given drinking he observed not only great to covetousness or passion.

plainness and moderation, but lived so philosophically, that he always

ended his meal with an appetite: I. Bevare of wandering, vain, lust- so that he lost little time at it (that ful thoughts ; fly from thyself rather being the only portion which he chan entertain these.

grudged himself), and was disposed II. Let thy solitary thoughts be pro- to any exercise of his mind to which

spent very little time

REFRESHMENTS,

IF ALONE,

he thought fit to apply himself, im- chat men think or say, so long as

1 mediately after he had dined. By hep myself erucily according to the these means he gained much time rule of justice.that is otherwise umprofitably wast

When we had to pronounce selled.”

tence of death upon any criminals, He was remarkable for his strict his speeches to them to prepare

for observance of the Sabbath; so that their change were so weighty, and for thirty years together, neither ill- were spoken in such an impressive ness nor any other cause prevented manner, that many used to attend him from attending rivine service the trials merely for the sake of twice on the Lord's day. After the hearing his address to the conpublic service of the day was over, demned. he did not conceive (as too many do) In the 66th year of age, he found that the duties of the day were com- himself so unfit for the discharge of pleted, but used to call his servants his office of Justice of the King's and family together, and question Bench, that he was obliged to rethem concerning the sermons they sign it. Till within a little time of had heard : after which he would his resignation he had enjoyed such rehearse to thein the principal heads an uninterrupted continuanceof good of the discourse, and make his own health, as has been experienced hy improvement of them. He then few who have lived to the same would shut himself up in his study age: but his constitution was broken for two or three hours, which time in two days by an inflammation in his he spent in private devotions or in midrift; and concluding that his disprofitable meditations.

temper inust carry him off in a short Nor was he less eminent for his time, he was determined to have public and professional than for his nothing more to do with the aftairs private character. He conducted of this life," that being freed of bimself with the greatest integrity all worldly cares, he might be prein the duties of his judicial capa- paring for his change.” city, and the motives which in- “ He continued still (says Bishop fluenced him to the faithful dis- Burnet) to retire often for his devocharge of his duties were founded tions and studies, and as long as he upon the only firm basis,-that of could go, went constantly to his religion. This will appear by a closet; and when his infirmities inshort extract from one of his papers, creased on him so that he was not entitled, " Things to be had in con- able to go thither himself, he made tinual remembrance." Among a his servants carry him thither in a numerous list of these are the fol- chair. At last, as the winter came lowing. That in the administration on, he saw with great joy his deliof justice I am entrusted for God, the verance approaching ; för besides king, and country; and therefore that it his being weary of the world, and be done, 1. Uprightly. 2. Delibe- his longings for the blessedness of rately. 3. Resolutely. - That I rest another state, his pains increased so not upon my own direction and strength, on him, that no patience inferior to but implore and rest upon the direction his could have borne them without and strength of God. That in the an uneasiness of mind. Yet he exexccution of justice, I carefully lay pressed to the last, such submission uside my own passions, and give not to the will of God, and so equal a way to them, however provoked.- That temper under them, that it was viI be not biassed with compassion to the sible then what mighty effects Chrispoor, or favour to the rich, in point of tianity had on him in supporting justice.- Thnt popular or court ap- him under such a heavy load. lle plause, or distuste, huve no influence in was attended in his sickness by Mr. any thing I do in point of distribution Evan Griffith, minister of the parish; Of justice.- Not to be solicitous about and it was observed, that in all thre

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extremities of his pain, whenever guages, the civil law, and other he prayed by him, he forebore all branches of knowledge. He was a man complaints or groans, and with his of singular courage, and great arhands and eyes

lifted

up was fixed dour of mind, open and artless in his in his devotions. Not long before manners, and an enemy to all dissihis death, the minister told him, mulation. In religion he was distinthere was to be a sacrament neat Sun- guished by his zeal, to which he day at church, but he supposed he would united an intimate acquaintance with not come and partake with the rest; that supremely important subject. therefore he would give it to him at his During the reign of king Edward own house. But he answered, No; VI. he was appointed Archdeacon of his heavenly Father had provided a Winchester, and in that capacity atfeast for him, and he would go to his tended the convocation which met Father's house to partake of at. So on the accession of Mary to the he was carried thither in his chair, throne. Here he opposed the meawhere he received the sacrament on sures which were adopted for the rehis knees with great devotion." storation of Popery; and for so doing,

