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that young men's bowels thus enamoured, are so continually, tormented by love.” Gordonius cap. 2. part. 2. “ a will have the testicles an immediate subject or cause, the liver an antecedent." Fracastorius agrees in this with Gordonius, inde primitus imaginatio venerea, erectio, &c. titillatissimum partem vocat, ita ut nisi extruso semine gestiens voluptas non cessat, nec assidua veneris recordatio, addit Gnastivinius Comment. 4. Sect. prob. 27. Arist. But properly it is a passion of the brain, as all other melancholy, by reason of corrupt imagination, and so doth Jason Pratensis c. 19. de morb. cerebri, (who writes copiously of this Erotical love) place and reckon it amongst the affections of the brain. Melancthon de animá confutes those that make the liver a part affected, and Guianerius Tract. 15. cap. 13. X 17. though many put all the affections in the heart, refers it to the brain. Ficinus cap. 7. in Convivium Platonis, “ will have the blood to be the part affected.” Jo. Frietagius cap. 14. noct. med. supposeth all four affected, heart, liver, brain, blood; but the major part concur upon the brain, / 'tis imaginatio læsa; and both imagination and reason are misaffected; because of his corrupt judgement, and continuall meditation of that which he desires, he may truly be said to be inelancholy. If it be violent, or his disease inveterate, as I have determined in the precedent partitions, both imagination and reason are misaffected, first one, then the other.


Causes of Heroicall love, Temperature, full Diet, Idleness,

Place, Climate, &c. o all causes the remotest are stars. Ficinus cap. 19.

saith they are most prone to this burning lust, that have Venus in Leo in their Horoscope, when the Moon and Venus be mutually aspected, or such as be of Venus' complexion. * Plutarch interprets Astrologically that tale of Mars and Venus, “ in whose genitures of and are in conjunction,” they are

Testiculi quoad causam conjunctam, epar antecedentem, possunt esse subjectum. Propriè passio cerebri est ob corruptam imaginationem. Cap. de affectibus. *Est corruptio imaginativæ & æstimativæ facultatis, ob formam fortiter affixam, corruptumq; judicium, ut semper de eo cogitet, ideoq; recte melancholicus appellatur. Concupiscentia vehemens ex corrupto judico æstimativæ virtutis. • Comment. in. convivium Platonis. Irretiuntur cito quibus nascentibus Venus fuerit in Leone, vel Luna venerem vehementer as. pexerit, & qui eadem complexione sunt præditi, Plerumq; amatores sunt, & si fæminæ meretrices, 1. de audiend. • Vol. II.


commonly lascivious, and if women, qucanes ; " as the good wife of Bath confessed in Chaucer ;"

I followed ape mine inclination,

Bp vertue of mp constellation. But of all those Astrological Aphorisms which I have ever read, that of Cardan is most memorable, for which howsoever he be bitterly censured by * Marinus Marcennus, a nalapert Frier, and some others (which + he himself suspected), yet me thinks it is free, down right, plain and ingenuous. 'In his I eighth Geniture or example, he hath these words of himself. o ? & 8 in 8 dignitatibus assiduam mihi l'enereorum cogitationem præstabunt, ita ut nunquam quiescam. Et paulo post, Cogitatio Venereorum me torquet perpetuò, & quam facto implere non licuit, aut fecisse potentem puduit, cogitatione assiduá mentitus sum voluptatem. Et alibi, ob c $ $ dominium & radiorum mirtionem, profundum fuit ingenium, sed lascivum, egoq; turpi libidini deditus & obscenus. So far Cardan of himself, quod de se fatetur ideo & ut utilitatem adferat studiosis hujusce discipline, and for this he is traduced by Marcennus, when as in effect he saith no more then what Gregory Nazianzen of old, to Chilo his scholar, offerebani se mihi visende mulieres, quarum præcellenti elegantia & decore spectabili tentabatur meæ integritas pudicitiæ. Et quidem flagitium vitavi fornicationis, at munditie virginalis forem arcana cordis cogitatione fædavi. Sed ad rem. Aptiores ad masculinam venerem sunt quorum genesi Venus est in signo masculino, & in Saturni finibus aur oppositione, &c. Ptolomæus in quadripart. plura de his & specialia habet Aphorismata, longo proculdubio usu confirmata, et ab experientia multa perfecta, inquit commentator ejus Cardanus. Tho. Campanella Astrologiæ lib. 4. cap. 8. articulis 4. & 5. insaniam amatoriam remonstrantia, multa præ cæteris accumulat aphorismata, quæ qui volet, consulat. Chiromantici ex cingulo Veneris plerumq; conjecturam faciunt, et monte Veneris, de quorum decretis, Taisnerum, Johan. de Indagine, Goclenium, ceterosq; si lubet, inspicias. Physitians divine wholly from the temperature and complexion; Phlegmatic persons are seldom taken, according to Ficinus Comment. cap.9.; naturally melancholy less than they, but once taken they are never freed; though many are of opinion flatuous or hypocondriacal melancholy are most subject of all others to this infirmity. Valescus

