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this part of the work the Editor has made ample ufe of the Dif
MATHEMATICS and PHILOSOPHY.
Art. 15. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philofophy. By Sir
HIS firft volume of Mr. Thorp's tranflation of the Principia T comprehends the first book of that immortal work. The commentary with which he has enriched this verfion, part of which I is extracted from the works of Maclaurin, Saunderson, Keil, and fome other writers, is added with a view to fupply those demonftrations which the Author had omitted, on the fuppofition that they were previously known; to point out the extent and limits of problems; and to fhew their practical ufe and application to the fyftem of the world.'
That the Reader may receive benefit from this commentary, the
a few analytical demonstrations of fome of the principal propofitions. B.y
Optics, felected and arranged for the Ufe of Students at the Uni-
The fcarcity of Dr. Smith's Complete Syftem of Optics having been
arrange them in fuch order as should beft correfpond with the plan
The Commiffioners of Longitude having, on certain conditions,
Sir Godfrey Copley's prize medal having been adjudged to Mr.
The porifms of Euclid, contained in three books, were a curious
but Dr. Halley, after having published this Greek text in as correct
Art. 20. Geographical Exercifes, calculated to facilitate the Study of Geography, and by an expeditious Method to imprint a Knowledge of the Science on the Minds of Youth. With a concife Introduction, explaining the Principles of Geography. By William Faden. Folio. 15 s. Printed for the Proprietor, Succeffor to the late Mr. Jeffries, near Charing-Crofs.
Thefe Exercifes confit of nine maps, judiciously felected and neatly engraved; and of as many correfponding theets, with the fcales of longitude and latitude, together with the meridians and latitudes upon them; which are to be filled up by the fcholar with the coals, boundaries, rivers, provinces, &c. of the oppofite map. The utility of exerciting young perfons in drawing maps is fufficiently evident and this performance may contribute much to facilitate the acquifition of a science which it is thameful to be ignorant of POLITICAL.
Art. 21. Two Letters from Mr. Burke to Gentlemen in the City of
Mr. Burke having concurred with adminiftration, in favour of the bills above alluded to, on general [perhaps too general] principles of fair, open, national commerce, (confidering the Irish as a part of ourfelves) and regardless of the particular objections made to those bills by the merchants of Bristol, Liverpool, Glafgow, &c.-Murmurs were, confequently excited amongit his constituents, of the firit mentioned
What those objections are, does not particularly appear in these Letters; but they may be feen in every news-paper; and they feem to have weight fufficient to merit Mr. B.'s utmost attention.
city, who complained that they could not have him for their advocate. On this occafion, Mr. B. deemed it neceffary, not only to affert the independency of his opinion, and to evince the rectitude of the vote he had given, but to endeavour, alfo, to convince the gentlemen of Bristol, that the natural tendency of the Bills in queftion, would be for their benefit, on the whole, as well as that of Ireland: Since Bristol, from its peculiarly advantageous fituation for commerce with Ireland, must ever find its best account in the profperity of that Ifland,-in proportion as it is better to trade with a rich and flourishing country than with a poor one.-Mr. B. has thrown out a variety of remarks drawn from more general confiderations; efpecially from the prefent critical fituation of government, &c. for which we refer to the letters, at length.
Art. 22. A Letter to the Worshipful the Dean of Guild, and the
"Awe ye gude fowk o' the toun of Innerkeithen; this is to let ye wat that there is cum to this toun the day, a beaft called a lamb: the laird o' the manor is to ha' the first quarter, the provoft is to ha' the fecond quarter, and the minifter is to ha' the third quarter: the heed and the harigals.gaes to the baillie. I Johnny Bell is to ha' twa fma' puddings for cawing; but if nae body ipiers for the lave o' the beaft, it will no' be kill'd the day."
The author fays he was furnished with the foregoing notable oration, by refpectable authority ;'-but he modeftly adds, I vouch not for its truth.'-How many good jefts are fpoilt by that ugly word fact !
Art. 23. A Letter to the Hon. Mr. Chs F-x, upon his proceeding in P. -t, on that memorable Day, Feb. 17, 1778. 8vo. Is. Fielding and Walker.
Arraigns the conduct, and questions the abilities of Mr. Fox; grounding his impeachment principally on what the Letter Writer terms the miferable' fpeech of this celebrated young orator, in reply to the minifter, when the latter publicly made that full and memora ble recantation of his political errors, in the unhallowed chapel of St. Stephen.'-Good heaven! fays he, what materials were there bere [you fee, reader, it is but an here and there kind of flyle in
It is for you, and for your intereft, as a dear, cherithed, and refpected part of a valuable whole, that i have taken my flare in this quellion.
which this gentleman writes] for one of the most masterly Philipptes that ever touched or acted upon the heads and hearts, of men! And the ground, throughout fo ftrong and obvious, it seems to have needed but small ability or art to feize it. Real patriotic feelings could not poffibly have refifted taking it. Your private line of interested purfuit, one cannot but think, of course, would dictate it and your perfonal animofity to the man could leave no room to doubt, how much you wished him down: and yet you let this great occasion flip. To what can we ascribe this?-How poffibly account for the ftrange congratulating ftrain, for acquiefcing language and promised suppart in the very moment of all others that called for your most powerful invigorated exertions, that demanded the most animated, violent, redoubled efforts of oppofition. Inftead of this, it is remarked, Mr. F. actually, himself, most unaccountably aided the very minifter, whofe removal had been the fingle object of his (Mr. F.'s) political life, and concurred in fuffering OPPOSITION to be the dupe of minifterial jockeyship, to a degree beyond all power of belief.-The author concludes, your letting go bye fo palpable an opening, [to push the minifter from his ftation] can only be imputed to the want of neceffary, quick, political, difcernment, to your incapacity, your unfitness for that character and part which your puny, ill-fupported ambition led you vainly to affume.'
On this point, and on the politics of the times, particularly the American revolt, the author enlarges, through forty pages, in which we meet with fome notable obfervations, expreffed in a manner fingularly uncouth and unpleafing. In principle, he is anti-minifterial, but not violent. He condemns the conduct of administration, as unhappily founded on one or both of the following capital deficiencies-the want of information, with refpect to the state of America, or, what is ftill worse, an ignorance of human nature: which he endeavours to evince by arguments drawn from notorious facts.-With refpect, however, to the gentleman to whom these observations are immediately addreffed, he takes leave of him in the following terms:
•Abilities, Sir, undoubtedly you poffefs-but I cannot fay that you have convinced me you have to that degree, or to that general extent, which your friends would feem to give you credit for. Appearing earlier than most characters, and the education you had received having been directed principally to the line of parliament, and under the immediate controul of one who felt not only a warm intereft in directing it, but who was fully competent to the task of giving it, being himself both an able politician, and a fuccefsful fpeaker in parliament-men were well and favourably difpofed to receive you upon the mere credit of your mafter, and you came forth with uncommon expectations and eclat-with every advantage too, for many of the old refpectable fpeakers were gone off-the remainder few retiring faft-and the diffipated manners and idle turn of the times furnished no fupply to thefe;-and thus ftanding in a manner alone and fingle-you appeared with unufual luftre-was regarded as a prodigy of parts. Your ftyle of fpeaking marked evidently the school in which you ftudied-and proved the wonderous pains and care with which you had been taught. But circumftances, partly of your own producing, partly in the courfe of nature, foon left you to yourself;