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Art. 24. Two Letters, viz. I. A Letter to the Earl of Abingdon, in which his Grace of York's Notions of civil Liberty are examined by Liberalis; publifhed in the London Evening Poft. II. VERA ICON; or a Vindication of his Grace of York's Sermon, preached on Feb. 21, 1777. Proving it to contain a fevere Satire against the Ministry, and a Defence of civil and religious Liberty, upon the well-known Principles of Whiggifm. By Mytagogus Candidus. 8vo. Is. Almon.

The first of these letters contains fome fhrewd and pertinent remarks on his Grace of York's fermon; the fecond is an ironical vin dication of it; and though the irony is, in fome places, a little aukward, yet there are ftrokes of humour and pleasantry which will amuse the Reader.

R. Art. 25. Du Bonheur. Par M. Deferres de la Tour. 12mo, ..38. Printed by Ed. Cox, No. 73, Great Queen-Street, Lincoln's


This eflay on happiness is, properly speaking, a treatise on education. It is written in a fprightly, entertaining manner, and, though it contains little that is new, abounds with manly and liberal fentiments. The Author fhews that happiness is only to be found in the paths of religion and virtue; and that the genuine sources of felicity are, the LOVE OF GOD, and the LOVE OF OUR NEIGHBOUR.R Art. 26. The Legislative Rights of the Commonalty Vindicated; or

TAKE YOUR CHOICE, &C. The fecond Edition. By John Cartwright. 8vo. 3 s. 6d. Almon, 1777.


Of the first edition of this truly patriotic publication, (under the title of Take your Choice, &c.) we gave fome account in our Review for Dec. 1776, p. 478. The work is now greatly enlarged; and may be confidered as no improper fupplement to Burgh's valuable Political Difquifitions. The name of the worthy Author was not prefixed to the former impreffion.—Mr. Cartwright is also the author of a tract entitled American Independence, the Intereft and Glory of GreatBritain; for the firft edit, of which, fee Rev. vol. li. p. 393. For the fecond edit. fee Rev. vol. lii. p. 549. See also Art. 23. Art. 27. Letters to the King, from an old Patriotic Quaker, lately deceased, 8vo. 2s. 6d. fewed. Baldwin. 1778.

That thefe letters are not the production of a quaker-pen, is evident, because they are not written in the quaker ftyle; although a folemnity and plainnefs of manner is fometimes, not uniformly, affumed. The Author frequently mentions the brethren; but this is rather the language of the Moravians; the quakers usually say, the friends?


Exclufive, however, of manner, if this book be confidered with refpect to its matter, much may be faid in its commendation. The Author gives his Majefty a great deal of good counsel, under the following, among other important heads:-on the delicate fituation of Princes; on religion, as it operates in fociety;-on our national profperity at the commencement of the prefent reign; on the prefent war in America;-the importance of a Prince's understanding the real condition of his people;-probability of a French war;-the principle of refiftance inherent in the English conftitution;-the dif



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trofsful fituation to which we are reduced the improbability of
fubjugating the rebels;-the neceflity of an immediate accommoda-
tion; the moft politic meafures to be adopted, on the fuppofition
that we may be conquerors, &c. &c.

The Author concludes with his pleasing prospect of a general re-
formation,'-thatis, fuppofing his Majefty's converfion, or in the words
of the Author, the King's becoming a chriftian, according to our
conceptions of chriftianity, and thoroughly conformable to all those
fimplicities that render us fo fingularly obnoxious to fools and knaves
of every denomination.' This, indeed, the writer acknowledges,

is to fuppofe a revolution that would infallibly aftonish the whole
world; but, in truth, we apprehend, the whole world would
not be the worse, if all its Kings, and their minifters too, were
quakers. One evil, at least, would be banished from among us; but
what other evils might poffibly be fuperinduced, from fo great an
alteration in human affairs, it is not for us to fay. At prefent, how-
ever, we perceive not any evil that could refult from the univerfal
prevalence of" peace on earth, and good will towards men."
Art. 28. The Memorial of Common Sense, on the prefent Crisis,

c. 8vo. 6d. Almon.

Warmly urges, from a melancholy review of the present fituation of our public affairs, a full acquiefcence in the American claim of independence, Mr. Common Senfe recommends, alfo, a change of minifters, at home, as well as of measures; on the fair prefumption, that those men who by their mifconduct, have already caufed his Majefty to lofe half his dominions, are unfit to be any longer entrusted with the care and management of what remains. This conclufion feems plaufible, but it ought not to be implicitly adopted.-A gentleman in the country once turned away his groom who by fome accident, had occafioned a fire in the ftables, which reduced them to alhes. The fervant afterwards found great difficulty in getting a new place; till at last he met with a mafter who hired him for the very reafon which prevented others from taking the man into their fervice: “ I am particularly afraid of fire, faid he; and this fellow has been well frighted, and will be more careful than those who have never met with the fame misfortune."

