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tunate Princess out of the country. She arrived at Paris, went from thence to Louisiana, with a colony of Germans, and alter various adventures and sufferings in America, came back to Paris, set out from thence with a French nobleman (whom she had married at New Orleans) for the isle of Bourbon, and after his death returned to Europe, where the lived a retired life, fupported by a penfion from the court of Brunswick. Some lay the place of her residence was Montmartre, others, Brussels.

The other materials that form this work are abundant, and have also the merit of variety. They are contained in nine letters, written between the 25th of July, 1770, and the 25th of August 1771. We find in them an account of the events that accompanied the ceflion made by France to Spain of Louifrana, in 1762, a fhort description of the government of Mexico, and a great number of plans for the improvement of the police and well-being of the colonists in these countries, IV. Histoire Politique des grandes Querelles entre l'Empereur Charles V. et le Roi François I. i.e. A Political Hiftory of the Animofities and Quarrels that subfifted between the Emperor Charles V and Francis I. 8vo. 2 Vols. Paris. .1778. This work comprehends a period of time, and an asemblage of objects, which have been already treated by malteriy hands. It may, however, be affirmed that the subject is not yet exhausted, with respect, at least, to the character, reign, conduct, intentions, and policy of the first of these two crowned heads. The anonymous Author of the performance before us, has, indeed, drawn his materials from the belt printed fources that are extant; but this is not sufficient to raise him above his predecessors. He has placed at the head of his book an introduction, relative to the state of the military, and the art of war, in the times of which he writes.

V. Recueil Historique et Chronologique des Faits memorables, pour fervir à l'Histoire generale de la Marine et à celle des Decouvertes, &c. i. e. An Historical and Chronological Collection of memorable Facts, which exhibit an universal History of Navigation, and of maritime Expeditions and Discoveries. 8vo. 2 Vols. Paris. 1778. This work is instructive and entertaining. It takes in a vast compafs, and comprehends a great variety of objects. The maritime expeditions of the Egyptians, Phenicians, Sidonians, Perfians, Portuguese, Danes, Venetians, Genoefe, English, French, and Spaniards, furnish our Author with a rich variety of interesting relations, and give him an occasion of investigating the origin, enlarging upon the political views and interelts, and pointi out the causes of the great revolutions of the maritime states, ancient and modern. He has also indicated the principal discoveries of travellers and adventurers in both hemispheres, the degrees of longitude and latitude thro'

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which they directed their courses, the dreadful tempefts whick
assailed them in distant feas, and the various remarkable phe-
nomena which they observed during their voyages.
word, this book affords pleasant reading ; but it might have
been made more useful to seamen; for it is chargeable with
many omiffions relative to the art of navigation, which can
scarcely be exçused in a work of this kind : we find not here a
single word about the mariner's compass, the attempts to de-
termine the longitudes at sea, the methods that have been em-
ployed to prevent or cure the diseases incident to seamen, and
other matters of fimilar importance.

VI. Histoire generale Hongrie, depuis la premiere Invasion des Huns jusqu'à nos Jours, &c. i. e. A general History of Hungary, from the forf Invasion of the Huns to the present Times. I 2ino. 2 Vols. By M. De Sacy, Royal Cenfor, Member of several Academies. Paris. 1778. The first thing we meet with in this work is a preliminary discourse, in which the Author draws, with no mean pencil, the character of the Hungarians, enumerates their virtues, their defects, and their prejudices, and points out, not only what has been done, but also what yet remains to be done, to render their state ftill more happy and Aourishing. This is succeeded by an introduction, in which the Author gives an historical summary of the events that happened in the period which begins with the invasion of the Huns, and ends with the settlement of Stephen I. on the throne; and here we see, as in a moving picture, different tribes of barbarians fucceeding and destroying each other, sometimes con founded, sometimes dispersed: and the Author points out those among them from whom the Hungarians derive their origin. The History begins with the reign of Stephen I. and ends with the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. There is, undoubtedly, a great variety of objects presented to the reader during that space of time: he will see here the destruction of idolatry (Pagan we mean); the changes that have been brought about in Jaws, religion, and manners; the tumults of elective government; the contests and cabals of rival competitors; the ravages of the Tartars; the conquests of the Hungarians; their victories and their defeats; their situation with respect to the Turks, who were alternately their protectors and enemies; their insurrections and conspiracies against the house of Austria ; their final subjection to that house ; and the masculine spirit and national vigour the inhabitants of both sexes discovered in all the revolutions that have happened in their country.

