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feveral other eminent Counfel) to be legal, we presume that relief, in fome mode or other, will be allowed him.

Art. 35. The Miller and Farmer's Guide: containing plain and easy
Tables; which will be found of excellent Ufe to Factors, Millers,
Farmers, and all concerned in the Wheat Trade; especially to
thofe in and about Chelmsford, and elfewhere, who buy or fell
Wheat by what is commonly called Three Peck Weight. To
which are prefixed fome useful Obfervations. Recommended to the
Attention of both the Miller and Farmer. By Thomas Wood, Bil-
2s. 6d. Chelmsford printed, 1777.
lericay Mills. 8vo.
One of the few books that are useful to people in the inferior ranks
of fociety. The tables appear, as far as we may conclude, from the
few of them that we have examined, to be as accurately executed
as they are judiciously defigned.-The utility of the work is thus fet
forth by Mr. Wood himself, in the Preface:


When I first began this work, I intended no more than to compofe fome tables for my own ufe; but fhewing them to fome Millers and Farmers, they greatly importuned me to publish them.

It is common, and indeed natural, for men in general, to be fond of their own productions; and this, I frankly own, is the case with me; for I do pofitively affirm, I would not be without fuch a book as this for five guineas; knowing, by long experience, the trouble and perplexity there is in reckoning fo many odd quantities of wheat at fuch various prices: but now instead of being perplexed and teazed, it is a pleasure to fit down and reckon with the Farmer, having every quantity and price fo ready before me; and being fo very plain and easy to be understood, every Farmer, who can read, may know as well as the Miller what any quantity of wheat, from one pound to fix loads, comes to, at any price from five to twenty pounds per load.

And these tables will also fpare the expence of buying and keeping in repair fcales and weights, which many Farmers think they ought to have, to avoid the perplexity and uncertainty of reckon ings.'

This Mr. Wood, who is an extraordinary perfon, was formerly announced to our readers, on a very different occafion. In the Rev. Vol. xlvii. p. 262, we obferved that, in our opinion, the annals of phyfic do not contain fuch an inftance of the falutary effects of temperance, or of fo ftrict and undeviating an adherence to a fyftem of the most rigid abftemiousness, as that which is recorded of Mr. Wood, in the fecond-volume of Medical Tranfactions, published by the College of Phyficians, London. The particulars of his cafe hav ing already been laid before our Readers, in the Review above referred to, we have now only to add, that we have the fatisfaction of learning, by a letter from a Correfpondent, that Mr. Wood ftill perfeveres in the fame course of rigid temperance, and ftill enjoys its beneficial effects.'

October, 1772.


Art. 36. A Common-place Book for Travellers in foreign Countries ; which may alfo be of Ufe to those who travel in their own Coun try: with Heads of Reference, including the feveral Particulars moft worthy of Obfervation. 3 s. Rivington.

All the account neceffary to be given of this Memorandum-Book for travellers, is,―That it is nine inches long, and three and a half inches wide.

Art. 37. An Addrefs and Reply, &c. By the Rev. Edward Fleet,
Junior, B. A. of Oriel College, Oxford, 8vo. 6d. Brown,


In this Addrefs, &c. Mr. Fleet attacks the Reviewers, who, according to him, have acquitted themfelves extremely ill, in their Canvass of bis Examination of Dr. Maclaine's Answer to Soame Fenyns, Efq; on his View of the internal Evidence of the Christian Religion. He appeals from their cenfure, to the judgment of the impartial Public: and fo do the Monthly Reviewers, with respect to Mr. F's very angry invective. Art. 38. An Efay on the Education of Youth intended for the Profeffion of Agriculture, 8vo. 2 s. Davies, 1777.

In 1764, an Eay on the Education of Peasants was published in the Memoirs of the Economical Society of Bern, by M. Mochard, a Clergyman of Switzerland. This work is a tranflation of that Gentleman's very fenfible Observations on Rural Education; deviat ing, however, from the original, by the addition of fuch remarks as might more particularly adapt it to the fervice of the English Farmer, and render the whole a practical plan of education for youth intended for Agriculture; a profeflion that feems hitherto, in this refpect, to have had too little attention paid to it. Vide Tranflator's adver, tisement.

