صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني

tion of their having been employed in the same disease in this country. Two experiments which he relates as made by himself, respecting this point of practice are, however, no more satisfactory. than those which have been tried by our own countrymen ; and we apprehend Dr. Peyrilhe's notions concerning this disease are so ftrongly opposed by real observation, that little benefit to the healing art can be expected to arise from this work.

A. An. 10. An historical Elay on the Dropsy. By Richard Wilkes,

M. D. lace of Willenhall in the County of Stafford. To which is added, an Appendix, by N. D. Falck, M. D. 8vo. 7 s. bound. Law.

1777. Dr. Wilkes's intention, in the posthumous work before us, was to collect, from the most approved authors, siich accounts of the real appearances attending all the different kinds of dropfies, and of the various means which had been used for their relief, as might form a complete history of the disease ; juftly conceiving, that a fair and accurate collation of facts must be the forest foundation for all rea. fbning concerning the nature and method of care of every disorder. In performing this task, he has difcovered considerable reading, and a laudable spirit of candour and impartiality; and although a perion of more penetrating genius might have arranged and methodized the materials in such a manner as to have thrown more light upon cer: rain points, yet what he has done may be per used and consulted with advantage by the medical inquirer. As the observations are almost entirely quoted from other' authors, there is nothing we can particularly félect for the entertainment or instruction of our readers.

With respect to the Appendix, as it is called, of Dr. Falck, it is 10 totally unconnected with the plan of the effay, as to be to all intents and purposes a separate creatise. Of this we Mall only fay, that the theoretical part has all that confusion and unintelligibility which we have before noted in the works of this Author; and the practical observations feem chiefly intended to inspire the Reader with an high idea of his superior skill and success. His grand fpecific, in all dropfical cases, is mercury, applied both internally and externally ; 'or, to express it in his own terms, “ since the grand herculean club is mercury, we may, if we handle it kilfully, decol. Jate the hydra, wherever this heinous monfter penetrates, with its various vicious heads, into the system, whatever mischief they are actually doing, or liable to do.' We cannot but with the reverend Editor of Dr. Wilkes's work had been advised to give a good index in place of the heterogeneous matter of Dr. Falck's Appendix. A. Art. 11. An Eljdy on the Erysipelas, or that Disorder commonly

called St. Anthony's Fire. By James Bureau, Menuber of the Core poration of Sargeons. 8vo. I s. Johnfon. 1777. The purpose of this little pamphlet appears to be, to give a gene. ral view of the most approved modern practice in the treatment of the erysipelas ; 'which it does in a diftināt and rational manner, but withour any of thofe particular observations which alone can convey much instruction to ine informed practitioner. With respect to the Wheory of the disorder, the Writer has only quoted that of Fabricius ab Aquapendente, borrowed from Galen, which attributes is to fome Rev, Mar. 1778.



supposed depravation of the bile; but of what nature they have donc
nothing to determine.
Art. 12. A short Account of a Fever and Sore Throat, which be

gan to appear in and about London, in September 1776. In a Let-
ter to Dr. William Saunders, of Guy's Hospital. By William
Grant, M. D. 8vo. 15. Cadell. 1777. ..

The disease called by Huxham Febris Anginoja; by others, ScarLatina Anginofa ; Cynanche exanthematica ; Angina mucosa ; Angire erykpelatofa ; is the subject of the pamphlet before us. It prevailed epidemically in and about the metropolis in autumn 1776 ; and Dr. Grant seems to have been chiefly induced 10 offer a Mort account of it to the Public, from some mistakes he observed in the treatment of it, arising from its apparent resemblance to chose putrid and malignant ulcerated fore throats, which of late years have excited fo general an alarm. The following definition (as it is called) of the dir. ease, appears to convey a very precise and accurate idea of its na. ture and character. "1. Cynanche exanthematica, epidemica, contagiosa; cum febre synocha, ab initio fæpe inflammatoria ; raro Typhode, nifi fub finem ; aut ætivo tempore, graffante Typho. 2. Juniores & fæminas præcipue invadit, iisque, cæteris paribas, majus periculofa eft ; pro ratione virium fermé & ætatis. 3. Membranam Sneideri ubique affici.--Tumore, dolore, & rubore, cum crucis mucosis, serpentibus; coloris albescentis vel cineritii. 4. Tonfillas igitur, fauces, linguam & os internum inflammat, excoriat, & papillas nervosas tam senfiles reddit, ut ægri, per aliquot temporis, præ dolore nihil affumere aufi fint. $. Tunc incipit ptyalismus copiosus, circa diem fcilicet quintom, cujus ope febris ad diem feptimum plerique folvitur: quamvis salivatio, per aliquot adhuc dies, pergere folet. 6. Catis interim, efflorescentia defædata, punc de squammari incipit ; & manus, antea inflatæ, jam detumefcunt. 7. Per Metastasin, Parotes, Bubones & Anthracas quandoquidem for. mantor ; necnon tumores & dolores pedum manuumque, Arthritin this account, the Angina mucosa appears to hold a middle

