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(Plin. xxxv. 3. s. 15); and the city long remained the home of painting (“diu illa fuit patria picturne,” Plin. xxxv. 11. s. 40). Sicyon gave its name to one of the great schools of pointing, which was founded by Eupompus, and which produced Pamphilus and Apelles. (Plin. xxxv. 10. s. 36.) Sicyon was likewise the earliest school of statuary in Greece, which was introduced into the city by Dipoenus and St-yllis from Crete about 3.0. 560 (Plin. xxxvi. 4); but its earliest, nntire statuary of celebrity was Cnnnchus. Lysippus was also a nativa of Sicyon. (Diet. of Biayr. 1. vv.) The city was thus rich in works of art; but its most valuable paintings, which the Sicyonians had been obliged to give in pledge on account of their debts, were removed to Rome in the aedileship of M. Scourus, to adorn his theatre. (Plin. xxxv. ll. 5. 40.)

Sicyon was likewise celebrated for the taste and skill displayed in the various articles of dress made by its inhabitants, among which we find mention of a. particular kind of shoe, which was much prized in all parts of Greece. (Athcn. iv. p. 155; Pollux, vii. 93; Hesych. a. v. vavaa ; Auctor, ad Hererm. iv. 3, de Oral. i. 54; Lucret. iv. H21; Fest. I. o. Sky/enim)

1V. proyrapky of the Cily.-— Fewcities in Greece were more finely situated than Sicyon. The hill on which it stood commands a most splendid view. Towards the west is seen the plain so celebrated for its fertility; towards the east the prospect is bounded by the lofty hill of the Acrocorinthus; while in front lies the sea, with the noble mountains of Parnassus, Helicon, and Cithaeron rising from the opposite coast, the whole forming a charming prospect, which cannot have been without influence in cultivating the love for the fine arts, for which the city was distinguished. The hill of Sicyon is a tubular summit of a. triangular shape, and is divided into an upper and a lower level by a low ridge of rocks stretching right across it, and forming an abrupt separation between the two levels. The upper level, which occupies the southern point of the triangle, and is about a third of the whole, was the Acropolis in the time of Pausanias (1') vim Anprimflus, ii. 7. § 5).

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I’nusunins came to Sicyon from Corinth. After crossing the Asopus, he noticed the Olympieium on the right, and a little further on the lett ot' the road


the tomb of Eupolis of Athens, the comic poet. After passing some other scpulchral monuments, he _ entered the city by the Corinthian gate, where was a fountain dropping down from the overhanging rocks, which was therefore called Stazusa (2rd(owa), or the drop ing fountain. This fountain has now disuppeure in consequence of the falling in of the rocks. Upon entering the city Pausanias first; crossed the ledge of rocks dividing the upper from the lower level, and passed into the Acropolis. Here he noticed temples of Tycho and the Dioscuri, of which there are still some traces. Below the Acropolis was the theatre, the remains of which are found, in conformity with the description of Pansanias, in the ledge of rocks separating the two levels. On the stage of the theatre stood the statue of a man with a shield, said to have been that of Aratus. Near the theatre was the temple of Dionysus, from which a road led past the ruined temple of Artemis Limnueu to the Agom. At the entrance of the Agora was the temple of Peitho or Persuasion: and in the Agora. the temple of Apollo, which appears to have been the chief sanctuary in Sicyon. The festival of Apollo at Sicyon is celebrated in the ninth Nelneun ode of Pindar; and Arutus, when he delivered his native city from its tyrant, gave us the watchu'ord ’ArdAM-w firepBéfios. (Plut. Amt. 7.) In the time of Polybius (xvii. 16) a brazen COlOSral statue of king Attalus I., 10 cubits high, stood in the Agora near the temple of Apollo; but this statue is not, mentioned by Pnusanias, and had therefore probably disappeared. (Pans. ii. 7. 2—9.) Near the temple of Peitho was a sanctuary consecrated to the Roman emperors, and formerly the house of the tyrant Cleon. Before it stood the heroum ot‘ Aratus (l’ous. ii. 8. § 8), and near it an altar of the Isthminn Poseidon, and statues of Zeus ltleilichiua and of Artemis Patron, the former resemblinga pyramid, the latter a column. In the Agorl. were also the council-house (Bookewnptov), and it etc: built by Cleisthenes out of the spoils of Cirrhn; likewise a brazen statue of Zeus, the work of Lysippus, a gilded statue of Artemis, e ruined temple of Apollo Lyceius, and statues of the daughters of Proetus, of Hercules, and of Hermes Agorueue. (Pans. ii. 9. 6, 7.) The Poecile Stoa or painted stoa, was probably in the Agora, but is not mentioned by Pausanius. It was adorned with numerous paintings, which formed the subject ofn workof Polemon. (Alhen. xiii. p. 577). Puue‘anins then proceeded to the Gymnasium, which he describes as not far from the Agent. The Gymnasium contained a marble statue of Hercule by Scopes; and in another part a temple of Hercules in a. sacred inclosure, nnmed Paedize. From thence a road led to two large inclosures, sacred to Asclepius and Aphrodite, both of which were adorned with several statues and buildings. From the Aphrodisium Pausanins went past the temple of Artemis l’heraeu to the gymnasium of Cleinias, which was used for the training of the Ephebi, and which contained statues of Artemis and Hercules. (Pans. ii. 10.) It is evident that. this gymnasium was different from the one already described, as Puusauias continues his course towards the sen-eide. From thence he turns towards the gate of the city called the Sacred,nenr which there formerly stood a celebrated temple of Athena, built by Epopeus, one of the mythical kings of Sicyon, but which had been burnt by lightning, and of which nothing then remained but the ultar: this temple may perhaps have been

