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It was the sole cause of his farther acquaintance, and love that undid him.

* O nullis tutum credere blanditiis. This opportunity of time and place, with their circumstances, are so forcible motives, that it is unpossible alınost for two. young folks equall in years to live together, and not be in love, especially in great houses, Princes Courts, where they are idle in summo gradu, fare well, live at ease, and cannot tell otherwise how to spend their time.

• Illic Hippolitum pone, Priapus erit. Achilles was sent by his mother Thetis to the Island of Scyros in the. Ægean sea (where Lycomedes then raigned) in his nonage to be brought up; to avoid that hard destiny of the Oracle (he should be slain at the siege of Troy): and for that cause was nurtured in Geneseo, amongst the King's children in a woinan's habit ; but see the event: He comprest Deidamia, the King's faire daughter, and had a fine son, called Pyrrhus by her. Peter Albelhardus the Philosopher, as he tells the tale himself, being set by Fulbertus her unkle, to teach Helonissa his lovely neice, and to that purpose sojourned in his house, and had committed agnam tenellam famelico lupo, I use his own words, he soon got her good will, plura erant oscula quam sententia, and he read more of love than any other Lecture ; such prety feats can opportunity plea ; primum domo conjuncti, inde animis, Sc. But when as I say, nox, vinum, & adolescentia, youth, wine, and night, shall concur, nor amoris & quietis conscia, 'tis a wonder they be not all plunged over head and ears in love ; for youth is benigna in amorem, & prona materies, a very coinbustible matter, Napthe itself, the fuell of love's fire, and most apt to kindle it. If there be seven servants in an ordinary house, you shall have three couple in some good liking at least, and amongst idle persons how should it be otherwise? “ Living at + Rome, saith Aratine’s Lucretia, in the flowre of my fortunes, rich, fair, young, and so well brought up, my conversation, age, beauty, fortune, made all the world admire and love me." Night alone, that one occasion, is enough to set all on fire, and they are so cunning in great houses, that they make their best advantage of it: Many a Gentlewoman, that is guilty to herself of her iinperfections, paintings, impostures, will not willingly be seen by day, but as · Castilio noteth, in the night,

* Propertius. 1 Ovid amor. lib. 2. eleg. 2. + Romæ vivens flore for. tuna, & opulentiæ mcæ, ætas, forma, gratia conversationis, maxiine me fecesunt expetibilem, &c. • De Aulic. 1. l. fol. 63.



