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"AMONG the many movements" of the human mind during the nineteenth century not the least worthy of note has been the greatly wider prominence and popularity reached by landscape art, not only in the form of picture and drawing, but as diffused by multiplied forms of reproduction, and by photography. The manifold sources of interest and pleasure thus opened to civilised nations-to England in particular, long the favourite home of this art-are obvious. Nor, perhaps, would it be possible to name any other line of development and advance more innocent and wholesome, or more free from the counterpoising evils which, with a sad, an almost uniform frequency, lie in wait upon every step forward or onward that mankind can take.
Poetry and painting, if not brother and sister (as once was said of music and of song), are at least nearly akin; and this progress in landscape art seems to give a timeliness to the aim of the following book, enlarged from lectures delivered in the University of Oxford during 1895. And the sphere of University work has itself been recently widened in two directions which may also, it is hoped, render such an attempt more seasonable, the Honour School of English Language and Literature, and the "Extension" system. It has been partly with reference to these that so many specimens of the treatment of Landscape in its widest sense are here offered; and that those from ancient or foreign literatures have been