the one sacred to Athena Colocasia, mentioned by Athenaeus (ii. p. 72). There were two adjoining temples, one sacred to Artemis and Apollo, built by Epopeus, and the other sacred to Hera, erected by Adrastus, who was himself worshipped by the people of Sicyon (Herod. v. 68; Find. Nem. ix. 20). There can be little doubt; that: these ancient temples stood in the original Acropolis of Sicyon; and indeed Pausanias elsewhere (ii. 5. § 6) expressly states that. the ancient Acropolis occupied the site of the temple of Athena. We may place these temples near the northern edge of the hill upon the site of the modern village of Vasilikd; and accordingly the

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A. Acropolis from the time of Demetrius. l. Temple of Tyehe and the Dloscuri.

2. Theatre.

3. Stadium.

4. Probable eite of the Gymnasium.

VOL. ll.


remarkable opening in the rocks near the village may be regarded as the position of the Sacred Gate, leading into the ancient Acropolis. (Leuke, More“, vol. iii. p. 372.)

In descending from the Heraenm, on the road to the plain, was a temple of Demeter; and close to the Heracum were the ruins of the temple of Apollo Carneius and Here Prodromia, of which the letter was founded by Phalces, the son of Temenns. (Pans. ii. ll. 1, 2.)

The walls of Sicyon followed the edge of the whole hill, and may still be traced in many parts. The direction of the ancient streets may also still be

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n. Probable site oi‘the Agorn.

6. Roman Building. '

a a Road from the lake oi‘ Stymphulul to Valiliku and Corinth.


followed by the existing foundations of the houses: - was too narrow for carriages, was not the direct

they run with mathematical precision from NE. to road from Sicyon to Phlius.

The direct road was

SW., and from NW. to SE., thus following the rule to the right of the Asopus; and the circuitous road

of Vitruvius. Few of the ruins rise above the ground; but there is a Roman building better preserved, and containing several chambers, which lies near the ridge separating the two levels of the hill. Lenke supposes that this building was probably the praetorium of the Roman governor during the period between the destruction of Corinth by Mummius and its restoration by Julius Caesar, when Sicyon was the capital of the surrounding country; but more recent observers are inclined to think that the ruins are those of baths. West of this building are the theatre and the stadium; and the modern road which leads from Vaaililaa' to Stymphalus runs between this Roman building and the theatre, and then through a portion of the stadium. The theatre was cut out of the rock, separating the two levels of the hill, as already described; its total diameter was about 400 fect,and that of the orchestra 100. Each wing was supported by a mass of masonry, penetrated by an arched passage. To the NW. of the theatre are the remains of the stadium, of which the total length, including the seats at the circular end, is about 680 feet. Col. Leake remarks that “the stadium resembles that of Messene, in having had seats which were not continued through the whole length of the sides. About 80 feet of the rectilinear extremity had no seats; and this part, instead of being excavated out of the hill like the rest, is formed of factitious ground, supported at the end by a wall of polygonal masonry, which still exists." There are also, in various parts of the hill, remains of several snbterraneous aqueducts, which supplied the town with water. The opening of one of them is seen on the SE. side of the theatre; and there is another opening new walled up W. of the modem village. The tyrant Nicocles escaped through these subterraneous passages when Sicyon was taken by Aratus. (I’lut. Amt. 9.)