The Author begins with directions for the nurfing and manage ment of infants, in order that they may be rendered healthy and vigorous; and proceeds, regularly, through all the gradations of childhood, to the age of 15 or 16; when the young cultivator may take the field. Many fenfible and useful remarks, with much fuper fluous matter, may be found in this little treatise. Art. 39. An Addrefs to the Public. A fmall Tract, diftributed, A fenfible caution against too hafty interments, figned W. Hawes; it has also appeared in a news-paper.




I. Preached at St. Clement Dane's March the 9th, and at Chrift
Church, Spitalfields June the 29th, 1777, for the Benefit of the
Humane Society, inftituted for the Recovery of Perfons apparently
Dead by Drowning. By Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of St.
Mary's, Whitechapel. 8vo. 6 d. Rivington.

It is impoffible to beftow too high encomiums on this most excellent inflitution, which, though it has not yet fubfifted four years, has in that short space rescued even out of the hands of death an HUNDRED AND FIFTY of our fellow creatures, twenty-four of which had wilfully drowned themfelves, and feveral of thofe were prefent


at this fermon. It was, indeed, a very affecting fcene! the difcourfe
itfelf is pious and fenfible.
II. At the Anniversary Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy, at St.
Paul's, May 15, 1777. By the Hon. and Rev. James Cornwallis,
Dean of Canterbury. To which is added, a Lift of the feveral
Amounts arising from the Collections made at the Anniversary
Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy fince the Year 1721.
III. Against Self murder. By John Riland, M. A. Chaplain of St,
Mary's Chapel, Birmingham. 12mo. 6d, Dilly, &c. 1777.
Serious and vehement. Intended to evince that the fin of felf-
murder is most affuredly DAMNABLE. He who deftroys his body-
damns his foul effectually. He is damned with everlafting damna
tion. One cuts his throat because he is afraid of coming to want,
-But are you not afraid of coming to want in hell?-This is the
true Whitfieldian.


IV. The Scripture Doctrine of the Refurrection, a Confolation under the lofs of Friends. Preached at Bury, in Lancashire, Nov. 2d. 1777. on the death of Mrs. Eliz. Grundy ;-at the request of the 6 d. Buckland.


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"I fome glaring miflakes, in a volume of Letters, entitled Capipina's, noted in your Review for October laft. As English men, it was as little your province to detect fuch errors, as it is mine to point out the other blemishes of the book, as a critic. I have farther to affure you, that my information on this fubject is certainly true, inafmuch as I hall communicate to you only what I myself have feen and known.

The Author of thefe Letters is the Rev. Mr. Jacob Duché; the gentleman who has lately engaged the attention of the public, by a published, and pretty fingular Letter to General Washington. He is a native of Philadelphia; and, at the time thefe Letters were written, was Curate at St. Peter's in Philadelphia in North America: the initial letters of the words printed in italics forming the Anagram, Cafpipina. He is a man of fome learning, and more piety; but both deeply tinged with the nonfenfe and myfticifm of Behmen and the Methodists. As a Preacher, he is much admired, and not altogether without reafon; for his voice is mellow and mufical, his countenance pleafing, and his perfon graceful. His difcourfes he delivers without notes; and, as the Bishop of Gloucefter faid of But therein confifts the whole Fofter, alts a fermon very notably. merit; for, by transfusion through the prefs, all the fpirit evaporates. His account of the Dunkers is at once very defective, and very erroneous. The reverfe of what he fays is the truth: they did, as a fect, emigrate from Holland. The writer of this was at their fettlement in 1752, and faw the founder of the fet, a venerable, old


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man, of eighty or upwards. A particular friend of mine, the late Col. C-1, was a fellow paffenger with him and fome of his followers, from Rotterdam to Philadelphia. And, thirty or forty years afterwards, being one of the Commiffioners upon a treaty with the Indians, holden at Lancaster, he went to fee his old acquaintance, the Father of the Dunkers; and was recognized by him. He had been a Baker at Rotterdam, and was perfectly illiterate.-They live in a collegiate way; and meet at their meals in a Common Hall, or Re fectory; (the men I mean) and are precifely seventy in number. They are under no tie, or vow of celibacy; and marry when they pleafe: but muft, in that cafe, leave the fociety of the Seventy Bres thren, as they call themselves. The reafon for their pitching on this' number is obvious. You meet with them fcattered, though but thinly, through the provinces of Pennfylvania and Maryland: your correspondent has two of them for tenants, on his own land,

A most untoward accident had befallen them, just before I was at Ephrata in 1752. One of their girls was delivered of no-lefs than three children at a birth; and this previous to marriage. As they make high pretenfions to chastity, it is not to be wondered at, that this fhould have drawn down great ridicule and difgrace upon them. So that, contrary to what the Author of thefe Letters fays, it appears, that they do sometimes find means to come together, if not at their devotions. But, this is a mistake too; for the two fexes do come together at their devotions, and that at midnight: the women however are concealed by a grate or curtain, in the manner of the nung in the monafteries abroad.

