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The original Editors of these academical labours, were fenfible of the necesity, for making a distinction between articles of different degrees of merit. Those which are most interesting, they give at full length in the words of their authors; while they are satisfied, with offering an analysis of fuch productions as appeared less curious and important, and this analysis is contained in what is called the historical part of the work. Although they have thus lopped off many fuperfluities, the greater part of the discourses which they have published, are ftiil very little adapted to the purposes of general entertainment or instruction. They relate to national antiquities, inscriptions, medals, and other subjects, which, while they interest the Frenchman or the antiquary, are deemed extremely unimportant by the public at large. The learned and judicious Edis tor of the present work, has, with great propriety, intirely omitted all such matters ; and by publishing those articles onlys which explain the general principles of taste and literature, or illustrate the classical writings of Greece and Rome, which will ever be the standards of both,-he comprehends in three volumes all that is material, or interesting to the bulk of readers, in the formidable feries of thirty-feven.
The French philosophy has been obliged to yield the prize to that of a neighbouring nation. The French poets, historians, and moralists, are equalled at least by those of Italy and Enga land. In works of original genius and invention, France has no just claim to superiority ; but in matters of taste and criticism, her fame is unrivalled. The present publication contains the combined labours of the most ingenious men in that kingdom, on those subjects in which the French chiefly excel; and thus offers the most complete and elegant collection of critical and miscellaneous knowledge, that is to be found in any language.
For FEBRUARY, 1778.
Vol. I. 8vo. 2s, 6 d. fewed. Bęw, 1773.
on this occasion, fay Author) in the Introdution, and generally believed, that a person in the highelt rank dues amuse himself with noting down his opinions of thote, whom he employs in the $m, or meeis in the Drag R-m;--that he minutes the particu: lar transactions of internal and external government, with regular accounts of such intelligence as he procures from those officially employed, or by other means; and that he commits to pares his obfervations and opinions on public altairs and private concerns, with his Rev Feb, 1778.
diffatisfactions, approbation, hopes, fears, predictions, &c.—How far this idea may be founded in truth, I cannot pretend to deter-, mine; I can only declare that I have in my possession a large col-, lection of manuscripts, which answer in every particular to this description; all of which shall, as my leisure serves me, be faithfully published.'
This will intimate the nature of the scherné. How far the Public may be, or have been*, ftruck with the thought, is unknown to us; but there is novelty in the design, and the execution is neither contemptible in itself, nor (on the whole) dishonourable to the fupposed R--y-1 Register-keeper. But a specimen will beft speak the character, and exhibit the manner, of the performance :--Take, then, the E - of S.
• The art of robbing vice of its disgust, and throwing around it the mantle of convivial pleasure, belongs in a very peculiar manner, to this nobleman. I understand, that from his youth to the pre-, sent time, he has proceeded in one uniform, unblushing course of debauchery and dissipation. His conversation is chiefly tinctured with unchaste expressions and indecent allusions; and some have affured me, that if these were to be omitted by him, much of his wit, or, at least, what is called his wit, would be loft.
It was, most certainly, a very serious business, and yet I could not help smiling at being informed of this nobleman's rising in the
of , and making a grave, laboured speech against a blafphemous production of Mr.W- Surely it was very mal-à-propos, as the whole kingdom must suspect his fincerity in the business, and even his friends could not but feel the ridiculousness of his situation t. He is, however, an able and an active minister; his abi. lities are universally acknowledged ; and although I have, at times, been not quite fatisfied with him ; (for an immoral character will never possess my entire confidence ;) yet, on due examination, I have found him deserving the high station he possesses. If he was to
---, I know not where I Mould find such an able fucceffor.'
is a great imperfe&tion in government, that a **** who is
influence of religion, and feels the comforts and neceflity * The book has been published about a month.
+ They did indeed !-Nay, I will venture to affert, that however the folemnity of the subject and the assembly might chain down gravity upon the faces of his audience, the solemnity of the speaker did not leave a ferious mind among them. Every one will, I believe, agree with me in this opinion, who reads the exordium of the oration, which was to the following purport:'
“ I have a paper in my hand, • whose contents are of such a horrid and deteftable nature, that I almoit wonder it did not draw down the immediate vengeance of heaven (here he lifted up his pious eyes) upon this pation. -", this shocking compofition may be said to contain two parts ; a blasphemous and a bawdy part. I fhall not shock the many Right Reverend -- who are present with a recital of the former ;-to save their facred blushes, I shall contine myself to the latter," --&c.'
of it, Aould be prevented from making a sense of it and its fanctions a necessary qualification in his servants 1. The friends of this noble person, who partake thé mirth and good humour of his jovial hours, have, no doabt, a great regard for him; but he is an unpopular character with the nation in general.'
I have been informed that he was seriously affected at the treatment he met with from the young men at C-, when he was candidate for the office of H-S- to that university. It muft, indeed, be extremely mortifying to a man, who means to be young as long as he lives, that the whole youth of a large university should not only treat his name with contempt, and harass his friends with an unpopular cry, but mark his personal appearance with the most confirmed and open disapprobation :-I am sorry for these things, but he is certainly a good minister! Art. 16. Two Traits on Civil LIBERTY, the War with Ames
rica, and the Finances of the Kingdom. By Richard Price, D. D. F.R.S. A new Edition, with Corre&tions and Additions, 8vo 5 5.' Sewed. Cadell. 1778.
For the Additions now made to Dr. Price's two celebrated tracts, see the next ensuing article. Art. 17. The Introduction and Supplement to the two Tracts on
Civil Liberty, &c. By Dr. Price. 8vo. I's. 6 d. Cadell.
These Additions, &c. are sold separately, to accommodate the purchasers of the former editions of the Tra&ts.
