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ib. TABOB, a Comedy (Foote's) 241
NICOLSON and Burn's History of Weft-
LEVISON on the Sore Throat, 469
BSERVATIONS on draining the
Lyson's farther Obs. on the Dropiy, jects,
Elegy on his Death, 471
of the Countess D'Anois, 39+ Poems by Mrs. Rives,
MICKLE's, Sir Marlyn, a Poem, 76 Poetic Epifle to Lord Mansfield, 308
MURPHY's Comedy, Kniw your own
Harmony of the Evange-
Disquisitions on Matter and
l'efestLEY's Do&trine of Pk lofophie) SERMON preached in a Country Church,
SERMONS on the late General Fast,
PROPOSALS for a Plan of Reconciliation
See MODERN CHA-
from Barrow Hill,
Public Spirit, an Efray,
ib. SKETCH of a Tour inie Derbyshire, 209
of Two Alts of the Inth Parlia..
Two Sermons on the Chrif. GRANT.
482 SPILSBURY's Physical Differtations, 463
SPIRIT of Frazer to General Burgoyne,
RELIGION, à Poem,
STOCKDALE's Six Discourses, 71
STUART's View of Society in Europe,
STURGESS'S Sermon at the Bishop of
SWINDEN's Beauties of Flora, 359
Second Thoughts on Lord Abingdon's TYRANNY the worst Taxation,
AUGHAN'S Cases of the Hydropho.
VERSES ont he present State of Ireland,
Thoueht is beft, an Opera, 473 VA:
Travellers, be common place Book
VERSES. See ELEGIAC.
WHITFIELD's Conjectures on the Tyn-
ADDINGTON's Navigation, 475
History of the Northern Go-
of Cook's Voyage,
WILSON's Translation of Coke's Re-
WATER, Building on. See SEMPLE. WIMPEY's Letters, occafioned by Three
WELL's Religion, a Poem,
Wood's Miller and Farmer's Guide, 163
CONTENTS of the FOREIGN ARTICLES,
in the APPENDIX to this Volume,
RESPONDENCE, inserted in the Reviews for March, April, May,
GEBELIN's Primitive World analysed, TRAVELS through the different Parts of
Τ Η Ε
For J A NU A R Y, 1778.
ART.I. PhiloSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS of the Royal Society of London. Vol. LXVIl. For the Year 1777.
4to. 7 s. 6 d. Davis.
Articles relating to NATURAL HISTORY. Article 3. Discoveries on the Sex of Bees, explaining the Manner
in which their Species is propagated; with an Account of the Utility that may be derived from those Discoveries, by the actual Aplication of them to Pračtice. By Mr. John Debraw, Apothecary to Addenbrook's Hospital, &c. He remarkable obfervations related by M. Schirach, in
his curious publication, The Natural History of Bees, and their great importance, considered not only in a philosophical, but likewise in an economical view, induced us to give a very full account of that work, in the Appendix to our 48th volume, 1773, page 562. The principal facts and doctrines established by that Writer are, that the queen bee does not lay a particular kind of eggs, from which future queens are to proceed; that all the working bees of a hive were originally female; and that any one of them, when it was in the egg or worm state, was capable of being converted, or rather nursed up by the community, into the state of a queen bee, and of becoming the mother or queen of a future hive. In that Article we noticed likewise the great advantages that have been de. rived, in the Palatinate and other parts of Germany, from this discovery.
Though the Author, of the present Article refers to our ac. count of that work, and joins with us in wishing that it might be translated into our language; he seems to have discovered the manner in which the queen bees are produced, before the publication of our account of the discoveries of the German naturalist abovementioned. As we have not, fince that time, met VOL, LVIII.
with any thing relating to this interesting Tubject ; though we hoped that our minute detail of M. Schirach’s processes and doctrines would have produced some similar trials in our own country: we shall briefly relate the substance of one of the Author's 'experiments, in confirmation of the fingular processes of the Lusatian philosopher. To render however this description intelligible, we must refer the Reader to our Appendix abovementioned.
The Author divided a large brood-comb into several pieces ; each containing eggs, worms, and nymphs. He placed them under four feparate glasses, including with them a sufficient number of common bees, taking care that there was no queen among them. After an anarchy of two days, in consequence of their want of a queen, the bees becante coinposed, and betook themselves to work; as happened in M. Schirach’s experiments. On the fourth day, the Author perceived in each hive the beginning of a royal cell ;-— a certain indication that one of the inclosed worms would soon be converted into a queen. On the completion of the royal cell, the bees being restored to their liberty, Thewed no inclination to defert their habitation; and, at the end of twenty days, the Author observed four young queens among the new progeny. Similar success, he informs us, attended many other experiments of the same kind made afterwards.
The remaining and principal part of this Article is employed in giving an account of the experiments the Author made, with a view to discover the use or functions of the drones, in a hive. They tend to prove that the eggs are actually imprégnated by them. This office he affirms he has repeatedly seen them perform; each inserting the posterior part of its body into a cell, and sinking into it, where it continued but a little while ;' and leaving a small quantity of a whitish liquor, less liquid than honey, in the angle of the basis of cach cell that contained an egg; which he found was soon afterwards absorbed into the embryo. He confirms likewise the observation of Maraldi and Reaumur, that there is a certain fpecies of drones in a hive which are no larger than the common becs. We apprehend that several naturalists have been led into error through their ignorance of this particular. Article 5. An Account of a Journey into Africa from the Cape of
Good Hope, &c. By Dr. Andreas Sparruan, of the Royal
In an expedition from the Cape Town, into the interior parts of Africa, which lasted nine months, the Author had an opportunity of making many curious and valuable observations relative to the ceconomy of the Hottentots, and to natural history. In the present Article he particularly describes a fingular species of cuckow, intirely unknown at the Cape Town, and