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do, had not Queen Isabell and her Ladies been present at the siege ; «f It cannot be expressed what courage the Spanish Knights took, when the Ladies were present, a few Spaniards overcame a multitude of Moors." They will undergo any danger whatsoever, as Sir Walter Manny in Edward the third's time, stuck full of Ladies favours, fought like a Dragon. For soli amantes, as * Plato holds, pro amicis mori appetunt. only Lovers will dye for their friends, and in their Mistress quarrel. And for that cause he would have women follow the Camp, to be spectators and encouragers of noble actions : upon such an occasion, the + Squire of Dames himself, Sir Lancelot or Sir Tristram, Cæsar, or Alexander, shall not be more resolute or go beyond them.

Not courage only doth Love add, but as I said, subtilty, wit, and many pretty devises,

“ Namque dolos inspirat amor, fraudesque ministrat," $ Jupiter in love with Leda, and not knowing how to compass his desire, turn'd himself into a Swan, and got Venus to pursue him in the likeness of an Eagle ; which she doing, for shelter, he fled to Leda's lap, & in ejus gremio se collocavit, Leda einbraced him, and so fell fast asleep, sed dormientem Jupiter compressit, by which means Jupiter had his will. Infinite such tricks love can devise, such fine feats in abundance, · with wisdome and wariness,

" || quis fallere possit amantem.” All manner of civility, decency, complement and good behaviour, plus solis & leporis, polite graces, and merry conceits. Bocace hath a pleasant tale to this purpose, which he borrowed from the Greeks, and which Beroaldus hath turned into Latine, Bebelius in verse, of Cymon and Iphigenia. This Cynon was a fool, a proper man of person, and the Governour of Cyprus' son, but a very ass, insomuch that his Father being ashamed of him, sent him to a Farm-house he had in the country to be brought up. Where by chance, as his manner was, walking alone, he espied a gallant yong Gentlewoman, named Iphigenia, a Burgomaster's daughter of Cyprus, with her maid, by a brook side in a little thicket, fast asleep in her mock, where she had newly bathed her self: “When & Cymon was her, he stood leaning on his staffe, gaping on her im

"Vix dici potest quantam inde audaciam assumerent Hispani, inde pauci infinitas Maurorum copias superarunt. * Lib. 5. de legibus. + Spencer's Fayry Queen 3. book. cant. 8. Hyginus. l. 2. Aratus in phænom. | Virg. Hanc ubi conspicatus cst Cymnon, baculo innixus, immobilis stedt, & mirabundus, &c.


in lohish, may say .all for gentlem an idis frier

moveable, and in a maze:” at last he fell so far in love with the glorious object, that he began to rouze himself up, to bethink what he was, would needs follow her to the city, and for her sake began to be civil, to learn to sing and dance, to play on Instruments, and got all those Gentlemen-like qualities and complements in a short space, which his friends were most glad of. In brief, he became from an Idiot and a clown, to be one of the most compleat Gentlemen in Cyprus, did inany valorous exploits, and all for the love of Mistress Iphigenia. In a word, I may say thus much of them all, let thein be never so clownish, rude and horrid, Grobians and sluts, if once they be in love, they will be most neat and spruce; for, * Omnibus rebus, & nitidis nitoribus antevenit amor, they will follow the fashion, begin to trick up, and to have a good opinion of themselves, venustatem enim mater Venus; a ship is not so long a rigging as a yong Gentlewoman a trimming up her self against her sweet-heart comes. A Painter's shop, a flowry meadow, no so gratious aspect in Nature's store-house as a yong maid, nubilis puella, a Novitsa or Venetian Bride, that looks for an husband, or a yong man that is her suitor ; composed looks, composed gate, cloaths, gestures, actions, all composed; all the graces, elegancies in the world are in her face. Their best robes, ribbins, chains, Jewels, Lawns, Linnens, Laces, Spangles, must come on, "præter quam res petitur student elegantie, they are beyond all measure coy, nice, and too curious on a sudden : 'Tis all their study, all their business, how to wear their cloaths neat, to be polite and terse, and to set out themselves. No sooner doth a yong man see lais sweet-heart coming, but he smugs up himself, puls up his cloak now faln about his shoulders, ties his garters, points, sets his band, cuffs, slicks his hair, twires his beard, &c. When Mercury was to come before his Mistress,

+ Chlamy demque ut pendeat aptè Collocat, ut limbus totumque appareat aurum.” He put his cloak in order, that the lace,

And hem, and gold-work all might have his grace. Salmacis would not be seen of Hermaphroditus, till she had spruced up her self first.

