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and not suited to the feelings of most of our hearers and readers. The state of religion in the age in which we live, requires something more plain, familiar, and striking, than is often to be met with in modern sermons. The want of coming home to men's business and bofoms,' to use Lord Bacon's language, will in some measure account for the too general neglect of the ministrations of some regu. lar, judicious, and cven serious preachers, and for the eagernels with which multitudes run after preachers of a different fort.' in this straia the Author juilly apologizes for the manner in which some important duties are here urged. The two volumes contain thirty-fix difcourses. The subjects of some of them are fingular; one we find from that text, Is not this the carpenter? Another from Prov. xxvii. 8. As a bird that wand:reth from her nejl, so is a man that wandereth from his place. The text of another is, Rimember Lot's wife, &c. &c. But the reflecions on these and other subjects are juit and useful. On the whole, they teftify, in a plain and serious ityle, a love to piety and virtue, and an earneit with to inspire others with it, and extend their influence, if it were posible, over every human being.

H. Art. 28. The Ingratitude of Infidelity; proveable from the

Aumiliation and Exaltation of Jesus Christ, being the most bene•fcial Appointments to Mankind, that are within the known Plan

of God's moral Government. Addrefled to Modern Infidels,
Jews, Papills, and other Unbelievers, By Caleb Fleming, D. D.
Paitor of a Protestant Diffenting Ckurch, who meet at Pinner's.
Hall. 8vo. Johnson. i s. 1775.

The worthy Author of these two fermons, the publication of svhich was bus latcly made known to us, is a firm friend to Christianity, and a zealous deiender of its crush. His sentiments are indeed widely different from those which are commonly elieemed orthodox ; the falsehood of some of this kind he is fully convinced of, and is warm and confident in opposing them. Whatever may be his peculiarities, he appears to be a worthy and good man, who wishes well to the cause of truth and religion. His clafing papists with unbelievers in the title-page is rather fingular; but he says in the introduction, • the papist, if he calmly considers, will assuredly know that his faith is not the result of a judgment founded on the written New Testa: ment canon; but it is merely an implicit credulity in his priest, and in what his prieft calls the church. He ought not, after this, to think himself at all insulted by being put into the company of un. believers.-In fact, a papist, as such, has no religion ; since he has neither eyes nor ears of his own, for he sacrificeth his reason and underllanding at the altar of mystery, and blindly subjagates con• fcience to prielily dominion.'

The interpretation which he here gives of the humiliation and exaltation of Jesus Christ, he says, has afforded him the most solid fatisfaction, after about forty years more stated enquiry,' and he hopes may be serviceable to others. • Whatever imperfections,' he adds, • may be found in the style, language, or sentiment, these difcourses (peak the genuine conceptions of a man who muft, according to the course of nature, soon have a personal interview with that same divine perfonage, whom the one God the Father has constituted the one Lord over the dead and over the living.'

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We shall only add a paragraph from the conclusion of these fer-
mons, on which the Reader will form his own judgment.— I would
add, that the worship of the papal church is anti-christian, and ido-
latrous: for it makes use of many mediators. It is said, I am afraid
too juftly, that that shocking popish fuperftition is now gaining ground,
in a protestant christian nation, but if it be true, it can do no other
than deprave and unchriftianize the spirit of our people—for the
worship of papal Rome is not at all fit for men, confidered either as
rational beings or as christians. And were it not for the distipation
and debauchery, which are become epidemical, and an avowed aim
in public a to give a despotic sway to the British sceptre, we
might all be astonished at the delusion.'

H.
Art. 29. A Discourse on Repentance. By Thomas Mole *. 8vo.

2 s. Johnson. 1776.
This discourse confifts of eleven sections, in which the nature of
the gospel dispensation is considered, and repentance shewn to be an
essential qualification for the forgiveness of sin: the learned and ju.
dicious Author enquires how far the promise of forgiveness relates to
the present date of ihe world, and offers several arguments to prove
the efficacy of true repentance to the remission of those fins which
men commit after believing and professing the gospel: objections to
these arguments are examined and obviated ; and the necessity of
repentance insisted on and enforced. The treatise is concluded with
an address, to such as by early instruction in religion have engaged
in the profeffion of it; to such as by various delusive pretenfions are
induced to delay their repentance; to such as give themselves up to
a life of sensuality and lin; and to such as indulge themselves in the
habitual commission of any one fin. These several points our Author
treats with ingenuity, piety, and perspicuity. The addresses to dif-
ferent persons, in the conclufion, are earnelit, sensible, weighty, and
convincing ; becoming a christian minister who sincerely wishes to
promote the true intereit and happiness of his hearers. His address
to those in the younger part of life is thus introduced ; • It is a me.
thod which many take at present in educating their children, to train
them op in the knowledge of the world, and to qualify them for
figuring among the gay part of it. But, I fear, considering what is
meant by the world, that this is leading them in at the wrong
ga!e, and that they will be found the happiest in the end, who have
known the least of it. For to what doth such an early familiarity
tend, but to the contracting a fast friendship with the world, which
is enmity with God; and of which Chrift in his time, declared, they
bave both seen and hated both me and my Father.'