. "but from the cases fubjoined, the treatment most suitable to it approaches rather to that proper for the latter than the former. Bleed. ing, when the symptoms ran high, was highly falutary, and indeed necessary. A breathing sweat kept ap during the first days of the

disease; a blifer applied externally to the throat ; and gentle ape. Avients, were the other parts of the general method of care. When the falivation was come on, a freer diet, with a light preparation of the bark, were useful to support the patient's strength ; but the exhibition of bark before this period was found to be injurious

We cannot close this Article without observing, that if the Writer had avoided that air of felf-sufficiency and contempt of the reft of the faculty, which has disgusted us in several of the late medical publications, we should have read his work with more pleasure, and Aot less instruction



[ocr errors]



Art. 13. An Elay on the Method of treating the Fluor Albus, or

Wbites. By Mrs. Febare of St. Ildephont. 8vo. I s. Elmsley
Though ladies have, from time immemorial, been in poffeffion of
a large pare of the pralice of physic, yet they have hitherto al.
lowed the men an almoft exclusive righs to the business of medical
authorship. But, it seems, this is an age in which all our rights are
to be contested! The fair sex have already carried their rivalship
into many of the most important branches of literature, and Mrs.
Febure now begins the attack in medicine. In this part of the con-
teft, delicacy, to be fure, is out of the question; it was therefore na-
tural and judicious enough for our Authoress to chuse a malady pe-
culiar to her sex, as the fabject of her investigation. But, alas! we
fear the success of this attempt will be so much inferior to that of the
Montagues, Macaulays, Barbaulds, &c. in criticism, history, and
poetry, as not to encourage a continuance of the conteft ; for know,
gentle Reader, this ejjay proves to be nothing less nor more than a
quack advertisement, disguised, indeed, with tolerable ingenuity.

Art. 14. A Sapphic Epifle, froni, Jack Cavendish ta the Honour-

able and most beautiful Mrs. D•••*. 400. Smith.
Were a court of criticism to be held by the rakes and debauchees
of this wicked town, a Sapphic Epifle would afford them matter for a
capital investigation : nor hould we, queer old Square-coes! prefume
to approach the verge of their jurisdiction.
Art. 15. The Refutation ; a Poem. Addressed to the Author of

“The Juftification." 410. 1 s. 6 d. Dodsley. 1778. -
In the Review for December last, p. 486, we gave some account
of the poem, entitled, Juftification, &c. the author of which asserted
the reâitude and utility of his plan of personal satire; at the same
time avowing his resolution of perfifting in the execution of that de-
fign, by giviog to the Public a series of lampoons, or Diaboliads, or

- whatever cicles may best please his own ear,-as proper objects of
caftigation shall fucceffively present themselves to his choice.

This plan is totally condemned by the gentler Author of the pre fene performance'; who maintains that such fatirical effufions are rather proofs.of a discontented mind, than, as it is generally termed, a work for the good of the human race. That a man, who loads my name with the most approbrious epithets, and injures my reputation as much as is in his power, Tould call himself mine and the world's friend, seems to me a molt glaring absardity. Do we conceive, onder the name of friendlip and the support of virtue, a de fire of scattering the fouleft abuse around, and fawing the seeds, of discord among the sweėteft Aowers of society ? I rather take the rc. verfe to be implied.

• But it will be argued, that he who fcourges vice, certainly shows a re&itude, of disposition and morals, in the highest degree commendable. It may be fo; but in my opinion much depends on the manner in which it is delivered. The man who seeks to disturb my ret with the baseft abuse, and thirtätens every vengeance that ma. "lice can invent, may be my friend; but I take his friendihip.to be

[ocr errors]

of infinite more value, who by amicable expoftulation endeavours to reform my conduct, than his, who strives to terrify me into repentance.