“ Nec tamen ante adiit, etsi properabat adire,
Quam se composuit, quam circumspexit amictus,
Et finxit vultum, & meruit formosa videri."

* Plautus Casina act. 2. sc. 4. Met. 4.


Ovid. Met. 2:



was tenus had som her looks tormself and was her des

Nor did she come, although 'twas her desire,
Till she compos'd her self, and trim'd her tire,

And set her looks to make him to admire. Venus had so ordered the matter, that when her son * Æneas was to appear before Queen Dido, he was

« Os humerosque deo similis (namque ipsa decoram
Cæsariem nato genetrix, lumenque juventæ

Purpureum & lætos oculis affarat honores.”) Like a God, for she was the tire-women herself, to set him out with all natural and artifical impostures. As Mother Mammea did her son Heliogabalus new chosen Emperor, when he was to be seen of the people first. When the hirsute Cyclopical Polyphemus courted Galatea;

“ i Jamque tibi formæ, jamque est tibi cura placendi,
Jam rigidos pectis rastris Polypheme capillos,
Tam libet hirsutam tibi falce recidere barbam,
Et spectare feros in aqua & componere vultus.”
And then he did begin to prank himself,
To pleate and combe his head, and beard to shave,
And look his face ith' water as a glass,
And to compose himself for to be brave.

He was upon a sudden now spruce and keen, as a new ground hatchet. He now began to have a good opinion of his own feature, and good parts, now to be a gallant.

" Jam Galatea veni, nec munera despice nostra,
Certè ego me novi, liquidaque in Imagine vidi
Nuper aquæ, placuitq; mihi mea lorma videnti."

Come now my Galatea, scorn me not,
Nor my poor presents; for but yesterday
I saw myself ith water, and me thought
Full fair I was, then scorn me not I say.

"+ Non sum adeò informis, nuper me in littore vidi,

Cum placidum ventis staret mare" 'Tis the cominon humor of all Sutors to trick up themselves, to be prodigal in apparel, purè lotus, neat, comb'd and curl'd, with powdred hairs, comptus & calimistratus, with a long lovelock, a flower in his ear, perfumed gloves, rings, scarfs, fea. thers, points, &c. as if he were a Prince's Ganymede, with every day new suits, as the fashion varies; going as if he trod

* Virg. 1. Æn.

Ovid. Met. 13.

^ Virg. E. 1. 2.


upon egs, and as Heinsius writto Priinierus, «* If once he be besotten on a wench, he must lye awake a nights, renounce his book, sigh and lament, now and then weep for his hard hap, and mark above all things what Hats, Bands, Doublets, Breeches, are in fashion, how to cut his Beard, and wear his lock, to turn up his Mushato's, and curl his head, prune his pickitivant, or if he wear it abroad, that the East side be correspondent to the West:” he may be scoffed at otherwise, as Julian that Apostate Emperour was for wearing a long hirsute guatish beard, fit to make ropes with, as in his Mysopogone, or that Apologetical oration he made at Antioch to excuse himself, he doth Ironically confess, it hindred his kissing, nam non licuit inde pura puris, eoque suavioribus labra labris adjungere, but he did not much esteem it, as it seems by the sequel, de accipiendis dandisve osculis non laboro, yet (to follow mine author) it may much concern a yong lover, he must be more respectful in this behalf, “ he must be in league with an excel. lent Taylor, Barber,"

« * Tonsorem puerum sed arte talem,
Qualis nec Thalamis fuit Neronis;

“ have neat shooe-ties, points, garters, speak in Print, walk in Print, eat and drink in Print, and that which is all in all, he must be mad in Print.”

