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out of power, while the Lincoln war, beleaguered, threatened with Cabinet is censured for inaction, the fate of conquered nations, the precipitation, or both—while “old Government has had recourse to no Scott" is said to be "done"-while exceptional proceedings--that the Fremont is called incapable, deaf liberty of individuals is respectedto counsel, corrupt, and inaccessible that the press is free—that newsto citizens, &c.*—these people have papers (e.g. the Charleston Mercury) entire confidence in the prudence publish without molestation the and ability of the men to whom sharpest diatribes on the authorthey have committed their desti- ities and on the conduct of the nies, though no citizen not on busi- war, though it should be noted that ness is allowed to go to the army- their complaints are generally to though the ministers have ante- the effect that the policy adopted is rooms, hateful to the American Re- defensive, and not aggressive. Crime publican mind, and secretaries, to and violence were never so rare. The be passed—though no one knows cities on Sundays present an apthe numbers or the mortality of pearance almost of Scottish tranthe army, and the plans of the quillity — though in most cases generals are hardly surmised by large bodies of troops are cantoned "our own correspondents”--though in the immediate neighbourhood. they stand on the defensive, in it- The vast slave population, so far self most trying to the morale of a from proving the cause of embarproud people and a volunteer army. rassment or weakness, have enabled Loud and general, however, seems the cultivation of the soil to proto be the utterance of the resolu- ceed : while so many of the white tion never to yield : rather," population have joined the army, say they,

we will burn every the women live with unlocked house, every bale of cotton, and lay doors on the plantations. In all our country waste.” Deep and bit- ranks of civil and military life ter is the resentment against the there reigns, with the sternest reNorth; and firm, at present at least, solution, an absolute confidence of the declaration that their dealings their ultimate success. The conclushall be with any country in the sion we conceive to be irresistible, world rather than with her. Add that although, with constancy and that in the presence of actual perseverance, the North may mould

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* So much has been said of General Fremont's magnificence in St Lonis that it may be worth mentioning in what state he was living when the writer was there in September last. He was occupying a substantial house in a good quarter, placed at his disposal by a friend. Most of the sunk and basement floors were taken up by busy secretaries and clerks. The general was incessantly engaged in organising and providing transport for a force which should subjugate Missouri—a State half as large as Ireland-the Legislature and most of the people of which were hostile to the Union, and of which he had been less than a month in nominal military command. Regiments were pouring in to him from the neighbouring States in various degrees of rawness, generally without arms, and unacquainted with their use. He had no rifles in store. His troops were being drawn away to reinforce points further East. The insanity of plunging into such a country when so unprepared needs no remark, but was illustrated by the fate of the garrison of Lexington.

The “body guard” which has so stunk in the Republican nostrils consisted of a troop of volunteer cavalry, the members of which had enrolled themselves for the purpose of so serving. It presented the appearance of a raw and shabby squad of yeomanry, but it furnished the sentries at the General's gate, who only admitted persons on business, and so prevented his house from becoming what in America is called levee, but in England a bear-garden. We need not try to strike the balance of truth between the charges of peculation brought against officers about General Fremont's staff, and the counter charges of backstairs cabals against the General at Washington. But the measure of forbearance accorded by the Executive to Federal commanders would appear to be uneven ; for if those on the west have gained no more than those in the east, yet they have not lost so much.

its heterogeneous army into effi- weaker party the generous British ciency, and though the lessons of love of freedom and jealousy of war may gradually supply that despotism, whether wielded by military character in which for the

an emperor or by a triumpant facpresent it is deficient, her gros tion. bataillons and her outpoured trea- But that devotion to the cause of sures will fail, like other armies and human freedom which has led us more ancient powers, to crush the already to make so many sacrifices, newly-won independence of a reso- has barred the way to our giving lute and united people.

