صور الصفحة
PDF

'l‘nennrnm. Eighty stadiu beyond Trinnsus was Harm, also upon the coast. The road from Sports to Heirs followed the Eurotas the greater part of the way; and Leahe noticed in severnl ports of the rock ruts of chariot wheels, evidently the vestiges of the ancient carriage'rond. (Lake, Huron, vol. i. p. 194.) Thirty stadia south of Helos on the coast was Aunt/m; and sixty etadin south of Acriee, Asor'us, the Inter norm of CYPARISSIA. Between Acriee and Asopue, Ptolemy mentions a town BIANDINA (Mower, iii. 16. §9), the name of which occurs in an inscription in the form of Bindinupolis (swap-'1 owerirnr, Bockh, Imc. No.1336). Between Asopus and Acriae was an inland plain, called LEUCE, containing in the interior a town of this nuns, and in the some neighbourhood Was PLEIAE. Returning to the coast, 50 stadia south of Asopus, was a temple of Asclepins, in a spot called Hrrunrnnmrurr. Two hundred stadin south of Asopus was the promontory and peninsula UNUGNATHUS, connected with the mainland byanarrow isthmus, which is, however, generally covered with water. Between Onugnnthus and Melee. is a considerable bay, called Blmticus Sinus, from the town of BOEAE, situated at its hand. In this neighbourhood were three ancient towns, celled E'rls, APIUKOI)lslAS,altd Si m2,which were founded by the Dorinns; the two former on the Boceticns Sinus, and the other on the eastern sea north of Cape Melee. Between Boeae and Mules. was NYMI'HAEUM (NtipuPamw or Nupgmuv), with a cave near the sea, in which was a fountain of sweet water. Punsanias (iii. 23. § 2) calls Nymphneum a Ainv-n, but, as there is no lake in this neighbourhood, Bobhlye conjectures (Recherchee. tj-c. p. 99) that we should read Anniv, and plnccs Nymphneum at the harbour of Santa illarina, where a fountain of water issues from n grotto. The promontory MAan (MMe'a, Staph. B. a. v. et nlii; MaAc'm, Herod. i. 82; Strab. viii. p. 368), still called .lfalki, the most southerly point in Greece with the exception of Tnenarum, was much dreaded by the ancient sailors on account of the winds and waves of the two seas, which here meet together. Hence nrme the proverb, “ after doubling Mules, forget your country" (Strab. viii. p. 378), and the epithet of Statius, “forlnidntum Marlene caput" (Theb. ii. 33). On the promontory there war a statue of Apollo. (Staph. B. a. v. Arthimas; ,A'IriAAhW MaAecirrns, Pants. iii. 12. § 8.) South of Malm was the island CYTHERA. Following the eastern coast we first come to SIDE, already mentioned; then to Erwxuum, 100 studio from Melee; next to l-IPrDAuuus LIMERA, and successively to ZARAX, CYPHANTA, and PltASlAE or Britsitle, of which the last is near the confines of Argolis. rl'he numbers in Puuoanius, giving the distances of these places from one another, are corrupt: see CYPHANTA. In the interior, between the Eurotas and the south-western slopes of Pnrnon, Pausanins mentions GERONTHRAE, situated 120 sutdia north of Acrine; thRlUS, 100 studio. east of Geronthrae; GLYPPIA, also called Glympia, north of Marius; and Snunus, 2O stadia from Geronthrne.

Returning now to Gythium, we proceed to enumerate the towns to the right, that is, west and south, of this place, according to the plan of Pansan'uts (iii. 24. 6, seq.); in other words, the towns in the peninsula through which Mount 'l'oygetus runs. Forty studio south of Gythinm was LAS upon the coast, which some writers call Asine. Thirty studio from shill near Les was this], in

