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Religious Melancholy, Sect. 4.

PA proof that there is such a species of Melancholy, Name, Ob

ject God, what his beauty is, how it allureth, Part and parties affected, superstitious, Idolaters, Prophets, Hereticks, &c. Sub. 1.

(The divel's allurements, false miracles, (From others

» Priests for their gain. Politicians to

3 keep men in obedience, Bad instrucCauses) Or Sub. 2. from them-{si

(tors, blind Guides.

em Simplicity, fear, ignorance, solitariness, selves.

3 Melancholy, curiosity, pride, vain

glory, decayed Image of God.

Gene- 1 Zeal without knowledge, obstinacy, suIn ex

ral perstition, strange devotion, stupidity, cess of

confidence, stiffc defence of their te.

Subs. 3.

nents,mutual love and hate of other sects, as do,

belief of incredibilities, impossibilities that

Parti- 1 of Hereticks, pride, contumacy, contempt which

cular. of others, wilfulness, vain-glory, singuis not

larity, prodigious paradoxes. requi

In superstitious blind zeale, obedience, red.

strange works, fasting, sacrifices, oblaMed. 1.

tions, prayers, vows, pseudo-martyrdome, mad and ridiculous customcs,

ceremonies, observations. In Pseudo-prophets, visions, revelations,

dreams, prophecies, new doctrines, &c.

(of Jews, Gentiles, Mahometans, &c. Prognosticks. Subs. 4.

New doctrines, paradoxes, blasphemies,

madness, stupidity, despair, damnation.

By Physick if need be, conference, good Cures. Subs. 5.

counsel, perswasion, compulsion, correction, punishment. Quæritur an cogi

debent? Affir. Secure void Epicures

(Epicures, Atheists, Magitians, Hypocrites, such as

have cauterised consciences, or else are in a reIn deof grace and

probate sense, worldly-secure, some Philosophers, fect, as fcars.

impenitent sinners. Subs. 1. (Mc. 2. Or

The divel and his allurcments, Rigid Distrustful,

Preachers, that wound their consciences, or too tie Causes Melancholy, contemplation, solitariness. morous, as Subs. 2. How melancholy & dispair differ. Distrust, desperat.

weakness of faith. Guilty conscience for In despair

I offence comitted, misunderstanding Scr. consider,

Fear,sorrow, anguish of mind,extream Symptomes y

} tortures and horror of conscience, Subs. 3. Wil


fearful dreams, conceits, visions,&c. | Prognosticks; Blasphemy, violent death. Subs. 4.

(Physick as occasion serves, conference, Teresa not to be idle or alone, Good counsel.

good company, al comforts and contents, &c.


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The Preface. THERE will not be wanting, I presume, one or other that

I will much discommend some part of this Treatise of LoveMelancholy, and object (which - Erasmus in his Preface to Sr Thomas More suspects of his) “ that it is too light for a Divine, too Commical a subject to speak of Love-Symptomes, too phantastical, and fit alone for a wanton Poet, a feeling young love-sick gallant, an effeminate Courtier, or some such idle person.” And 'tis true they say: for by the naughtiness of men it is so come to pass, as * Caussinus observes, ut cąstis auribus vox amoris suspecta sit, & invisa, the very name of love is odious to chaster ears; and therefore some again, out of an affected gravity, will dislike all for the name's sake before they read a word; dissembling with him in b Petronius, and seem to be angry that their ears are violated with such obscene speeches, that so they may be admired for grave Philosophers, and staid carriage. They cannot abide to hear talk of Love toies, or amorous discourses, vultu, gestu, oculis in their outward actions averse, and yet in their cogitations they are all out as bad, if not worse then others.

" + Erubuit, posuitq; meum Lucretia librum,
Sed coram Bruto, Brute recede, legit.”

• Encom. Moriæ leviores esse nugas quam ut Theologum deceant. * Lib. 8. Eloquent. cap. 14. de affectibus mortalium vitio fit qui præclara quæq; in pravos usus vertunt. Quoties de amatoriis mentio facta est, tain veheinenter excandui; tam severa tristitia violari aures meas obsceno sermone nolui, ut me tanquam unam ex Philosophis intuerentur. + Martial. L 4


