THE BABYLONIAN EXPEDITION oF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA

الغلاف الأمامي
 

ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة

لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.

الصفحات المحددة

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

مقاطع مشهورة

الصفحة 18 - The latter found some of the tablets in the very position in which they were left when the archive room was destroyed; some were reclining against each other like a shelf of leaning books in an ill-kept library of to-day. They were dated in the reigns of the foreign dynasty known as the Kassite, which ruled over Babylonia during the greater portion of the second millennium before Christ. While thousands of temple archives have been found elsewhere in Babylonia, of earlier as well as later...
الصفحة 22 - With the exception of about fourteen documents these inscriptions are records of the receipt of taxes or rents from outlying districts about Nippur; of commercial transactions conducted with this property; and the payment of salaries of the storehouse officials as well as of the priests, and others in the temple service. In other words they refer to the handling and disposition of the taxes after they had been collected.
الصفحة viii - ... remarkable skill on the part of the artist. Dr. WH Ward has suggested that the seal had a thin metal cap, presumably of gold, upon which the border was cut. (See Plates XIV and XV, for additional illustrations of this feature of the seals.) In two of the impressions a symbol in the form of a maltese cross is seen. To the left of the one in No. 2, PI. XV, there is a diamondshaped symbol represented. In the other (see No. 7, PI. XV) above the cross an animal is depicted, while below there is a...
الصفحة x - For writing, a stick of box-wood was used, one end of which was 30 cut into an exact square; this end of the stylus was cut away obliquely, so that one of the corners of the end formed a 35 somewhat acute angle. The stylus was held like a pen, and the pressure was applied chiefly to the upper edge in the direction of the point, with a slight inclination toward 40 the left.
الصفحة 23 - No. 148, in which payments are made for sacrificial purposes as well as for the maintenance of a large number of temples and shrines. These are headed by Ekur. They were doubtless within the temple court, or at least in Nippur. There is little in these documents to show that the revenues were collected in the interests of the state, or that the king was a beneficiary, unless perhaps tablet No. 26:3 of Vol. XV, which reads: sha a-na SHE-BAR Nippur...
الصفحة 1 - ... more or less, could be used. By holding it beneath the palm of the hand between the thumb and the middle finger, with the index finger on top, and pressing the angular corner into the soft clay, the impression made will be that of a perfect wedge. What is known as the Winkelhaken is not simply an oblique wedge as above, although occasionally the impressions resemble it, but it is made in a different way. The stylus is simply laid over on its side, with the handle toward the right, and when...
الصفحة iv - ... guarantee has he that the document will not be interfered with? Further, alteration was possible by either party, even if duplicate copies were made. If it was of sufficient importance to require the individual's seal, we would naturally think that he had a right to protect himself, and to take precautions that the document would not be altered, especially as we know that this was not impossible. The only way this protection could be assured was to encase the tablet, and for the obligor to make...
الصفحة 24 - Book, p. 64. being probably a royal fortress. In the tablet referred to (No. 148), amounts are also paid, sha si-ri-bi-shu sha sharri, a-na nu-ri sha sharri, a-na nu-ri biti-nu, a-na sharri, a-na bîtinu. The understanding doubtless is, that the temple was not only the foremost institution of the city, but that it practically supported and controlled everything in its immediate vicinity. This income was received from quite a number of towns, which belonged presumably to the environs of Nippur. In...
الصفحة iv - ... purposes, as is generally held by Assyriologists. As the above mentioned ideas, however, have been advanced with reference to the enveloping of temple accounts, it seems appropriate, therefore, to discuss briefly the question. In the first place, as referred to, all these case tablets bear seals, or their substitutes. The seal impression is equivalent to the signature of the modern document. It belongs to the man upon whom the obligation rests, or who is the recipient mentioned in the tablet,...
الصفحة iv - ... belongs to the man upon whom the obligation rests, or who is the recipient mentioned in the tablet, or to whom the goods are delivered. The other holds the document, who in this case is the official of the temple storehouse. Unless the obligor or the witnesses receive duplicate copies, what guarantee has he that the document will not be interfered with? Further, alteration was possible by either party, even if duplicate copies were made. If it was of sufficient importance to require the individual's...

معلومات المراجع