to the South that moral encourageThe war, perhaps, is not one to ment accorded so often to comawaken our warm sympathies for munities engaged in the struggle either party. The unfriendly tone for independence and self-governof the organs of public opinion in ment. Recognition of their indethe North, when in recent years pendence and close commercial rethe military prestige of England lations with England, without reseemed for a space to wane, excited strictions upon trade, are earnestly not resentment among us, but sur- desired by the people of the South; prise that an honourable rivalry and there may be a little impatience should have degenerated into jeals that their nationality is as yet ousy, and that despotic Russia, ignored by the civilised world. A rather than free England, should more correct view appears, howpossess the sympathies of the great ever, to be taken by the heads of Anglo-Saxon Republic. Their im- the Government. “Our separation portunate demands for our partisan- from the North,” said President ship, at the same moment that they Davis lately, “is as complete as if flouted our offers of mediation- it had been accomplished fifty years. their insolent threats of finding But I am far from complaining of compensation for Southern losses the tardy recognition of European in aggression upon the peaceful governments. It is better for us British provinces—their loud boast- that we should work out our own ings and ignominious defeat—would independence, and the rest will have enlisted on the side of the come in good time.”

INDEX TO VOL. XC.

et seq.

70.

AND

Absolutism, present position of, on the Bombay, sailing of the Persian expedi-
Continent, 397.

tion from, 345.
Achray, Loch, 490.

Book clubs, origin of, 442.
Act of Uniformity, the, 177.

Book-HUNTER AGAIN, THE, 55.
Adams, Dr Francis, 446.

Book-HUNTER'S CLUB, TAE, 440.
Aelfric Book Society, the, 458.

Borasjoon, expedition against, 354.
Akbar Khan, a Tungistanee chief, 348. Boromeo, Cardinal, the library of, 70.
Alexander the Great, the voyage of his Boswell, Sir Alexander, of Auchinleck,
fleet, 345.

bis private printing-press, &c., 452
Alfred, King, Dr Hook on, 14,
Ambrosian Library at Milan, its origin, Bregwin the German, an English divine, 3.

British Museum, origin of the, 70.
AMERICAN WAR, SOME ACCOUNT OF BOTH Brougham, Lord, his address at the
SIDES OF THE, 768.

Social Science Association, 465.
AMONG THE LOchs, see Lochs.

BUCKLE, MR, his SCIENTIFIC ERRORS,
Anne Boleyn, the execution of, 171.

582—bis attack on Scotland, 268.
ANOTHER MINISTER'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, BUDGET, THE EPIC OF THE, 115.
240.

BURTON'S ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY,
Antigone of Sophocles, its reproduction, 323.
607.

Bushire, landing of the Persian espedi-
Antiquity, the Religions of, Ernest tion at, 346 et seq.-its bombardınent
Renan on, 633.

and capture, 349.
ANTWERP, A DAY AT — RUBENS Byron on Burton's Avatomy, 325.
RUSKIN, 365.

Camden Society, the, 458.
Arminianism, the introduction of, by Canova, the residence of, at Rome, 382.
Laud, 175.

Canterbury, the Archbishops of, Dr
Arrochar, the hills at, 487.

Hook's lives of, 12.
Art, the modern English school of, 201. CAPTAIN CLUTTERBOCK'S CHAMPAGNE,
ART-STUDENT IN ROME, THE, 381.

Part I., 499—Part 11., 555- Part III,
Astorian Library in America, the, 66, 67. 645.
Auchinleck Press, works issued from CARLINGFORD, CHRONICLES OF:
the, 452 et seq.

Doctor's Family, Part I., 420-Part
Augustine, the mission of, to England, II., 525— Part III., 689.

his claims on behalf of Carlyle's Autobiography, contrast be-
Rome, 7 et seq.

tween, and Wolff's, 137—comparison
AUMALE, THE DUC D', his LETTRE SUR between, and Somerville's, 240 et seq,
L'HISTOIRE DE FRANCE, 77.

