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Mr Bath's work certainly belongs to the fecond head; and we shall fo far befriend him, as to mention, in two lines, what he takes the compafs of a fixpenny pamphlet to make known, viz. that at his DISPENSARY in Union-court, Holborn, perfons are inoculated at a crown a head.
Art. 53. Elements of Midwifery; or the Arcana of Nature in the Formation and Production of the Human Species elucidated, &c.: &c. By William Moore, M. D. 8vo. 4 s. fewed. Johnson, 1777
Former critics have given receipts to make epic poems, and we cannot but think ourselves almoft equally qualified, from experience, to give one for a treatife on midwifery. We will venture to try. Take a fair copy of the lectures of any teacher in midwifery; (it is no matter who, as they all proceed on the fame general plan) cut and trim them to the fize required; interfperfe a few flowers of language of your own, if you have any knack that way, fuch as delicate touches of fentiment, and a little pruriency of defcription; talk confidently of your intimate acquaintance with the arcana of nature; and throw in fome clever hints of your practical skill and experience, and particularly of your great tenderness and fympathy-and the task is done. Take care to advertise your book fufficiently, and whether it fells or not, it will at least make known your name and place of abode. Art. 54. A new Medical Dictionary; or general Repofitory of Phyfic, &c. &c. By G. Motherby, M. D. Folio. 1. 11s. 6d, Boards. Johnfon.
The purpose of this dictionary appears to be, to furnish those medical practitioners who have neither leifure nor opportunity to peruse many books, with useful information in every branch of their profeffion, comprised in as fmall a compaís as the nature of the fubjects will admit. It is therefore in bulk a medium between the voluminous dictionary of James, and the fmall ones of other compilers, which contain little more than an explanation of terms. Such a plan has, doubtless, its utility, and though it will not produce a work interefting to the learned and well informed Reader, it may prove beneficial to a much larger class..
The execution of the prefent attempt is, upon the whole, as good as might be expected in a design fo various and extenfive. The matter is, in general, extracted from authors of the most respectable authority. Sometimes, indeed, there appears a want of method and confiftency in particular articles, where the varying opinions of different writers are not fufficiently digefted by the compiler; and there is in many parts a deficiency of that clearness and accuracy of expreffion which is fo effential a quality in every abridgment. We will venture, however, on the whole, to recommend the work as a valuable addition to the libraries of thofe for whom it is principally defigned.
This is one of the very few publications which performs more than it promifes in the title-page. Nothing is faid there concerning plates, and yet fome very tolerable anatomical and botanical engravings are given at the end of the volume.
Art. 55. Obfervations on Wounds of the Head, with a particular
Mr. Deafe in his introduction obferves, that although no part of furgery has been more the fubject of difcuffion than the treatment of wounds of the head, its principles are till dubious and unfettled, and its fuccefs very unfatisfactory. Of two late writers of eminence in our own country, one, Mr. Pott, attributes a great fhare of the danger arifing from these injuries to that communication existing between the blood veffels on the outfide and on the infide of the cranium, which propagates inflammation and fuppuration from one to the other. He therefore warmly recommends the immediate application of the trepan, in order to free the difeafed dura mater, and difcharge the matter collected on its furface; and depends upon very profufe bleedings, and other evacuations, to prevent thofe obftructions which he fuppofes to be the caufe of its morbid condition. Mr. Bromfield, on the other hand, conceiving that the caufe of inflammation is rather a fpafmodic ftri&ture of the capillary arteries, than a plethoric fullness, proposes the use of opiates and fudorifics, by means of which, he fays, the trepan is frequently rendered unnecefTary. Mr. Deafe found neither of thefe methods fo fuccefsful as the recommendation of their patrons would lead us to expect; he was therefore led to a more complete investigation of the caufe of the fatal fymptoms fo generally attending thefe accidents. It is his opinion, confirmed by many diffections, that the fuffering parts are much more commonly the pia mater and furface of the brain itfelf, than the dura mater; that confequently the operation of the trepan can very feldom be fuccefsful either in preventing or removing the alarming fymptoms; and that moderate evacuations, with cooling fedatives, are the most likely means of relief. A number of cafes are related, almost all of which terminated fatally, notwithflanding the timely application of the trepan; and on examination of the parts, the disease evidently appeared out of the reach of that operation, being difperfed over a large portion of the pia mater and brain.
We would recommend the perufal of this work to practitioners, although, perhaps, it will rather tend to confirm them in an opinion of the inefficacy of every method of treating thefe cafes, than to give them confidence in any one.
