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TO HIS MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY,

GEORGE THE FOURTH,

OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND
IRELAND, KING,

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THE

Percy Anecdotes.

ANECDOTES OF GEORGE THE THIRD

AND HIS FAMILY.

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Wished liberty

Ne'er lovelier looks than under such a crown.

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He knew that those who would with love command,
Must with a tender, yet a steadfast, hand
Sustain the reins."

JONSON.

HOUSE OF BRUNSWICK.

THE House of Brunswick possesses such well-founded claims to antiquity and importance, that it has engaged a more than ordinary share of the attention of genealogists and historians. The celebrated Leibnitz, who passed the last forty years of his life at the Court of the Duke of Hanover, became the architect of a monument which his family were ambitious of raising to the glory of their name. His labours were published in several volumes, and laid the foundation of Ecard's Origines Guelfica, in five volumes, folio.Muratori has illustrated the Italian branch in his Antichita Estense; and our learned historian, Gibbon, has drawn from these sources A Dissertation on the Antiquities of the House of Brunswick, published in

his posthumous works, but which unhappily he did not live to finish

"An English subject," says Gibbon, may be prompted by a just and liberal curiosity to investigate the origin and story of the House of Brunswick; which, after an alliance with the daughters of our kings, has been called by the voice of a free people to the legal inheritance of the crown. From George the First, and his father, the Elector of Hanover, we ascend in a clear and regular series to the first Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, who received his investiture from Frederic the Second, about the middle of the thirteenth century. If these ample possessions had been the gift of the emperor to some adventurous soldier, to some faithful client, we might be content with the antiquity and lustre of a noble race, which had been enrolled nearly six hundred years among the princes of Germany. But our ideas are raised, and our prospect is opened, by the discovery that the first Duke of Brunswick was rather degraded than adorned by his new title, since it imposed the duties of feudal service on the free and patrimonial estate, which alone had been saved in the shipwreck of the more splendid fortunes of his house. His ancestors had been invested with the powerful Duchies of Bavaria and Saxony, which extended far beyond their limits in modern geography; from the Baltic sea, to the confines of Rome, they were obeyed, or respected, or feared; and in the quarrels of the Guelphs and the Cibellines, the former appellation was derived from the name of their progenitors in the female line. But the genuine masculine descent of the Princes of Brunswick, must be explored beyond the Alps; the

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venerable tree which has since overshadowed Germany and Britain, was planted in the Italian soil.As far as our sight can reach, we discern the first founders of the race in the Marquesses of Este, of Liguria, and perhaps of Tuscany. In the eleventh century, the primitive stem was divided into two branches; the elder migrated to the banks of the Danube and the Elbe; the younger more humbly adhered to the neighbourhood of the Adriatic. The Dukes of Brunswick and the Kings of Great Britain, are the descendants of the first; the Dukes of Ferrarà and Modena, were the offsprings of the second."

William Duke of Brunswick Lunenburg, fourth son of Ernest, called the Confessor, on account of his having introduced the Augsburg Confession into his dominions, had fifteen children, seven of whom were sons, and were rendered more remarkable in history by their amity, than they could well have been by an extended and splendid lineage. These princes, whose names were Ernest, Christian, Augustus, Frederick, Magnus, George, and John, being resolved, on the death of their father, in 1593, to keep up the dignity of their house, made an agreement among themselves not to divide their paternal inheritance. Accordingly, they determined that only one of the number should marry; and that the elder brother should have the sole regency over the Lunenburg estates, and be succeeded by the eldest survivor. They kept to this brotherly compact with great exactness; and this circumstance appeared so extraordinary, that when the Grand Signior, Achmet the First, was

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