We shall only add, that we have read this performance with plea-
sure, and think it well calculated to promote the most important in-
terests of mankind.

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• The Rev. Mr. Mole, of Uxbridge, one of the oldest diffenting minifters in the kingdom.

M.

Art.

IS.

Art. 30. Benjamini Kenicotti Epistola ad celeberrimum Professorem

Joannem Davidem Michaelis ; de Cenfurâ primi Tomi Bibliorum Hebraicorum nuper Editi, in Bibliothecâ ejus Orientali, Parte XI. 8vo.

Oxoni, Proitat venalis apud Rivington, Londini. 1777. It is not possible that such a work as that which Dr. Kennicott is now publishing hould be wholly free from objections and suspicions; all that can be expected is, that it hould be as perfect as the state of manuscript copies and versions will admit, and that a clear, fair, and faithful order Mould be preserved in reciting the various readings, and criticising them. Men of learning, of candour, and picty, it might be hoped, will be open and ingenuous in proposing their Amiculties about it, and not rafhly condemn or censure. But great minds are not free from human frailties, and envy sometimes cleaves to them strongly. This may have been the case with some of Dr. Kennicoti's opponents: but is surely not to be supposed of Dr. Michaëlis! a professed friend to and encourager of the great undertaking in which Dr. K. is engaged! The Latin pamphies before us, however, exhibits complaints, and, as it appears, just complaints, of the conduct of Dr. M.,'who, in a pamphlet publihed above a year ago, occasionally introduces feveral infinuations and objections to the disadvantage of Dr. Kennicott's performance. Our learned Oxonian, with great reason complains, that his German friend fhould not have imparted immediately to him his difficulties and remarks, or that if he thought it proper to make them public, he should not directly have sent him the book in which they were contained, as he had done the other parts of the same work; whereas he saw this only accidentally, and some time after it had been sent forth into the world. As we have not seen the eleventh number of the Bibliotheque, which contains the animadversions here alluded to, we are not sutriciently qualified to judge concerning the controversy. But we may say that Dr. Kennicott appears to have thared the objections fairly, and, in general, to have answered them fully.

It is difficult to align a reason for this clandestine kind of attack which Dr. Michaelis has made; but he may be able, perhaps, to vindicare himself in a better inanner than we apprehend.

Dr. Kennicott concludes with requesting, that his antagonist would, without delay, publish this defence with cha: part of his work in which so many accusations have been scattered. “This,' says he, you will not object 10, if you are finccre in saying that the charge you bring arises not from eavy or malevolence, but from a pure regard to truth :' if you do object to it I recur to what you advanced cwenty-three years ago, Leit we thould do any injury to Kennicost, we desire to correct whatever may have been more haftily wricken.'

This pamphlet contains also a hort lerter to the Reader concerning F. Fabricius, whe, in two volumes, which he has lately published at Rome, has given, Dr. Kennicott tells us, an unjutt and false account of she Hebrew manuscripts pre crved in Italy. 7

M.

AMERICAN

AMERICAN CONTROVERSY. Art. 31. An Address to the Inhabitants of Pensilvania, by those

Freemen of the City of Philadelphia who are now* confined in the Masons Lodge, by virtue of a General Warrant, signed in Council by the Vice President of the Council of Pensilvania. 8vo. 4d. Philadelphia printed, London reprinted, by Phillips in George Yard. 1777.

State necesity hath often been pleaded in defence of general war. rants, which have long been made use of, even in this land of liberty. and which having lately received a remarkable cheikt here, have now found their way to America, where the occasional convenience of these engines of despotism, has not escaped the obfervation of the new governments-established in the English colonies.

