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* Hædus inhumani raptus ab ore Lupi, ought not at all to be worn about a man, “because it causeth palpitation of the heart," not for any fear, but a secret vertue which Amulets have. A ring made of the hoofe of an Asse's right forefoot carried about, &c. I say with ? Renodeus, they are not altogether to be rejected. Piony doth cure epilepsie; pretious stones most diseases; "a Wolf's dung born with one helps the Colick, 'a Spider an Ague, &c. Being in the country in the vacation time not many years since, at Lindley in Leicestershire, my Father's house, I first observed this Amulet of a Spider in a nut-shell lapped in silke, &c. so applied for an Ague by † my Mother; whom although I knew to have excellent skill in Chirurgery, sore eyes, aches, &c. and such experimental medicines, as all the country where she dwelt can witness, to have done many famous and good cures upon divers poor folks, that were otherwise destitute of help: Yet among all other experiments, this me thought was most absurd and ridiculous, I could see. no warrant for it. Quid dranea cum febre? For what Antipathy? till at length rambling amongst authors (as often I do) I found this very melicine in Diosco. rides, approved by Matthiolus, repeated by Alderovandus cap, de Aranea, lib. de insectis, I began to have a better opinion of it, and to give more credit to Amulets, when I saw it in some parties answer to experience. Such medicines are to be exploded, that consist of words, characters, spels; and charms, which can do no good at all, but out of a strong conceipt, as Pomponatius proves; or the Divel's policy, who is the first founder and teacher of them.

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Eorrectors of Accidents to procure Sleep. Against fearful

Dreams, Redness, &c.

W HEN you have used all good means and helps of altera

VV tives, averters, diminutives, yet there will be still cer. tain accidents to be corrected and amended, as waking, fearfull dreams, flushing in the face to soine ruddiness, &c. * Waking, by reason of their continuall cares, fears, sorrows,

dry brains, is a symptome that much crucifies melancholy men, and must therefore be speedily helped, and sleep by all means procured, which sometimes is a sufficient · remedy of it self without any other Physick. Skenkius in his observations hath an example of a woman that was so cured. The means to procure it, are inward or outward. Inwardly taken, are simples, or compounds; simples, as Poppy, Nymphæa, Violets, Roses, Lettuce, Mandrake, Henbane, Nightshade or Solanum, Saffron, Hempseed, Nutinegs, Willows with their seeds, juyce, decoctions, distilled waters, &c. Compounds are syrupes, or opiats, syrup of Poppy, Violets, Verbasco, which are cominonly taken with distilled waters.

* Mart. Phar. lib. 1. cap. 12. 9 Ative cap. 31. Tet. 3. ser. 4. • Dioscorides, Ulysses Alderovandus de aranea. + Mistress Dorothy Burton, she Died, 1629. Solo somno curata est citra medici auxilium, fol. 134.


R. diacodii 3 j. diascordii 3 B aquæ lactucæ 3 iij B

nista fat potio ad horam somni sumenda. Requies Nicholai, Philonium Romanum, Triphera magna, pilule de Cynoglossa, Dioscordium, Laudanum Paracelsi, Opium, are in use, &c. Country folks commonly make a posset of hemp seed, which Fuchsius in his herball so much discommends ; yet I have seen the good effect, and it may be used where better medicines are not to be had. · Laudanum Paracelsi is prescribed in two or three grains, with a dram of Dioscordium, which Oswald. Crollius cominends. Opium it self is most part used outwardly, to sinell to in a ball, though commonly so taken by the Turks to the same quantity' for a cordiall, and at Goa in the Indies; the dose 40 or 50 grains.

Rulandus calls Requiem Nicholai, ultimum refugium, the last refuge; but of this and the rest look for peculiar receipts in Victorius Faventinus cap. de phrensi. Heurnius cap. de Mania. Hildesheim spicel. 4. de somno & vigil. &c. Outwardly used, as oyl of Nutmegs by extraction, or expression with Rosewater to annoint the temples, oyls of Poppy, Nenuphar, Mandrake, Purslan, Violets, all to the same purpose.

Montan. consil. 24 & 25. much comiends ordoraments of Opium, Vineger, and Rosewater. Laurentius cap. 9. pre. scribes Pomanders and nodules; see the receipts in him; Codronchus wormwood to smell to.

