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manently endowing for the first time since the Reformation, a College for training Popish priests.
In 1846 the Religious Opinions Bill was passed, by which various statutes against the publication of Papal bulls, and for maintaining the supremacy of the Queen were repealed or modified.
In the same year, as well as in this, Bills have been brought into Parliament to repeal the Act of Supremacy as regards Roman Catholics, to repeal the penalties against Jesuits, and to permit Romish or idolatrous processions, which, though happily defeated, yet received the support of some of the leading members both of the present and late Administrations. In the education debates of this session the heads of each party in the House of Commons have declared their readiness to endow Popish schools and Popish priests, if the voice of the people permit.
If we look abroad, we see the island of Tahiti, after having been rescued from the darkness and idolatry of Heathenism by forty years' earnest labours of English missionaries, delivered over to the power of Popish France, a Christian dethroned, a peaceful population massacred, and in place of the simple worship of Christianity, the island studded with the symbols of Romish idolatry. All this we have allowed to be done, when a word from our country would have prevented it.
In our colonies, where the executive Government is less restrained than at home, a system is rapidly growing up of endowing alike the teachers of Protestant truth and Popish error.
Upon the coming election, then, will mainly depend the question, whether England is to continue Protestant. Electors of the City of London, whose fathers perished at the stake for the support of Protestant truth, the maintenance of which has made England the glory of the world, the eyes of the country will be directed towards you. Great will be the effect of your example. Shew to your fellowcountrymen that much as you value your commercial greatness you value the truth of God more.
Let no consideration induce you to support candidates who on the one hand adopt the half-infidel notion that religion has nothing to do with politics, or with a show of philosophical moderation profess to inquire, what is truth; or, on the other hand, those who would endow all religions alike, and see no moral obliquity in the conduct of a man who, professedly a Protestant, gives money to support the superstitions of Rome.
Exert yourselves to seek out and elect men who, themselves true Protestants, will, while they deprecate persecution, use their influence to uphold our national Protestantism in all its integrity throughout the empire.
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.-GENERAL ELECTION.
At a Meeting of several members of the Senate, held at the British Hotel, Cockspur-street, on June 10th, 1847, a very satisfactory letter from the Viscount Feilding having been read, the following Resolutions were adopted, which had been previously passed at a Meeting held in Cambridge of resident members :
“ I. That in consequence chiefly of the votes given in Parliament by Mr. Goulburn on the Bill for the Endowment of Maynooth College and the Dissenters' Chapels Bill; and in consequence, among other considerations, of his refusal to support the Petition of the University of Cambridge for the retention of the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor; Mr. Goulburn is not a fit representative of the University.
“ II. That in order to vindicate the character of the University as a body identified with the Church of England, in doctrine and discipline, and as such more especially protesting against the corruption and usurpation of the Church of Rome, a candidate be brought forward for the avowed purpose of representing the University in these respects.
“ III. That there being reason to believe that the Viscount Feilding concurs in the spirit of these Resolutions, communication be held with that nobleman with a view to obtain his reply to the following ques
“ Whether he is prepared to resist all connexion with and concession to Romanism; more particularly, whether he will oppose the endowment of the Romish Church in Ireland or elsewhere; and whether he will oppose all attempts to establish an intercourse with the Court of Rome ?
“ Also, whether he is prepared to advocate the extension of the Church of England, as regards increasing the number of bishops and clergy, the formation of schools in connexion with the Church,
and the building of churches? “IV. That if Lord Feilding's replies to the above questions be satisfactory, it be submitted to the members of the Senate, that he be brought forward as a suitable candidate to represent the University in Parliament.”
Lord Feilding has expressed his entire assent to the above Resolutions,
June 16, 1847.
BY SAMUEL PHILLIPS DAY, FORMERLY
A RELIGIOUS OF THE ORDER OF THE
FACTS FOR THE TIMES; OR, and denounced as a heretic! the THINGS TO THINK ON FOR
nineteenth session of that Council deALL PEOPLE.