In the present unsettled and distracted ftate of public affairs in North-America, it is no wonder that recourse hath boen had to this summary mode of providing for the security of, what they call, the ftale. With the British army thundering in their ears, and the prospect of impending ruin, from which, humanly speaking, nothing could save them but a speedy flight,-- it would have been itrange re. miffness in the council of Pensylvania, if they had paid no attention to the conduct of those of their fellow-citizens of whom they had, or thought they had, reason to entertain any degree of fufpicion.

The warrant, by virtue of which the addressers' were taken into cuftody, imports, that the gentlemen therein named, were of the number of those persons who had, “in their general conduct and conversation, evidenced a dispostion inimical to the cause of America ;” and whom it was “necessary, for the public safety, ” at fo dangerous a ciilis, to secure:-unless they would

promise in writing, to remain in their dwelling houses, ready to appear on demand of council, and mean while, refrain from doing any thing injurious to the united fares, &c. and from giving intelligence to the commander of the British forces, &c.'- With which they refused to compiy; confidering the requisition as illegal and tyrannical.

The gentlemen (who were chiefly quakers), on being arrested, and confined in the free masons lodge, boldly and resolutely protested againit this violent procedure; they asserted their innocence, they called for a public hearing, and they required to face their accusers.

These demands were referred to the congress ; and the remonkrants were, soon after, informed, that they should be released from theis confinement, provided they would subscribe to the tell (mentioned in the note below 1), which congress would accept in full satisfaction of all their suspicions.

The dates of the several papers of which this pamphlet is composed, run from August 31, to September 9.

+ Thanks to the spirit and intrepidity of Johnny Wilkes, for this advantage to the cause of civil liberty.

I Viz. “I do swear (or affirm) that I will be faithful, and bear true allegiance to the common-wealth of Pensylvania, as a free and independent ftate, &c." REV. Jan. 1778

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To this condition the prisoners, with a manly firmness, refused to submit; while on the other hand, is it to be wondered at, if their very refusal served to strengthen the suspicions that had been conceived, to their detriment; and that they were, in corsequence, ordered to prepare themselves for banishment.?

On this intimation, the prisoners renewed their remonstrances and demands of an hearing, -the continued denial of which was undoubtedly a cruel hardship, whatever were or were not, their demerits, with respect to the matter in accusation.

In fine, we suppose § the gentlemen were actually fent out of the province il, in consequence of their finally “refusing," as the refolvo of the council expresies it, “ to promise to refrain from corresponding with the enemy, &c."-on the word refrain, the prisoners have this comment: the charge against us of refusing to promise to refrain from corresponding with the enemy, infinuates that we have already held such correspondence, which we utterly and folemnly deny,'

The remonftrances made by these gentlemen, during their confine ment, are drawn up with a becoming spirit, and manly energy; and seem to have been written by the quakers; a set of men who although fait friends to monarchy, never were known to bow to the Baal of oppression, or to conform to the arbitrary requisitions of any power on earth,

POLITICA L.
Art. 32. The Caledonian Dream. Inscribed to the Rt. Hon.

the Earl of Chatham. 4to. Is. Fielding and Co. 1777.

The Author dreams, as most of his countrymen do, of the speedy subjugation of the Americans:-waking or neeping we see, the donny Caledonians are awe for goovernment. Art. 33. Letters occafioned by three Dialogues * concerning Liberty;

wherein the Author's Doctrine respecting the State of Nature, is Mewn to be repugnant to Nature. To which are added, Remarks on Dr. Price's additional Observations on the Nature and Value of Civil Liberty. By Joseph Wimpey. 8vo. 15. 6d. Johnson. 1777.

Although Mr. W. differs, widely from the judicious Author of the three dialogues, and from Dr. Price, on the subject of civil liberty, yet be argues the several points with temper, and decency of language; a circumitance which our discerning Readers will accept as, at least, presumptive evidence of his good sense, and judgment. Art. 34. Second Thoughts, or observations ou Lord Abingdon's *Thoughts on the Letter of Edmund Burke, Esq. to the Sheriffs of Bristol. By the Author of the Answer t to Mr. Burke's Letter, 8vo. I s. 6 d. Cade!l.

1777. This antagonist of Lord Abingdon's, discovers considerable ability, and, especially an extensive knowledge of the British conftitution.

Unless they had the good fortune to be set at liberty by General Howe, who took possession of Philadelphia, on the 26th of the fame month:

| The place of their banishment, was Staunton in the county of Augulia, in Virginia.

See Review, vol. Iv. p. 218–249. + See Rev. July, 1777, p. 85. 5

HC

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