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manner which will be highly pleafing to the true lovers of their
Art. 51. The Reformation of Law, Phyfic, and Divinity. With
Arguments to prove, that their Spirit fhould be the Bafis of our
focial contracts; and that to eftablish univerfal Peace and Happi-
nefs, among all Parties, in Great Britain, Ireland, and America,
they must be linked in a Chain of one common Intereft, and the
Penal Laws made against Papists, diffenting Nonjurors, &c. must
be repealed. By Daniel Magenife, M. D. Second Edition. 8vo.
This rhapfody was published about two years ago, and was fuffi-
ciently noticed at that time. It now appears again, with the ad-
dition of a rambling kind of introduction, and a title page fomewhat
altered from the former, under the profeffion of being a fecond edi-
tion. Little need be added to the account already given of Dr. Ma-
genife's political lucubrations, but that in this introduction he af-
cribes the American rebellion to the penal ftatutes against Roman
catholics, and the oppreffed ftate of thofe in Ireland particularly.
"What, fays he, have the people now living to do with the gun-
powder plot?" Very true, but if the principles are fill alive which
produced that plot, the maffacre of Paris, and many other machina-
tions, of a fimilar kind, it is but natural for proteftants to be jealous
of all who profefs them, though fuch jealoufy may grievously affect
thofe who do not exert them to any evil purpose: and however the
fathion of politics may alter, principles that allow a latitude of doing
ing evil in certain cafes, for certain ends that are efteemed good,-
though they may lie dormant, muft, like gunpowder, be watched to
keep them from being inflamed. The catholices in Ireland may,
in fome cafes, have caufe to complain, but they have had better
advocates than the writer now before us: yet as there is a pleasure
in writing which none but writers know, his countrymen are obliged
to him for the choice of his fubject.
Art. 52. An Addrefs to John Sawbridge, Richard Oliver, Frederic
Bull, and George Hayley, Efquires, Reprefentatives in Parliament
for the City of Londen. With Propofals for the better Regulation
of Bankers and B.okers, and for fecuring the Property of the fair
Trader, from Swindlers and Sharpers; by reftraining within pro.
per Bounds, public Auctions. Alfo a fcheme for establishing a
Loan Bank, fimilar to the Lombard at Amfterdam, &c. By Wal-
fingham Collins, of London, Merchant. 8vo. Is. 6d. Kearly.
The first object of this judicious addrefs, is to have a fair line drawn between feparate occupations, that each party might enjoy the profits and emoluments of his particular profeffion without interference. The writer clearly fhews the great mifchiefs that arife from merchants turring bankers, and bankers engaging in merchandice ; from brokers acting for themselves as merchants, and others acting as brokers without regular authority, particularly clerks of the Bankin buying and felling ftock. He expofes the frauds carried on by
* See REV. vol. Iv. p. 234.
public auctions, fupplied by that clafs of rogues called fwindlers;
and the facility with which fheriffs officers ftrip the unhappy of
goods feized in execution, by inftantly felling and removing them:
for all which evils he points out fufficient remedies to thofe gentle-
men who are intrufted with the political interests of this great com-
mercial city. The fcheme of a loan bank after the model of that at
Amfterdam, would certainly be of use to answer temporary emer-
gencies in trade, and refcue honeft men from the claws of harpies,
who pray upon diftrefs chiefly produced by their own arts and he
recommends the employing ufelefs fums in the chamber of London,
in fuch an establishment. To this he adds an hint for a transfer
bullion office, to keep our bullion from being fent to Holland, the
pation being drained of its fpecie, and the Dutch from being arbi-
ters of the courfe of exchange.
Art. 53. The New Italian, English, and French Pocket-Dictionary.
Carefully compiled from the Dictionaries of La Crufca, Dr. S.
Johnson, the French Academy, and from other Dictionaries of the
bett Authorities; in which the Parts of Speech are properly dif
tinguished, and each word accented according to its true and
natural Pronunciation. To which is prefixed a new compendious
Italian Grammar. By F. Bottarelli. 3 vols. 18 s. Nourse.
The defign of this publication is to provide a portable and cheap dictionary of the English, French, and Italian languages. For this purpose the whole is printed on a fmall type, and, as far as poffible, ingle words in one language are interpreted by fynonimous terms in the other. Idiomatic phrafes are occafionally introduced, and many technical terms are admitted. In the firft volume the Italian takes the lead, in the fecond the English, in the third the French. This dictionary appears to be drawn up with correctness, and will be very
ufeful to thofe to whom a cheap and portable dictionary is an object, of convenience.