Unguentum Alablastritum, populeumi, are used to annoint the teinples, nostrils, or if they be too weak, they mix Saffron and Opium. Take a grain or two of Opium, and dissolve it with three or four drops of Rosewater in a spoon, and after mingle with it as much Unguentum populeun as a nut, use it as before: or else take half a dram of Opiuin, Unguentum populeum, 'oyl of Nenuphar, Rose-water, Rose-vineger, of

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'Bellonius observat. 1. 3. c. 15. lassitudinem et labores animi tollunt; inde Garcias ab horto, lib. 1. cap. 4. simp. med. " Absynthium somnos allicit ol.


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each half an ounce, with as much virgin wax as a nut; annoint your temples with some of it, ad horam somni.

Sacks of Wormwood, * Mandrake, y Henbane, Roses made like pillows and laid under the patient's head, are mentioned by 2 Cardan and Mizaldus, “to annoint the soles of the feet with the fat of a dormouse, the teeth with care wax of a dog, swines gall, hares ears:" charms, &c.

Frontlets are well known to every good wife, Rose-water and Vineger, with a little woman's milk, and Nutmegs grated upon a Rose-cake applied to both temples.

For an Emplaster, take of Castoriuin a dram and half, of Opium half a scruple, mixt both together with a little water of life, make two small plasters thereof, and apply them to the temples.

Rulandus cent. 1. cur. 17. cent. 3. cur. 94. prescribes Epithemes and lotions of the head, with the decoction of flowers of Nymphæa, Violet-leaves, Mandrake roots, Henbane, white Poppy. Ilerc. de Saxonia, stillicidia, or droppings, &c. Lotions of the feet do much avail of the said herbs : by these means, saith Laurentius, I think you may procure sleep to the most melancholy man in the world. Some use horseleeches behinde the cars, and apply Opium to

* Bayerus lib. 2. c. 13. sets down some remedies against fearful dreams, and such as walk and talk in their sleep. Baptista Porta Mag. nat. l. 2. c. 6. to procure pleasant dreams and quiet rest, would have you take Hippoglossa, or the hearb Horsetongue, Bawm, to use them or their distilled waters after supper, &c. Such men inust not eat Beans, Pease, Garlick, Onions, Cabbidge, Venison, Hare, use black wines, or any meat hard of digestion at supper, or lye on their backs, &c.

* Rusticus pudor, bashfulness, flushing in the face, high colour, ruddiness are common grievances, which much torture many melancholy men, when they meet a man, ora come in * company of their betters, strangers, after a meal, or if they drink a cup of wine or strong drink, they are as red and flect, and sweat, as if they had been at a Major’s feast, præsertim si metus accesserit, it exceeds, bthev think every man observes, takes notice of it: and fear alone will effect it, suspicion with

the pa use horse.co the mostih Lau

* Read Lemnius lib. her. bib. cap. 2. of Mandrake. Hyoscyamus sub cervicali viridis. **2 Plantum pedis inungere pinguedine gliris dicunt efficacissimum, et quod vix credi potest, dentes inuncios ex sorditic aurium canis somnum profundum conciliare, &c. Cardan de rerum varietat. * Veni mecum lib. «Aut si quid incautius exciderit aut, &c. Nam qua parte pavor simul cst pudor additus illi. Statius.


out any other cause: Skenkius observ. med. lib. 1. speaks of . a waiting Gentlewoman in the Duke of Savoye's Court, that was so much offended with it, that she kneeled down to him, and offered Biarus, a Physitian, all that she had to be cured of it. An] 'tis most true, that < Antony Lodovicus saith in his book de Pudore, “ Bashfulness either hurts or helps,” such men I am sure it hurts. "If it proceed from suspicion or fear, • Felix Plater prescribes no other reinedy but to reject and contema it: Id populus curat scilicet, as a * worthy Physitian in our town said to a friend of mine in like case, complaining without a cause, suppose one look red, what matter is it, make light of it, who observes it?