Art. 29. Confiderations on the alledged Neceffity of hiring foreign
Troops, and the prefent Method of recruiting the Army; with a
Plan for augmenting the Army, and regulating the Militia. 4to.
23. fewed. Elmfley. 1778.

In this very important publication, the impolicy and bad œconomy,
of engaging foreign troops in our military fervice, in preference to
the employment of our own people, is clearly demonftrated. The
Author refutes the arguments ufed in recommendation of the scheme
of hiring foreigners, and then proceeds to offer his own plan for aug-
menting the army, and regulating the militia, which appears to be
very rational, and highly deferving of the ferious regard of adminif-
tration :-were it only on account of the prodigious faving of the pub-
lic money, which would arife from the various arrangements here
propofed; a faving of nearly a million in three of which take one
The following fpecimen:


R 4

• Upon


Upon a calculation of the charge of our German auxiliaries for three years, the excess of their expence above that of an equal number of our own troops (allowing 10l. per man levy money) will defray the pay of the reduced British officers for fifteen years. The regiment of Hanau, confifting of 668 men, fhall be the proof of this allertion; the expence is calculated for three years, on the fuppoftion, that at the expiration of that term the regiment may be returned to Heffe.

Total charge of this regiment for three years L. (8,072 2 21 Total ditto of a British regiment, with iol. levy money 44,693 15 O

Total excefs for the German regiment.

£. 23,478 7 21


As one of the arguments ufed for preferring foreign mercenaries to our own troops is, "that foreigners do not fubject the nation to halfpay,' our judicious calculator obferyes, that the excefs, or difference, of 23.4781. 75. 2d will defray the British officers of a like corps, whofe half pay would amount to 17121. 95. 2 d. per annum, for fifteen years.' Art. 30. The Delufive and dangerous Principles of the Minority, expofed and refuted. In a Letter to Lord North. 8vo. Fielding and Co.

Is. 6d.


This honelt man (he figns Honeftus) comes out rather mal a propos with his compliments to Lord North, who, he fays, has fo nobly diftinguished his fentiments in the caufe of loyalty and true patriotifm, with a view of oppofing and defeating the authors and abettors of rebellion on this and the other fide the Atlantic.'

Alas before this courtly pamphlet had well escaped from the prefs, the Author's noble patron publicly gave the lye direct to all that is here, mofl zealously contended for.--We are truly forry for the difappointment of a brother fcribbler-His Lord hip should have given his Authors timely notice of the approaching change of the political wind.He certainly ought, at least, to discharge the bockfeller's bill; for the paper and print of an eighteen peanyworth is, fometimes a ferious affair with us fcribblers.


Art. 31. The Devil on two Sticks; a Comedy in three Acts; as it is performed at the Theatre Royal in the Hay-market. Written by the late Samuel Foote, Efq; and now published by Mr. Colman 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Cadell. 1778.

This has always been, on the flage, the most popular of the author's pieces. In the clofet it has great merit, but does not fo emi. nently tranfcend his other dramas. The accidental lofs of a limb fuggefted to the ingenious writer, the idea of feizing the novel of Le Sage as his canvas, which he has happily filled and warmly coloured, The apothecaries, Julep and Apozem, the doctors Squib and Laft, together with the venerable President, &c. &c. form a lively and entertaining groupe; and the whim and pleafantry of the fiege of Warwick-Lane are irrefiftible. The last act contains alfo a very confiderable improvement, of the ceremony of the admiffion of a

*In his late conciliatory speech,





doctor, first introduced by Moliere in his Malade Imaginaire, It may
be faid perhaps, facile eft inventis addere.. The facility of happy
additions and variations is, however, very difputable, and it mult
be allowed that the English collegiates exhibit more of true comedy,
and lefs of farce, than the French.
Art. 32. The Nabob; a Comedy in three Acts; as it is per-
formed at the Theatre-Royal in the Hay-market. Written by the
late Samuel Foote, Efq; and now publifhed by Mr. Colman. 8vo.
I s. od Cadell, 1778.


Another ftream from the Bourgeois Gentil homme of Molier, which e was the original fource of the commiffary. The writer felt the fimilarity of the fubject, and has laboured to diverfify it. Some, parts of this comedy teem with a fentimental indignation not ufually found in the works of this author; but the antiquarian fociety, Janus, and Putty, are delineated with all the comic ftrokes that generally diftinguish his pencil,


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L A W.