[graphic]

the interior: and a. little below Lns was the river Smenus (Sp-fives), rising in Mt. 'l‘nygetns, which l’ausunius praises for the excellence of its water, now the river of Pasrava'. Immediately south of this river was the temple of Artemis Dictyuna, on u promontory now culled Ayhéranos ; and in the same neighbourhood was u village called by Pnusnnias Arnean or Amcnnm, where Les, the founder of the city of Las, was said to have been buricd. South of the romontory of Aghémuoa is a stream, now called the river of Dln'kova, the Senate (zKl'IpGJ) of Pnusanias (iii. 25. § 1), beyond which were an altar and temple of Zeus: there are still some ancient remains on the right side of the river near its mouth. Further south is the peninsula of Sluléri, incloeing a bay of the same name, which is conjectured to he the Sinus Acgilodes of Pliny (iv. 5. s. 8); it' so, we must place here Acgiln. which is mentioned incidentally by l’ausanias (iv. l7. l) as a town of Laconia. Inland 40 studio. from the river Scer lay l’rnkmclws. SE. of l’yrrhichus on the coast was TncTiluosn. Between Teuthroue and the Tnenarinn peninsula no town is mentioned, but at a place on the (lust culled Kilamia there are considerable remains of two temples. The Tacnarinn peninsula is connected with that of Taygetus by an isthmus half a mile across, and contains two barhours, named l'SAMATIIL'S and Acmunws Pom-us [see 'l‘AnruRuri]: the extremity of the peninsula is C. Matapu'n. Rounding the latter point, and ascending southwards, we come to the town of TAE— NAHUM, afterwards called CAENEPOLIS, 40 sladin above the Tnonarian isthmus. Thirty stedia N. of Cnenepolis was the commencement- of the promontory anmmta, nearly as large as the 'l‘uennrinn peninsula, but connected with the mainlnnd by a much wider isthmus. On this promontory were the towns of HIPPOLA and Mussn. North of Moses was OETYLos; but the distance of 150 stadia, assigned by Pausanins between the two places, is too much, [OETt'Lusz] Eighty stadia north of Oetylus was THAMMAE, situated inland, and 20 stadia from Thalumae was l’nrnsus, upon the coast. Both these towns were upon the lesser PAMISUS, now called the Miléa, which the Messeninns said was originally the boundary of their territory. (Strah. viii. p. 361; l’aus. iii. 26. The districts north of this river were taken away from the Lacedaemonians by Philip in 11.0. 338, and granted to the Messeninns; but it is probable that the latter did not long retain possession of them. In the time of the Roman empire they formed part of Eleutheroanonia. (LcnlreJ’eloponnesiaca, p.179.) Twenty stadia north of Pephnus, upon the coast, was Lnuc'rnn or LEUCI‘RUM; and 60 stadia north of the letter, CARDAMYLE, at the distance of 8 stadia from the sea. North of Cardamer was Gnmzxu, the most northerly of the Eleuthem-Laconinn towns. Thirty stedia from Gerenia, in the interior, was ALAGONIA.

(On the geography of Laconiu, see Leake, Illoren and Pelopomtesiaca; Boblaye, Récherchce, 9%.; l‘loss,1t‘ciscfl I'm I‘eloponnea and Wanderimgen in Griec/ienlaml ,- Curtius, Pelolmnesos.)

LACO'NICUS SINUS. [anoxum]

LACONIMURGI. [CBLTICA; Venom-13.]

LACRINGI, mentioned by Cnpituliuus (M. Antmu'n. c.22), by Dion Cassius (lxxxi. l2), and by Petrus Patricius (Excerpt. Legat. p. 124, ed. Bonn), along with the ASTINGI and Burn. They were either Dacia-n or on the Dacien frontier, and

are known only from having, in the lt'larcomannic war, opposed a body of invading Astings, and, having so done, contracted an alliance with Rome. [3. G. L]

LACTA’RIUS NONS (I‘dAaIM-or 5pm: illonte S. Angelo), was the name given by the Romans to a mountain in the neighbourhood of Stubiae in Campania. It was derived from the circumstance that the mountain abounded in excellent pastures, which were famous for the quality of the milk they produced; on which account the mountain was resorted to by inralids, especially in cases of consumption, for which a milk diet was considered particularly beneficial. (Cassiod. Ep. xi. 10; Galen, de illetlt. Med. v. 12.) It was at the foot of this mountain that Nurses obtained a great victory over the Goths under 'l'e'ias in A. D. 558, in which the Gothic king was slain. (Procop. B. G. iv. 35, 86.) The description of the Mons Lactarius, and its position with regard to Stabiae, leave no doubt that it was a part of the mountain range which branches off from the Apcnnines near Nucera (Nuceria), and separates the Bay of Naples from that of Paestum. The highest point of this range. the filtrate S. Angela, attains a height of show 5000 feet; the whole range is calcareous, and presents beautiful forests, as Well as abundant pastures. The name of Letlel‘e, still borne by a town on the slope of the mountain side, a little above Stubiae, is evidently a relic of the ancient name. [E. H. 3.]

