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He writes with spirit, and says many striking things; but, in the
ardor of conteft, following his blow with, perhaps, too much con-
fidence, he attacks some very eminent characters, particularly Dr.
Franklin, with an illiberal severity ; for which he deserves the repre-
henfion of every considerate and candid reader. But if, as we have
heard, he is a young writer, he may hereafter, as his judgmeet
ripens, make a diftinguished figure in the polemical field.
Art. 35. A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Willoughby Bertie, by descent

Earl of Abingdon, by defcent Lord Norreys; high Steward of
Abingdon and Wallingford. In which his Lordship’s candid and
liberal treatment of the now Earl of Mansfield, is fully vindicated.
8vo. pr. one pound Scotch. One Shilling and Eight Pence, English.
Payne, &c. 1778.

An admirable piece of irony, in which Lord A. (who, certainly, is bat an unfledg'd writer), is totally overwhelmed, by the superior abilities of his mock-vindicator. We have not, for a long time past, been so well entertained, in the perusal of any publication, of the humorous kind. Wit is said to be of no party, yet has it been engaged in all; and is, perhaps, the most powerful auxiliary to any.

MATHEMATICS.
Art. 36. A Compleat Theory of the Construction and Properties of

Vessels, with Practical conclusions for the management of Ships,
made easy to Navigators Translated from Theorie complette de la e
construction et de la manævre des Vaisseaux, of the celebrated I eo-
pard Euler. By Henry Watson Esq. 8vo. 55. boards. Elmsley.

i/ 1776.

The value of the original work, of which this is a translation, is well known to those who are acquainted with the mathematical principles of hydraulics. It is the most compleat scientific treatise, on this subject, as far especially, as it relates to the conitruction and management of ships. But those who are conversant with foreign pablications of this nature, are well apprised, that every language has technical terms and phrases peculiar to itself: the present translation is, on this account, the more valuable; and it is undertaken with a view of rendering the more abstruse and mechanical part of nautical science, generally understood.

The work is divided into three books: in the first book, the Author confiders vessels in equilibrium and at reft; and, by a variety of mathematical investigations, determines the stability of different vessels, and lays down rules for this purpose. He closes, with recommending in general, and as the most effectual means of angmenting their ftability, to carry the center of gravity as low as possible. The 2d book contains an investigation of the resistance which vessels experience in their course, and of the action of the rudder. The 3d book creats of masts and the management of vessels : to the whole is added, a supplement upon the action of sars.

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MISCELLANEOU S.
Art. 37. Observations on the Means of better draining the middle

and fouth levels of the Fens. By two Gentlemen who have taken
a view thereof; addressed to the Landed and Commercial Interests,
affected by the Bill proposed to be brought into Parliament. 4to.
2 s. od. Evans. Strand.

1777. As far as we are able to judge of the subject, from a bare perusal of this pamphlet, and a cursory inspection of the engraved plans which accompany it, there seems to be reason for concluding, with the sensible writer, that the works proposed by the bill are inadequate to the object ; that the drainers will continue to work upon false principles; that the additional expenses will only tend to increase the present calamity of the country, by useless charges, and an accumulation of former errors, from which the long roll of under. takers and artificers, will alone reap any benefit. Art. 38. The Case of Thomas Jones, Cl. of Ely, Cambridgshire,

respecting his prefent state of confinement, &c. Together with some introductory Remarks on the general state of the Bedford Level, particularly the south part of it. 410. Leacroft.

Mr. Jones's case consists, partly, of matter of public concern, but chiefly of a representation of his private distresses, arising from the oppresion of his creditors. This reverend gentleman had, it seems, taken an active part in several large public works in the south level, had purchased lands, to a very considerable amount; and had, in the issue, a fair prospect of being a great gainer by his improvements. Having however the misfortune of falling into fome unhappy connexions, and of fustaining heavy losses by the failure of persons to whom he was creditor for large sums, he was arrested, in April lait, and thrown into prison ; where he remained at the time of the publication of this pamphlet, which is dated from the King's Bench, in September : and where, he posibly fill remains, in a most difiressful and ruinous feparation from his wife and children.

