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Mr. Bath's work certainly belongs to the second head; and we shall fo far befriend him, as to mention, in two lines, what he takes the compass of a sixpenny pamphlet to make known, viz. that at his DISPENSARY in Union.court, Holborn, persons are inoculated at a crown a head.

A. Art. 53. Elements of Midwifery; or the Arcana of Nature in the

Forination and Produciion of the Hunan Species elucidated, &c. ;
&c. By William Moore, M. D. 8vo. 4s, fewed. Johnson,

Former critics have given receipts to make epic poems, and we
cannot but think ourselves almost equally qualified, from experience,
10 give one for a treatise on midwifery. We will venture to try.
Take a fair copy of the lectures of any teacher in midwifery; (it is
no matter who, as they all proceed on the same general plan) cut and
trim them to the fize required ; intersperse a few flowers of language
of your own, if you have any knack that way, such as delicate touches
of sentiment, and a little pruriency of description; talk confidently
of your intimate acquaintance with the arcana of nature; and throw
in some clever hints of your pra&ical skill and experience, and parti-
cularly of your great tenderness and sympathy-and the task is done,
Take care to advertise your book sufficiently, and whether it sells or
not, it will at least make known your name and place of abode.
Art. 54. A new Medical Dictionary; or general Repository of

Phyfic, &c. &c. By G. Motherby, M.D. Folio. I. 113.6.do
Boards. Johnson.

The purpose of this di&tionary appears to be, to furnish chose me. dical practitioners who have neither leisure nor opportunity to perase many books, with useful information in every branch of their profer. fion, comprised in as small a compass as the nature of the subjects will admit. It is therefore in bulk a medium between the voluminous dictionary of James, and the fmall ones of other compilers, which contain little more than an explanation of terms. Such a plan has, doubtless, its utility, and though it will not produce a work interefta ing to the learned and well informed Reader, it may prove beneficial to a much larger class..

The execution of the present attempt is, upon the whole, as good as might be expected in a design so various and extensive. The macter is, in general, extracted from avthors of the most respectable 20thority. Sometimes, indeed, there appears a want of method and consistency in particular articles, where the varying opinions of different writers are not sufficiently digested by the compiler ; and there is in many parts a deficiency of that clearness and accuracy of expresfion which is so effential a quality in every abridgment. We will renture, however, on the whole, to recommend the work as a valuable addition to the libraries of those for whom it is principally designed.

This is one of the very few publications which performs more than it promises in the title-page. Nothing is said there concerning plates, and yet some very tolerable anatomical and botanical engravings are given at the end of the volume.

A.

Art,

Art. 55. Observations on Wounds of the Head, with a particular

Enquiry into the Parts principaliy affected in those who die in
Cousequence of such Injuries. By William Dease, Surgeon to the
United Hospitals of St. Nicholas, and St. Catherine, (Dublin).
8vo. zs. 6 d. London. Robinson. 177h.

Mr. Dease in his introduction observes, that although no part of surgery has been more the subject of discusion than the treatment of wounds the head, its principles are still dubious and unsettled, and its success very unsatisfactory. Of two late writers of eminence in our own country, one, Mr. Pott, attributes a great Mare of the danger arising from these injuries to shat communication exilting between the blood vessels on the outside and on the inside of the cranium, which propagates inflammation and suppuration from one to the other. He therefore warmly recommends the immediate application of the trepan, in order to free the diseased dura mater, and discharge the matter collected on its furface; and depends upon very profue bleedings, and other evacua'ions, to prevent those obstructions which he supposes to be the cause of its morbid condition. Mr. Bromfield, on the other hand, conceiving that the cause of inflammation is rather a spasmodic ftri&ture of the capillary arteries, than a plethoric fullness, proposes the use of opłates and sudorifics, by means of which, he says, the trepan is frequently rendered unneceflary. Mr. Diafe found neither of these methods so fuccessful as the recommendation of their patrons would lead us to expecl; he was therefore led to a more complete investigation of the cause of the fatal symptoms so generally attending these accidents. It is his opinion, confirmed by many dissections, that the suffering parts are much more commonly the pia mater and surface of the brain itself, than the dura mater ; that consequently the operation of the trepan can very seldom be fuccessful either in preventing or removing the alarming fymptoms; and that moderate evacuations, with cooling sedatives, are the most likely means of relief. A number of cales are related, almost all of which terminated fatally, notwithstanding the timely application of the trepan; and on examination of the parts, the dispersed over a large portion of the pia mater and brain.

We would recommend the perusal of this work to practitioners, although, perhaps, it will rather tend to confirm them in an opinion of the inefficacy of every method of creating these cases, than to give them confidence in any one.