LACTORA, in Gallia Aquitania, is placed by the Antonino Itin. on the road between Aginnum (Ayen) and Climberrum (Audi), and 15 Gallic leagues from each. The distance and name correspond to the position and name of Leclcmre. Several Roman inscriptions have been discovered with the name Lactorates, and Civ'ttas Lactorensium; but the place is not mentioned by any extant writer. [(3. L]

LACUS FELIClS, a. place in Noricnm, on the south of the Danube, 25 miles west of Arelapc, and 20 miles east of Laureucum (It. Ant. pp. 246, 248). According to the Not. Imper., where it is called La~ cufclicis, it was the head-quarters 0f Nurican horse archers. It is now generally identified with the town of Nrkztlericallsee, on the Danube. [1... 5.]

LAUYDON. [M.\sstt.t.\.]

LADE (Adda), the largest of a group of small islands in the Sinus Latmicus, close by Miletus, and opposite the mouth of the Maeander. It was a protection to the harbours of Miletus, but in Strnbo's time it was one of the haunts and strongholds of pirates. Lade is celebrated in history for the naval defeat sustained there by the [onions against the Persians in n. c. 494. (Herod. vi. 8; Thucyd. viii. 17, 24 ; Strab. xiv. p. 635; Pans. i. 35. § 6; Steph. B. a. 0.; Phil. v. 37.) That the island was not quite uninhabited, is clear from Strabo, and from the fact of Stephanus B. mentioning the ethnic form of the name. AaBa'ios. [L. S.

LADICUS, a mountain of Gullaecia, the name of which occurs in ancient. inscriptions, and is still preserved in that of the Codes do Ladoco, near Montefurrqu on the Sil. (Florez, Esp. 8. vol. xv. p. 63 ; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 278.) [R S.]

LADOCEIA ('rd Aafiokna), a place in Arcadia, in the district Maenalia, and, after the building of Megalopolis, a suburb of that city, was situated upon the road from the latter to Pallantium and 'l’egen. Here a battle was fought between the Mantinciaus and Tegcub'tc, u.c. 423, and between the Achacuns and Clcomenes, B. c. 226. Thucydides calls it Laodicium (Minor) in Ornthis. (Pans. viii. 44.

[graphic][ocr errors]

LAE'LIA (Amh'a, Ptol. ii. 4. § 12 : America or E! Bermcnl), an inland city of the Turdetani, in the W. of Hispania Bsetica, not far from ltalica, is one of the Spanish cities of which we have several coins, belonging to the period of its independence, as well as to the early Roman empire. Their types are, an armed horseman, at full speed, with ears of corn, boughs, and palm-trees. (Florez, Esp. S. vol. xii. pp. 256—258; filed. vol. ii. p. 489, vol. iii. p. 9:2 ; Minnnet, vol. i. p. 19, Suppl. vol. i. p. 35 ; Sestini, Med. pp. 20, 65 ; Num. 60th.; Eckhel, vol. i. p. 25; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 373.) [P. S]

LAEPA (Lepe, near Ayamonte), a city of the andetani, on the coast of Baetica, a. little E. of the mouth of the Arms (Guadalquivir : Mela, iii. 1; comp. Plin. iii. l. s. 3, where, however, the reading is doubtful ; Bell. Alex. 57, where Laepam should probably be substituted for the MS. readings of Leptim or Leptum; Florez, Esp. S. vol. x. p. 45. vol. xii. pp. 56, 57 ; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 339. This place must not be confounded with Ptolemy's Laura, which is only a. various reading for him). [P. 5.]

