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him, the more worthy does he appear of some distinction. There
are many entercaining, and some good things in this volume :
which confifts of thirteen letters, or essays, on various subjects, moral
? Art. 41. The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland
and Cumberland. By Joseph Nicholson, Erq; and Richard Buro,
LL. D. 4to.
Vol. II. Cadell.
The history and descent of property and of pedigree, of advowfons
and incumbents, within the county of Cumberland, form the prin-
cipal part of this second volume. The materials appear to be drawn
chiefly from those memoirs which Dr. Nicolson, formerly Bishop
of Carlile, a man skilled in antiquities, had collected for his own
use in the knowledge of his diocese. These are, certainly, matters
of local interest and curiosity. But had the natural history of the
two counties been less sparingly interspersed in these volumes, they
would have been more generally entertaining. -For an account of
the first volume see our last month's Review.
AMERICAN CONTROVER SY.
Art. 42. Unanimity in all the Parts of the British Commonwealth,
necessary to whom Preservation, Intereft, and Happiness, and absolutely
depending on the Wisdom and Spirit with which the present Period of
Time is improved. Addrefjed io the King, Parliament, and People.
8vo. W. Davis. 1778.
• It is not now the time, this animated writer tells us, ' to enquire
whether the English nation was wise and just, or otherwise, in its
manner of attempting to secure che obedience of America ?-Whe-
sher the Americans have been cautious and temperate, or violent and
rebellious, are not questions of present discussion ; and that man, be
his pretensions wbat they may, who either embarrasses parliamentary
resolutions, or damps the public Spirit with them, is in effect an ene-
my to his country.'
• That spirit,' he informs us in the next paragraph, “is at this
time a just resentment of the systematic deceit and perfidy of France,
which a moderate degree of wisdom might reader subservient to the
most important purposes.' That is, some part of us are to be mode-
rate, while all the rest are to be in a violent paffion; and those who
have produced our present calamities are to escape, while the refent-
ment of the public is to be directed against others who are at most
but secondary agents in the miscbiefs we complain of, and who have
only protected and cherished those whom we have unadvisedly and
outrageoully spurned away, and thrown into their arms.
Our conftitution is in so delicate a fare, that the skill of the political phyfician should be employed with a tteady but leoient hand: and the patient should be kept as quiet as possible; otherwise he has but small hopes of recovering to a state of health and vigour, fit to cope with difficulties and endure a Storm: and if the eloquence of this Author thould unhappily in flame the public paffions, or direct them to a wrong object, that inflammation, in all probability, would be mortal.
If there ever can be a time for John Bull to abate of his ferocity, and move on gently, it is certainly the time present :--bat excepting this precipitate resentment which our Author at:empts to excite, we REV. Apr. 1778.
have perused the rest of his conciliating pamphlet wiih pleasure,
and can heartily recommend it to the attention of the public.
Art. 43. The Conciliatory Bills considered. 8vo. IS.
A partial review and defence of the conduct of administration..
Art. 44. An impartial Sketch of the various Indulgences granted by
Great Britain to the Colonies, upon wbich they have founded their
Presumption of foaring towards Independence. By an Officer. 8vo.
is. Davenhill, 178.
. This rambling desultory gentleman is of opinion that long win-
ters, reading, writing, and praying, are great incentives to fedition.
Hear his curious character of the New Englanders:
• Besides the reasons I have already given, the New-England men are more prone to fedition than any other colonists; it must be observed that their winters are longer than in the other English feitleiments to the wellward, that their lands are more cleared of wood and thicker settled, of consequence in the frozen months, the pea. fants have nothing to do, but cabal with their neighbours, and inftructing their children in reading, writing, and praying; for you'll not meet a New-England man but has the bible by heart, and all the laws of his province. It may be juftly said in respect to them, that a little learning is a dangerous thing, for they never allow that they could fin against civil or religious society, if they can wrest the sense of a text of fcripture, or produce a provincial act of affembly to justify the transaction. They are likewise rudely inquisitive, and will stop a passenger on his road to enquire news, and tire his patience by asking impertinent and political questions ; then haste co some neighbouring tap-house to communicare his intelligence. Thus the poor Yankey peasant, who thinks himself all-fufficient, becomes a willing tool for a disaffected party to work with : being ever ready to attend religion's drum ecclefiaftic, he suffers himself to be piously led forth and commit every outrage against the Lord's anointed, regardless of former obligations or oaths of allegiance.'
