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him, the more worthy does he appear of fome diftinction. There
are many entertaining, and fome GOOD things in this volume:
which confifts of thirteen letters, or effays, on various fubjects, moral
and amufing.

Art. 41. The Hiftory and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland
and Cumberland. By Jofeph Nicholfon, Efq; and Richard Burn,
LL. D.
Vol. II. Cadell.


The hiftory and defcent of property and of pedigree, of advowfons and incumbents, within the county of Cumberland, form the principal part of this fecond volume. The materials appear to be drawn chiefly from thofe memoirs which Dr. Nicolfon, formerly Bishop of Carlisle, a man skilled in antiquities, had collected for his own ufe in the knowledge of his diocefe. Thefe are, certainly, matters of local intereft and curiofity. But had the natural history of the two counties been lefs fparingly interfperfed in thefe volumes, they would have been more generally entertaining. For an account of the first volume fee our last month's Review.


AMERICAN CONTROVERSY. Art. 42. Unanimity in all the Parts of the British Commonwealth, neceffary to the Prefervation, Intereft, and Happiness, and abfolutely depending on the Wisdom and Spirit with which the prefent Period of Time is improved. Addreffed to the King, Parliament, and People. 8vo. 18. W. Davis. 1778. • to enquire "It is not now the time,' this animated writer tells us, whether the English nation was wife and juft, or otherwife, in its manner of attempting to fecure the obedience of America?-Whether the Americans have been cautious and temperate, or violent and rebellious, are not questions of prefent difcuffion; and that man, be his pretenfions what they may, who either embarraffes parliamentary resolutions, or damps the public Spirit with them, is in effect an enes my to his country.

That fpirit,' he informs us in the next paragraph, is at this time a just resentment of the fyftematic deceit and perfidy of France, which a moderate degree of wifdom might render fubfervient to the most important purpofes.' That is, fome part of us are to be moderate, while all the reft are to be in a violent and those who

Thave produced our prefent calamities are to elcape, while the refent

ment of the public is to be directed against others who are at moft but fecondary agents in the mifchiefs we complain of, and who have only protected and cherished thofe whom we have unadvisedly and outrageously fpurned away, and thrown into their arms.

Our conflitution is in fo delicate a state, that the skill of the political phyfician fhould be employed with a fteady but lenient hand: and the patient fhould be kept as quiet as poffible; otherwife he has but fmall hopes of recovering to a itate of health and vigour, fit to cope with difficulties and endure a storm; and if the eloquence of this Author should unhappily inflame the public paffions, or direct them to a wrong object, that inflammation, in all probability, would

be mortal.

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If there ever can be a time for JOHN BULL to abate of his ferocity, and move on gently, it is certainly the time prefent:bat excepting this precipitate refentment which our Author attempts to excite, we



REV. Apr. 1778.


have perufed the reft of his conciliating pamphlet with pleasure,
and can heartily recommend it to the attention of the public.
Art. 43. The Conciliatory Bills confidered. 8vo. I S.



A partial review and defence of the conduct of administration.
Art. 44. An impartial Sketch of the various Indulgences granted by
Great Britain to the Colonies, upon which they have founded their
Prefumption of foaring towards Independence. By an Officer. 8vo.
IS. Davenhill, 1778.

This rambling defultory gentleman is of opinion that long winters, reading, writing, and praying, are great incentives to fedition. Hear his curious character of the New Englanders:

Befides the reafons I have already given, the New-England men are more prone to fedition than any other colonists; it must be obferved that their winters are longer than in the other English fettleTments to the weftward, that their lands are more cleared of wood and thicker fettled, of confequence in the frozen months, the pea fants have nothing to do, but cabal with their neighbours, and inftructing their children in reading, writing, and praying; for you'll not meet a New-England man but has the bible by heart, and all the laws of his province. It may be juftly faid in refpect to them, that a little learning is a dangerous thing, for they never allow that they could fin against civil or religious fociety, if they can wreft the fenfe of a text of fcripture, or produce a provincial act of affembly to juftify the tranfaction. They are likewife rudely inquifitive, and will flop a paffenger on his road to enquire news, and tire his patience by aking impertinent and political queftions; then hafte to fome neighbouring tap-houfe to communicate his intelligence. Thus the poor Yankey peafant, who thinks himself all-fufficient, becomes a willing tool for a difaffected party to work with: being ever ready to attend religion's drum ecclefiaftic, he fuffers himself to be piously led forth and commit every outrage against the Lord's anointed, regardlefs of former obligations or oaths of allegiance.'