VII. Eljais Botaniques, Chymiques, et Pharmaceutiques fur quelques Plantes indigenes, substitués avec Succfs à des Vegetaux Exotiques, &c. i. e. Botanical, Chymical, and Pharmaceutical Efsays concerning certain indigenous Plants substituted with Success in

Medical

Medical Practice, in the Place of exotic ones, with Medical Obfer. vations, by Messrs. Coste and WILLEMET (whose literary Titles and academical Honours are too numerous to be inserted here.) Printed at Nancy and Bouillon in 1778. This is a most curious work; deserving, in a particular manner, the attention of the medical faculty, in every country.

I T A L Y. VIII. Introductione alla Chimica: i. e. An Introduction to Chymistry. 4to. Piftoria. 1777:

Accuracy and precision, method and perspicuity are united in this work, in which the reader will find the nature and properties of terrestrial foffils, minerals, acid, alkaline, and neutral falts, exposed in a very fatisfactory manner-the composition, decomposition, and analysis of different substances elucidated -- and the various processes of distillation, sublimation, precipitation, chryftallization, calcination, revivification, rectification, &c. unfolded with the greatest simplicity and clearness. The table of chemical affinities is remarkable for its exactness, and is more complete than that of Geoffroy.

IX. La Vita de Diogene Cynico, &c. i. e. The Life of Disgenes, the Cynic, by the Marquis F. A. GRIMALDI. 8vo. Naples. 1778. This is a very ingenious though paradoxical defence of the doctrine, morals, manners, and conduct of a dirty, disgusting fellow, who has retained the name of a philosopher; and why should he not retain it, since it is given to many, even in our days, that do not deserve it much better than Diogenes? We hope the Marquis does not resemble bis hero.

X. Eorporis Hiftoriæ Byzantina Nova Appendix, &c. i. e. A New Appendix to the Body of Byzantine History, comprehending the Works of George Pisid, Theodosius the Deacon, and

Corippus the African Grammarian.

Folio. Rome.

1772. This work, which was begun and finished by the Abbot JosEPH-MARIA Querci, has been published by Mons. Foggini, since the death of the Compiler. The notes, both of the Author and Editor, are full of erudition, although they do not always come up to the standard of perfection.

S PA I N. It is rare to see this country making a figure in a literary journal. The following works, however, thew that the spirit of erudition, and the desire of promoting the useful arts, are not entirely extinguished in Spain :

XI. Memorias Instructivas, &c. i.e. Useful, curious, and instructive Memoirs, relative to Agriculture, Commerce, Industry, Oeconomy, Chemistry, Botany, and Natural History, drawn from the Works of eminent Authors of all Nations, and more especially from the learned Academies in England, France, Germany, Sweden, Es Volumes 1.-V!. 8vo, Madrid. 1778.

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XIL. Historia Literaria de Espanna, &c. i. e. Literar.
Hiflory of Spain, or an Account of the Origin, Progress, Declines
and Restoration of Spanish Literaturé, under the Domination of the
Pbenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Goths, Arabians, and also
under the Government of the Catholic Kings of that Country. To
which are added, the Lives of the learned. Men that Spain has pro-
duced, Extracts and a critical Review of their 1Vritings, &c. By
the. Rev. Fathers RAPHAEL and Peter RODERICO MOHE-
The five first Volumes. Madrid, 1778.