V. Topography of the Sicyom'm— The territory of Sicyon was very small, and, in fact, was little more than the valley of the Asopus. In the upper part of its course the valley of the Asopus is confined between mountains, but near the sea it opens out into a wide plain, which was called ASOPIA. (’Aormria, Strab. viii. p. 382, ix. p. 408; Fans. ii. 1. § 1.) This plain was celebrated for its fertility (pé'ya dapoveiv Girl 1r; 1b Eucvdwmv "5101' 7ecop'yriv, Lucian, Icarom. c. 18), and was especially adapted for the cultivation of the olive. (“Sicyonia bacon,” Virg. Georg. ii. 519; 0v. Hp. ex Punt. iv. 15. 10; Stat. Theb. iv. 50.) The neighbouring sea supplied an abundance of excellent fish. (Albee. i. p. 27.) It was separated from the Corinthia on the E. by the river Nemea, and from the territory of Pellene on the W. by the Sythns; and on the S. it was bounded by the territories of Phlius and Cleonae. At one time the territory of Sicyon must. have extended even beyond the Sythas, since Gotwssa or Dususelt, which lay W. of this river, is described by Pausanias as belonging to the Sicyonians. [FELLENE, p. 57l,a.] Between the Helisson and the Sythae was probably the river Selleeis, with the neighbouring village of Epltyra, mentioned by Slt'ubo (viii. p. 338). [EPHYBA, No. 3.] Sixty stadia S. of Sicyon, and near the frontiers of l’hliusia, was T itnne or 'l'itana, the most important of the dependencies of Sicyon. [Trusts] Forty stadia beyond Titane was Phlins; but this road, which

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com 0F SICYON. SIDAE (atom), a place in Boeotia, celebrated

for its pomegranates. Hence the Boeotians called this fruit oifin. though the more usual time was field. As the Athenians are said to have contended with the Boeotians for the possession of the place, it must have been upon the borders of Attica, but its e):act site is unknown. (Athen. xiv. pp. 650, 651.

SIDE (2181): Bill. Itd'r'fl'ns), a town with a good harbour on the coast of Pamphylia, 50 studio to the west of the river Mclas, and 350 east of Attaleia. (Skid. fllar. Mag. § 214, foll.) The town was founded by Cumae in Aeolis. (Scylax, Peripl. p. 40; Strab. xiv. p. 667, comp. p. 664; Steph. B. 1.11.; Pomp. Mela, i. 15.) Arrian (Anab. i. 26), who admits the Cnmaean origin of the place, relates a tradition current at Side itself, according to which the Sidetae were the most ancient colonists sent out from Cumae, but soon after their establishment in their new home forgot the Greek language, and formed a peculiar idiom for themselves, which was not understood even by the neighbouring barbarians. When Alexander appeared before Side, it surrendered and received a Macedonian garrison. In the time of Antiochus the Great, a naval engagement took place at? Sidc between the fleet of Antiochus, commanded by Hannibal, and that of the Rhodinns, in which the former was defeated. (Liv. xxxv. 13, 18, xxavii. 23, 24.) Polybius (v. 73) states that there existed great enmity between the people of Side and Aspendus. At the time when the pirates had reached their highest power in the Mcditerntnean, they made Side their principal port, and used it. its a market to dispose of their prisoners and booty by auction. (Strab. xiv. p. 664.) Side continued to be a town of considerable importance under the Roman emperors, and in the ultimate division of the province it. became the metropolis of Pamphylia l’rimn. (Hierocl. p. 682; Concil. Cumt. ii. p. 240.) The chief divinity of this city was Athena, who is therefore seen represented on its coins, holding a pomegranate (view) in her hand. (Sestini, Num. Vet. p. 392, ML; comp. Xenoph. Anab. i. 2. § 12: Cicero, ad Fam. iii. 6; Athen. viii. p. 350; Paus.viii. 28. §2; l’tol. v. 5. § 2, viii. 17. § 31.) The exact site of ancient Side, which is now called Esky Adaliu, as well as its remains, have been described by modern travellers. Beaufort (Karamania, p. 146, foll), who gives an excellent plan of the present condition of the place, states that the city stood on a low peninsula, and was surrounded by walls; the part facing the land was of excellent workmanship, and much of it is still perfect. There were four gates, one from the country and three from the sea. The agora, 180 feet in diameter, was surrounded by a double row of columns. One side of the square is at present occupied by the ruins of a temple and portico. The theatre appears like a lofty acropolis rising from the centre of the town, and is by far the largest and best preserved of any seen in Asia Minor. The harbour consisted of two small moles, connected with the quay and principal sea gate. At the extremity of the peninsula were two artificial harbours for larger vessels. Both are now almost filled with sand and stones, which have been borne in by the swell. The earliest coins of Side are extremely ancient; the inscriptions are in very barbarous characters, resembling the Phoenician, and the imperial coins exhibit the proud titles of Ampurpo-rd'rr] and i'vbofos. (Eckhel, vol. iii. pp. 44, 161; Spanlieim, De Um et Praest. Nam p. 879 ; Fellows, Asia Minor, p. 201; Leake, Asia Minor. p. 195, full.)