Amongst other good qualities an amorous fellow is endowed with, he must learn to sing and dance, play upon some instrument or other, as without all doubt he will, if he be truly touched with this Loadstone of Love. For as Erasınus hath it, Musicam docet amor & Poesin, Love will make thein Musitians, and to compose ditties, Madrigals, Elegies, Love Sonnets, and sing them to several pretty tunes, to get all good qualities may be had. t Jupiter perceived Mercury to be in love with Philologia, because he learned languages, polite speech, (for Suadela her self was Venus' daughter, as some write) Arts and Sciences, quo virgini placeret, all to ingratiate himself, and please his Mistriss. 'Tis their chiefest study to sing, dance; and without question, so many Gentlemen and Gentlewonnen would not be so well qualified in this kind,

& Epist. An uxor literato sit ducenda. Noctes insomnes traducendæ, literis renunciandum, sæpe gemendum, nonnunquam & illacrymandum sorti & conditioni tuæ. Videndum quæ vestes, quis cultus, te deceat, quis in usu sit, utrum latus barbæ, &c. Cum cura loquendum, incedendum, bibendum & cum cura insaniendum. * Mart. Epig. 5. Chil. 4. cent. 5. pro. 16. | Martianus. Capella lib. 1. de nupt. philol. Jam. Illum sentio amore teneri, ejusq; studio plures habere comparatas in famulitio disciplinas, &c.


if love did not incite them. «m Who,” saith Castilio, “would learn to play, or give his mind to Musick, learn to dance, or make so many rimes, Love-songs, as most do, but for women's sake, because they hope by that means to purchase their good wills, and win their favour ?" We see this daily verified in our yong women and wives, they that being maids took so much pains to sing, play, and dance, with such cost and charge to their parents, to get those graceful qualities, now being married will scarse touch an instrument, they care not for it. Constantine agricult. lib. II. cap. 18, makes Cupid himself to be a great dancer; by the same token as he was capering amongst the Gods, “ " he Aung down a bowl of Nectar, which distilling upon the white Rose, ever since made it red:” and Calistratus by the help of Dædalus, about Cupid's statue omade a many of yong wenches still a dancing, to signifie belike that Cupid was much affected with it, as without all doubt he was. For at his and Psyche's wedding, the Gods being present to grace the feast, Ganymede fill'a Nectar in abundance (as * Apuleius describes it), Vulcan was the Cook, the Howres made all fine with Roses and flowers, Apollo plaid on the harp, the Muses sang to it, sed suavi Musica superingressa Venus saltavit, but his Mother Venus danced to his and their sweet content. Witty +Lucian in that Pathetical Love passage, or pleasant description of Jupiter's stealing of Europa, and swimming from Phænicia to Crete, makes the Sea calm, the winds hush, Neptune and Amphitrite riding in their chariot to break the waves before them, the Tritons dancing round about, with every one a torch, the Sea-nymphs half naked, keeping time on Dolphins backs, and singing Hymeneus, Cupid nimbly tripping on the top of the waters, and Venus herself coming after in a shell, strewing Roses and flowers on their heads. Praxitiles, in all his pictures of love, fains Cupid ever smiling, and looking upon dancers; and in Saint Marke's in Rome (whose work I know not) one of the most delicious pieces, is a many of Isatyrs dancing about a wench asleep. So that dancing still is as it were a necessary appendix to love matters. Young lasses are never better pleased, then when as upon an Holiday, after Evensong, they may meet their sweet-hearts, and dance about a May pole, or in a Town-green under a shady Elm. Nothing

m Lib. 3. de aulico. Quis Choreis insudaret, nisi fæminarum causa ? quis musicæ tantam navaret operam nisi quod illius dulcedine permulcere speret? quis tot carmina componeret, nisi ut inde affectus suos in mulieres explicaret?

Craterem nectaris evertit saltans apud Deos, qui in terram cadens, rosam prius albam rubore infecit. • Puellas choreantes circa juvenilem Cupidinis statuam fecit. Philostrat. Imag. lib. 3. de statuis. Exercitium amori aptissimum. * Lib. 6. Met. Tom. 4. Kornman. de cur, mort. part. 3. cap. 28. Sat. puellæ dormicnti insultantium, &c.

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