creeing “that the safe-conduct granted to heretics by an emperor, king, or any other secular, shall not prevent
any ecclesiastical judge from punish(Continued from page 142.) ing such heretics, even if they come to THE next circumstance to which I
the place of judgment relying on the shall advert is the burning John of safeguard, and would not otherwise Huss and Jerome of Prague, two dis
come hither.” | The awful position, tinguished reformers, who laboured
that "faith is not to be kept with assiduously to expose the wickedness,
heretics," was acted upon in the case falsehood, and intolerance of the
of this illustrious man. And, accordpapal system. The former individual ingly, Huss was burnt alive on the was summoned to attend the Council
6th July, 1415, and “ his soul devoted of Constance, and for this purpose
to the devils in hell.” | A cap was received a safe-conduct from the
also placed on his head, and a repre
sentation of three devils painted upon Emperor Sigismund, insuring his
it, with the inscription
“ Hæresiarcha." safety during his journey, at his arrival, and on his return home.*
Previous to his being led to the place On the pledged faith of this emperor
of execution, he thus addressed the he firmly relied, but unhappily, for
Fathers of the Council, “ Centum no sooner did he arrive at his desti
revolutis annis, Deo respondabitis, et nation than he was seized, imprisoned, rolled away, and you must answer to
mihi.” “Let a hundred years have
God and me.” Jerome, of Prague, The following is a translation of the who came to Constance with the noble safe-conduct :-“Sigismund, by the grace of God, chosen emperor of the Romans, design of supporting his friend, was perpetual defender of the empire, King
condemned to the Inquisition; but of Hungary, &c. To all the ecclesiastical met with a similar fate on the 30th and secular princes, dukes, margraves, May, 1416. $ Surely, in the words of counts, lords, &c., in whatever city, village, the Bishop of Illinois,
“ It is a sin to community, or place whatsoever, who are faithful subjects to us and the holy Roman
think of Rome's practices without empire, and who will either see or hear
abhorrence.” this document ; venerable, high-born,
Turn we now to one of the foulest, noble, dear, and faithful, we greet you cruelest, and most diabolical scenes well. We have taken under the special in the Black History of Rome. Rife shelter and protection of ourselves, and the holy empire, the most honourable and
and teeming as it is with atrocities, upright professor, John Huss, Bachelor of
murders, butcheries, and perfidious Divinity, and Master of Arts, the bearer of deeds, I single out this one circumthis, and who is on his way from Bohemia stance, considering all the horrifying to the General Council held at Constance.
details of it, as unparalleled, not only We also command you, all and each, to
in the annals of Rome, but in the protect him, when he comes to you, to receive him hospitably, to entertain him history of the world! I allude, with honourably, and to assist him in whatever feelings of bitter sorrow and indig. may accelerate his journey, or render it nation, to that tremendous scene of safe, whether by land or water; and to be blood and treachery—the massacre of willing to allow him, his servants, and all that he has, to pass through, remain in, + Johannis XXIII. Concilium Constanand again return through, all passes, har- tiense, A.D. 1415, vol. 27, p. 791. This inibours, bridges, counties, dominions, dis- quitous doctrine is likewise laid down in tricts, jurisdictions, cities, towns, boroughs, Azor. Inst. Mor. pars. I. l. 8, c. 13 et Becan. villages, and all places, peaceably, without Theol. Schol. pár. 2, tom. 2, tr. I. c. 16, toll or tribute, or other annoyance; and, if need should be, to provide him with a I Enfant. Hist. of the Council of Conspecial escort, for the sake of our honour, and the glory of our majesty.
§ It was said to Father Fulgentio, when “Given under our hand at Spires, 16th he went to Rome on the safe-conduct of day of October, 1414, thirty. third year of Paul V., “The conduct was safe for his our reign, in Hungary, and the fifth of our coming hither, but not for his going empire."
St. Bartholomew, perpetrated in Paris, The actual number of victims who on Sunday, the 24th August, 1572, perished during this scene of carnage during the pontificate of Gregory cannot satisfactorily be ascertained. XIII., of infamous memory; at which Davilla says, that “there were killed mournful tragedy the emperor, Charles in the city that day and the next, IX., assisted in person, who, not above 10,000, whereof 500 afraid of the thunders of God's judg- barons, knights, and gentlemen;" and ment alighting upon his devoted computes the entire number of slain head, actually boasted of the number at 40,000.* Papire Masson states of victims he had slain. As it would that the victims slaughtered in the exceed our prescribed limits to enter provinces alone amounted to 10,000 ; into all the melancholy particulars of La Popeliouère calculates the number this well-organized massacre, I can destroyed in the city and country to only advert to a few of its most be 20,000; Adriani and De Thou give hideous features. For some time a total of 30,000; Doctor Lardner, of previous to this bloody night an 60,000; Sully, of 70,000; and Péré. apparent peace reigned throughout fixe, of 100,000!!! France, (and who, after this, can trust The Roman Catholic French histo Rome's fair looks ?) and every- torian, Mezeray, thus depicts the horthing portended festivity and joy. rors of that memorable event:All the Protestant princes and nobles “ The daylight, which discovered had assembled within the city to cele- so many crimes, which the darkness brate the nuptials between the King of an eternal night ought for ever to of Navarre and Margaret of France. have concealed, did not soften their On this memorable occasion it was ardour by these objects of pity, but that Rome seized her long-desired exasperated them still more. The opportunity for carnage and blood- populace and the most dastardly shed. And too well did she avail being warmed by the smell of blood, herself of a period so favourable to sixty thousand men, transported with the destruction of the enemies of her this fury, and armed in different ways, empire! About midnight the dread- ran about wherever example, venful volcano which lay concealed—but geance, rage, and the desire of plunder which gave forebodings of an erup- transported them. The air resounded tion by the assassination of Admiral with a horrible tempest of the hisses, Coligny *—burst forth with fury in- blasphemies, and oaths of the murdescribable. The great bell of St. derers, of the breaking open of doors Germain l'Auxerrois was sounded for and windows, of the firing of pistols the signal, and immediately all the and guns, of the pitiable cries of the Pope's emissaries were at their as- dying, of the lamentations of the signed posts : whilst slaughter, devas- women whom they dragged by the tation, and billows of blood, tracked hair, of the noise of carts, some loaded the footsteps of the assassins. This with the booty of the houses they scene of Popish cruelty was unmiti- pillaged, others with the dead bodies, gated in its severity for the space of which they cast into the Seine,t so seven days. But was this mortal contagion confined to Paris ? Alas! * Per la città il primo e il seguente no. The same horrors which had
giorno ne furono uccisi piu di dieci mila. convulsed and terrified the capital,
Si che divulgò costantemente la
fama essere in pochi giorni periti piu di were repeated at Meaux, Troyes,
quaranta mila Ugonotti.-Davila Historia Orleans, Nevers, La Charite, Tou- delle Guerre Civili di Francia, lib. 5, pp. louse, Bourdeaux, Rouen, and Lyons 273-275. (Venetia, 1664.) -each was crimsoned with the blood
† Muretus, who was appointed to deliver
an oration in presence of the Pope, on the of its Protestant inhabitants.