Some inaccuracies occur in the ftyle, and particularly a few difgufting gallicifms, which might eafily have been avoided.
Art. 56. The Beauties of Flora Difplayed; or, Gentleman and
The chief peculiarity of this little manual of horticulture, confifts in the defcription of the heights and colours of about co different flowers, with particular directions for fowing, managing,
and arranging them, fo as to have thofe of nearly equal heights by themselves, and that no two flowers of the fame colour be seen together; nor that any one kind fhould be hidden by the other. By this means, you have, at one view, the whole garden painted with a pleafing variety, in the richest array of nature, and executed with very little trouble. These defigns are illuftrated by seven copperplates, exhibiting the nature and effect of the feveral arrangements, by the pofitions of the flowers, &c. when growing.
The Author has alfo given a fhort sketch of the most desirable fituation of both the pleasure and kitchen garden; with the refpective methods of culture, &c. But thefe points are to be found in every kalendar and treatife on the fubject. What is properly Mr. Swinden's own, in this tract, is ingenious, and may prove very fatiffactory to those who have a taste for the improvements abovementioned. LA W.
ART. 57. An Alphabetical Epitome of the Common Law of England; fo far as it relates to the Security of the Perfons, Property, and Privileges of Individuals: Directing, in a great Variety of Inftances, not only to the feveral Points in which the Law does or does not give a Remedy, but also to the particular Species of Remedy the Law has provided for diftin&t Injuries and Wrongs: Interfperfed with many other ufeful Articles, neceffary to be known for a proper Discharge of the feveral Duties of public and private Life. With an Addenda, fhewing the Law refpecting Cofts in the Profecution of Actions, and pointing out the Quantum of Colts allowed, &c. By G. Clark, Efq. Author of The Penal Statutes abridged. 8vo. 3 s. td fewed. Fielding and Walker. 1778, The Author of this Epitome has fo fully explained his defign in the title-page, that he has rendered any thing farther by way of information unneceffary. The extent of the work is much too limited to be of any great ufe to practitioners in the law; but thofe whose fituation renders fome acquaintance with the common law neceffary, and a flight knowledge of it fufficient, may occasionally confult fuch a dictionary as this, with advantage.
Art. 58. A new Epitome of Practical Navigation; or Guide to the Indian Seas, Sc. The whole illuftrated with a Variety of Copper-plates. By Samuel Dunn, Teacher of Mathematics, London. 8vo. 9 s. bound, and 8 s. Boards. Becket, &c.
Befide the rules, &c. to be met with in treatifes of navigation in general, this work contains fome novelties peculiar to the Author. Particularly, in a dedication to the Directors of the East India Company, Mr. Dunn makes his acknowledgments for the leave given him by them, to take the obfervations of the variation of the needle from the journals of their ships; from which obfervations, and the application of the theory of the magnetic needle discovered by him, the new variation charts for thofe oceans which are
• These were publifhed not long ago by the Author, on nine copper-plates, under the title of A New Atlas of Variations of the Magnetic Needle, for the Atlantic, Ethiopic, Southern, and Indian Oceans, &c.
eroffed in East India voyages, have been drawn and published.'And to fupply their defect, he adds, where the variation lines run unfavourable for afcertaining the longitude, I have written this treatife.' The Author likewife inveftigates and corrects the errors incident in fome nice obfervations, which proceed from not attending to the spheroidical figure of the earth; particularly in taking amplitudes, &c.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. B.y.
Art. 59. The Rejoinder: Principally containing, I. Some defenfive Pleas for the Inftitutions and Minifters of the Church of England, illiberally afperfed in two pamphlets lately published by Mr. Samuel Medley, of Liverpool, and Mr. James Turner of Birmingham. II. A more particular Refutation of Mr. Medley's falfe Doctrine of the Effentiality of Dipping. III. The fcriptural Mode of adminiftering Baptifm by pouring or sprinkling of Water, farther vindicated, from the most capital Objections of Dr. Stennett, and the other two Anabaptifts aforefaid. By the Rev. Richard de Courcy: Vicar of St. Alkmond's, Shrewsbury. Part I. 8vo. 3 s. Shrewsbury, printed. London, fold by G. Robinfon.