Diei üt glis odit, tædaruin lucem súper omnia mavult, She hateth the day like a dor-mouse, and above all things loves torches and candle-light, and if she must come abroad in the day, she covets, as * in a Mercer's shop, a very obfuscate and obscure sight. And good reason she hath for it : Nocte latent mende, and many an amorous güll is ferched over by that means. Gomesius lib. 3. de sale gen. c. 22. gives instance in á Florentine Gentleman, that was so deceived with a wife, she was so radiantly set out with rings and jewels, lawns, scarfs; laces, gold, spangles, and gaudy devices, that the young man took her to be a goddess (for he never saw her but by torchlight); but after the wedding solemnities, when as he viewed her the next morning without her tires, and in a clear day, she was $o deformed; a lean, yellow, riveld, &c. such a beastly creature in kis eyes, that he could not endure to look upon her. Such matches are frequently niade in Italy, where they have no other opportunity to wode but when they go to Church, or, as f in Turkie, see them at a distance, tliey must enterchange few or no words, till such time they come to be married, and then as Sardus lib. 1. cap. 3. de morb. gent. and.. Bolicmus relate of those old Lacedemonians, “ the Bride is brought into the chamber, with her hair girt about her, the Bridegroom comes in, and unties the knot, ånd must not see her at all by day-light, till such time as he is made à father by her.” In those hotter countries these are ordinary practises at this day; but in our Northern parts amongst Germans, Danes, French, and Britaines, the continent of Scandia and the rest, we'assume more liberty in such causes; we allow them, as Bohemus saith, to kiss coming and going, & modo absit luscivia, in cauponem ducere, to talk merrily, šport, play, sing, and dance, so that it be modestly done, go to the Alehouse and Ta. vérn together. And 'tis not amiss, though h Chrysostome, Cyprian, Hierome, and some other of the Fathers speak bits terly against it : but that is the abuse which is coinmonly seen at some drunken matches, dissolute meetings, or great unruly feasts. i 'A young pittivanted, trim-bearded fellow," saith Hierom, “ will come with a company of complements, and hold you up by the arm as you go, and wringing your fingers, will so be enticed, or entice : one drinks to you, another embraceth, a third kisseth, and all this while the Fidler plays or sings a lascivious song ; a fourth singles you out to dance, k oné speaks by becks and signs, and that which he dares not say, sig. nifies by passions ; ainongst so many and so great provocations of pleasure, lust conquers the most hard and crabbed minds, and scarce can a man live honest amongst feastings, and sports, or at such great meetings. For as bë goes on," she walks along and with the rufting of her clothes, makes men look at her, her shoes creek, her paps tied up, her waste pulled in to make her look small, she is straight girded, her hairs hang loose about her ears, her upper garment sometimes falls, and sometimes tarties to shew her naked shoulders, and as if she would not be seen, she covers that in all haste, which voluntarily she shewed.” And not at Feasts, Playes, Pageants, and such assemblies, .m but as Chrysostome objects, these tricks are put in practice “at Service time in Churches, and at the Communion itself.” If such dumb shews, signs, and more obscure significations of Love can so move, what shall they do that have full liberty to sing, dance, kiss, coll, to use all manner of discourse and dalliance! What shall he do that is beleagred of all sides?

* Ut adulterini mercatorum panni. Busbeq. epist. Paranympha in cubiculum adducta capillos ad cutim referebat; sponsus inde ad cam'ingressus cingulum solvcbat, nec prius sponsam aspexit interdiu quam ex illa factus esset pater. Serin. cont, concub. Lib. 2. cpist. ad filium, & virginem & matrem viduain cpist. *10. dabit tibi 'barbatulus quispiam manum, sustentabit Tassam, & pressis digitis aut tentabicur aut tentabit, &c.


of Quem tot, tam roseæ petunt puellæ,
Quem cultæ cupiunt nurus, amorque
Omnis undique & undecunque & usque,
Omnis ambit Amor, Venusque Hymenque:
After whom so many Rosie maids enquire,
Whom dainty Dames and loving wighis desire,
· In every place, still, and at all times sue,

Whom Gods and gentle Goddesses do wooe; How shall he contain? The very tone of some of their voices, · a pretty pleasing speech, an affected tone they use, is able of

itself to captivate a yong man ; but when a good wit shall concur, Art and eloquence, fascinating speech, pleasant dis. course, sweet gestures, the Syrens themselves cannot so in. chant. • P. Jovius commends his Italian Country-women, to have an excellent faculty in this kind, above all other nations, and amongst them the Florentine Ladies ; some prefer Roman

Loquetur alius nutibus, & quicquid metuit dicere, significabit affectibus. Inter has tantas voluptatum illecebras etiam ferrcas mentes libido domat. Difficile inter epulas servatur pudicitia. Clamore vestium ad sc juvepes vocat ; capilli fasciolis comprimuntur crispati, cingulo pectus arctatur, capilli vel in frontem, vel in aures de Auunt : palliolum interdum cadit, ut nudet hit. meros, & quasi videri noluerit, festinans celat, quod volens detexerit. m Serm. cont. concub. In sancto & reverendo sacramentorụın tempore multas occasiones, bit illis placeant gui eas vident, præbent. t Pont, Baia, l. 1. - Descr. Bric.

and Venetian Curtesans, they have such pleasing tongues, and such • elegancy of speech, that they are able to overcome a Saint,

Pro facie multis vox sua lena fuit. Tantá gratia vocis famam conciliabat, saith Petronius * in his fragment of pure impurities, I mean his Satyricon, tam dulcis so. nus permulcebat aéra, ut putares inter auras cantare Syrenum concordiam ; She sang so sweetly that she charmed the Ayr, and thou wouldst have thought thou hadst heard a consort of Syrens. “O good God, when Lais speaks, how sweet it is !”? Philocolus exclaims in Aristenætus, To hear a fair young Gentle. woman play upon the Virginals, Lute, Vial, and sing to it, which as Gellius observes, lib. 1. cap. 11. are lascivientium delitiæ, the chief delighte of Lovers, inust needs be a great enticement. Parthenis was so taken.