It seems that these people are well acquainted with their duty to God, and the laws of their country; but do not understand one word of unconditional obedience to the parliament of Great-Britain.
Art. 45. The Revolutions of an Island; an Oriental Fragment.
Translated from the original Manuscript of Zoroafter, in Zend.
By an Englishman. Svo. I s. Fielding and Walker.
The illand is Britain, poorly disguised, by reversing the letters, under the name of Niatirb. In this hacknied and puerile manner are the king, the parliament, the nobility, &c. exhibited in mare querade. The design of the piece is to represent the present age and nation, as totally depraved and corrupt, the government perverted into despotism, and the American defection the natural consequence of an avowed design to enslave the colonies, and the whole empire. The consequence of all, is a revOLUTION, attended with the ruin of those whose misrule occafioned it.
Thus far with respect to the Author's plan. If the matter be diragreeable, fo is the manner. We scarce ever met with any thing
written in a feyle so bombast and uncouth.-But we forget that it is
Art. 46. The Constitutional Criterion. By a Member of the
University of Cambridge. 8vo. 6d. Almon.
A brief investigation of the first principles and spirit of the Britih
constitution, which both the people and leaders in this country seem of
lace to have disavowed or forgotten; with some accurate distinctions
Art. 47. Proposals for a Plan of Reconciliation and Re-union with
the Thirtien Provinces of America, and for an Union with the other
Colonies. By one of the Public. 8vo. I s. 6d. Keasily. 1778.
If the Author of this pamphlet is not one of the American com-
2 , .
Modesty, perfpicuity, an extensive knowledge of the subject, and a
love of liberty characterise these proposals, and render them worthy
the serious and candid consideration of every one who wilhes well to
the British empire.
It would be happy for this nation, and we think for America also,
if an union could take place, on such liberal principles as this gocd
gentleman recommends ; but we cangot help expreiling our surprise
that the horror of popery thould have taken such deep root in so
liberal a mind as that of our Author, as to lead him to the idea of
excluding any men from the benefits of toleration, while the civil
magistrate is armed with power to punith every unlawful action,
and the press and pulpit are free to expole every false principle, and
fuperftitious fentiment. We apprehend it is restraint alone that
makes popery dangerous in a proteitant country.
NOVELS and MEMOIRS,
Art. 48. A Trip to Melafge; or concite Instructions to a
young Gentleman entering into Life: with his Observations on
the Genius, Manners, Ton, Opinions, Philosophy, and Morals of
the Melafgeans. 12mo. 2 Vois. 5 s. fewed. Law. 1778.
Of all the varieties of deviations from the language of nature,
none is more inconsistent with the true principles of good writing,
or more offensive to a correct taste, than that kind of obscurity which
arises from a perpetual effort to express every idea in an uncommon
and friking manner. We have seldom met wich a work in which
this kind of affectation is more prevalent, or in which juft ideas and
reflections (for such the Author seems to have conceived) are inve-
loped with thicker clouds of words than the present. The Writer's
design seems to have been, to convey leftons of instruction, and ex-
hibic pictures of manners, in a fictitious narrative"; and as far as we
are able to decypher his meaning, we think we discover some traces
of ability both as a moralist and a faryrit; but we are so frequently
at a lofs for the sense, that we do not deem ourselves qualified ab!o
lutely to decide concerning the merit of the work. Before this
'Author can expect to be received as an agreeable or useful writer by
common readers, he mull learn to lower his fiyle to the level of com.
Art. 49. Evelina, or a young Lady's Entrance into the World,
3 vols. 95. Lowndes. 1778.
This novel has given us so much pleasure in the perusal, that we
do not hesitate to pronounce it one of the most sprightly, entertain-
ing, and agreeable productions of this kind, which has of late fallen
under our notice. A great variety of natural incidents, some of
the comic flamp, render the narrative extremely interesting. The
characiers, which are agreeably diversified, are conceived and drawn
with propriety, and supported with spirit. The whole is written
with great ease and command of language. From this commenda-
tion, however, we must except the character of a fun of Neptune,
whose manners are rather thofe of a rough, uneducated country
'equire, than those of a genuine sca-captain.
M E DICA L.