It feems that these people are well acquainted with their duty to God, and the laws of their country; but do not understand one word of unconditional obedience to the parliament of Great Britain.



Art. 45. The Revolutions of an Island; an Oriental Fragment.
Tranflated from the original Manufcript of Zoroafter, in Zend.
By an Englishman. Svo. 1 s. Fielding and Walker.



The inland is Britain, poorly difguifed, by reverfing the letters, under the name of Niatirb. In this hacknied and puerile manner are the king, the parliament, the nobility, &c. exhibited in maf querade. The defign of the piece is to reprefent the present age and nation, as totally depraved and corrupt, the government perverted into defpotifm, and the American defection the natural confequence of an avowed defign to enslave the colonies, and the whole empire. The confequence of all, is a REVOLUTION, attended with the ruin of thofe whofe mifrule occafioned it.

Thus far with respect to the Author's plan. If the matter be difagreeable, fo is the manner. We fcarce ever met with any thing written


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written in a flyle fo bombaft and uncouth. But we forget that it is

Art. 46. The Conftitutional Criterion. By a Member of the
University of Cambridge. 8vo. 6d. Almon.

A brief inveftigation of the first principles and fpirit of the British
conftitution, which both the people and leaders in this country feem of
late to have difavowed or forgotten; with fome accurate diftinctions
and definitions.

Art. 47. Propofals for a Plan of Reconciliation and Re-union with
the Thirteen Provinces of America, and for an Union with the other
Colonies. By one of the Public. 8vo. Is. 6d. Kearly. 1778.
If the Author of this pamphlet is not one of the American com-
miffioners, he seems very proper to be added to their number.
Modefty, perfpicuity, an extensive knowledge of the fubject, and a
love of liberty characterise these propofals, and render them worthy
the serious and candid confideration of every one who wishes well to
the British empire.

It would be happy for this nation, and we think for America alfo, if an union could take place, on fuch liberal principles as this good gentleman recommends; but we cannot help expreiling our furprise that the horror of popery thould have taken fuch deep root in so liberal a mind as that of our Author, as to lead him to the idea of excluding any men from the benefits of toleration, while the civil magiftrate is armed with power to punith every unlawful action, and the prefs and pulpit are free to expofe every false principle, and fuperftitious fentiment. We apprehend it is reftraint alone that makes popery dangerous in a protestant country.



Art. 48. A Trip to Melafge; or concife Inftructions to a
young Gentleman entering into Life: with his Obfervations on
the Genius, Manners, Ton, Opinions, Philofophy, and Morals of
the Melafgeans. 12mo. 2 Vols. 5 s. fewed. Law. 1778.
Of all the varieties of deviations from the language of nature,
none is more inconfiftent with the true principles of good writing,
or more offenfive to a correct tafte, than that kind of obfcurity which
arifes from a perpetual effort to exprefs every idea in an uncommon
and ftriking manner. We have feldom met with a work in which
this kind of affectation is more prevalent, or in which just ideas and
reflections (for fuch the Author feems to have conceived) are inve-
loped with thicker clouds of words than the prefent. The Writer's
defign feems to have been, to convey leffons of instruction, and ex-
hibit pictures of manners, in a fictitious narrative; and as far as we
are able to decypher his meaning, we think we discover fome traces
of ability both as a moralift and a fatyrift; but we are fo frequently
at a lofs for the fenfe, that we do not deem our felves qualified abfo-
lutely to decide concerning the merit of the work. Before this
Author can expect to be received as an agreeable or useful writer by
common readers, he mutt learn to lower his ftyle to the level of com
mon understandings.

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Art. 49. Evelina, or a young Lady's Entrance into the World,
12mo. 3 vols. 9s. Lowndes. 1778.

This novel has given us fo much pleafure in the perufal, that we
do not hesitate to pronounce it one of the most fprightly, entertain-
ing, and agreeable productions of this kind, which has of late fallen
under our notice. A great variety of natural incidents, fome of
the comic flamp, render the narrative extremely interefting. The
characters, which are agreeably diverfified, are conceived and drawn
with propriety, and fupported with fpirit. The whole is written
with great eafe and command of language. From this commenda-
tion, however, we muft except the character of a fon of Neptune,
whofe manners are rather thofe of a rough, uneducated country
'íquire, than thofe of a genuine fea-captain.



