The Anatomy of a Game: Football, the Rules, and the Men who Made the Game
University of Delaware Press, 1994 - 599 من الصفحات
"This is the first football history to chronicle year by year how playing rules developed the game. Football - a four-dimensional game of rushing, kicking, forward passing, and backward passing - has had more playing rule changes since its inception than any other sport. The Anatomy of a Game follows football rules from the game's European roots through its beginning in the United States to its position as the number-one spectator sport in the 1990s. Highlighted are details of the crisis years that changed the character of the game, with coaches and rules committee members the featured players. David M. Nelson, who served on the NCAA Rules Committee longer than Walter Camp, provides personal insight into all Rules Committee meetings since 1958, as well as an appendix - chronological and by rule - listing every change since 1876." "Ever since the first two human beings kicked, threw, or batted an object competitively, there have been playing rules. Games are mentioned in the Bible, and the Romans brought football's forerunner to Britain, from where it was exported to the United States. It was in the United States that college students decided to make their game rugby rather than soccer. Although the students invented United States football and made the first rules, their ruling power was eventually lost to the faculty, administrators, coaches, rules committees, and the NCAA." "Beginning as a brutal sport, football survived several crises before and after the turn of the century, eventually becoming respectable. The 1931 injury crisis split the high school and college rules and the same year the professionals went their own way, with rules largely based on spectator appeal." "Today the sport is a national treasure primarily because of its playing rules, over seven hundred in total, which make college football unique among the world's team sports. Moreover, football remains an American game, never having the same impact in other countries as do baseball and basketball." "Rules make the game, but people make the rules. Football survived the major crises that threatened the game because committee members adhered to the precepts that had governed football since its inception. The game began with an attempt to have a consistent code of justice, personal accountability, and equality. In some sense the playing rules are a type of moral precept that explains in the simplest terms what can and cannot be done. The Football Code, which first prefaced the rules in 1916, makes the game - more than any other sport - a moral one because it sets standards for coaching, playing, sportsmanship, and officiating."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.
Who Is Making the Rules? 18881896
The Road to Three Yards and a Cloud of Dust 19511957
Camp to Stagg to Crisler to Nelson 19581959
General Neyland in Command 19601962
Limited Substitution Is Dead 19631967
Grass Basketball and a Safer Game
John Waldorfs Era 19681975
A Second Century of Football Rules 19761980
The Liberal Rules Decade 19811989
The Game Moves toward Its Day of Reckoning 18971905
The Aerial Game the Fourth Dimension
The Takeoff 1906
The Second Crisis 19091910
The Modern Era Arrives 19111918
The Roaring Twenties 19191928
The Great Depression to the Fifth Down 19291940
Unlimited Substitution to Recodification 19411947
Ten Rules but No Uniform Code 19481950
The Substitution Wars
The Executive Committee Controls the Game 19901991
Rule Changes by Year
Evolution of American Collegiate Football
Appendix 3 Rules Committees
طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات
عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
added allowed arms Association Athletic attempt ball become blocking bounds called Camp Chairman clipping clock coaches college football completed Conference continued Crisler dead defensive Division eliminated end zone enforcement equipment exception fair catch feet field fifteen yards final five yards Football Rules Committee forward pass foul four goal line ground Hall hands Harvard head illegal inches increased injuries interference John kick kicker later limited line of scrimmage loss major mark meeting Member-at-Large Michigan minutes moved NCAA neutral zone offensive officials opponent penalized penalty period permitted play player position possession Princeton problem prohibited proposal receiver recommended referee remain reported rule changes Rules Committee running safety schools score season secretary side line signal snap Stagg stopped substitution substitution rule tackle throwing time-out touchdown touched University vote Walter
الصفحة 325 - Bacchus' blessings are a treasure, Drinking is the soldier's pleasure: Rich the treasure, Sweet the pleasure, Sweet is pleasure after pain. Soothed with the sound, the king grew vain; Fought all his battles o'er again, And thrice he routed all his foes, and thrice he slew the slain!
الصفحة 34 - ... 3. A PUNT is made by letting the ball fall from the hands and kicking it before it touches the ground.
الصفحة 40 - ... (subject to Rule 48), in a straight line from and opposite to the spot where the ball was touched down, and there make a mark on the goalline, and thence walk straight out with it at right angles to the goal-line, such distance as he thinks proper, and there place it for another of his side to kick.
الصفحة 40 - CHARGING, ie, rushing forward to kick the ball or tackle a player, is lawful for the opposite side, in all cases of a place kick after a fair catch or upon a try at goal, immediately the ball touches or is placed on the ground ; and in cases of a drop-kick or punt after a fair catch, as soon as the player having the ball commences to run or offers to kick, or the ball has touched the ground ; but he may always draw back, and unless he has dropped the ball or actually touched it with his foot, they...
الصفحة 24 - THIS STONE COMMEMORATES THE EXPLOIT OF WILLIAM WEBB ELLIS WHO WITH A FINE DISREGARD FOR THE RULES OF FOOTBALL, AS PLAYED IN HIS TIME, FIRST TOOK THE BALL IN HIS ARMS AND RAN WITH IT, THUS ORIGINATING THE DISTINCTIVE FEATURE OF THE RUGBY GAME AD 1823 This establishment of the running or Rugby game, as contrasted with the earlier, kicking game, had several important results.
الصفحة 36 - A TOUCH-DOWN is when a player, putting his hand upon the ball on the ground in touch or in goal, stops it so that it remains dead or fairly so.
الصفحة 37 - SIDE if he enters a scrummage from his opponents' side, or, being in a scrummage, gets in front of the ball, or when the ball has been kicked, touched, or is being run with by any of his own side behind him (ie, between himself and his own goal-line).
الصفحة 488 - RULE 8. A fair catch is a catch made direct from a kick by one of the opponents (or a punt-out by one of the same side), provided the man intending to make the catch indicates that intention by holding up his hand when running for the ball, and also makes a mark with his heel upon catching it, and no other of his side touches the ball. If he be interfered with by an opponent who is off side, or, if he be thrown after catching the ball, he shall be given fifteen yards, unless this carries the ball...
الصفحة 37 - A player being off side is put on side when the ball has been run five yards with, or kicked by, or has touched the dress or person of, any player of the opposite side, or when one of his own side has run in front of him either with the ball or having kicked it when behind him.