This case seems, so far as we can judge from the unhappy man's own representation of it, to be a very hard one, indeed! and if his persecutors are unable to invalidate the facts which he has stated, with regard to their proceedings against him (which are alledged to have been of the most unfair and ungenerous kind), the public will, undoubtedly, view their conduct in a very unfavourable light.Of all monsters, an unfeeling, unrelenting creditor, mult surely, (where the debtor is worthy of compassion) be the most abforrent to God, and to all good men : To God, because he is the perfection OF BENEFICENCE; and to the good man, because he is ever the most sensible how much even the best of us stand in need of that mercy, which we fo frequently dare to with-hold from one another! Art. 39. A Rural Ramble; to which is annexed a Poetical Tagg; or Brighthelmstone Guide. By G. S. Carey. small 8vo.

Baldwin. 1777 Describes, with some pleasantry, but indifferent writing, the incidents which occurred in a foot-walk to Brighthelmstone. Some of the poetry seems to be aimed in imitation of Mr. Anfty's truly humorous, and perhaps, inimitable Bath-Guide,

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Art. 40. The way to be Rich and Respectable. Addressed to Men

of small fortune. In this pamphlet is given, an estimate, sewing that a gentleman, with a wife, four children, and five servants, may, residing in the country; with a few acres of land, live as well as, and make an appearance in life, equal to a man of 1000l.

a year, and yet not expend 400l. including the rent both of I house and land; and fill be able in the course of 20 years, to lay

by 2500l. The plan of living in this estimate, is not ideal only, but has been absolutely pursued by the Author many years. Such. as are fond of farming, will here find the expence attending, and the profits arising from the cultivation of land, feeding of sheep, &c. &c. 8vo. 20. Edition. is. 6d. Baldwin.

The luxury and extravagance which have encreased so much among all ranks in the present age, render it highly necessary for all persons to begin to think of æconomy. Happy however, if they do not, as is too often the case, exert their parsimony on improper objects, and thus injure some who have a just claim to their regard, instead of retrenching with reason and humanity. Good fense, and observation, if properly attended to, will generally instruct us where to save, and where to spend; and if we do not attend to these, we are not likely to gain much benefit from extraneous rules.

This pamphlet, appears to have been well received by the public; the title-page sufficiently declares its nature and design: it may be of use to give some assistance to those who are really disposed to live within the bounds of their station and fortune. We observe one ungenerous arricle, which says, 'buy such things as country shopkeepers have from London, always in London, &c. This would be unfriendly to our country neighbours, and would diminish the respect and affiftance, which a gentleman or his family might occasionally fand in need of, and would be more likely to obtain by a conduct, in fome measure opposite to that which is recommended by our Author, than by the observance of his precept. Art. 41. The Champion of Virtue. 'A Gothic Story. By the

Editor of the Phænix; a translation of Barclay's Argenis. 12mo. 35. sewed. Robinson. 1777.

This writer has imitated with tolerable success, the style and manner of ancient romance. The story is enlivened with an agreeable variety of incidents ; the narrative is plain and simple ; and the whole is adapted to interest the feelings of the reader, -- provided he has either faith, or fancy, enough to be intereited in the appearance of ghosts.

E. Art. 42. Travels for the Heart; written in France. By Court

ney Melmoch. 12mo. 2 Vols. 5s. Jewed. Wallis. 1777.

We do not hesitate to pronounce this hairy production, an unsuccessful attempt to imitate the Shandyan manner. The work is indeed sufficiently irregular, and the uthor has said enough about his irregularities. But, for that graceful ease and apparent negligence of language, which has all the excellencies of the conversationftyle without its defects- - for those delicate touches of nature which captivate the soul, we have searched in vain. In lieu of the former, we meet with a great perade of words, affected phrases, whim. şacal conceits, and gaudy ornaments : instead of the latter, we have

much

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much unmeaning talk about the heart. The Author's ideas (to bora sow the language of his master), ‘are cinsel'd over with an abundance of words, which glitter, but convey little light and less warmth.' “For our part," we had rather read “ five words directed point blank to the heart.”. -If Mr. Melmoth knew his own talents, he would employ himself chiefly in the humourous delineation of characters; of his abilities for which, he has given us an agreeable specimen or two, in the course of these volumes.

E. Art. 43. Memoirs of the Life and writings of Samuel Foote Efq; the English Aristophanes. 8vo. Bew.

1777 A life-writer seems to have become as conftant an attendant at the funeral of people of any eminence, as the deatb-hunter : with this difference in their views, that while the one commits the body to obli. vion, the other configas the name to immortality.--A grabitreet immortality, however, is commonly of so transitory a nature,- so much do our trunk-makers and cheesemongers exceed the worms in voracity, that we imagine, the Undertaker's work is beyond all competition, more durable than the Biographer's, Art. 44. A History of the late Revolution in Sweden, which

happened on the 19th. of August 1772, containing in three Parts, the Abuses and the Banishment of Liberty in that Kingdom. Written by a Gentleman, who was a Swede. 8vo. 55. lowed. Donaldson.