“He continued to enjoy the free wascalled to account, and imprisoned use of his reason and senses to the for some time in the King's Bench, Jast moment, which he had often then in Bisliop Bonner's coat-house

, and earnestly prayed for during his where his feet were fixed in stocks, Jast sickness; and when his voice was and afterwards in Newgate. During so sunk that he could not be heard, his imprisonment, which continued they perceived, by the almost con- for a considerable time, he understant lifting up of his eyes and hands, went many examinations, but these that he was still aspiring towards principally respected the doctrine that blessed state of which he was of transubstantiation and the mass; now to be speedlily possessed, On and though adetailed account of them the 25th of December, 1076, be- is preserved by Fox, yet it contains tween two and three in the after- little that falls in with the plan of noon, he breathed out his righteous these sketches. Onone occasion Philand pious soul. His end was peace; pot observed, “ As many as abide he had no strugglings; nor seemed in the true faith of Christ have the to be in any pangs in his last mo- spirit of God as well as'l." "How ments."

know you,” he is asked, '" that you “ Thus lived and died the great have tħe spirit of God ?”.

« By the and pious Sir Matthew Hale, Lord faith of Christ which is in me." Chief Justice of England; a cha- (Fox's Acts, &c. Vol. j. p. 488.) At racter well deserving the imitation, his last examination, the Bishop of not only of those of like profession Litchfield having obserred; "your with himself, but of all who wish Church of Gepeva, which ye call to spend their lives to the glory of the Catholic Church, is that which God and the good of mankind. Christ prophesied of, when he said,

O. M. R. that in the latter days there should

come false prophets and hypocrites."

Philpot answered, “ I allow the SKETCHES OF THE REFORMATION.

Church of Geneva, and the doctrine of the same, for it is una catholica, et apostolica, and doth follow the

doctrine that the Apostle did preach: John Philpot was the son of Sir P. ed in king Edward's days

and the doctrine taught and preachcated in the New College of Oxford, Philpol, of Hampshire, and was edụ- according to the same."(Ib. p. 194.)

On the 18th of December, 1555, where he spent six or seven years Philpot, being then about forty-four in the study of the learned lao- years of age, was burnt in Smith

NO. XVI.

ARCHDEACON PHILPOT.

was also

field, where he cheerfully encoun- tempters of God, and abominable tered death for his Redeemer's sake. blasphemers of God's holy election,

In the Christian Observer for and cast themselves down from the April last, p. 205, will be found the pinnacle of the temple in presumpsentiments which Philpot entertain- tion, that God may preserve them ed on the subjects of the Catholic by his angels through predestinaChurch and Justification ; and to tion. Such verily may reckon themthat I refer the reader. These sen- selves to be none of God's elect chile timents are confirmed by the letters dren, that will do evil that good of this faithful martyr which have may ensue, whose damnation is just, been preserved by Fox, and from as St. Paul saith. God's predestinawhich I shall, now extract a few tion and election ought to be consipassages.

dered with a simple eye, to make us “ It is not only given to us to be- walk more warily in good and godly lieve, but also to confess and declare conversation, according to God's what, we believe in our outward word, and not put all on God's back conversation. For, as St. Paul writ- to do wickedly at large: for the eth to the Romans, “The belief of elect children of God must walk in the heart justifieth, and to acknow- righteousness and holiness after tbey ledge with the mouth, maketh a man be once called to the true knowsafe. It is allone before God not to ledge. For so saith St. Paul to the believe at all, and not to shew forth Ephesians, that God hath chosen the lively works of our belief. For us before the foundations of the world Christ saith, either make the tree were laid, that we should be holy good, and his fruits good, or else and blameless in his sight.' Theremake the tree evil and the fruits fore St. Peter willeth us through evil; because a good tree bringeth good works to make our vocation forth good fruits, as an evil tree doth and election certain to purselves; evil fruits.' So that the person which which we know not, but by the knoweth his master's will, and doth working of God's spirit in us, acit not, shall be beaten with many cording to the rule of the Gospel : stripes. And not all tbey, which and he that conformeth not himself say Lord, Lord, shall enter into the to the same in godly conversation kingdom of God, but he that doth may justly tremble, and doubt that the will of his Father.”