LAERON FL. [Gammon]

LAES'l‘RY'GONES (Adm-rplrydves), a fabulous people of giants, who are mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey (x. 80—132), and described as governed by a icing named Lamns. They were a pastoral people, but had a city (low) which Homer calls Amarpu-ynvin, with a port, and a fountain named Artacis. it may well be doubted whether Homer meant to assign any definite locality to this people, any more than to the Cyclopes; but later Greek Writers did not fail to fix the place of their abode, though opinions were much divided on the subject. The general tradition, as we learn from Thncyditles (vi. 2), placed them in Sicily, though that historian wisely declares his total ignorance of everything concerning them. Other writers were less cautious; some fixed their abodes in the W. or NW. part of the island, in the country subsequently occupied by the Elymi (Lycophr. Alex. 956); but the more prevalent opinion, at least in later times, seems to have been that they dwelt in the neighbourhood of Leontini, whence the name of LAESTBYGONXI CAMP] was given to the fertile plain in the neighbourhood of that city. (Strab. i. p. 20: Plin. iii. 8. s. 14; Tzetz. ad Lycaphr. 662, 956; Sil. Ital. xiv. 126.) A wholly different tradition, with the origin of which we are unacquainted, but which is very generally adopted by Roman writers, represented Formine on the coast of Italy as the abode of the Laestrygones, and the city of their king Lamus. The noble family of the Lamiae, in the days of Augustus, even pretended to derive their descent from the mythical king of the Laestrygones. (Cic. ad Att. ii. 13; Hor. Carm. iii. 17: Plin. iii; 5. s. 9; Sil. ital. vii. 410.) [E.H.B.]

LAEVI or LAY (Adar), a tribe ofCisalpine Gauls, who dwelt near the sources of the river l’adus. This is the statement of Polybius (ii. 17), who associates them with the Libicii (Aeéékmt), and says that the two tribes occupied the part of the plains of Cisalpine Gaul nearest to the sources of the Padus. and "next to them came the insubres. He distinctly reckons them among the Gauliah tribes who had crossed the Alps and settled in the plains of Northern Italy; on the other hand. both Livy and Pliny call them Lignrians. (Liv. v. 35; Plin. iii. 17. s. 21.) The reading in the passage of Livy is, indeed, very uncertain; but he would appear to agree with Pliny in placing them in the neighbourhood of Ticinum.

[graphic]

Pliny even ascribes the foundation of that city to the Lnevi, in conjunction with the Marici, a name otherwise wholly unknown, but apparently also a Ligurian tribe. There can be no doubt that in this part of Italy tribes of Ganlish and Ligurian origin were very much intermixed, and probably the latter were in many cases confounded with the Gauls. [LIGURIAJ

LAGANIA (Ana-via), a village of the Tectosagae in Galatis, 24 miles to the east of J uliopolis. It. is not mentioned by any of the classical writers, but it must afterwards have increased in importance, for during the Christian period, it was the see of a. bishop, and took the name of Anastasiopolis (Concil. Chalc. p. 662, and p. 95, where the name is misspelt Aao'avia; Itin. Ant. p. 142, where the name is Laganeos; It. Hieros. p. 574, where we read Agatmin). There is little doubt that the Lallmia in Ptolemy (v. 1. § 14) and the Rhegtmagulia of Hicrocles (p. 697) are the same as Lagnnia (comp. Theod. Syc. c. 2). Kicpert, in his map of Asia Minor, identifies it with Beg Basar. EL. 5.]

LAGA'RIA (Aa'yapia; Eth. Aa-yapt-ravdr, Logarinus), a small town of anania, situated between Thurii and the river Sybaris; which, according to the commonly received legend, was founded by a colony of Phocians under the command of Epeins, the architect of the wooden horse. (Strab. vi. p. 263; Lyeophr.AIe.1.-. 930; Tzctz. ad 100.) Strabo, the only geographical writer who mentions it, calls it only a fortress (zppodptov), and it was probably never a. place of any importance; though deriving some celebrity in after times from the excellence of its wine, which was esteemed one of the best in ltaly. (Strab. L 0.; Plin. xiv. 6. s. 8.) The statement of Strobe, above quoted, is the only clue to its position, which cannot therefore be determined with any certainty. Cluvcrius placed it at Nocara, about 10 miles from the sea, and this conjecture (for it is nothing more) has been adopted by Romanelli. The wines of this neighbourhood are said still to preserve their ancient reputation. (Cluver. Ital. p. 1272 ' Romanclli, vol. i. p. 248.) H. 13.]

