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Art. 48. Biographia Classica. The Lives and Characters of the

Greek and Roman Claffics. A new Edition, corrected and en. largeu; with some additional Lives ; and a List of the best Edis rions of each Author. By Edward Harwood, D. D. 12mo, 2 Vols. 6s, rewed. Becker.

The obvious utility of this work, and the hare of reputation it has obtained, are very good reasons for its republication. The Editor has the merit of having correeted and materially improved the language; and of adding aleful lifts of the belt editions of the several authors. Besides this, he has given your new lives, viz, of Tbeognis, Nicander, Dionysius, and Nonnus, comprised in four pages, and professes to have added in every life several particulars, and corrected many millakes in names, places, and facts.' Justice to the public, however, requires us to declare, that we have taken some pains to search for these corrections; and that in fix lives (those of Tibullus, Lucan, Statius, Dionysius Halicarnenfis, Nepos, and Juftin), we are not able to discover any particulars which she Editor has E. added. Art. 49. A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Cottonian Library:

To which are added many Emendations and Additions. With an Appendix containing an Account of the Damage fullained by the Fire in 1731; and also a Catalogue of the Charters preserved in the same Library. 8vo. 45. fewed. Hooper. 1977. The cata ogue of this valuable library published by Dr. Smith in 1696 is known to be very defective; the learned and ingenious have therefore long wilhed for a remedy of the inconveniences they have met with when they consulted this library. To gratisy those wishes is the object of the present publication, which we doubt not will be found, according to the Author's account, so far superior to Dr. Smith's as to leave no room for similar complaints, Each subject is so disposed that the reader may, without difficulty, have recourse to the object of his enquiry. We cannot but lament the damage which the library fustained by the fire that happened O&. 23, 173'; though on the whole it seems much less than might have been juftly appre. hended. It is a laudable care to endeavour to make there collections as useful as possible, and therefore this pablicacion must be seasonable and valuable. The Author gives what we doubt not is just praise to the foray-two trustees who have the immediate direction of the British Museum, whose excellent and judicious regulations, and very laudrble management, he says have rendered this invaluable treasure of learning of much greater utility to the public than it has been at any former period.'

Hi Art. 50. English Humanity 10 Paradox. Or an Attempt to

prove, that the English are not a Nation of Savages, 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Lowndes. 1778.

This Writer declaims, with much fpirit, and some humour, on the character of the English nation ; endeavouring to refuse the charge of barbarity brought against the English by Voltaire, Roof seau, and other foreign writers, and to thew that the national spirit of Englishmen is generous and humane. Through the whole he dila covers himself to be a zealous friend to liberty, and he writes in a

manner

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manner which will be highly pleasing to the true lovers of their
country.
Art. 51. The Reformation of Law, Physic, and Divinity. With

Arguments to prove, that their Spirit Naould be the Basis of our
social contracts; and that to establish universal Peace and Happi-
ness, among all Parties, in Great Britain, Ireland, and America,
they must be linked in a Chain of one common Interest, and the
Penal Laws made against Papists, diffenting Nonjurors, &c. must
be repealed. By Daniel Magenise, M.D. Second Edition. Ev).
Bew, &c.

This rhapsody was publiMed about two years ago, and was sufi ciently noticed at that time. It now appears again, with the addition of a rambling kind of introduction, and a title-page somewhat altered from the former, under the profession of being a second edition. Little need be added to the account already given of Dr. Magenise's political lucubrations, but that in this introduction he afcribes the American rebellion to the penal ttatutes against Roman catholics, and the opprefled state of those in Ireland particularly. “ What, says he, have the people now living to do with the gunpowder plot;" Very true, but if the principles are fill alive which produced that plot, the massacre of Paris, and many other machinations, of a similar kind, it is but natural for protestants to be jealous of all who profess them, though such jealousy may grievously affect those who do not exert them to any evil purpose : and however the fashion of politics may alter, principles that allow a latitude of doing ing evil in certain cases, for certain ends that are esteemed good,though they may lie dormant, must, like gunpowder, be watched to keep them from being inflamed. The catholices in Ireland may, in some cases, have cause to complain, but they have had berter advocaces than the writer now before us: yet as there is a pleasure

in writing which none but writers know, his countrymen are obliged & to him for the choice of his futject.