251.
Austria, present position of absolutism Carthusians, the, Henry VIII's treat-
in, 397.

ment of, 170.
Autobiographies, characteristics of, 136. Cartwright, the Puritan leader, 175.
Baillet, Adrien, the librarian, 75.

Cats, rabies in, 225, 236.
Ballad forgeries, anecdotes of, &c., 455. Catholicism, Ernest Renan on, 637.
Bannatyne Club, the, 450.

Cavendish Society, the, 458.
BARBARISMS OF CIVILISATION, THE, 87. Celtic Church, the early, in England, 4
Barry, connection of, with Pugin, in the et seq.-struggle between it and Au-
Houses of Parliament, 685.

gustine, 7 et seq.
Barthelemy, M., anecdote of, 240. Chakhota, expedition to, 352.
Barthram's Dirge, the ballad of, 456. Channing, Ernest Renan's Essay on, 637.
Beddoes, Dr, on hydrophobia, 226. Charles II., the deathbed of, 219.
Ben Venue, scenery of, 492.

Charterhouse, monks of the, executed
Biedermann's Henry IV., drama of, 605. under Henry VIII., 170.
Biography, sources of the interest of, 671. Chetham Book Club, the, 458.
Blackie, Professor, his speech at the Church Histories, general character of, 1.
Wallace inauguration, 281.

CivilisaTION, THE BARBARISMS OF, 87.
Bodleian Library, the, and its founder, Clubs, influence of, 442.
70.

Coburg-Gotha, the Duke of, his reforms,
Bokhara, Wolff's journey to, 152.

and their reception, 599.

THE

5 et seq.

Combe's Constitution of Man, anecdote ENGLISH HISTORY, Vaughan's Revolu-
regarding, 69.

TIONS IN, 166.
Congress, the library of, in America, 67. EPIC OF THE BUDGET, THE, 115.
Cookery, low state of, in Scotland, 407. Essays and Reviews, effects of the prose-
Copyright Act, the, its provisions regard- tion of the, 77.

ing furnishing books to Public Lib. Ethersey, Commodore, his death, 358.
raries, 68.

Faed, Mr, the Cottage Deathbed by, 207,
Cotton, threatened failure of the supply 220.
of, 118.

FAREWELL OF THE SEAL, THE, &c., 32.
CowPER, SPENCER, THE CASE OF, 19. FECHTER IN HAMLET AND OTHELLO, 744.
Coxe, Archdeacon, the historian, 246.

FERREY'S RECOLLECTIONS OF N. A. W.
CRAMMING SYSTEM, TUE, 624.

Pugin, &c., review of, 670.
Cranmer, character and work of, 172. Finances, the Indian, 109.
Cunningham, Allan, his ballad forgeries, Flaxman, the residence of, at Rome, 382.
456.

FLUNKEYI8M, ON, 731.
Cuthbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 12. Flying Dutchman, the, Wagner's drama
Danby, Mr F., the paintings of, 213. of, 604.
Dates, general consumpton of, through Food, errors of Mr Buckle on the sub-
out Persia, 351.

ject of, 583.
Davis, Sergeant, the case of, 451.

Forbes, Edward, extracts, &c., from the
Death of Featherstonbaugh, the, Surtee's memoirs of, 472.
ballad of, 455.

Foster, Mr Birket, the paintings of, 204.
Deduction and Induction, errors of Mr France, present position of absolutism
Buckle regarding, 590.

in, 397-warlike tendencies of, and
DEMISE OF THE INDIAN ARMY, THE, 100. danger from them, 608.
DEMOCRACY TEACHING BY EXAMPLE, 395. Frankfort, sketches of, 598.
Derby, Lord, the means by which his Froude, Mr, his picture of Henry VIII.,

Adminstrations were overthrown, 115. 170—his portrait of Cranmer, 172.
Desima, the Dutch settlement at, 615. Galileo, the alleged persecution of, 545.
Dibdin's Library Companion, 449. Galway Contract, the decision on the, 123.
DISCOVERERS, HOW THE WORLD TREATS, Gare Loch, scenery of the, 479.
545.

