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ments be duly ministered according to Christ's Ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the same.
As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch have er. red; so also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their live ing and manner of Ceremonies, but also in matters of Faith.
Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. The Church hath power to decree Rites or Ceremonies, and Authority in Controversies of Faith: And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's Word written ; neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a Witness and a Keeper of Holy Writ, yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for necessity of salvation. Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General Cauncils*.
Art. XXII. Of Purgatory. The Romish doctrine concerning Purgatory, Pardons, Wor. shipping and Adoration, as well of Images, as of Reliques, and al. so Invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and ground. ed upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the word of God.
Art. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation. It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the Office of pub. fic Preaching, or Ministering the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be cho. sen and called to this Work by men who have public Authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's Vineyard. Art. XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation in such a Tongue as
the People understandeth. It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and the Cus. tom of the Primitive Church, to have Public Prayer in the Church, or to Minister the Sacraments in a Tongue not understanded of the People.
Art. XXV. Of the Sacraments. Sacraments ordained of Christ be not only badges or tokens of Christian men's Profession : but rather they be certain sure wit. nesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our faith in him.
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extreme Unction, are not to
* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, in other articles.
be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scriptures ; but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or operation : but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith. Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinders
not the Effect of the Sacraments. Although in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good, and sometime the evil bave chief authority in the ministration of the Word and Sacraments: yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his Commission and Authority, we may use their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's Ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and Promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Discipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that bave knowledge of their offences : and finally being found guilty by just judgment, be deposed.
Art. XXVII. Of Baptism. Baptism is not only a sign of Profession, and mark of Difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened: but it is also a sign of Regeneration, or new Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church : the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the Sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed : faith is confirmed, and grace increased by virtue of Prayer unto God. The Baptism of young children is in any wise to be retained in the Church as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.
Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the Love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another ; but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death : Insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith re. ceive the same, the Bread which we break is a partaking of the Body of Christ; and likewise the cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; ljut it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and bath given occasion to many Superstitions.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's Or. dinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not of the Body of Christ in
the Use of the Lord's Supper. The wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, although they do carnally and visibly press with their Teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise ure they partakers of Christ ; but rather to their Condemna. tion do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great a thing.
Art. XXX. Of both Kinds. The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay-people: for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament by Christ's Ordinance and Commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross.
The offering of Christ once made, is that perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice of Masses, in which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphe. mous fables, and dangerous deceits.
Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's Law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from Marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Chris. tian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness. Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided.
That person which by open denunciation of the Church, is rightly cut off from the Unity of the Church, and excommunica. ted, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by Pe. nance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authori. ty thereunto.
Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. It is not necessary that Traditions and Cerremonies be in all places one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's word. Whosoerer through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the word of God, and be ordained and approved by common Authority, ought to be rebuked
openly (that other may fear to do the like) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the Au. thority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the Consciences of the weak Brethren.
Every Particular or National Church hath Authority to ordain, change, and abolish Ceremonies or Rites of the Church, ordained only by man's Authority, so that all things be done to edifying.
Art. XXXV. Of Homilies. The second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these Times, as doth the former book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers diligently and distinctly, that they may be un. derstanded of the People.
Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of the right Use of the Church. 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.
of repairing and keeping clean of Churches. 4. Of good Works : first of Fasting. 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. 6. Against Excess af Apparel. 7. Of Prayer. 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be ministered
in a known Tongue. 10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's Word. 11. Of Alm3-doing. 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. 13. Of the Passion of Christ. 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. 15. Of the worthy Receiving of the Sacrament of the Body and Blood
of Christ 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. 17. For the Rogation-days. 18. Of the State of Matrimony. 19. Of Repentance. 20. Against Idleness. 21. Against Rebellion.
[This Article is received in this Church, so far as it declares the books of. Homilies to be an explication of Christian doctrine, and instructive in piety and morals. But all references to the constitution and laws of England are considered as inapplicable to the circumstances of this Church, which also suspends the order for the reading of said Homilies in Churches until a revision of them may be conveniently made, for the clearing of them, as well
from obsolete words and phra. ses as from the local references.]
Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and Ministers. The book of Consecration of Bishops, and ordering of Priests
and Deacons, as set forth by the General Convention of this Church in 1792, doth contain all things necessary to such conse. cration and ordering; neither hath it any thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly: and, therefore, whosoever are conse. crated or ordered according to said form, we recree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and ordered.
Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil Megistrates. The power of the Civil Magistrate extendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laity, in all things temporal: but hath no anthori. ty in things purely spiritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men who are professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil authority, regulariy and legitimately constituted. Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goots, which are not common,
The Riches and Goods of Christians are not common, as touching the Right, Title, and Possession of the same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought of such things as he possesselli, liberally to give Alms to the Poor, according to his ability.
Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. As we confess that vain and rash swearing is forbidden Chris. tian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and Fameshis Apostle : se we judge that Christian Religion doth not prohibit, but ibat a man may swear when the Magistrate requireih, in a cause of Faith and Charity, so it be done according to the Prophet's teaching in Justice, Judgment, and Truth.