Respecting Side, the ancient name of Polemonium, see Pourmosrurvr. [L. S.]

SIDE (Iii-n), a town on the eastern coast of Laconia, a little N. of the promontory Males. It was said to have existed before the Dorian conquest, and to have derived its name from a daughter of Danaus. The inhabitants were removed by the Dorian conquerors to the neighbouring town of Boeae. It probably occupied the site of the monastery of St. George, where there is a port. (Scylax, p. 17; Pans. iii. 22. § 11; Boblaye, Rec/torches, 9’1: p. 99: Curtius, Pelopmrncsos, vol. ii. p. 297.)

SIDE’NE (thfirm). 1. A town of Mysia, on the river Granicus, which was destroyed by Croesus, and was never rebuilt, in consequence of a curse pronounced on the site by the destroyer. (Strab. xiii. pp. 587, 601.)

, 2. A town in Lycia, mentioned only by Stephanus B. (a. v.) on the authority of the Lydiaca. of Xantlius.

3. A district on the coast of Pontus, about the mouth of the river Sidenus, which derived its name from the town of Side, afterwards called Polemnnium. The greater part of the district was formed by the deposits of the river (Strab. i. p. 52, ii. p. 126, xii. pp. 541, 548, 556; Plin. vi. 4..) [L.s.]

SIDE'XI (Zionvoi), a people of Arabia Felix, placed by Ptolemy between the Thamyditae ou the north, and the Darrae on the south, on the Elanitic gulf (vi. 7. § 4). Mr. Forster identifies them with the lifelteyne tribe of Burckhat'dt, in the north of the Ilcdjaz, extending along the coast from Jebel [lemme (certainly identical with the Hippos Mons —-both meaning Horse-mountain— of Ptolemy), to Yembo. “ All the circumstances, of name, locality, and neighbourhood," he says, “concur to prove their identity." (Arabia, v01. i. p. 126.) LG. w.]


SIDE'NI (2t8stvoi, sown, Eionvoi), a German tribe ou the coast of the Baltic, between the mouth of the river Suebus and that of the Viadus. (Ptol. ii. 11.§ 14.) It is possible that Sibini (Ergo/o!) is only a corrupt form of the name of this same tribe. (Zeuss, Die Deutschen, p. 154.) [L. S.]

SIDE'NUS, a small river of Pontus, having its sources in Mount Paryadres, and flowing through the district of Sidcne into the Euxine; at its mouth was the town of Side or Polemonium (Plin. vi. 4), from which the river is now called Pouleman Chai. (Comp. Hamilton, Researches, i. p. 270.) [L. S.]

SIDERIS, a river of Hyrcania, mentioned by Pliny (vi. 16. s. 18), which flowed into the Caspian sea. It cannot be now determined to which river he refers, but he states from it the Caspian sea was called the Hyrcanian.

S1DE'RUS(2:517pot7s). according to Scylax (p. 39) a promontory and a port-town on the coast of Lycia. The same place seems to be meant in Stephanus B. (a. c. thapoiis), when he calls Sidarus a town and harbour. Col. Leake (Asia Minor, p. 189) has shown that the town of Sidorus is in all probability no other than Olympus, on the south of Phaselis. [L. S.