Art. 50. A new Method of curing the Venereal Disease by Fumiga-
tion ; together with critical Observations on the different Methods
of Cure; and an Account of some new and useful Preparations of
Mercury. By Sir Peter Lalonette, Knight of the Royal Order of
St. Michael, and Doctor Regent of the Faculty of Phyoc in the
University of Paris. Translated into English; with copper-plates,
&c. 8vo. 45. Sewed. Wilkie. 1777:
The cure of the venereal disease by fumigations, the general advan-
tages of which the author of the work before us attempts to establish
by a comparison with other methods, has fallen into difuse, chiefly on
account of unkilfulness in the application, and the noxious quality ?.0 of the fumes employed. With respect to the latter cause, the frequent
adulterations of Mercury with other metallic subitances, and the fuf-
phureous and saline particles with which it was combined in order to
volatilize it, were what, according to this writer, alone rendered its
use under this form, fufpected and dangerous. It was his study,
therefore, to remedy these defects; and by experiments he was con-
vinced that the muriatic acid was the proper agent for elevating mer.
cury in such a form as might be advantageously applied to the human
body. On this principle he prepared the following powder for fumi-
gation. To a solution of corrosive sublimate in water, fixed alkali
was added, and the red precipitate produced by the mixture was washed
till it became perfeâly insipid, and then dried. This matter was
sublimed in a cucurbit, to which several aludels were luted. The
product was a greyish powder, which, triturated in a marble mortar,
and washed over with hot water, he distinguished by the name of
fimple mercurial powder,
Another powder was prepared in the following manner. Corrosive
fublimate was mixed with an equal quantity of iron filings, and the
combination was formed into a parte with water. This, aster being
dried, was sublimed with the same apparatus as the former ; and the
product was a mercurial powder, similar to the foregoing, but differ-
ing in its containing more of the muriatic acid, and a small portion
of iron. He calls it, therefore, martial mercurial powder.
A third powder was made by criturating the pure running mercury resulting from the two foregoing procefles with an equal quantity of
fine clay, till the globules entirely disappeared. This is his argilla.
cious mercurial powder.
Thus provided with three fumigating powders of different degrees of activity, he proceeded to invent proper machines for their application. But for the description of these, with the rules laid down for the use of the several powders, and the attellations of the success altending this method of cure, we refer to the pamphlet itself, which appears to us deserving of notice, as well from the chemilt as from the medical practitioner.
Art. 51. Farther Obfervations upon the Effets of Camphire and
Calomel; upon the Effects of Calomel in the Dropsy; upon Bath
· Waters; and upon the Epilepsy; being an Appendix to Essays upon
these Subjecis formerly published. To which is added, a Leiter
to Dr. Adee upon the Effects of a Decoction of the Elm Bark in
Cutaneous Eruptions. By Daniel Lyfons, M. D. 8vo. 15.
of the former publications of this writer we gave an account in
our Reviews for the months of March 1772, and Auguit 1773. The
present appendix affords but little additional information for our Rea-
ders. The first article contains nothing answerable to its title, but
a case in which a mortification from external injury was stopped by whe application of camphire, aslifted by spirits of wine, spirit of fal ammoniac, and strong beer grounds." In the second two new cases. are given of the effects of calomel in dropsies, one of which is indeed sufficiently worthy of observation. A boy, distended with water to an amazing size, and almost expiring for want of breath, after the unsuccessful exhibition of various medicines, took fix pills of five. grains of calomel each in the space of twenty-four hours, which entirely evacuated the water by the way of urine, without producing any effect on the salival glands. The boy filled again, but a repetition of the same medicine, followed by tonics, radically cured him.
From the farther observations on Raih waters we can extract nothing of much consequence. Chemistry does not appear to be the doctor's fort, and there is much more knowledge of this kind in an extract from Mr. Warleire's lectures prefixed to this pamphlet, than ia che Author's own remarks.
The next article contains some inítances of the efficacy of the
fowers of cardamine in the epilepsy, which, though by no means so
conclufive as mighi be wished, are no inconsiderable confirmation of
its poffefing a power in this disease which merits the attention of
the faculty. The letter concerning the effects of elm bark was read
at the college of physicians, and seems to prove its title to be re-
garded as a valuable medicine in cutaneous complaints. A.
Art. 52. An Address on the Subject of Inoculation; wherein is sug
gelted a new Mode of Practice in that Line, calculated for the
universal Safety and Interest of Society. By R. Bath, Surgeon).
12mo. 6 d. Bew, &c.
Of the medical publications which we have the honour to review,
about one half are designed to puff the writer's noftrums, and nearly
the other half the writers themselves. Is there no third class i truly
very small one.