Art. 50. A new Method of curing the Venereal Difeafe by Fumiga-
tion; together with critical Obfervations on the different Methods
of Cure; and an Account of fome new and ufeful Preparations of
Mercury. By Sir Peter Lalonette, Knight of the Royal Order of
St. Michael, and Doctor Regent of the Faculty of Phyûc in the
University of Paris. Tranflated into English; with copper-plates,
&c. 8vo. 45. Sewed. Wilkie. 1777:

The cure of the venereal disease by fumigations, the general advantages of which the author of the work before us attempts to establish by a comparison with other methods, has fallen into difufe, chiefly on account of unfkilfulness in the application, and the noxious quality " of the fumes employed. With refpect to the latter caufe, the frequent adulterations of Mercury with other metallic fubftances, and the fulphureous and faline particles with which it was combined in order to volatilize it, were what, according to this writer, alone rendered its ufe under this form, fufpected and dangerous. It was his ftudy, therefore, to remedy thefe defects; and by experiments he was convinced that the muriatic acid was the proper agent for elevating mercury in fuch a form as might be advantageously applied to the human body. On this principle he prepared the following powder for fumigation. To a folution of corrofive fublimate in water, fixed alkali was added, and the red precipitate produced by the mixture was washed till it became perfectly infipid, and then dried. This matter was fublimed in a cucurbit, to which feveral aludels were luted. The product was a greyish powder, which, triturated in a marble mortar, and washed over with hot water, he diftinguished by the name of fimple mercurial powder.

Another powder was prepared in the following manner. Corrofive fublimate was mixed with an equal quantity of iron filings, and the combination was formed into a paste with water. This, after being dried, was fublimed with the fame apparatus as the former; and the product was a mercurial powder, fimilar to the foregoing, but differing in its containing more of the muriatic acid, and a small portion of iron. He calls it, therefore, martial mercurial powder.


A third powder was made by triturating the pure running mercury refulting from the two foregoing procefies with an equal quantity of


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fine clay, till the globules entirely difappeared. This is his argilla-
ceous mercurial powder.

Thus provided with three fumigating powders of different degrees
of activity, he proceeded to invent proper machines for their appli-
cation. But for the defcription of thefe, with the rules laid down for
the use of the feveral powders, and the atteftations of the fuccefs at-
tending this method of cure, we refer to the pamphlet itself, which
appears to us deferving of notice, as well from the chemift as from
the medical practitioner.
Art. 51. Farther Obfervations upon the Effects of Camphire and
Calomel; upon the Effects of Calomel in the Dropfy; upon Bath
Waters; and upon the Epilepfy; being an Appendix to Eflays upon
thefe Subjects formerly published. To which is added, a Letter
to Dr. Adee upon the Effects of a Decoction of the Elm Bark in
Cutaneous Eruptions. By Daniel Lyfons, M. D. 8vo. I S.
Wilkie. 1777.


Of the former publications of this writer we gave an account in our Reviews for the months of March 1772, and August 1773. The prefent appendix affords but little additional information for our Readers. The first article contains nothing answerable to its title, but a cafe in which a mortification from external injury was stopped by the application of camphire, affifted by fpirits of wine, fpirit of fal ammoniac, and ftrong beer grounds. In the second two new cafes. are given of the effects of calomel in dropfies, one of which is indeed fufficiently worthy of obfervation. A boy, diftended with water to an amazing fize, and almost expiring for want of breath, after the unfuccessful exhibition of various medicines, took fix pills of five. grains of calomel each in the space of twenty-four hours, which entirely evacuated the water by the way of urine, without producing any effect on the falival glands. The boy filled again, but a repetition of the fame medicine, followed by tonics, radically cured him.

From the farther obfervations on Bath waters we can extract nothing of much confequence. Chemiftry does not appear to be the doctor's fort, and there is much more knowledge of this kind in an extract from Mr. Warltire's lectures prefixed to this pamphlet, than in the Author's own remarks.

The next article contains fome instances of the efficacy of the
flowers of cardamine in the epilepfy, which, though by no means fo
conclufive as might be wifhed, are no inconfiderable confirmation of
its poffeffing a power in this difeafe which merits the attention of
the faculty. The letter concerning the effects of elm bark was read
at the college of phyficians, and feems to prove its title to be re-
garded as a valuable medicine in cutaneous complaints.
Art. 52. An Address on the Subject of Inoculation; wherein is fug-
gelted a new Mode of Practice in that Line, calculated for the
univerfal Safety and Intereft of Society. By R. Bath, Surgeon.
12mo. 6d. Bew, &c.


Of the medical publications which we have the honour to review, about one half are defigned to puff the writer's noftrums, and nearly the other half the writers themselves. Is there no third clafs


very small one.

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