Art. 54. An Anfwer to a Book, intituled "An Inquiry into the Facts and Obfervations thereon, humbly fubmitted to the candid Examiner into the Principles of a Bill intended to be offered to Parliament, for the Prefervation of the Great Level of the Fens, and the Navigation through the fame, by a Tax on Lands and a Toll on the Navigation Wherein the Claim of the Adventurers on the Navigations, for Affiftance in draining and preferving the Fens, is impartially inquired into ; and the Conduct of the Drainers and the oppreffive Defigns of the prefent Bill are exhibited in their true Light. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Cadell. 1778.
This Aufwer ought to be perufed by every one who has read the Inquiry, and is interested in the fubject. The Author feems to be well acquainted with the real merits of the cafe; and he argues the point with great appearance of reafon and juftice. He allows the importance of preferving the Fen-lands, by keeping them in a proper ftate of drainage; but he apprehends that the means offered by the Corporation of the Eedford Level, for that purpose, are very inequitable; and that, fhould they obrain the fanction of the legislature, great
See Rev. vol. lvi. p. 92.
and undeserved hardships will, confequently, fall upon the inhabi-
tants, and particularly the poor of the feveral counties which für-
round these fens.
Art. 55. Authentic Memoirs of the Right Honourable the late Earl
of Chatham. 8vo. 2 S. Wenman. 1778.
An hafty but unbounded panegyric on a man who has, at different
times, and by different people, been more admired, hated, feared,
and despised, than any ftatefman that ever figured in the British
cabinet. And now that he is dead, our Author tells us that with
him expired the glory and profperity of England.'. But how can
this be? For if the glory and profperity of England depended on
his councils, and his measures, the faid glory and profperity muft
have expired fome years ago!
Art. 56. The complete Works of M. de Montefquieu. Tranflated
from the French. 8vo. 4 vols. l. 45. bound. Evans, &c.
An entire collection, in English, of the works of this illuftrious
modern, whofe name is praise, having never appeared before, the
prefent publication will doubtless prove acceptable to the lovers of
good fenfe and found philofophy, united with elegance and taste.
Art. 57. True and Lawful Matrimony, or effablished Ceremo-
nies, not effential to that honourable State. Wherein the Legality
of the Marriage of their Royal Highneffes the Duke and Dutchefs
of Gloucester is fairly evinced, and clearly demonftrated. With a
few explanatory Notes fubjoined. 8vo.
8vo. I s. Hogg. 1778.
This performance exhibits a fingular phænomenon-an orthodox
faint apologizing in the language of fcripture, for the relaxation of
the matrimonial bond. Of the ftupid and vulgar manner in which
it is written, we can give our readers no idea, without quoting the
following paffage :
Those who confider and view the ftate of matrimony in the light
it deferves, will readily excufe me, if I shall to the preceding remarks
add, that in the judgment of fome confiderate ferious people, the
vowels A, E, I, O, U, with the letter P prefixed to each of them in the
words Parts, Perfon, Piety, Portion, Purity, denote the qualifications
prerequifite in thofe who enter into the married ftate in order to bet
Art. 58. Confiderations on the Nature, Quality, and Diftinctions
of Coal and Culm; with Inquiries philofophical and political, into
the prefent State of the Laws, and the Quellions now in Agitation
relative to the Taxes on thefe Commodities; contained in a
Letter from Dr. James Hutton, Physician in Edinburgh, to a
Friend. 8vo. I S. Edinburgh. Elliot. Sold by Richardson,
&c. London. 1777.
In this pamphlet, the writer attempts to afcertain the difference
between coal and culm, not chemically, but from the different effect
of fire upon them, and their different application and ufe. Culm,
being a kind of small coal which does not cake or folder, on burn-
ing, is unfit for most of the domeftic and culinary ufes of fuel; and
from hence Dr. Hutton concludes that it ought to be exempted from
the tax laid upon coals. Its chief ufe being in the manufacture of
brick and lime, a tax upon it would, he obferves, be an unreafon able incumbrance upon thefe articles.
Art. 59. Remarks on "Confiderations on the Nature, &c. of
Coal and Culm, &c." By a Friend to the Revenue. Addreffed
to the Commiffioners for managing his Majefty's Caftoms, &c. in
England, &c. To which are added, Copies of the Memorial
prefented to the Lords of the Treafury in the Name of the Ge-
neral Convention of the Royal Boroughs of Scotland; and of the
Report of the English Board of Customs thereon. 8vo.
An angry reply to the preceding article; from which, however, those who are interested in the fubject, may gain material information.
Art. 60. A Letter from a Father to a Son on his Marriage. 12mo. 1 s. Dilly. 1778.