* Comment in Gencs, cap. 3. Et si in hoc parum à præclara infamia stultitiaq; abero, vincit tamen amor veritatis. Edit. Basil. 1553. Cum Com. mentar. in Ptolomæi quadripartitumn Fol. 445. Basil. Edit.

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assigns their strong imagination for a cause, Bodine abundance of wind, Gordonius of seed, and spirits, or atomi in the seed, which cause their violent and furious passions. Sanguine thence are soon caught, young folks most apt to love, and by their good wills, saith b Lucian, “ would have a bout with every one they see :" the colt's evil is common to all complexions. Theomestus a young and lusty gallant acknowledgeth (in the said Author) all this to be verified in him, “ I am so amorously given, * you may sooner number the Sea sands, and snow fala ling from the skies, then my severall loves. Cupid had shot all his arrows at me, I am deluded with various desires, one love succeeds another, and that so soon, that before one is ended, I begin with a second ; she that is last is still fairest, and she that is present pleaseth me most: as an Hydra's head my loves increase, no lolaus can help me. Mine eys are so moist a refuge and sanctuary of love, that they draw all beauties to them, and are never satisfied. I am in a doubt what fury of Venus this should be: Alas, how have I offended her so to vex me, what Hippolitus am I!” What Telchin is my Genius? or is it a natural imperfection, an hereditary passion? Another in tAnacreon confesseth that he had twenty sweet-hearts in Athens at once, fifteen at Corinth, as many at Thebes, at Lesbos, and at Rhodes, twice as many in Ionia, thrice in Caria, twenty thousand in all: or in a word, 6 púxha návra, &c.

• Folia arborum omnium si
Nosti reterre cuncta,
Aut computare arenas
In æquore universas,
Solum meorum amorum
Te fecero logistam?"

Canst count the leaves in May,
Or sands i'th' Ocean Sea,
Then count my loves I pray.

His eys are like a ballance, apt to propend each way, and to be weighed down with every wench's looks, his heart a weathercock, his affection tinder, or Napthe it self, which every fair object, sweet sinile, or mistris' favor sets on fire. Guianerius tract. 15. cap. 14. refers all this ito “ the hot temperature of the testicles," Ferandus a Frenchman in his Erotique Mel.

Dial. amorum. * Citiùs maris Auctus & nives ccelo delabentes numeraris, quam amores mcos; Alii amores aliis succedunt, ac priusquam desinant priores, incipiunt sequentes. Adeo humidis oculis meus inhabitat Asylus omnein fore mam ad se rapiens, ut nullå satietate expleatur. Quænam hæc ira Veneris, &c. # Num. 32. Qui Calidum testiculoruin crisin habent, &c. Pa


(which *book came first to my hands after the third Eclition) to certain atomi in the seed, “ such as are very spermatick and full of seed.” I finde the same in Aristot. sect. 4. prob. 17. si non secernatur semen, cessare tentigines non possunt, as Gaustavinius his Commentator translates it ; for which cause these yong men, that be strong set, of able bodies, are so sub. ject to it. Hercules de Saxonia hath the same words in effect. But most part I say, such are aptest to love that are young and lusty, live at ease, staul-fed, free from cares, like cattle in a rank pasture, idle and solitary persons, they must needs hirquitullire, as Guastavinius recites out of Censorinus.