..
G E R M ANY.
XIII. C. G. A. Oldendorp Gefurich der Alifficn, &c. i. e.
A History of the Midfion of the Evangelical (i.e. Lutheran) Bre-
thren, to the Carible Islands of St. Timas, St. Cruza, and St. John.
By Mr. OLDENDORP. Published by Mr. f. Boiflart. 8vo.
2 Vols. Berlin

1777... The Author of this interesting work
was sent to the West Indies in the year 1761, and, beside the
principal end of his mission, made there several important ob.
fcrvations relative to the natural history of the islands mentioned
in this title, and delineated, himielf, the animals and plants
which are peculiar to that region, or unknown in ours.
these materials, and a judicious review of the papers of our
traveller, Mr. Boiffart has publihed the work before us. It is
divided into two parts. The first contains the observations of
Mr. OLDÉNDORP on the Caribbees, their characters, , traffic,
natural productions, climate, with some curious remarks on
the crimes, punishments, death, funerals, and religion of the

negroes, and the odious traffic that is made of theie unhappy
i and injured creatures. The second part contains che history of

the million, which displays the zeal and humanity of the evan-
gclical brethren, and the success of their well-meant and well-
directed labours. It appears from this account that, in the
year 1768, they baptized in these islands 1561 young negroes,
1985 adults, and 1014 children. The whole business of this
milion was confided to 79 persons, brethren or fifters of the
Evangelical Society.

xiv. Lexicon et Commentarius Sermonis Hebraici et Chaldaici
poft J. Cocceium et 7. H. Maium, longe quam antehac correctius
et emendatius Edidit Jo. Ch. FRIED. Schulz. 8vo. 2 Tom.
Leipfig. 1977. The merit of this new edition of the Hebrew
and Chaldaic Dictionary, published by Cocceius, is undoubted,
and answerable to the pains and erudition which Mr. SCHULZ
has employed on this useful work. He has suppressed all the
Dutch and German words, deeming them fuperfluous, as the
Oriental languages are rarely studied by any who have not ac-
quired a previous knowledge of the Latin tongue. It is proper
to observe that Mr. Schulz, in determining the fignification
of cach Hebrew word, consults previously the meaning of the
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equivalent term in Arabic and the other Oriental languages:
he has also restored to their true place, to their native toil, le-
veral scattered roots, together with their derivatives, and if he.
has rectified several defective passages and readings in the He-
brew text, it is not without alledging the reasons that engaged
him to take this liberty. The two volumes contain 1690 pages,
and it must be acknowledged that the typographical part of the
work, whether we consider its correctness or beauty, does ho-
nour to the publisher.

XV. Einleitung in die Bicherkunde, &c. i. e. An Introduc,
M te the Knowledge of Books. By M. DENIS, Librarian to
the Empress Queen. Part 1. Containing Bibliography. 4to.
Vienna. 1777. This is in reality a work replete with erudi-
tion, and will be read with pleasure and profit, not only by
the beginner but by the adept in literature --provided they un-
derstand German.' The Author divides his Bibliography into
three periods: the first relates to the book business, or the state
of book writing, previous to Christianity :-the second compre-
hends the state of Bibliography from the introduction of Chrif-
tianity to the restoration of letters, or the invention of printe
ing;-and the third extends from this latter period to the pre-
fent times. Each of these periods contain an historical and me
chanical account of took making. The historical account of
the first period exhibits the origin, progress, and decline of the
art of writing and preserving books in different nations; and
the other part of this same period contains a description of the
alphabets, paper, and instruments employed in writing, and of
the form of books in these early times.

In the fecond period
we find the history of printing; and, in the third, an account
of the most celebrated libraries of that time.
· XVI. Cau PLINII SECUNDI Hiftoria Naturalis, cum Inter-
pretatione et Notis integris J. Hardouini, itemque cum Commenta-
riis et Annotationibus Hermolai Barbari, Pintiani, Rhenani, Ge-
lenii, Dalechampii, Scaligeri, Salmasii, Ir. Voli!, J. F. Gro-
novii, et Aliorum. Vol. I. We have here the first volume of
a new edition of Pliny's Natural History, published at Leipfic
by the learned FRANZIUS, and augmented by him with various
readings. This new Editor has followed the text of Harduin,
as it stands in the edition of Paris of the year 1723, and not in
that of Bafil, which is in no repute. This first volume, which
is to be followed by five more, contains the three first books of
Pliny; to which is prefixed a life of that author, the prefaces
of Gronovius and Hardouin, the testimonies of celebrated wri-
ters in his favour, and an enumeration of the manuscripts and
editions that were used by Hardouin. The various readings
are collected with care, and the notes are elegant and judicious.
The last volume will contain corrections and remarks, and in

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