Art. 33. Further Proceedings on the Trial of John Horne, Efq; upon an Information filed ex officio, by his Majesty's Attorney General, for a Libel, in the Court of King's Bench, on the 19th and 24th of November. Published by the Defendant, from Mr. 2 5. Kearly. 1777. Gurney's Short Hand Notes. Folio.

Those who preferve the printed account of Mr. Horne's trial, formerly published, will not, we fuppofe, chufe to overlook these farther proceedings, which contain many things worthy to be had in remembrance.-We must not, on this occafion, forget to mention Mr. H.'s general defence of his own character and conduct through life. This vindication, though á defultory, and in fome refpects rather impertinent performance, exhibits, in a very ftriking light, the firm, manly, and unconquered spirit of the defendant.-We obferve this, - purely in reference to the abilities and intrepidity of the MAN, without any retrofpect to the CAUSE in which he is a fufferer,and feems -to glory in being so.

A M E R I C A.

Art. 34. An Account of the Sufferings and Perfecution of John Champneys, a Native of South Carolina; inflicted by Order of Congress, for his Refufal to take up Arms in Defence of the arbitrary Proceedings carried on by the Rulers of faid Place. Toge8vo. 20 Pages. No Bookfeller, nor ther with his Proteft, &c.

Price mentioned. 17:8.

A publication exactly fimilar to that which is the subject of Art. 31, in our catalogue for January.


· Art. 35. The Neceffity of Divine Revelation, or Reafon no Guide to Man. An Elay. 8vo. 6d. Canterbury printed; and fold in London, by Law. 1778.

that eyes are The arguments of this profound writer tend to prove of no service to fight.-In proportion as these reasoners against reason

Vid. Review for Auguft, 1777. p. 174.



are able to maintain their caufe, they, like the mad monarch of
Sweden, ruin themselves by their own victories.

Art. 36. A Reply to the Reafonings of Mr. Gibbon, in his Hiftory
of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire; which feem to affect
the Truth of Chriftianity; but have not been noticed in the Answer
which Dr. Watson hath given to that Book. By Smyth Loftus,
M.A. Vicar of Coolock. 8vo. 1s. Dublin, printed. London,
fold by Bew. 1778.

'I look upon it, fays Mr. Loftus, as a fortunate incident for Ireland, that Dr. Watson's anfwer came out here almoft as foon as Mr. Gib bon's book; for it confutes the moft difficult and pernicious parts of it. But as this gentleman hath ftudied concifenefs so much as to omit many things, which to the lefs knowing Reader may want an expla nation, and as his reply hath not been fo generally propagated as the hiftory itself, I have endeavoured to remedy both thefe defects: the firft, by writing thefe obfervations, which will give a tolerable view of the whole controverfy, and extend to these objections against chriftianity, which are the great foundations of our modern unbelief; and the fecond by having them printed in a small pamphlet, which may be easily bound up with Dr. Watson's book.'

Such are Mr. Loftus's views in this reply, which contains many obfervations that fhew the author to be a man of fenfe and learning. R. Art. 37. A Letter to the Remarker on the Layman's Scriptural Confutation. Wherein the Divinity of the Son of God is farther vindicated against the Remarker's exceptions. To which is added an Appendix, taking fome Notice of Mr. Lindley's Sequelt. By Thomas Randolph, D. D. Prefident of C. C. C. and Lady Margaret's Profeffor of Divinity in the University of Oxford. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Rivington, &c. 1777.

Of this tract, which has been published about a year, but, by
fome accident, hitherto overlooked by us, we shall now only obferve
that it is fraught with all that learning by which Dr. R. hath diftin-
guifhed himself in former vindications of the doctrine of the Trini-
ty :—that doctrine which honest Whifton used to term the Athana-
fian herefy.'

Art. 38. A full Answer to the Rev. J. Weftley's Remarks upon a
late Pamphlet, published in Defence of the Character of the Rev.
Mr. Whitfield and others. By Rowland Hill, M. A. 8vo. 6d.
Vallance, &c.

We thought this furious conteft had been finally decided, but we were mistaken. We imagined that the young afpiring Dares, had been totally vanquished by the aged and tough Etellus §; but, no fuch matter. The vigorous youthful champion, having taken breath, is, we fee, on his legs again; and behold, he is dealing his blows heavier and faster than ever. Poor, old John! we fear it will go hard with him at last!

See Review, volume liii. p. 89.

+ Jb. volume LV. confult the table of contents.

See, particularly, our account of his answer to Mr. Lindsey,
Review, volume lii. p. 513.

§ Vid. Review for Oftober laft, p. 332, Art. 74.


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