" * Mens erit apta capi tum quum lætissima rerum.
Ut seges in pingui luxuriabit humo."
The minde is apt to lust, and hot or cold,

As corn luxuriates in a better mold. The place it self makes much wherein we live, the clime, air, and discipline if they concur. In our Misnia, saith Galen, neer to Pergamus, thou shalt scarce finde an adulterer, but many at Rome, by reason of the delights of the seat. It was that plenty of all things, which inade + Corinth so infamous of old, and the opportunity of the place to entertain those forraign coinmers; every day strangers came in, at each gate, from all quarters. In that one Temple of Venus a thousand whores did prostitute themselves, as Strabo writes, besides Lais and the rest of better note: All nations resorted thither, as to a school of Venus. Your hot and Southern countries are prone to lust, and far more incontinent, then those that live in the North, as Bodine discourseth at large, Method. hist. cap. 5. Molles Asiatici, so are Turks, Greeks, Spaniards, Italians, even all that latitude: and in those Tracts, such as are more fruitful, plentiful, and delitious, as Valence in Spain, Capua in Italy, domicilium lurus Tully terms it, and (which Hannibal's souldiers can witness) Canopus in Ægypt, Sybaris, Phæacia, Baiæ, 'Cyprus, Lampsacus. In m Naples the fruits of the soyl and pleasant air enervate their bodies, and alter constitutions : insomuch, that Florus calls it Certamen Bacchi & Veneris, but I Foliot admires it. In Italy and Spain they have their stews in every great city, as in Rome, Venice, Florence, wherein, some say, dwell ninety thousand Inhabitants, of which ten thousand are Curtizans; and yet for all this, every Gentleman almost hath a peculiar Mistris; fornications, adulteries are nowhere so`com. mon: urbs est jam tota lupanar; how should a man live honest amongst so many provocations? now if vigor of youth, greatness, liberty I mean, and that impunity of sin which grandies take unto themselves in this kinde shall meet, what a gap must it needs open to all manner of vice, with what fury will it rage? For, as Maximus Tyrius the Platonist observes, libido consequuta quum fuerit materiam improban, X preruptam licentiam, & effrenatam audaciam, &c. what will not lust effect in such persons ? For commonly Princes and great men make no scruple at all of such matters, but with that whore in Spartian, quicquid libet licet, they think they may do what they list, profess it publikely, and rather brag with Proculus (that writ to a friend of his in Rome, "what famous exploits he had done in that kind) then any way be abashed at it. Nic cholas Sanders relates of Henry the 8th: (I know not how truly) Quod paucas vidit pulchriores quas non concupierit, & paila cissimas non concupieret quas non violarit, He saw very few maids that he did not desire, and desired fewer whom he did not enjoy : nothing so familiar amongst them, 'tis most of their business: Sardanapalas, Messalina, and Jone of Naples, are not comparable to P meaner men and women; Solomon of old had a thousand Concubines ; Assuerus his Eunuches and keepers ; Nero his Tigillinus Panders, and Bawds; the Turks, · Muscovites, Mogors, Xeriffs of Barbary, and Persian Sophies, are no whit inferior to them in our times. Delectus fit omnium puellarum toto regno formá præstantiorum (saith Jovius) pro imperatore ; & quas ille linquit, nobiles habent; They press and muster up wenches as we do souldiers, and have their choice of the rarest beauties their countries can afford, and yet all this cannot keep them froin adultery, incest, sodomy, buggery, and such prodigious lusts. We may conclude, that if they be yong, fortunate, rich, high-fed, and idle withall, it is almost impossible they should live honest, not rage, and precipitate themselves into those inconveniencies of burning lust.

* Printed at Paris 1624. seven ycars after my first Edition. * Ovid de art. 4 Gerbelius descript, Græciæ. Rerum omnium affluentia & loci mira opporthnitas, nullo non die hospites in portas advertebant. Templo Veneris mille meretrices se prostituebant. 'Tota Cypri insula delitiis incumbit, & ob id tantum luxuriæ dedita ut sit olim Veneri sacrata. Ortelius, Lampsacus olim Pri. apo saccr ob vinum generosum, & loci delitias. Idem.. m Agri Neapolitani delectatio, elegantia, amænitas, vix intra modum humanum consistere videtur; unde, &c. Leand. Alber. in Campania.

Lib. de laud. urb. Neap. Disputat, de mortais animi, Reinoldo Interprct.


1. Otium & reges prius & beatas

Perdidit urbes.”

Lampridius, Quod decem noctibus centum virgines fecisset mulicres, • Vita ejus. Jf they contain themselves, many times it is not virtutis annore; non deest voluntas sed facultas. $ In Muscov. Catullus ad Lesbiam.



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