It is unfortunate that this gentleman (who, by his own account, had been no more than eleven months acquainted with the English language when he wrote this book), did not throw his materials, into the hands of some person accustomed to compofition. They might, in such a case, have been both useful and entertaining.In their present form it is toilfome to read them; but, as a foreigner and a fugitive, the Author is entitled to every degree of indulgence. L. Art. 45. The Kentish Traveller's Companion, in a Defcriptive

View of the Towns, Villiages, remarkable Buildings and Antiquities, fituated on, or near the Road from London to Margate, Dover and Canterbury, illustrated with a correct Map of the Road, on a Scale of one Inch to a Mile, I 2mo, 2 s. 6d. Fielding and Walker. 1777.

This book is superior both in matter and language, to what we usually meet with in publications of the same kind. It may not only prove an useful and agreeable fellow-traveller, in a summer excursion through the pleasant county it describes, but an entertaining Icompanion by a winter evening fire. The (many) Kentish antiquities, are described in an intelligent and scientific manner, and the particular beauties of prospect and situation, are pointed out with taste and well informed observation,

SERM ON S.
I. The Refurre&tion of the Body, deduced from the Resurrection of Chrif,

and Illustrated from his Transfiguration ; before the University of
Oxford, at St. Mary's, on Eafter-Monday, March 31st, 1777.
By Robert Holmes, M. A. Fellow of New-College. 4to.
Rivington,

IS.

This discourse was printed in consequence of a note from an anonymous hand, affuring the Author, that the satisfaction which it in the delivery, induced fome of the hearers to wish it might be made more public. It is an ingenious, sensible fermon, illustrating the fubje&t in a manner somewhat new. He renders the text, Phil. iii. 21. a little different from our version ; Who shall transfigure the body of ear bumiliation, that it may become conformal to the body of his glory. He pleads for the resurrection of the body and the fame body. The glorious body of Christ or the body of his glory, he supposes to have been manifefted to those of the apostles, who were present at the transfiguration, and he considers this, as the archetype or model of the future body of chriftians. This great vision (the transfiguration) says he, will inform men, that it is very possible to the hand of omnipotence fo to modify matter, as to induce change without destroying identity, and to preserve the fameness of a body of bumiliation, even when it is transfigured to a body of glory.. It is asserted by those who maintain the scriptural idea of resurrection, that God has promised to repeat this miracle: and if it be true, that God has made promise of it, not to rest satisfied in the expectation that it shall again happen, must be the consequence of more impiety than weakness. - It seems to refult from the comparison between these two important facts, that it was one great end of the transfiguration of Christ, to give ample information in respect of the resurrection; and to prevent mistakes which might be, and partly have been, made in that point of doctrine, by arguments drawn from that body of Christ, in which he appeared

after his resurrection, which was not, truly and positively, his body 1 of glory.

H. 1. Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the confecration of the right

Rev. John Butler, LL. D. Lord Bishop of Oxford, May 25th.
1777. By John Sturges, A. M. Prebendary of Wincheiter, and
Chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty. Published by command of
the Archbishop. 4to. Cadell.

In a discourse pronounced at the consecration of a bishop, it was Datural for the preacher, to enter on a general view and defence, of the ecclefiaftical part of our public conflitution. The prebendary of

Winchester, accordingly, considers not only the general necessity 1. of provision being made in all christian countries,' [he might have

faid all countries, without limitation,] for perpetuating religious knowledge, and enforcing religious truths, but also the expediency of this provision being adapted to the different circumftances of each country :'-- with a particular view (by no means improper, on the occasion which then presented itself), to that provision which is made for these purposes in our own.

In discusing this subject, and shewing the expediency and necclliy of appropriating some share of honours and wealth for the reward of merit in the clerical profession, our preacher has manifefted the atmoft candour and moderation, and has supported his cause with good sense and sound reasoning.

With respect, indeed, to the general deservings of the Clergy of our established church, we think every impartial reader will subscribe to the following just ericomium, taken from the conclusion of this very jadicious discourse :

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