he is none of the elect children of “ God hath one Catholic Church God, but of the viperous generation, dispersed throughout the world, and a child of darkness.” (Ib. p. which is grounded upon the founda- 502.) tion of the Prophets and Apostles, In a letter to Careless, he labours and upon none other, as St. Paul to comfort him by the following arwitnesseth to the Ephesians. There- gument. “The spirit which is in fore wheresoever we perceive any you is mightier than all the adverpeople to worship. God truly after sary's power, : Tempt he may, and his word, there we may be certain lying await at your heels, give you a the Church of Christ to be, unto the fall unawares : but overcome, he which we ought to associate our shall not : yea he cannot : for you selves, and to desire with David to are sealed up already with a lively praise God in the midst of his faith to be the child of God for Church.” (Fox's Acts, &c. Vol. ij. ever : and whom God hath once

sealed for his own him he never ut“ Some there be that for an ex. terly forsak eth. The just falleth setreme refuge in their evil doings do ven times, but he riseth again. It run to God's predestination and elec- is man's frailty to fall, but it is the tion, saying, that if I be elected of property of the Devil's child to lie God to salvation, I shall be saved, still.” (Ib. p. 502.) whatsoever I do. But such be great The above extracts will suffici,

p. 499.)

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ently shew of what description were answer, but hitherto not called 10 the dectrinal views of Philpot. judgment which I daily look for : Those which follow, and which are but I sear they will prolong me, and -taken from his letters to the Lady try me by strait imprisonment a Vane, will afford some pleasing spe- while, on the which God's will be -cimens of his spirituality and hea- done. Pray, dear Lady, that my -venly mindedness.

faith faint not: which I praise God is “ The world wondereth how we presently more lively with me than can be merry in such extreme mi- it hath been in time past. I taste and sery, but our God is omnipotent feel the faithfulness of God in his which turneth misery into felicity. promise, who hath promised to be Belieye me there is no such joy in with bis in their trouble, and to de. the world as the people of Christ liver them. I thank the Lord, I am have under the cross. I speak by not alone, but have six other faithful experience I therefore believe 'me companions, who in our darkness do and fear nothing that the world can cheerfully sing hymns and praises do unto you. For when they im- unto God for his great goodness

. prison our bodies, they set our souls We are so joyful that I wish you at liberty with God. When they part of my joy. : Let not my strait -cast us down, they list, as up. Yea, in prisonment any thing inolest you; when they kill us, then do they for it hath added, and daily doth bring us io everlasting life. And unto my joy ; but rather be glad and what greater glory can there be, thankful unto God with me, that it than to be at conformity with Christ? hath pleased him to make me, most And this, afflictions do work in us. wretched sinner, worthy to suffer God

open our eyes to see inore and any thing for his sake. Hitherto we more ihe glory of God in the cross have not resisted unto blood. Gul of Jesus Christ, and make us worthy make us never to count our blood partakers of the same. Let us re- more precious in our eyes than his joice in nothing but in the cross of truth." (Ib. p. 508.) Jesus Christ; that be our standard

Q. to fight under for ever.” (Ib. p. 506.)

“ Satan of late bath letted me, To the Editor of the Christian Observer, who envying all good exercises which I have had and received by In confirmation of what was as• mine easy imprisonment in times serted in your number for Angust past, hath brought me out of the (p. 461) by your correspondent King's Bench into the Bishop of M. R. (in discussing the meaning of

London's coal-house, a dark and ugly 1 Cor. iv. 4. “ I know nothing the prison as any is about London (but myself,”), respecting the use, in the my dark body of sin hath well de northern counties, of the phrase "To served the same; and the Lord now know nothing by a person," I beg hath brought me into outward dark- leave to remark that his statement ness, that I might the more be light- is correct. Among the lower orders ened by him, as he is most present it is a very common mode of ex with bischildren in the midst of dark- pression. Thus,What sort of a man ness) where I can not be suffered to is such an one " I know nothing have any candle light, neither ink by him," that is, I know nothing -nor paper, but by stealth. I trust to against him, or to his discredit? That -make a speedy end of my course. this meaning is the real one, I am God give me grace and patiepee to enabled to state, from daily espea be a faithful follower

of my master. rience, during a constant residence I have been already tbis sevenpight in those parts, in the coal-house, and have of late been four times called to minej

A CUMDRIAN.

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