LAGECUM. [Lnonouunn]

LAGINA (-rd Ad'ywa), a place in the territory of Stratoniceia, in Carin, contained a most splendid temple of Hecate, at which every year great festivals were celebrated. (Strab. xiv. p. 660.) Tacitus (Ann. iii. 62), when speaking of the worship of Trivia among the Stratoniccians, evidently means Hecate. The name of Lagina is still preserved in the village of Lakma, not far from the sources of the Tshina. Laginia, mentioned by Steph. B. as a iroAixi/wv Kapias, seems to be the same as the Lagina of Strnbo. [L. 5.]

LAGNI (Aa'yyi), a town of the Arevacae, in Hispania Tarraconensis, mentioned only by Diodorns Siculus (Ezrceqat. vol. ii. p. 596). [P. 5.]

LAGOS, a town in Phrygia, on the north-east of Mandropolis. (Liv. xxxviii. 15.) The town is mentioned only by Livy in his account of the progress of the Roman consul Cn. Manlius in Asia Minor, when Lagos was found deserted by its inhabitants, but well provided with stores of every description, whence we may infer that it was a town of some consequence. [L.

LAGU’SA (Aa’yomra, Aa-ym'io'aa), an island in the Acgaean sea, the name of which occurs in Strabo between those of Sicinus and Phoiegzmdrus. Hence it is probably the same as Kardio'tissa, a rocky islet between the two latter islands. But Kicpcrt,

in his map, identifies it with Polyaegm. (Strsb. x. p. 484; Steph. B. s. 0.; Eustnth. ad 11. ii. 625, p. 306.)

LAGU'SA (Aé'yauoa), one of a group of small islands in the bay of Telmissus in Lycin, 5 stadia from Tclmissus, and 80 from Cissidue. (l’lin. v. 35; Slcph. B. s. r. ; Slmliasm. Mar. May. §22G, foll.) This island is generally considered to be the same as the modem Panagia di Cordialissa. [L. 5.]

LAGUSSAE, a group of small islands ofl' the coast of Troy, to the north of Tenedos (l’lin. v. 38; comp. Eustath. ad Hum. IL ii. p. 306). Their modcrn name is Taoc/um Adussi. [In 3.]

LAISH, the more ancient name of Dan. [Dam]

LALASIS (AaAaols, Ptol. v. 8. § 6, where some USS. have Annals), a district in Cilicia, extending along Mount Taurus, above the district called Selentis. Pliny (v. 23) also mentions a town Lnlasis in lsauria, and this town accordingly seems to have been the capital of the district Lahtsis, which may have extended to the north of Mount Taurus. It is probable, moreover, that the Isaurian town of La

limnda, mentioned by Stephanus B., and which, he'

says, was in his day called Dalisanda, is the same as leasis; and if so, it is identical with the Dalisanda of Hicrocles (p. 710). Basilius of Seieucia informs us that the town stood on a lofty height, but was well provided with water, and not destitute of other advantages. (\Vessoling, ad Hierocl. Lc.). From all these circumstances, we might be inclined to consider the reading Aahaals in Ptolemy the correct one. were it not that the coins of the place all bear the inscription Aahatme’wv. (Sestini. p. 96.) [L 8.]

LALENESIS (AaAnvwfs or Aalimvepis, Ptol. v. 7. § 6), a small town in the district of Molitene in Armenia Minor, on the east of Zoropassus. lts site is unknown, and no ancient writer besides Ptolemy mentions it. [L. S.]

LALETA’NI. [LAeii'ran'L]

LAMA. [Venom-354.]