Some inaccuracies occur in the style, and particularly a few dir.
gufting gallicisms, which might easily have been avoided.

HORTICULTUR E.
Art. 56. The Beauties of Flora Displayed; or, Gentleman and

Lady's Pocket Companion to the Flower and Kitchen Garden : On an
entire new Plan : With a Catalogue of Seeds necessary for each
of them. By N. Swinden, Gardener and Seedsman ,at Brentford.
End.

2 s. Dodsley, &c. 1778.
The chief peculiarity of this little manual of horticulture, con-
fifts in the description of the heigbes and colours of about 2ço
different howers, with particular directions for fowing, managing,

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and arranging them, so as to have those of nearly equal heights by
themselves, and that no two flowers of the same colour be seen to.
gether; nor that any one kind should be hidden by the other. By
this means, you have, at one view, the whole garden painted with
a pleasing variety, in the richest array of nature, and executed with
very little trouble. These designs are illustrated by seven copper-
plates, exhibiting the nature and effect of the several arrangements,
by the pofitions of the flowers, &c. when growing,

The Author has also given a short sketch of the most desirable
fituation of both the pleasure and kitchen garden; with the respec-
rive methods of culture, &c. But there points are to be found in
every kalendar and treatise on the subject. What is properly Mr.
Swinden's own, in this tract, is ingenious, and may prove very satis-
factory to those who have a taste for the improvements abovementioned.

L A

W.
ART. 57. An Alphabetical Epitome of the Common Law of England;

so far as it relates to the Security of the Persons, Property, and
Privileges of Individuals : Directing, in a great Variety of In-
Atances, not only to the several Points in which the Law does or
does not give a Remedy, but also to the particular Species of Re.
medy the Law has provided for diftin&t Injuries and Wrongs: In-
terspersed with many other useful Articles, necessary to be known
for a proper Discharge of the several Duties of public and private
Life. With an Addenda, shewing the Law respecting Costs in the
Prosecution of Actions, and pointing out the Quantum of Colts
allowed, &c. By G. Clark, Esg. Author of The Penal S'atutes
abridged. 8vo. 3 s. t d. fewed. Fielding and Walker, 1778,

The Author of this Epitome has so fully explained his deligo in
the title-page, that he has rendered any thing farther by way of in-
formation unnecessary. The extent of the work is much too lia
mited to be of any great use to practitioners in the law; but those
whose situation renders some acquaintance with the coin mon law ne-
cessary, and a flight knowledge of it fufficient, may occasionally
confult such a dictionary as this, with advantage.

NAVIGATION.
Art. 58. A new Epitome of Practical Navigation; or Guide to

the Indian Scas, c. The whole illuftrated with a Variety of
Copper-plates. By Samuel Dunn, Teacher of Mathematics, Lon-
don. 8vo. 95. bound, and 8 s. Boards. Becker, &c.

Beside the rules, &c. to be met with in treatises of pavigation in
general, this work contains some novelties peculiar to the Author.
Particularly, in a dedication to the Directors of the East India
Company, Mr. Dunn makes his acknowledgments for the leave
given him by them, to take the observations of the variation of the
needle from the journals of their ships; from which observacions,
and the application of the theory of the magnetic needle discovered
by him, the new variation charts * for those oceans which are

These were published not long ago by the Author, on nine copper-plates, under the title of A New Atlas of Variations of the Magnetic Needle, for the Atlantic, Ethiopic, Southern, and Indian Oceans, &c.

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erofied in East India voyages, have been drawn and published.'
And to supply their defeat, he adds, where the variation lines run
unfavourable for ascertaining the longitude, I have written this
treatise.' The Author likewise investigates and corrects the errors
incident in some nice observations, which proceed from not attending
to the spheroidical figure of the earth ; particularly in taking am-
plitudes, &c.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 59. The Rejoinder : Principally containing, I. Some de-

fensive Pleas for the Institutions and Ministers of the Church of
England, illiberally aspersed in two pamphlets lately published by
Mr. Samuel Medley, of Liverpool, and Mr. James Turner of
Birmingham. II. A more particular Refutation of Mr. Medley's
false Doctrine of the Effentiality of Dipping. III. The scriptural
Mode of adminiftering Baptism by pouring or sprinkling of Water,
farcher vindicated, from the molt capital Objections of Dr. Sten-
nert, and the other two Anabaptists aforesaid. By the Rev.
Richard de Courcy: Vicar of Sc. Alkmond's, Shrewsbury. Part I.
8vo. 3 5. Shrewsbury, printed. London, fold by G. Robinson.
1777

The Vicar of St. Alkmond's is not yet tired of the contest : but we
apprehend the world will be little interested in these publications.