SiDlCi’NI (Iiotlriyot), a people of Central Italy bordering on the Samnites and Campanians. In the time of the geographers they had disappeared as a people, or become absorbed into the general appellation of Companions (Strab. v. p. 237), but at an earlier period they appear as a wholly independent people. Their chief city was Teanurn, on the E. slope of the volcanic mountain group of Rocca Monfina .- but they had at one time extended their power considerably further to the N. and up the valley of the Liris, as the territory of Fregellae is said to have been subject to them, before they were dispossessed of it by the Volscians (Liv. viii. 22). It is clear however that this extension of theirlimita was of short duration, or at all events had ceased before they first appear in history. Strabo tells as expressly that they were an Oscan tribe (1. 0.), and this is confirmed by the coins of Teanum still extant, which have Oscan inscriptions. They were therefore closely allied to the neighbouring tribes of the Campanians on the S. and the Aurunci and Ansones on the W. Hence Virgil associates the inhabitants of the Sidiciuian plains (“ Sidicina aequora," Aen. vii. 727) with the Auruncans and the inhabitants of Cales. The last city is assigned by Silius italicrra to the Sidicini, but. this is opposed to all other authorities (Sil. Ital. viii. 511). The name of the Sidicini is first mentioned in history in B. c. 343, when they were attacked by the Samnites, who had been long pressing upon their neighbours the Volscians. Unable to contend with these formidable assailants, the Sidicini had recourse to the Campanians, who sent an army to their assistance, but were easily defeated (Liv. vii. 29, 30), and being in their turn threatened by the whole power of the Samnites, invoked the assistance of Rome. During the war which followed (the First Sarnnite War), we lose sight altogether of the Sidicini, but by the treaty which put an end to it (in B. c. 341) it. was particularly stipulated that the Samnites should be at liberty to pursue their ambitious designs against that people (1d. viii. l, 2). Thus abandoned by the Romans to their fate the Sidicini had recourse to the Latins (who were now openly shaking off their connection with Rome) and the Campanians: and the Samnites were a second time drawn ofi‘ frotn their special attack on this petty people to oppose a more powerful coalition (lb. 2, 4, 5). It is clear that the Sidicini took part as allies of the Lotins and Campanians in the war that followed: but we have no account of the terms they obtained in the general settlement of the peace in n. c. 338. It is certain, however, that they retained their independence, as immediately afterwards we find them engaging in a war on their own account with their neighbours the Auruncans. The Romans espoused the defence of the latter people, but before they Were able to take the field, the Auruncans were compelled to abandon their ancient city, which was destroyed by the Sidi— cini, and withdraw to Suessu. (Liv. viii. 15.) The Ausonians of Cnles had on this occasion been induced to make common cause with the Sidicini, but their combined forces were easily defeated by the Roman consuls. Cules soon after fell into the hands of the Romans; but though the territory of the Sidicini was overrun by the consuls of B. c. 332, who established their winter-quarters there to watch the movements of the Sumnitcs, their city of Teanum still held out (lb. 16, 17). Nor do we know at what time it fell into the power of the Romans, or on what terms the Sidicini were ultimately received .to submission. But it is probable that this took place before u. c. 297, when we are told that the consul Decius Mus advanced to attack the Samuites “per Sidicinum agrum " in a manner that certainly implies the district to have been at, that time friendly, if not subject, to Rome (Liv. x. 14).

After this the name of the Sidicini never appears in history as that of a people, but their territory (the “Sidicinus ager") is mentioned during the Second Punic War, when it was traversed and ravaged by Hannibal on his march from Capua to Rome (Liv. xxvi. 9). The Sidiciui seem to have gradually come to be regarded as a mere portion of the Companion people, in common with the Ausoniaus of Cules and the Auruncans of Snessa, and the name still occurs occasionally as a municipal designation equivalent to the Teanenses (Liv. xxvi. 15; Cic. Phil. ii. 41). Stiabo speaks of them in his time as an extinct tribe of Oscan race: and under the Roman Empire the only trace of them preserved was in the epithet of Sidicinnm, which still continued to be applied to the city of Teanum. (Strab. v. p. 237; Plin. iii. 5. s. 9; Ptol. iii. 1. § 68; Sil.1tnl. v. 551, xii. 524.) [Ts/mum] [15. H. 13.]