The Author enlarges on this subjeet, in plain, very plain prose;but let us hear what he has to say upon it in verse :

“ 'Tis not thy view frail human kind to. mend,
And prove yourself a universal friend :
In vain your specious language would conceal
What all your sentiments aloud reveal.
In ev'ry line we read, as sure we find,
A snarling poet vex'd with all mankind..
Malice the source of ev'ry verse we see,
And read more rancour than good sense in thee.
Does foul abuse deserve great Satire's name?
Are scandal's paths become the road to fame?
Hence with the thought ! In these degen'rate days,
Is there no poet to rebuke such lays !
Yes; I'll o'erthrow Detraction's baleful plan,
And stand the advocate of injur'd man.
In vain the cant of virtue may disguise,
And clothe black calomny from vulgar eyes;
The faithful Muse Mall bring each crime to light,

And drag the villain from the shades of night.
We entirely agree with this antagonist of Mr. C, that

• Soft is th' advice which real friends impart,

Mild the reproof that speaks the friendly heart.' Yet these illnatured modes of reprehension, which are the tår and feathers of poetic vengeance, hurting only the culprits on whom such punishments are inflicted, and serving to diveri the unconcerned, un feeling spectator,--are secure of general approbation. Writings of this kind will be read with avidity, and bring money to the Author, while the more humane, but less spirited compofitions of the well-meaning bard, who laudably wishes to give pleasure to the Public, without pain to individuals, will be disregarded ; and perhaps, attended by the loss of more than his labour.' Art. 16. Fifth Ode of the King of Prussia's Works, paraphrased .. on the prefent War. 410. 9d. Baldwin.

** Let nations huth'd attend m'accordant fyre !

• As a prudent shepherd, (faithful to's fore:') It is evident that this paraphraser can count his fingers, for the last line really contains neither more nor less than ten syllables. L. Art. 17. Public Spirit'; an Essay. 4to.

is. 6 d. Almon.

• The mind to injustice muit of course impel.

Terms mifapplied ferve ignorance to disclose.
• This honest man is a degree farther from Parnassus, for he cannot
count his fingers.


Author of the Diaboliad.


I S.

[ocr errors]



Art, 18. An Epifle to the Right Honourable Lord G G


Almon: 1778. : Tomahawks ! 'fcalping knives ! peremptory orders! Heliogabalus himself may shortly have the honour to ftand in an heroic line, -Low, indifcriminate abuse is the bufiness of the poem." น. Art. 19. The Conquerors ; a Poem ;, displaying the glorious Campaigns of 1775, 1776, 1777, &c. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Secchell. Contemptible, beyond all power of expression !

L. Art. 20. The Prospect from Malvern-hill

, or Liberty bewailing her Injuries in America; a Poem. By a Gentleman of the Inner Temple. 4to.

i's. 6 d. Bew. 1777. A System of natural Philosophy, or, a Disertation on Mince Pies, would be a title equally consistent with that of the poem before us,

: Time unto man for happiness is given,' faith the Author ; yea, perdie! but not to those ill-fated wights whose lot it is to review such poetry as this.

L. Art. 21. An Ode to Peace, occafioned by the present Crisis of the Bricish Empire. 4to.

Almon. 1778. This Writer calls Heaven the congenial latitude of peace' * Science the mistress of all knowledge; and says that Mothlings riot on bookbinder's trade'-Are these quotations sufficient? Art. 22. Poems on several Occasions.' By Elizabeth Ryveş.

Svo. 58. Dodfleys 1777.
This Lady's poetry is easy and not in elegant; the seems to be fond
too of an easy posture, if we may judge from the following lines :

Where a cool spring, o'er arch'd with frees,,
Gives freshness to the languid breeze,

I'll on the velvet moss recline?
We muft do her the justice to say that her poetry is, in, general,
above the common sun.

Art. 23. A Letter to the Earl of Abingdon, discuffing a Position

relative to a fundamental Right of the Conititution, contained in
his Lord'hip's Thoughts on the Letter of Edmund Burke, Esq; &c.
By John Cartwright. 8vo. Almon.

There is a material error, Mr. Cartwright says, in Lord Abingdon's doctrine. His Lordship says, that the Colonists have not a right to freedom in trade. 'n opposition to this, Mr. Cartwright affirms, that reason, juftice, and the constitution, will bear him out in maintaining, that the Colonists always had as much right as our. selves to freedom in trade. That this country took advantage of their original weakness, to seize, by virtue of her own will and pleaJnre, a monopoly of their trade, and that she kept possession of that . monopoly till 1764, he very well knows; but poffeflion does not pass with him, he tells us, as it does with Mr. Burke, for a title, in any cafe where a fundamental right of humanity is in question.-In a word, Mr. C. labours, with great earnestgess, to thew that the British Parliament hath no right to make laws for restraining the trade of America, and be delivers his sentiments with a manly plainness and freedom

R. Art.

I S.

« السابقةمتابعة »