LAMASBA (Itin. Ant. pp. 35. ter, 40: Lamasbua, Tab. Pent), a city of the Mussylii, in the interior of Numidia, near the confines of )lauretania, 62 M. P. from Srmrr, and 62 from TAMUGADI. Lapic and D'Avezuc identify it with Ain-[quel, atthe N. foot of the mountains of the lVelled-Abd-enHour,- but its site scems to agree better with the Considerable ruins at Baitmz, on the S. of those mountains, and W. of the M. Aurasius (Jc/wlAuras .- Show, Travels, tfc. p. 52 ; Pcllissicr, Exploration Scientifiun do I'Algérie, vol. vi. p. 389). [R S.

LAMBER or LAMBRUS, a river of Northern Italy, in Gallis Transpadana, noticed by Pliny among the afliuents of the Padus which join that river on its left or northern bank. (Plin. iii. 19. s. 23.) It is still called the Lambro, and rises in a small lake called the Lago di Pusiano (the Eupilis Locus of l'liny), from whence it flows within 3 miles of M ilun, and enters the P0 about midway between the Tici'no and the Adda. Sidonius Apollinaris contrasts its stagnant and weedy stream (ulmsum Lambrum) with the blue waters of the Addns. (Ep. i. 5.) The stula as well as the Geographer of Ravenna give a town of the name of Lambrum, of which no trace is found elsewhere. It is probably a corruption of sstation, Ad Lambram, at the passage of the river of that name, though the Tabuls erroneously transfers it to the S. side of the Pudus. (Tab. Pam; Geogr. Rav. iv. 30.) [5. H. B.]

[graphic]

LAMBE’SE (In'n. Ant. pp. 32, 33, 84, 40 : Tab. Peat; AdaGaTaa, Ptol. iv. 3. §29; LAMBAESA, Inscr.; Lambaese, Augustin. ado. Donal. vi. l3 ; Lambesitana Colonia, Cyprian. Epist. 55: Lemba or Teuout, large Ru.), one of the most important cities in the interior of Numidia, belonging to the Mnssylii. It lay near the confines of hlauretanis, at the W. foot of M. Aurasius (Jebel Auress), 102 M. P. from Si'rin, 118 from Tris'vss'rn, and 84 from CIRTA. It was the station of an entire legion, the Leglo Ill. Augusta (Ae'yelwv Tpi‘l’fl o’eéaa-r'h, Ptol. l. 0.; and Inscr.). Its importance is attested by its magnificent ruins, among which are seen the remains of an amphitheatre, a temple of Aesculupius, s triumphal arch, and other buildings, enclosed by a wall, in the circuit of which 40 gates have been traced, 15 of them still in a good state of preservation. The silence of Procopius respecting such a city seems to imply that it had been destroyed before the age of Justinian. (Show, Travels, p. 57; Bruce ; Peysonnel; Pellissier, ExplorationSm'entéfi/[ue dc I'A lgérie. vol. vi. pp. 388, 389.) [P. 8.]

LAMBRI’ACA or LAMBRI'CA, a town of the Callalci Lucenses in Gallaecia, near the confluence of the rivers Lauren and Ulla. not far from ElPadron. (Mela, iii. 1. § 8; Ukert, vol. ii. pt.l. p. 439.) [P. 8.]

LAMETI'NI (Angry-rival), a city of Bruttium, mentioned only by Stcphnnns of Byzantium (1.1).), on the authority of Hecstaeus, who added that there was a river also of the name of Lam-111's (Adu'm'os). We find this again alluded to by Lycophron. (A la. l085.) There can be no doubt that this is the stream still called Lamato, which flows into the gulf of Sta. Eq/bmia .' and this is confirmed by the authority of Aristotle, who gives to that gulf, otherwise known as the SINUS TERINAICUS or HIPPoxu'res, the name of the LAMETINE GULF (6 Aaa-q-riror delrus, Arist. Pol. vii. 10). chce there can be little doubt that the city of Lametini also was situated on the shores of the same bay, though Stephanus vaguely calls it “ near CrotonL” (Steph. B. L c.) No other writer mentions the name (which is evidently an ethnic form like Leontini), and it is probable that the town was destroyed or sunk into a dependent condition at an early period. An inscription, which records it as an existing municipal town in the time of Trajan, is almost certainly spurious. (Mommsen, Imcr. Reg». Neap. App. No.936.) It is generally supposed to have been situated either at or near the modern village of Sta. Eufum'a, but this is mere conjecture. [E.H.B.]