The Introduction contains a brief history of bills for examining public accounts,-remarks on the origin of government, the political principles of the Diffenters.--and the Archbishop of York's fermon before the society for propagating the gospel in foreign parts, Feb. 21. 1777. His Grace's political principles are here treated with a degree of severity, for which the Doctor seems to have had sufficient provocation, as he conceives himself to have been obviously glanced at in the said sermon. The Doctor particularly falls upon the favourite high.church scheme of sending bishops to America. A wag reading this passage in a coffee house, expressed
• I If this should be owing to an imperfection in our government, which I cannot think, it must be in a very shattered condition, indeed. The tide of corruption, it is true, bears strongly against it ; and Virtue seems to shrink back from the torrent.'
"* I will endeavour to recal chis fingular circumstance to the remembrance of the Reader !-When this nobleman was candidate for the abovementioned honours of the university of - in opposition to Lord H-, the whole body of students, a very few
excepted, exerted their utmost opposition to him, and treated his supporters with the most avowed insults. - In T- college, particularly, when 'a fùmptuous, public entertainment was provided by the head of it for the unpopular candidate ; as soon as grace was pronounced, all the scholars, &c. to the number of forty, immediately quitted the hall. This dignified mark of contempe made, I believe, the foup of that day and some fucceeding ones, very bitter so bis Lordship.'
his astonishment at the Doctor's opposition to this plan: 'I wish, said he,' the bishops were all sent to America.'
In animadverting on the Archbishop's discourse, Doctor Price has the following observation, with respect to his Grace's feelings on the subject of America; for which the good Doctor thus expresses his kind concern:
• I cannot help thinking,' says he,' with concern of the learned Prelate's feelings. After a prospect long dark, he had discovered a ray of brightness, fhewing him America reduced, and the church triumphant; but lately that ray of brightness has vanifed, and defeat has taken place of victory and conqueft.-And what do we now fee? - What a different prospect, mortifying to the learned Prelate, presents itself? A great people likely to be formed, in spite of all our efforts, into free communities, under governments which have no religious tests and establishments !-A new æra in future andals, and a new opening in human affairs, beginning among the descendents of Englishmen, in a new world!-, rising empire, extend'ed over an immense continent, without BISHOPS, without Nobles,
and without Kings.'
With regard, however, to a freedom from religious tests, under the new government in America, the Doctor candidly mentions one exception to the fact. · The new constitution,' says he, "for Pensylvania (in other respects wise and liberal), is dishonoured by a religious telt. It requires an acknowledgment of the divine inspiration of the Old and New Tellament, as a condition of being admitted to a feat in the house of representatives; directing, however, at the same time, that no other religious teft fall for ever hereafter be required of any civil officer!'. This, the Doctor adds, has been, probably, an accommodation to the prejudices of some of the naro rower fects in the province; to which the more liberal part have, for the present, thought fit to yield!
The Supplement contains Dr. Price's additional observations on schemes for railing money by public loans; with a summary view and comparison of the different schemes. This, congdering the present ftate of our finances, is a very important addition, and highly interesting to the public.
Britain and her Colonies, &c. 8vo. 25. Kearsley. 1778.
Thing Art. 19. Thoughts on the present State of Affairs with America and
the Means of Conciliation. By William Pulteney , Esq. 8vo. 2's. Dodsley, &c. 1778.
This very candid thinker appears to have written on purpose to prepare our minds for a plan of reconciliation; which it is much to • Member of Parliament for Shrewlbury,
be apprehended, will, nevertheless, come too late to prevent the lofs of America. He observes that the late events in America seem to bave occafioned fome degree of pause; and that he holds it the duty of every impartial man to seize that favourable moment of laying before the public such lights as he may think of fufficient importance to call for their attention. We do not however find any new lights in this performance; but if the fever of the public should be abate!, and men's minds better disposed for consideration, old lights may become new ;-and reafons may seem to have weighe, which, like American petitions, have, during the ardent fit, been treated with unmerited contempt.
Mr. P. fates the principal points in dispute, very fully and impartially :-he News clearly that the Americans in general had no ideas of independence before our plan of taxation; that they had very good reasons to dread the consequences of the mode of taxing them without representatives t, which was adopted here, and thac upon the whole they have behaved like men of spirit;-and as they do not chuse to be beaten, we ought to shake hands, and make a laita ing alliance with them, upon as good terms as we cao.- On the other hand he says, our ministry are good sort of people too; that they meant well; but unhappily expressed their good meaning in very ambiguous phrases. He makes the belt apology in his power for their violent measures; and endeavours to heal our deep and ago nizing wounds with the balsam of favourable representations, and apparent impartiality.
In the appendix to this pamphlet there are fome letters written by Dr. Franklin to Governor Sbirley, fo long since as in che year 1754 ; in which che objections of the Americans to their being saxed in the British Parliament are so fully, ably, and clearly itated, chat, as our Author says, those who read them with attention, will probably think that hardly any thing new has fince been suggefted upon the fub.
ject. And we will venture to add, that if the early and repeared re-
8vo. 35. 6d. sewed. Murray. 1778.
This outrageous ministerial politician is blessed with a lively imae gination, strong paffions, and a plentiful lack of wisdom. He says,
Price shews himself a traitor againt fociety, virtue, and religion, in every line; yet could find people to circulare fourteen editions of the dull poison in three months.'-And after this modeft censure in bis preface, our Author has the affurance, in the first paragraph of his book, to claim a right to indulgence and candour! The day for his wild ideas of parliamentary fupremacy, and abuse of the Ame
+ This gentleman has, particularly, explained the difference be. tween taxing an unrepresented Briton, and an unrepresented American, more fully and clearly than most of the many writers who have undertaken to discuss this generally mistaken poist. M 3