Mi vox ista avidå haurit ab aure animam: O sister Harpedona (she laments! I am undone, “t how sweetly he sings, lle speak a bold word, he is the properest man that ever I saw in my life: O how sweetly he sings, I die for his sake, O that he would love me again !" If thou didsc but hear her sing, saith P Lucian, “ thou wouldst forget Father and mother, forsake all thy friends, and follow her.' Helena is highly commended by 9 Theocritus the Poet for her sweet voice and musick ; none could play so well as she, and Daphnis in the same Edyllion,

Quam tibi os dulce est, & vox amabilis ô Daphni,
Jucundius est audire te canentem, quàm mel lingere !
How sweet a face hath Daphne, how lovely a voice !

Honey it self is not so pleasant in my choice. A sweet voice and musick are powerful enticers. Those Samian singing wenches, Aristonica, Onanthe and Agathocleia, regiis diadematibus insultarunt, insulted over Kings themselves, as | Plutarch contends.

Centum luminibus cinctum caput Argus habebat, Argus had an hundred cys, all so charmed by one silly pipe, that he lost his head. Clitiphon complains in " Tatius of Leu

• Res est blanda canor, discunt cantare puellæ profacie, &c. Ovid. 3. de art. amandi. * Epist. 1. 1. Cum loquitur Lais, quanta, O dii boni, vocis ejus dulcedo! + Aristenælus lib. 2. epist. 5. Quam suavè canit! verbum audax dixi, omninm quos vidi formosissimus, utinam amare me dignetur! P. Imagines, si cantantem audieris, ita demulcebere, ut parentum & patriæ starim obliviscaris. 4 Edyll. 18. neque sane ulla sic Cytharam pulsare norit. Ama107.0 Dialogo. Puellam Cythara canentem vidimus,

cippc's cippe's sweet tunes, “he heard her play by chance upon the Lute,” and sing a pretty song “ to it in cominendations of a Rose, out of old Anacreon belike ; .

Rosa honor decusque florum,
Rosa flos odorque divum,
Hominum rosa est voluptas,
Decus illa Gratiarum,
Florente amoris horâ,
Rosa suavium Diones, &c.
Rose the fairest of all flowers,
Rose delight of higher powers,
Rose the joy of mortal men,
Rose the pleasure of fine women,
Rose the Graces ornament,

Rose Dione's sweet content. To this effect the lovely Virgin with a inelodious air upon her golden wired Harp or Lute, I know not well whether, plaid and sang, and that transported him beyond himself, “and that ravished his heart.” It was Jason's discourse as much as his beauty, or any other of his good parts, which delighted Medea so much.

'Delectabatur enim

Animus simul formå dulcibusque verbis. It was Cleopatra's sweet voice and pleasant speech which inveagled Anthony, above the rest of her enticements. • Verba ligant hominem, ut Taurorum cornua funes,

as Bulls horns are bound with ropes, so are mens hearts with pleasant words.' " Her words burn as fire,” Eccles. 9. 10. Roxalana bewitched Solyman the magnificent, and Shore's wife by this engine overcaine Edward the fourth,

'Omnibus una omnes surripuit Veneres. The wife of Bath in Chaucer confesseth all this out of her experience.

Some folk desire us for riches,
Some for shape, some for fairness,
Some for that she can sing or dance,
Some for gentleness, or for dalliance,
• Apollonius, Argonaut. 1.3. • Catullus.


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