If it trouble at, or after meals, (as o Jobertus observes med. pract. l. 1. c. 7.) after a little exercise or stirring, for many are then hot and sed in the face, or if they do nothing at all, especially women; he would have them let blood in both arms, first one, then another, two or three daies between, if blood abound, to use frictions of the other parts, feet especially, and washing of them, because of that consent which is betwixt the head and the feet. And withail to refrigerate the face, by washing it often with Rose, Violet, Nenuphar, Lettuce, Lov. age waters, and the like: but the best of all is that lac virgi. nale, or strained liquor of Litargy: It is diversly prepared; by Jobertus thus; R. lithar. argent, une : j. cerussæ candidissimæ, 3 jjj. cuphure. 3 ij. dissolvantur aquarum solani, lactuce, & nenupharis ana unc. jjj. aceti vini albi. unc. jj. alie, quot horas resideat, deinde transmittatur per philt. aqua ser· vetur in vase vitreo, ac ea bis terve facies quotidie irroretur. 8 Quercetan spagir. phar. cap. 6. commends the water of frogs spawn for ruddliness in the face. Crato consil. 283. Scoltzii would fain have them use all summer, the condite flowers of Succory, Strawbury water, Roses (cupping-glasses are good for the time) consil. 285. & 286. and to defecate impure blood with the infusion of Sene, Savory, Bawin water.

Hollerius knew one cured alone with the use of Succory boyla ed, and drunk for five months, every morning in the summer.

* It is good overnight to annoint the face with Hare's

Olysipponensis medicus ; pudor aut juvat aut lædit. De mentis alienat. * M. Doctor Ashworth.

Facies nonnullis maxime calet rubetq; si se paululum exercucrint; nonnullis quiescentibus idem accidit, fæminis præsertim ; causa quicquid lervidum aut halıquosum sanguinem facit.

Interim faciei prospiciendum ut ipsa refrigeretur ; utrumq; præstabit frequens potio ex aqua rosaruin, violarum, nenupharis, &c. Ad faciei ruborem aqua spermatis ranarum. Recte utantur in æstate Aoribus Cichorii sacchoro conditis vel saccharo rosaceo, &c. i Solo usu decocti Cichori. * * Utilc imprimis noctu facicm illinire sanguine leporino, et mane aqua fragrorum vel aqua floribus Verbasci cum succo limonum distillato abluere.


blood, and in the morning to wash it with strawbury and cowslip water, the juyce of distil'd Lemmons, juyce of cowcumbers, or to use the seeds of Melons, or kernels of Peaches beaten sınall, or the roots of Aron, and mixt with wheat brano to bake it in an oven, and to crumble it in strawbury water, or to put fresh cheese curds to a red face.

If it trouble them at meal times that flushing, as oft it doth, with sweating or the like, they must avoid all violent passions and actions, as laughing, &c. strong drink, and drink very Jittle, mone draught saith Crato, and that about the midst of their meal; avoid at all times indurate salt, and especially spice and windy meat.

"Crato prescribes the condite fruit of wild rose, to a nobleman his Patient, to be taken before dinner or supper, to the quantity of a chestnut. It is made of sugar, as that of Quinces. The decoction of the roots of sowthistle before meat, by the same author is much approved. To eat of a baked Apple some advise, or of a preserved Quince, Comminseed prepared with meat insteed of salt, to keep down fumes: not to study or to be intentive after meals.

“ R. Nucleorum persic. seminis melonum ana unc. 3 B
aquæ fragrorum l. ij. inisce, ulatur mane.”

• To apply cupping glasses to the shoulders is very good. For the other kinde of ruddiness which is setled in the face with pimples, &c. because it pertains not to my subject, I will not meddle with it. I refer you to Crato's Counsels, Arnoldus lib. 1. breviar. cap. 39. 1. Rulande, Peter Forestus de Fuco, lib. 31. obser. 2. "To Platerus, Mercurialis, Ulmus, Randoletius, Heurnius, Menadous, and others that have written largely of it.

Those other grievances and symptomes of headach, palpita. tion of heart, Vertigo, deliquium, &c. which trouble many melancholy men, because they are copiously handled apart in every Physitian, I do voluntarily omit.'

'? Utile rubenti faciei caseum recentem imponere. - Consil. 21. lib. unico vini haustu sit contentus. Idem consil. 283. Scoltzii laudatur conditus rosa caninæ fructus ante prandium et cænam ad magnitudinem castanez, Decoctum radium Sonchi, si ante, cibum sumatur, valet plurimum. • Cuourbit. ad scapulas apposita


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