LA'llllA (Augie: EM. Aapm'ls : Zitdm), a. town of the Malicnses, though afterwards separated from them, situated in the district Phthiotis in Thessaly. Straho describes Lumia as situated above the plain which lies at the foot of the Mslisc golf, at the distance of 30 stadia from the Spercheius, and 50 studio. from the sea (ix. pp. 433, 435). l.i\'y says that it was placed on a height distant seven miles from Heraclcia, of which it commanded the prospect (xxxvi. 25), and on the route which led from 'l'hcrmopylae through the passes of Phthiolis to Thaumaci (xxxii. 4). Strobe further relates that it was subject to earthquakes (i. p. 60). Lumia is celebrated in history on account of the war which the Athenians and the confederate Greeks carried on against Antipater in n.c. 323. Antipatcr was at first unsuccessful, and took refuge in Lomia, where he was besieged for some time by the allies. From this circumstance this contest is usually called the Lamian war. Having afterwards received snc- '

l‘Olll’S from Grahams. Antipater retreated northwards, and defeated the allies at the battle of Grannon in the following year. (Diod. xviii. 9, seq.; Polyb. ix. 29.) In a. c. 208 Philip, son of Demetrius, defeated the Aetolians near Lamis. (Liv. xxvii. 30.) In 192 anis opened its gates to Antiochus (Liv. xxxv. 43), and was in consequence besieged in the following year by Philip, who was then acting in conjunction with the Romans. (Liv. xxxvi. 25.) On this occasion Livy mentions the difliculty which the Macedonians eitperienced in mining the rock, which was siliceous (“ in lsperis locis silex sacpe impenetrnbiiis ferrooccurrebat"). In 190 the town was taken by the Romans. (Liv. xxxvii. 4, 5.) Laurie is mentioned by Pliny (iv. 7. s. 14), and was also in existence in the sixth century. (liicroel. p. 642, ed. Wesseling.) The site of Lamia. is fixed at Zitdm', both by the description of the ancient writers of the ition of Lamia, and by an inscription which Paul ucas copied at this place. Zitlim' is situated on a hill, and is by nature a strongly fortified position. The only remains of the ancient city which Leake discovered were some pieces of the walls of the Acropolis, forming a part of those of the modern castle, and some small remains of the town walls at the foot of the hill, beyond the extreme modern houses to the eastward. On the opposite side of the town Lcske noticed a small river, which, we learn from Strabo (ix. p. 434, 450), was called Achelous. T he port of Malia was named PHALARA (-rd {niAspa, Strub. ix. p. 435; Polyb. xx. 11; Liv. xxvii. 30, xxxv. 43; Plin. iv. 7. s. 12), now Slylidlta. Zituim' has been compared to Athens, with its old castle, or acropoiis, above, and its Peiracens at Stylirlha, on the shore below. There is a fine view from the castle, commanding the whole country adjacent to the head of the Mnliac gulf. (Lucas, Voyage dam la Grs'ce, vol. i. p. 405; Leake, Northern Greece, Vol. ii. p. 2 ; Stephsni, Reise, do. p. 39.)

[graphic][merged small]

LAMIACUS SINUS (6 Allinka Ka'Mros), a name given by Pausanius to the Mnliac gulf, from the important town of Lsmin. (Pans. i. 4. § 3, vii. l5. §2, x. 1. § 2.) In the some way the gulf is now called Zill'mi, which is the modern name of Lamin

LAAII’NIUM (Aapivmv: Elk. Laminitani: near mellauo, between .lloniiel and Alcaraz), a town of the Carpetnni (according to Ptolemy, though some suppose it to have belonged rather to the Oretnni), ill Hispania Tarraconensis. It was a stipendiary town of the conventus of New Carthage, and stood on the high road from Emerita to Caesaraugustu. The river ANAS (vadiana) rose in the lands of Lsmininm, 7 M. P. E. of the town. (Plin. iii. 1. s. 2, 3. s. 4; Itin. Ant. pp. 445, 446; Ptol. ii. 6. § 57; lnscr. up. Flores, Esp. S. vol. iv. p. 38, 1101. v. pp. 22, 122, vol. vii. p. 140; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 411: in Plin.xxxvi. 21. s. 47, where Pliny speaks of the whetatones found in Hither Spain as Cotes Flaminikmm, Ukert supposes we ought to read Cotes Lamilzitanac.) P. S]

[graphic]

LAMO'T IS (Aunob'ru). a district on the eastern coast of Cilicia Aspera, between the rivers Calycadnus and Lamns. lts capital bore the name of Lamus, from which that of the district was derived. (Ptol. v. 8. § 6 ; comp. LAIIUS.) [L. 8.]

