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OBE

ODE to Peace,

OFFSPRING of Fancy,

170
313
74

on draining the

84

OLD English Baron,

ORDER of Confirmation,

237

395

476

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315
237

308

242

Two Sermons on the Chrif-

S.

SABENT's, a Satire,

ABERNA, a Saxon Eclogue,

of his Proceedings,

158

—on the Congregational Churches

of Norfolk,

324

482

on Hutton,
REVIEWERS, Epistle to.

472

314

REVOLUTIONS of an Island,
ROBERTS, Mr. See CASE of the Com-

miffary, &c.

Rose's felect Collection of Memoirs of

the Royal Academy of Infcriptions and
Belles Lettres,

ROWLEY's Poems, Appendix to,

152
472

ROYAL Register,
Perfeverance,

193

RURAL Ramble,
Rrvis, Elizabeth, Poems of,

SERMON preached in a Country Church,
408
SERMONS on the late General Faft,
245, 324

other Single Sermons, 86, 164,

243, 323, 404, 408, 455

See PEARCE.

See MODERN CHA-

399

84

237

305
73

75

235

SAVAGE, Mrs. her Poems,
SAPPHIC Epiftle,
SCOTCH Modeffy difplayed,
Scorr's Digeft of the Highway Laws,

379

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189 98.

STURGESS'S Sermon at the Bishop of
Oxford's Confecration,

87

SWINDEN'S Beauties of Flora,

319

T.

AYLOR's Sermon on the Death of
Dr. Pickard,
TAYLORS, a Comedy,

ΤΑ

TATHAM'S Journal Poetry,

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334

VERSES ont he prefent State of Ireland,

471
VERSES.

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267

233
43

WHITFIELD'S Conjectures on the Tyn-

daris of Horace, &c.

WILKES's Effay on the Dropfy,
WILLIAMS's Chriftian History,
on the German Spa, 467
Hiftory of the Northern Go-

vernments of Europe,

213

continued, 249

concluded, 344

WILSON'S Tranflation of Coke's Re-
ports, new Edit.
473
WIMPEY'S Letters, occafioned by Three
Dialogues concerning Liberty,

WINDSOR Stag, a Poem,

CONTENTS of the FOREIGN ARTICLES,
in the APPENDIX to this Volume.

558
GEOFFROY'S Differtation on the Organs
of Hearing, in Man, &c.
492
GERARDIN'S Treatife on Landscapes,

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N. B. For the CONTENTS of the Foreign Articles in the COR-
RESPONDENCE, inferted in the Reviews for March, April, May,
and June, Jee the GENERAL INDEX, with which they are in-
corporated.

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ART. I. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS of the Royal Society of London. Vol. LXVII. For the Year 1777. Part 1. 4to. 7 s. 6d. Davis.

ARTICLES relating to NATURAL HISTORY.

Article 3. Difcoveries on the Sex of Bees, explaining the Manner in which their Species is propagated; with an Account of the Utility that may be derived from thofe Discoveries, by the actual Aplication of them to Practice. By Mr. John Debraw, Apothecary to Addenbrook's Hofpital, &c.

HE remarkable obfervations related by M. Schirach, in his curious publication, The Natural History of Bees, and their great importance, confidered not only in a philofophical, but likewife in an economical view, induced us to give a very full account of that work, in the Appendix to our 48th volume, 1773, page 562. The principal facts and doctrines eftablished by that Writer are, that the queen bee does not lay a particular kind of eggs, from which future queens are to proceed; that all the working bees of a hive were originally female; and that any one of them, when it was in the egg or worm state, was capable of being converted, or rather nurfed up by the community, into the ftate of a queen bee, and of becoming the mother or queen of a future hive. In that Article we noticed likewise the great advantages that have been derived, in the Palatinate and other parts of Germany, from this discovery.

Though the Author of the prefent Article refers to our account of that work, and joins with us in wifhing that it might be tranflated into our language; he feems to have difcovered the manner in which the queen bees are produced, before the publication of our account of the difcoveries of the German naturalift abovementioned. As we have not, fince that time, met VOL. LVIII, B with

with any thing relating to this interefting fubject; though we hoped that our minute detail of M. Schirach's proceffes and doctrines would have produced fome fimilar trials in our own country: we fhall briefly relate the fubftance of one of the Author's experiments, in confirmation of the fingular proceffes of the Lufatian philofopher. To render however this defcription intelligible, we must refer the Reader to our Appendix abovementioned.

The Author divided a large brood-comb into feveral pieces; each containing eggs, worms, and nymphs. He placed them under four feparate glaffes, including with them a fufficient number of common bees, taking care that there was no queen among them. After an anarchy of two days, in confequence of their want of a queen, the bees became compofed, and betook themselves to work; as happened in M. Schirach's experiments. On the fourth day, the Author perceived in each hive the beginning of a royal cell;— a certain indication that one of the inclofed worms would foon be converted into a queen.' On the completion of the royal cell, the bees being reftored to their liberty, fhewed no inclination to defert their habitation; and, at the end of ✦ twenty days, the Author obferved four young queens among the new progeny. Similar fuccefs, he informs us, attended many other experiments of the fame kind made afterwards.

The remaining and principal part of this Article is employed in giving an account of the experiments the Author made, with a view to discover the use or functions of the drones, in a hive. They tend to prove that the eggs are actually imprégnated by them. This office he affirms he has repeatedly feen them perform; each inferting the pofterior part of its body into a cell, and finking into it, where it continued but a little while;' and leaving a fmall quantity of a whitifh liquor, lefs liquid than honey, in the angle of the bafis of each cell that contained an egg; which he found was foon afterwards abforbed into the embryo. He confirms likewife the obfervation of Maraldi and Reaumur, that there is a certain fpecies of drones in a hive which are no larger than the common bees. We apprehend that feveral naturalifts have been led into error through their ignorance of this particular.

Article 5. An Account of a Journey into Africa from the Cape of Good Hope, &c. By Dr. Andreas Sparrman, of the Royal Academy of Stockholm, &c.

In an expedition from the Cape Town, into the interior parts of Africa, which lafted nine months, the Author had an opportunity of making many curious and valuable obfervations relative to the economy of the Hottentots, and to natural hiftory. In the prefent Article he particularly defcribes a fingular fpecies of cuckow, intirely unknown at the Cape Town, and

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