He writés with spirit, and appears to understand his subject; but
II the makes the most of some illiberal reflections of his ancagonists, and

dwells longer on them than we think was at all requisite. We have
already given our sentiments on this Salopian controversy *, and
apprehend it unnecessary to add many farther remarks. We believe
it fufficient to observe that some writings of Dr. Stennett's come here
under our Author's review, concerning which he says, “ It requires
some apology to my readers, that I have introduced this gentleman's
name in the course of my remarks. In taking that liberty, I mean
not to insinuate that there sublilts the smallest rese.mblance between
the spirit and style of this pious and polite writer, and those of my
opponents. Their respective performances exhibit a striking contrait.
But, adds he, as Mr. Medley is apparently a rambling and incon-
clusive reasoner, I have introduced Dr. S.'s more powerful arguments,
as a supply for Mr. M.'s great deficiency.' Another volume on this
subject is preparing for the press!
Art. 60. 'Remarks on the ancient and present State of the Congrega.

tional Churches of Norfolk and Suffolk. With some Strictures on the
Account given of this Denomination in general, in the Eccle.
fiaftical History of the celebrated Mosheim. By a Suffolk Minifter.
8vo. 1 s. 6d, Buckland, &c. 1777.'

Church-discipline and government has been a subject of great and
long debate among Christians. The scriptures which give fufficient
instructions in points of essential importance, are not so explicit on
the forms and offices of Christian societies. Ic is fully clear from
them, that in matters of faith and conscience each man is to judge
for himself, and there is no human power which has any authority
to bind him to a particular belief or conduct as to his faith, and

• Vid. Monthly Rev. Sept. 1776, p. 243-245. Rev. Dec. 1776, P. 487

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manner of worship. It is as clear that whatever method of worship and Christian communion, is most decent, cacholic, edifving, free from worldly and oitentatious pomp, and authoritative claims and ufurpations, is. moft conformable to the fimplicity and purity of the New Teitament. The independent or congregational mode, of which we have

an account in this pamphlet, is in several respects orderly and agreeble, especially in its fundamental principle, viz. that liberiy of conscience

ts to be allowed to all who do not disturb the peace of civil society. There have been, perhaps, and ftill are some forms and rules too narrow and restricted for so broad a basis. The passage in Dr. Mosheim's history which has offended this writer, is that io which he speaks of the independents as a party become very timid and low, and that impelled by necrbaty they must have come into the opinions of the Prefbyterians in many things, and departed from the tenets of their predecessors.' This representation, our author would prove to be very unjult, and owing to the imperfect notions Dr. Mosheim had an opportunity of forming on the point. He very properly observes in regard to those Disfenters who are called Presbyterians, that the term seems to be retained merely by way of distinction and because they are in general the successors of those of the middle of the last century, that were for adopting the church government of Scotland. We mall only add that this is a sensible pamphlet, written by one who well understands the subject, and wishes to have an acquaintance with it more generally diffused.

H. Art. 61. A Series of Dialogues, addressed to the Jews, in the

35th Jubilee of their Dispersion and Captivity. In these Dialogues, Jesus Christ is proved to be that Man·child revealed to John, Rev. xii. In And that he is the same Son of Man (Bar Enofs) whom Daniel sees brought in the Clouds of Heaven to the Throne of the Ancient of Days. chap. vii. 13. That he is called Jesus of Nazareth under the Gospel, because he was separated and kept bid as it were, many ages before he came into Flesh, to redeem the Children of his Father and Mother, Adam, under the Fall. 8vo. I S. Wilkie, &c. 1777

Who is the Author of this pamphlet we know not. From the last sentence of the preface, which speaks of the members of the Philadelphian church and faith, we fould conclude that he is one of the people called Quakers. He appears to be a man of reading, especially in a particular branch. His turn is for myfticism, recondite and interior meanings, &c. Enquiries of such a nature may some. jimes be made to advantage; but there is so much room for chimæras, that little satisfaction is to be obtained from the generality of such writings. Dr. Henry More, as this Author observes, ex. presses his persuasion, that the discovery of the genuine ancient Cab. bala, would render the Christian religion more acceptable to the Jows; but while he says this, he at the fame time acknowledges the necetlity of its being purified from the valt heap of dross under which it now lies buried. How far the remark of the above learned writer may be just, we do not presume to determine. The Jews, no doubt, labour under very strong prejudices and misconceptions, It is an humane and benevolent ac to endeavour to undeceive them, and draw a side the veil twhich conceals the truth. They are ad. dressed with much com pallion by our Author. But if he is himself

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