subject of the massacre, observed, that
“ THE RIVER SEINE ROLLED ON WITH * The Cardinal of Lorraine caused 1,000 crowns in gold to be given to the messenger who announced his death.- Lacretelle, DERED HERETICs.”— Oratio xxiii., habita Guerres de Religion, tom. ii., p. 298. Romæ, A.D. 1572.
GREATER MAJESTY AFTER HAVING RE-
that in this confusion they could not of Sully asserts, the priests and hear each other speak in the streets, Jesuits were the most active and or, if they distinguished certain words, indefatigable instigators. Davila in they were these furious expressions, his remarks on the peace ratified in Kill, stab, throw them out of the 1570, observes, that the
queen-mother, window. A dreadful and inevitable the king, the Duke of Anjou, and death presented itself in every shape. the Cardinal of Lorraine, granted Some were shot on the roofs of houses, the Hugonots an apparent peace in others were cast out of the windows, order to get their foreign allies out of some were cast into the water, and France, “e poscia con arte e con knocked on the head with blows of opportunita opprimere i capi della iron bars or clubs, some were killed fattione,” and afterwards artfully, and in their beds, some in the garrets, at a fitting opportunity, to overwhelm others in cellars; wives in the arms the chiefs of the faction. Père Griffet of their husbands, husbands on the confirms this statement, and says it bosoms of their wives, sons at the was made “ dans la vue de les envelopfeet of their fathers. They neither per, plus surement et plus aisement spared the aged, nor women great dans un massacre general," with a with child, nor even infants. view to involve them the more surely, The streets were paved with the and the more readily, in a general bodies of the dead or the dying, the massacre. gateways were blocked up with them. As regards the latter, no l'here were heaps of them in the did the news of the dreadful havoc squares, the small streams were filled reach Rome, than public rejoicings with blood, which flowed in great were instantly visible; and not only torrents into the river.”*
here but throughout papal Europe What a spectacle to behold! The this maternal act of the mother and same historian gives also heart-rend- mistress of all Churches” was hailed ing details of the massacre in the by national festivities, discharges of provinces.
artillery, ringing of bells, and bonNow there two particulars fires ! Both Fleury and Mazeray connected with this slaughter that relate that the Pope (Gregory XIII.) deserve attention, viz., first-the pre- “ went in state to the Church of determination of the Popish party to St. Lewis to return God thanks for perpetrate such a bloody deed; and so happy a result,” and offered up secondly—the spirit of elation mani- a solemn mass, and had the Te Deum fested by the Pope, and his compeers, chanted on the occasion.* “In the after the accomplishment of it. evening," writes another historian,
With regard to the former, it is a “fireworks were discharged at Adrian's matter of notoriety, learned from mole in token of the public rejoicing, MSS. belonging to the parties con- fires were kindled everywhere in the cerned in the atrocious scheme, that streets, and nothing was omitted this foul deed was determined upon which usually took place at all the fully two years before its execution ; greatest victories of the Church of and that Catherine de Medicis (who Rome.t The Pope also despatched governed the kingdom of France Cardinal Fabius Ursinus upon a after the demise of Francis II.), special embassy to the King of France, assisted by the Jesuits, planned the thanking
" the eldest son of the whole transaction, and directed the Church" for his exertions in the exissue thereof. The Duke of Guise, and the Jesuit Maldonat, were also
* Fleuri Histoire Ecclesiastique, tom. 23, engaged in this fiendish plot which livre 173, p. 557. (A Nismes, 1780.)
to make one utter extirpation of † Sub vesperam in Hadriani mole in the ellior Hugonots .!” and in the publicæ lætitæ signum displosa tormenta, carrying out of which, as the Duke
ac passim per vias accensi ignes, nibilque eorum prætermissum, quæ in cunctis ac
maximis, quibusque pro ecclesiæ Romanæ * Mezeray, Histoire de France, fol. tom. victoriis fieri solent.---T. Aug. Thuani His2, p. 1098 (Paris, 1646).
toriarum, lib. 53. (Londini, 1733.)