Art. 52. An Address to John Sawbridge, Richard Oliver, Frederic

Bull, and George Hayley, Esquires, Representatives in Parliament
for the City of London. With Proposals for the better Regulation
of Bankers and B.okers, and for securing the Property of the fais
Trader, from Swindlers and Sharpers; by reftraining within pro.
per Bounds, public Auctions. Also a scheme for eitablishing a
Loan Bank, similar to the Lombard ac Amiterdam, &c. By Wal-
fingham Collins, of London, Merchant. 8vo. 15, 6d. Kearlly.
1778.

The first object of this judicious address, is to have a fair line drawn beiween separate occupations, that each pariy might enjoy the profits and emoluments of his particular profession without inter: ference. The writer clearly shews the great mischiefs that arise from merchants curring barkers, and bankers engaging in merchandice ; from brokers acting for themselves as merchants, and others acting as brokers without regular authority, particularly clerks of the Bank in buying and selling Itock. He expotes the frauds carried on by

N.

See Rev. vol. Iv. p. 234.

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public

public auctions, supplied by that class of rogues called swindlers; ..1 and the facility with which theriff's officers Arip the unhappy of

goods seized in execution, by inftantly selling and removing them: for all which evils he points out sufficient remedies to those gentiemen who are intrusted with the political interelts of this great commercial city. The scheme of a loan bank after the model of that at Amsterdam, would certainly be of use to answer temporary emergencies in trade, and rescue honest men from the claws of harpies, who pray upon distress chiefly produced by their own aris : and he recommends the employing useless sums in the chamber of London, in such an eftablishment. To this he adds an hint for a transfer bullion office, to keep our bullion from being sent to Holland, the pation being drained of its specie, and the Dutch from being arbi

-N. ters the course of exchange. Art. 53. The New Italian, English, and French Pocket-Dictionary.

Carefully compiled from the Dictionaries of La Crusca, Dr. S. Johnson, the French Academy, and from other Dictionaries of the beit Authorities; in which the Parts of Speech are properly dif tinguished, and each word accented according to its true and Datural Pronunciation. To which is prefixed a new compendious I:alian Grammar. By F. Bottarelli.

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vols. 18 s. Nourse. 1777. The design of this publication is to provide a portable and cheap dictionary of the English, French, and Italian languages. For this purpose the whole is printed on a small type, and, as far as poflible, lingle words in one language are interpreted by synonimous ierms in the other. Idiomatic phrases are occasionally introduced, and many technical terms are admitted. In the first volume the Italian takes the lead, in the second the English, in the third the French. This

dictionary appears to be drawn up with correctness, and will be very .

ofeful to those to whom a cheap and portable di&iionary is an object 8. Art. 54. An Answer to a Book, intituled “ An Inquiry into the

Facts and Obiervations thereon, humbly submitted to the candid Examiner into the Principles of a Bill intended to be offered to Parliament, for the Preservation of the Great Level of the Fens, and the Navigation through the same, by a Tax on Lands and a Toll on the Navigation *.' Wherein the Claim of the Adventurers on the Navigations, for Afliftance in draining and preserve ing the Fens, is impartially inquired into; and the Conduct of the Drainers and the oppressive Designs of the present Bill are exhibiced in their true Light. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Cadell. 1778.

This Answer ought to be perused by every one who has read the Inquiry, and is interested in the subject. The Author seems to be well acquainted with the real merits of the case; and he argues the point t with great appearance of reason and justice. He allows the importance of preserving the Fen-lands, by keeping them in a proper ftate of drainage ; but he apprehends that the means offered by the Corporation of the Eedford Level, for that purpose, are very inequitable; and that, thould they obrain the sanction of the legislature, great

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1778.

and undeserved hardships will, consequently, fall upon the inhabi-
tants, and particularly the poor of the several counties which súr.
round these fens.
Art. 55. Authentic Memoirs of the Right Honourable the late Earl

of Chatham. 8vo. Wenman.
An hafty but unbounded panegyric on a man who has, at different
times, and by different people, been more admired, hated, feared,
and despised, than any itatesman that ever figured in the British
çabinet. And now that he is dead, our Author tells us that with
him expired the glory and prosperity of England.'. But how can
this bei For if the glory and prosjerity of England depended on
his councils, and his measures, the said glory and prosperity must
have expired some years ago!
Art. 56. The complete Works of M. de Montesquieu. Translated

from the French. 8vo. 4 vols. il. 45. bound. Evans, &c.
1777.