bencholy 2 opere or himselist and For his edie ill to

But let tnese cavillers and Counterfeit Cato's know, that as the Lord John answered the Queen in that Italian * Guazzo, an old, a grave discreet inan is fittest to discourse of love matters, because he hath likely more experience, observed more, hath a more staid judgment, can better discern, resolve, discusse, advise, give better cautions, and more solid precepts, better inform his auditors in such a subject, and by reason of his riper years sooner divert. Besides, nihil in hâc amoris voce subtimendum, there is nothing here to be excepted at; Love is a species of melancholy, and a necessary part of this my Treatise, which I may not omit; operi suscepto inserviendum fuit; so Jacobus Mysillius pleadeth for himself in his translation of Lucian's Dialogues, and so do I; I must and will perform my task. And that short Excuse of Mercerus, for his edition of Aristænetus shall be mine, " + If I have spent my time ill to write, let not them be so idle as to read.” But I am perswaded it is not so ill spent, I ought not to excuse or repent my self of this subject, on which many grave and worthy men have written whole volumes, Plato, Plutarch, Plotinus, Maximus, Tyrius, Alcinous, Avicenna, Leon Hebreus in three large Dia. logues, Xenophon sympos. Theophrastus, if we may believe Athenæus lib. 13. cap. 9. Picus Mirandula, Marius Æquicola, both in Italian, Kornmannus de linea Amoris, lib.3. Petrus Godefridus hath handled in three books, P, Hædus, and which almost every Physitian, as Arnoldus, Villanovanus, Valleriola observat. med. lib. 2. observ. 7. Ælian Montaltus, and Laurentius in their Treatises of Melancholy, Jason Pratensis de morb. cap. Valescus de Taranta, Gordonius, Hercules de Saxonia, Savanarola, Langius, &c. have treated of apart, and in their Works. I excuse myself therefore with Peter Godefridus, Valleriola, Ficinus, and in Langius' words. Cadmus Milesius writ fourteen books of Love, “and why should I be ashamed to write an Epistle in favour of young men, of this subject ?” A company of stern Readers dislike the second of the Æneads, and Virgil's gravity, for inserting such amorous passions in an heroical subject; But I Servius his Cominentator justly vindicates the Poet's worth, wisdoine, and discretion in doing as he did. Castalio would not have young men read the $ Canticles, because to his thinking it was too light and amorous a tract, a Ballade of Ballades, as our old English translation hath it. He might as well forbid the reading of Genesis,

* Lib. 4. of civil conversation. + Si male locata est opera scribendo, ne ipsi locent in legendo.

Med. cpist. 1. 1. ep. 14. Cadmus Milesius testo Suida. de hoc Erotico Amorc. 141. libros scripsit nec mc pigebit in gratiam adoIescentum hanc scribere epistolam. Comment, iu 2. Ercid. Meros amores mcram impudicitiam sonare videtur nisi, &c.


because of the loves of Jacob and Rachael, the stories of Si. chem and Dinah, Judah and Thamar; reject the book of Numbers, for the fornications of the people of Israel with the Moabites; that of Judges for Sampson and Dalilah's embracings; that of the Kings, for David and Bersheba's adulteries, the incest of Aminon and Thamar, Solomon's Concubines, &c. The stories of Esther, Judith, Susanna, and many such. Dicearchus, and some other, carp at Plato's majesty, that he would vouchsafe to indite such love tậyes; amongst the rest, for that dalliance with Agatho, “ Suavia dans Agathoni, animam ipse in labra tenebam;

Ægra etenim properans tanquam abitura fuit.” For my part, saith * Maximus Tyrius, a great Platonist bimself, me non tantum admiratio habet, sed etiam stupor, I do not only admire, but stand amazed to read, that Plato and So. crates both should expel Homer from their City, because he writ of such light and wanton subjects, Qud Junonem cuin Jore in Idà concumbentes inducit, ab immortali nube contectos, Vulcan's net. Mars and Venus fopperies before all the Gods, because Apollo Aed, when he was persecuted by Achilles, the + Gods were wounded and ran whining away, as Mars that roared lowder then Stentor, and covered nine akers of ground with his fall; Vulcan was a summer's day falling down from heaven, and in Lemnos lle brake his leg, &c. with such ridiculous passages; when as both Socrates and Plato, by bis testimony, writ lighter themselves : quid enim tam distat (as he follows it) quam amans à temperante, formarum admirator à demente, what can be more absurd then for grave Philosophers to treate of such fooleries, to admire Autiloquus, Alcibiades, for their beauties as they did, to run after, to gaze, to dote on fair Phædrus, delicate Agatho, young Lysis, fine Charmides, hæccine Philosophum decent? Doth this become grave Philosophers ? Thus peradventure Callias, Thrasimachus, Polus, Aristophanes, or some of his adversaries and æmulatois might object; but neither they nor | Anytus and Mclitus his bitter enemies, that condemned him for teaching Critias to syrannize, his impiety for swearing by dogs and plain trees, for his jugling sophistry, &c. never so much as upbraid" ed him with impure love, writing or speaking of that subject ; and therefore without question, as he concludes, both Socrates and Plato in this are justly to be excused. But suppose they

* Ser. 8. * Quod risure & eorum amores commcmorct. Quum mulia ei objecissent quod Critiam tyrannidem docuissei, quod Platonem juraret loquacem sophistam, &c, accusationem amoris nullam fecçrun!. Ideoq; lionesjus amor, &e.


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