A fenfible leffon of advice, apparently the refult of observation and experience, which may be of great ufe to those who enter upon the matrimonial connection with the antiquated idea, that it is of fome confequence that married people fhould live happily together. RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 61. The Proof of the Truth of the Chriftian Religion, drawn from its fuccessful and Speedy Propagation, confidered and enforced, in Two Sermons lately preached before the University of Oxford. By Thomas Randolph, D. D. Prefident of Corpus Chrifti College Oxford, and Lady Margaret's Profeffor of Divinity. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Rivington, 1778.
The rapid progress of the gospel, under the circumftances in which it was first published, has been generally thought a ftrong argument for the truth of the Chriftian religion. Mr. Gibbon, in his Hiftory of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, has taken great pains to invalidate the force of this proof, and endeavoured to ac count for the fuccefs of the gospel by natural caufes,
Dr. Randolph introduces the firft of the fermons now before us, with obferving, that Mr. Gibbon begins too late. If the caufes, which he affigns,' fays the Doctor, were adequate to the effect, which they by no means are, yet they could not operate till Chriftianity had already got fome confiderable footing in the world. If the zeal of the firft Chriftians and conftancy of their martyrs might, in after ages, promote its fuccefs, yet it will fill remain to enquire what first infpired them with this zeal, and animated them with this conftancy. To account for this, it will be neceffary to look back to the first publication of the gofpel.'
Now as the only authentic account we have of the first publication of the gofpel is in the Acts of the Apoles, our Author, in his first fermon, gives a regular and connected view of the feveral cir cumftances that are contained in the five first chapters of the ABs, concerning this important and interefting event, taking the matter in order from the beginning, and making very judicious and pertinent obfervations as he goes along. If the narrative of the behaviour of the Apostles and Jews, on the first publication of the gospel, which is contained in thefe chapters, be a faithful narrative, we need defire, he fays, no better proof of the truth of the Chriftian religion, and
may from thence undoubtedly infer that our religion is of God.-He
concludes his firft fermon with fhewing that the narrative is a faith-
ful one; and with anfwering fome objections.
Having confidered the history of the firft publication of the gospel
at ferufalem, the figns and miracles that attefted it, and the wonderful
fuccefs which it met with, he purfues the history fill farther, in his
fecond, and enquires how the gospel was propagated, and what re-
ception it met with in the Gentile world.-He takes a fhort, but
clear and distinct view of the many difadvantages which the apoftles
laboured under; confiders the nature of the word preached, the
condition of the preachers, the ftrong prejudices and prepoffeffions of
the Heathen world, to whom they preached, and fhews that it was
morally imposible it could have met with fuccefs without the divine
affiftance and atteflation. It appears, however, from undoubted
authority, that it grew and prevailed every where, that in the com-
pafs of a few years the gofpel was published among all nations, and,
as the prophet had foretold, the name of Chrift was great among the
Gentiles from the rifing of the fun even unto the going down of the
Art. 62. A Calm Inquiry into rational and fanatical Diffention.
With a Word to the Methodists, on the Name, Origin, &c. of their
Profeflion. 8vo. I S. Bew.
It feems to have been the principal intention of this writer, who
profeffes himself a rational Diffenter, to free himself and his brethren
from the difgrace of being allied to that numerous tribe of fana-
tics, who have appeared under the banners of Whitefield and Welley.
He expatiates, with no great degree of calmnefs indeed, but with
much appearance of reafon, on the inconfitency of their principles
and practices, with that liberal and independent fpirit which ought
to diftinguish diffenters. It were to be wished that the Author had
extended his idea farther, and drawn a line of feparation between ra-
tional diffenters, and fanatics and enthufiafts of all denominations. E.
Art. 63. Conjectures upon the Mortality of the Soul. By a Free-
thinker. 8vo. I S. Wilkie.
The doctrine of the immortality of the foul, is here-not attacked,
as the title feems to intimate-but defended. The defence, however,
is of too fuperficial a nature to entitle the Author to much confi-
deration from the judicious and ferious friends of true religion, who
will certainly think fo important a fubject deferves a manly and phi-
Art. 64. Every Man his own Chaplain; or Family-worship re-
gulated and enforced. With Directions for Reading, Singing and
Prayer, fuited to Christians of all Denominations, and neceffary.
for all Families. By the Author of Walking Amusements for Cheer-
ful Chriftians, &c. 12mo. 9d. Buckland, &c.
Sufficiently plain, and fufficiently orthodox, to fuit the taste of thofe for whom they appear to have been defigned. Thofe who wish for any other qualities in their forms of devotion than plainnefs and, orthodoxy, will not be fatisfied with the helps offered them by the, Author of Walking Amufements, &c. See Rev. val. liii. p. 359.