An entire collection, in English, of the works of this illuflrious
modern, whose name is praise, having never appeared before, the
present publication will doubtless prove acceptable to the lovers of
good sense and sound philosophv, united with elegance and taste.
Art. 54. True and Lawful Matrimony, or established Ceremo-

nies, not essential to chat honourable State. Wherein the Legality
of the Marriage of their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Dutchess
of Gloucester is fairly evinced, and clearly demonstrated.

With a
few explanatory Notes fubjoined. 8vo. I s. Hogg. 1778.

This performance exhibits a singular phænomenon-an orthodox
saint apologizing in the language of scriprure, for the relaxation of
the matrimonial bond. Of the stupid and vulgar manner in which
it is written, we can give our readers no idea, without quoting the
following passage :

• Those who consider and view the fate of matrimony in the light
it deserves, will readily excuse me, if I Mall to the preceding remarks
add, that in the judgment of some considerate serious people, the
vowels A, E, I, O, U, with the letter P prefixed to each of them in the
words Parts, Person, Piety, Portion, Purity, denote che qualifications
prerequisite in those who enter into the married state in order to be
happy therein."
Art. 58. Considerations on the Nature, Quality, and Distinctions

of Coal and Culm; with Inquiries philofophical and political, into
the present State of the Laws, and the Questions pow in Agitation
relative to the Taxes on these Commodities; contained in a
Letter from Dr. James Hutton, Physician in Edinburgh, to a
Friend. 8vo. I s. Edinburgh. Elliot. Sold by Richardson,
&c.

In this pamphlet, the writer attempts to ascertain the difference
between coal and culm, not chemically, but from the different effect
of fire upon them, and their different application and use. Culm,
being a kind of small coal which does not cake or folder, on burn-
ing, is unfit for most of the domestic and culinary ules of fuel; and
from hence Dr. Hutton concludes that it ought to be exempted from
the tax laid upon coals. Its chief use being in the manufacture of

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brick and lime, a tax upon it would, he observes, be an unreason, able incumbrance upon these articles.

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Art. 59. Remarks on “ Confiderations on the Nature, &c. of

Coal and Culm, &c." By a Friend to the Revenue. Addrefred
to the Commissioners for managing his Majesty's Caftoms, &c. in
England, &c. To which are added, Copies of the Memorial
presented to the Lords of the Treasury in the Name of the Ge-
neral Convention of the Royal Boroughs of Scotland; and of the
Report of the English Board of Customs thereon. 8vo.
Bew. 1777:

An angry reply to the preceding article; from which, however, those who are interested in the subject, may gain material informa. tion,

E. Art. 60. A Letter from a Father to a Son on his Marriage

I s. Dilly. 1778.
A sensible lesson of advice, apparently the result of observation
and experience, which may be of great use to those who enter upon
the matrimonial connection with the antiquated idea, that it is of
some consequence that married people should live happily together.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 61. The Proof of the Truth of the Christian Religion, drawn

from its successful and speedy Propagation, confidered and entorced,
in Two Sermons lately preached before the University of Ox-
ford. By Thomas Randolph, D. D. President of Corpus Chrifti
College Oxford, and Lady Viargaret's Profesior of Divinity. 8vo.
IS. 6 d. Rivington, 1978.

The rapid progreis of the gospel, under the circumstances in which it was first published, has been generally 'hought a ftrong ar, gument for the truth of the Christian religion. Mr. Gibbon, in his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, has taken great pains to invalidate the force of this proof, and endeavoured to ac, count for the success of the gospel by natural causes,

Dr. Randolph introduces the firit of the sermons now before us, with observing, that Mr. Gibbon begins too late. If the causes, which he asigns,' says the Doctor, were adequate to the effc&t, 'which they by no means are, yet they could not operate till Cbriftianity had already got some confiderable fooring in the world. If the zeal of the first Chrifiians and constancy of their martyrs might, in after ages, promote its success, yet it will still remain to enquire what firit inspired them with this zeal, and animated them with this conflancy. To account for this, it will be necessary to look back to the first publication of the gospel.'

Now as the only authentic account we have of the first publica. tion of the gospel is in the Aals of the Aposlles, our Author, in his first sermon, gives a regular and connected view of the several circumstances that are contained in the five first chapters of the Aas, concerning this important and interesting event, taking the matter in order from the beginning, and making very judicious and pertinent observations as he goes along. If the narrative of the behaviour of the Apostles and Jews, on the first publication of the gospel, which is contained in theie chapters, be a faithful narrative, we need defire, ke says, no better proof of the truth of the Christian religion, and

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