Though they occupy no more than 150 acres of land, they are known to be wealthy. They have two very fine grift-mills, a papermill, and a printing prefs; and carry on feveral works to great perfection. The town of Lancaster is fupplied with vegetables, in great abundance, by them. There was a work in their prefs, when I was there, which they told me, was an Hiftorical Account of the Ger man Proteftant Martyrs; for which they were to be paid 2000l., on the delivery of fo many copies. This fhews, that they are not wholly above the interefts and concerns of this lower world. I heard of one perfon amongst them of fome learning; and from him I hoped to have learned their diftinguished religious tenets: but, unluckily, he was absent, when I visited them. It is probable, their creed differs but little, if at all, from that of the Mennonifts or German Anabaptifts fave in fome very few particulars, which the peculiarity of their fituation may feem to have recommended to them. Together with fome things borrowed from the Romanifts. They hold, with our Quakers, the unlawfulness of oaths in matters of teftimony.

I am no connoiffeur in mufic; but their finging appeared to me to be exquifitely fine. I went into their chapel, to hear fome of the girls fing, who were concealed behind a curtain. We were first entertained with a folo, which I, and every other person who had not been there before, took for a wind-inftrument, of fome fort. I could almost have fworn, that it had been the lute-top of an organ; and could not be fatisfied that it was not, till the curtain was drawn, and I was fhewn the performer. The old man, their Founder, was


prefent; and feemed highly enraptured: his countenance was the moft ftrongly marked with enthufiafm, that I ever beheld. Some of the girls were very beautiful; but pale and emaciated, owing, as I imagined, to their vegetable diet. The neatnefs and cleanliness which prevail in their houfes and furniture, are most remarkable. In a country, which abounds with flies and infects, with them, there is not one to be feen. But, with respect to this laftmentioned instance, it is not peculiar to them: it is common to all the Germans, fettled in America; and is effected by means of a chemical preparation they have, much refembling crude antimony; which they call Fly-flone, and which is almoft inflantly fatal to these infects. It requires great caution in the ufe of it; for it is very poi fonous if taken into the flomach. The common method of using it is to fweeten a little water in a plate; and, infufing in it fome of the Fly-ftone, to fufpend it to the ceiling.

For the reft, not having feen the book in England, and having alfo formerly run through it, perhaps very blameably, in a hafty manner, as a flimfy production, unworthy of any stricter attention, you will, I hope, excufe me for having confined my remarks to the fingle extract with which you have furnished me.

I am, Gentlemen, your humble fervant, A PENNSYLVANIAN.' We are obliged to our Correfpondent for the above curious Letter; but we could have wished that he had expreffed his allu fion to what Dr. Warburton faid in relation to Dr. Fofter, in fuch a manner as might have prevented any appearance of his countenancing the Bishop's unwarrantable reprefentation of that truly pious, fincere, and excellent preacher: to whofe amiable character the learned Editor of Pope's Works muft have been wholly a stranger, at the time when he rafhly ventured to speak of him in fo unjust and degrading a manner. May his Lordship's own memory meet with worthier treatment!


ITTLE as we think ourselves obliged in general to attend to the remonftrances of Authors, who are diffatisfied with our opi nion of their works, yet when any mistakes of our own, or misapprehenfions of others are pointed out to us, we hope we fhall always have the candour to attempt to rectify them, notwithstanding any rudeness or incivility in the manner of acquainting us with them. On this principle, we here acknowledge the receipt of a letter from Dr. Armstrong, on the fubject of his Account of the Difeafes most inci. dent to Children; and paffing over the illiberal expreffions it contains, fhall proceed to confider the fubftance of the charges it brings against us.

As a proof of inattention or mifreprefentation in the paffage expreffing our furprize at meeting with nothing in this treatife concerning the hydrocephalus,' we are referred by Dr. A. to his re. marks on idiopathic convulfions, in which three cafes are related, where the fatal event appeared evidently owing to a collection of water in the ventricles of the brain. But that this indirect reference

• See Review for Otober laft, p. 312.


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