LAMPAS (Aauwdr), s harbour on the E. emst ofthe Tauric Chersoncse, 800 stadin from Thculosia, and 220 stadia from Crin-Metopon. (Arrian, Peripl. p. 20; Anon. Pm'pL p. 6.) Arrian uses the two names Lampss and Hnlmitis as if they belonged to the same place, but the Anonymous Crust-describer speaks of Lumpus alone. thnitis probably took its name from being a place for suiting ilell. The name is preserved in the places now called BionicLambat and Koulchouk-Lambat, Tartar villages at the end of a boy defended by the promontory of Plain, near which ancient ruins have been found. (Dubois de Montpereux, Voyage uutonr du ('(lucnsc, vol. v. p. 713, vol. vi. p. 460; Rennell, Compur. Geog. vol. ii. p. 340.) [111. B. J.]

LAMPATAE or LAMPAGAE (Ad-#Ttfi‘al or Aapm'i'yai, Ptol. vii. 1. § 42), a small tribe who lived among the offshoots of the Imaus, in the NW. put of India, about the sources of the Chocs (now Kameh), which is itself a tributary of the deul river. V.

LAMPE (Ann's-l1), a town in Crete, also called Lsppa. [LAPP.\.] Besides this town Stephanus B. (s. v.) mentions two other towns of this name, otherwise unknown, one in Arcadia and the other in Argolis.

LAMPEIA. [Enrnax-rnus]

LAMPE’TIA. [CLAMPE'rnu]

LAMPONEIA or LAMPO'NIUM (Aanwo'weia, Aana'wwv), an Aeolian town in the south-west of Trees, of which no particulars are known, except that it was annexed to Persia by the sutrnp Otanes in the reign of Darius Hystaspis. it is mentioned only by the earliest writers. (Herod. v. 26; Strab. xiii. p. 610 ; Steph. B. s. o.) [L. S.]

LAMPRA. [Anrca, p. 831. a.]

LA'MPSACUS (Adndlaxos: .Eth. Aauthmvds), sometimes also called Lumpsacnm (Cic. in Verr. i. 24; Pomp. Mela, i. 19), was one of the most celebrated Greek settlements in Mysia on the Hellcspont. It was known to have existed under the name of Pityusu or Pityussa before it received colonists from the Ionian cities of Phocaea and Miietus. (Strab. xiii. p. 589; Steph. B. s. 0.; Plin. v. 40 ; Horn. 1!. ii. 829 ; Pint. de Vie-t. rlrlul. 18.) It was situated, opposite to Callipolis, in the Thmcian Chersonesus, and possessed an excellent harbour. Herodotus (vi. 37) relates that the elder Miltindes, who was settled in the Thracian Chersonesus, made war upon the Lsmpsaceni, but that they took him by surprise, and made him their prisoner. Being threatened, however, by Croesus, who supported Miitiades, they set him free. During the Ionian revolt, the town fell into the hands of the Persians. (Herod. v. 117.) The territory about Lampsacns produced excellent wine, whence the king of Persia bestowed it upon Themis'roclea, that he might thence provide himself with wine. (Thucyd. i. 138; Athen. i. p. 29; Died. xi. 57; Plut. Them. 29; Ncpos, Them. 10; Arnm. Mare. xxii. 8.) But even while Lampsacus acknowledged the supremacy of Persia, it continued to be governed by s, native prince or tyrant, of the name of Hippocles. His son Aenntides married Arohedice, a daughter of I’isistnuns, whose tomb, commemorating her virtues, was seen there in the time of T hucydides (vi. 59). The attempt of

« السابقةمتابعة »