SIDODO'NE(215086V17 or 2mr5¢6m;, Arrian. 1nd. c. 37), a small place on the coast of Carmania, noticed by Arrian in Nenrchus's voyage. Kempthorne thinks that it is represented by a small fishing villagecnlled Mogou; but Miiller suggests, what seems more probable, that is the present Dunn. (Geogr. Grace. Minor. p. 359, ed. bliiller. Paris, 1855.) [v.1 SIDOLOCUS or SlDOlJZUCUS, in Gullio, is mentioned by Ammianus Murcellinus when he is speaking of J ulian’s march from Augustodunnm to Autissiodurum. Sidolocnm is supposed to be Satdieu [CiloRA.] [G. L.]

SlDON (254w: Ell!- Zifio'uuosJ, a very ancient and important maritime city of Phoenicia, which, according to Josephus, derived its origin and name from Sidon, the firstborn son of Canaan (Gen. 1:. 15; Joseph. Ant. i. 6. § 2), and is mentioned by Moses as the northern extremity of the Cunaanitish settlements, as Gaza was the southernmost. (Gen. x. 19); and in the blessing of Jncob it is said of Zebulon “his border shall be unto Sidon” (xlix.


13). At the time of the Eisodns of the children of Israel, it was already distinguished by the appellation of “ the Great " (Josh. xi. 8; compare in LXX. ver. 2), and was in the extreme north border which was drawn from Mount Hermon (called Mount Hor iu Num. xxxiv. 7) on the east to Great Sidon, where it is mentioned in the border of the tribe of Asher, as also is “the strong city of Tyre.” (Josh. xix. 28, 29.) It was one of several cities trom which the Israelites did not disposses the old inhabitants. (Judy. i. 31.)

As the origin of this ancient city, and the vexed question of its priority and precedency of Tyre, its commercial importance, even in the Homeric age, its political government, its religious and civil history, and its manufactures, have all been noticed under PHOENICIA, it only remains in this place to speak of its geographical position and relations so far as they either serve to illustrate, or are illustrated by, its history.

It is stated by Josephus to have been a day's journey from the site of Dan, afterwards Paneas (A at. v. 3. § 1). Strabo places it 400 etpdia S. of Berytus, 200 N. of Tyrc,and describes it as situated on a fair haven of the continent. He does not attempt to settle the questions between the rival cities, but remarks that while Sidon is most celebrated by the poets (of whom Homer does not so much as name Tyre), the colonists in Africa and Spain, even beyond the Pillars of Hercules, showed more honour to Tyre (xvi. 2. §§ 22, 24). Herodotus's account of the origin of the race has been given under Prronsicm [p. 607, b.], and is shown to be in accordance with that of other writers. Justin follows it, but gives a difl'erent etymology of the name: “ Condita urbe, quam a pisciurn uberitate Sidona appellaverunt, narn piscem l’hoenices Sidon vocnnt; " but this is an error corrected by Michaelis and Gesenius (Let. a. 1:. {'1qu) who derive it from

113, “to hunt or snare " game, birds, fish, &c., indid‘erently, so that the town must have derived its name from the occupation of the inhabitants as fishers, and not from the abundance of fish; and Ritter refers to the parallel case of Beth-suida on the sea of Tiberius. (ErdL-unde, S_1/rien, vol. iv. p. l‘liny, who mentions it as “ ariit‘ex vitri Thebnrnmque Boeotiorum parens," places “ Sarepta et Ornithon oppida " between it and Tyre (v. 19). It is reckoned xxx. at. P. from Berytus, xxiv. from 'l‘yre, in the Mummy ofAntouinus (p. 149). But the ltinernrium Hierosolymitanum reckons it xxviii. from Berytus, placing Heldua and I’nrphirion between (p. 584). Srylux mentions the closed harbour of Sidon (Andie “was, p. 42, ed. Hildaoll), which is more fully described by a later writer, Achilles Tatius (circ. A. D. 500), who represents Sidon as situated on the Assyrian sea, itself the metropolis of the Phoenicians, whose citizens were the ancestors of the Thebnns. A double harbour shelters the sea in I. wide gulf; for where the buy is covered on the right hand side, a second month has been formed, through which the water again enters, opening into what may be regarded as a harbour of the harbour. In this inner basin, the vessels could lie securely during the winter, while the outer one served for the summcr. (Cited by Relaud, I’ulaes. p. 1012). This inner port Relnnd conjectures, with great probability, is the closed port of Scylax, and to be identified with the second harbour described by Strabo at Tyre, where he soys there was one closed and another open harbour, called the Egyptian. The best account of

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