The Vicar of St. Alkmond's is not yet tired of the conteft: but we apprehend the world will be little interested in thefe publications. He writes with fpirit, and appears to understand his fubject; but the makes the most of fome illiberal reflections of his antagonists, and dwells longer on them than we think was at all requifite. We have already given our fentiments on this Salopian controversy, and apprehend it unneceffary to add many farther remarks. We believe it fufficient to obferve that fome writings of Dr. Stennett's come here under our Author's review, concerning which he fays, 'It requires fome apology to my readers, that I have introduced this gentleman's name in the course of my remarks. In taking that liberty, I mean not to infinuate that there fubfifts the smallest refemblance between the fpirit and style of this pious and polite writer, and those of my opponents. Their refpective performances exhibit a ftriking contraft. But, adds he, as Mr. Medley is apparently a rambling and inconclufive reafoner, I have introduced Dr. S.'s more powerful arguments, as a fupply for Mr. M.'s great deficiency.' Another volume on this. fubject is preparing for the prefs!
Art. 60. Remarks on the ancient and prefent State of the Congregational Churches of Norfolk and Suffolk. With fome Strictures on the Account given of this Denomination in general, in the Ecclefiaftical Hiftory of the celebrated Mofheim. By a Suffolk Minifter. 8vo. 1 s. 6d, Buckland, &c. 1777.
Church-difcipline and government has been a fubject of great and long debate among Chriftians. The fcriptures which give fufficient inftructions in points of effential importance, are not fo explicit on the forms and offices of Chriftian focieties. It is fully clear from them, that in matters of faith and confcience each man is to judge for himself, and there is no human power which has any authority to bind him to a particular belief or conduct as to his faith, and
• Vid. Monthly Rev. Sept. 1776, P. 243-245. Rev. Dec. 1776, P. 487.
manner of worship. It is as clear that whatever method of worship and Christian communion, is most decent, catholic, edifying, free from worldly and oftentatious pomp, and authoritative claims and ufurpations, is most conformable to the fimplicity and purity of the New Teftament. The independent or congregational mode, of which we have an account in this pamphlet, is in feveral refpects orderly and agreeTable, especially in its fundamental principle, viz. that liberty of confcience is to be allowed to all who do not disturb the peace of civil fociety. There have been, perhaps, and still are fome forms and rules too narrow and restricted for fo broad a bafis. The paffage in Dr. Mofheim's history which has offended this writer, is that in which he speaks of the independents as a party become very timid and low, and that impelled by neceffity they must have come into the opinions of the Prefbyterians in many things, and departed from the tenets of their predeceffors.' This reprefentation, our author would prove to be very unjust, and owing to the imperfect notions Dr. Mofheim had an opportunity of forming on the point. He very properly obferves in regard to thofe Diffenters who are called Prefbyterians, that the term feems to be retained merely by way of distinction and because they are in general the fucceffors of thofe of the middle of the last century, that were for adopting the church government of Scotland. We shall only add that this is a fenfible pamphlet, written by one who well understands the fubject, and wishes to have an acquaintance with it more generally diffufed. Art. 61. A Series of Dialogues, addressed to the Jews, in the 35th Jubilee of their Difperfion and Captivity. In these Dialogues, Jefus Chrift is proved to be that Man-child revealed to John, Rev. xii. 1—3. And that he is the fame Son of Man (Bar Enof) whom Daniel fees brought in the Clouds of Heaven to the Throne of the Ancient of Days. chap. vii. 13. That he is called Jefus of Nazareth under the Gospel, because he was feparated and kept bid as it were, many ages before he came into Flesh, to redeem the Children of his Father and Mother, Adam, under the Fall. 8vo. Is. Wilkie, &c. 1777.
Who is the Author of this pamphlet we know not. From the laft fentence of the preface, which speaks of the members of the Philadelphian church and faith, we fhould conclude that he is one of the people called Quakers. He appears to be a man of reading, especially in a particular branch. His turn is for myfticifm, recondite and interior meanings, &c. Enquiries of fuch a nature may fometimes be made to advantage; but there is fo much room for chimæras, that little fatisfaction is to be obtained from the generality of fuch writings. Dr. Henry More, as this Author obferves, expreffes his perfuafion, that the difcovery of the genuine ancient Cabbala, would render the Chriftian religion more acceptable to the Jews; but while he fays this, he at the fame time acknowledges the neceflity of its being purified from the vast heap of drofs under which it now lies buried. How far the remark of the above learned writer may be juft, we do not prefume to determine. The Jews, no doubt, labour under very ftrong prejudices and misconceptions, It is an humane and benevolent act to endeavour to undeceive them, and draw afide the veil which conceals the truth. They are addreffed with much compaflion by our Author. But if he is himself