George II., the Royal library bequeathed
DISRUPTION OF THE UNION, THE, 125. to the British Museuin by, 70.
Doctor's FAMILY, THE, Part I., 420- Germany, the mineral springs of, and
Part II., 525-Part III., 689.

their value in dyspepsia, 415 et seq.-
Dodd, Dr, Somerville and Carlyle on, the movement for a fleet in, 608 et seq.
254, 255.

Gibson, Mr, on the benefits of residence
Dodo, the song of the, 474.

in Rome to the Art-Student, 381, 382.
Drama, the, Goverument peglect of, in Gladstone, Mr, his budget, 117 et seq.-

England, and its state in Weimar, 601. bis character, &c., as a speaker, 119.
Dress, modern atrocities of, 89 et seq. Good manner, a, distinction between, and
Drummond, Henry, his character and good manners, 155.

friendship for Wolff, 145 et seq. Great Britain, her position with regard
Dublin, the meeting of the Social Science to the United States, 125.
Association in, 464 et seq.

Greco Café at Rome, the, and its fre-
Duluc, M., on canine madness, 230.

quenters, 381.
Dyce, Mr, George Herbert by, 218. Gregory, Mr, bis motion on the Galway
DYSPEPSIA, MEDITATIONS ON : No. I., the Contract, 123, 124.

Malady, 302–No. II., the Cure, 406. Gregory, Pope, his mission to England, 5.
Education, the modern mania for, 406. Hakluyt Book Club, the, 458.
Edward VI., progress of the Reformation Hall, Marshall, the Memoirs of, 549 et
under, 172.

8eq.-sketch of his career, 550.
Eel-Khanee, the, a Persian chief, 352 Hamlet, Fechter's representation of, 744.

Harvard Library in America, the, 67.
ECLINTON, THE LATE EARL OF, 642—and Harvey, the reception of his discovery,
the Galway Contract, 123.

546-method by which his discovery
Elizabeth, progress of Puritanism under, was made, 595.
174--persecutions under, 176.

Haslewood, Joseph, and his connection
Elphege, Archbishop of Canterbury, and with the Roxburghe Club, 447.
bis martyrdom, 16.

Haughton, the execution of, under Henry
Elphinston, Lord, the Persian expedition VIII., 170.
organised under, 346.

Havelock, General, his arrival in Persia,
English, physical capabilities, &c., of the,

359.
302, et seq.

Havelock the Dane, the reprint of, 448.
English Church, Dr Hook's History of Hebbel, drama founded on the Niebel-
the, 3 et seq.

ungen Lied by, 602.

et seq.

War, 343.

Henry VIII., influence and position of, Laudscape, the English school of, 208.

as regards the Reformation, 168 et seq. Landseer, the animal pictures of, 211.

-his character and objects, 170. Laud, Archbishop, Arminianism intro.
Henry IV., the Emperor, Biedermann's duced by, 175.
drama of, 605.

Lawrence, Mr, on hydrophobia, 230.
Henry, Dr, Gilbert Stuart on, 249. Lee, Mr, the paintings of, 209– Rev. W.,
Herat, its supposed importance, and the his editing of Somerville's autobio-

origin of the differences between Per- graphy, 255.
sia and England, 343.

L'Estrange, anecdotes, &c., from, 459.
Hereditary Transmission, errors of Mr Libraries, public, their formation, &c., 65.
Buckle regarding, 588.

Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology, the,
HIGHLANDS, THREE DAYS IN TAE, 256. 458.
Hiogo, the port of, in Japan, 621, 622. Liebig's theory of food, adoption of, by
Hoffbauer, leader of the popular party in Mr Buckle, 583.
the Austrian Church, 142.

Liver, error of Mr Buckle regarding the,
Hook's ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY, 1. 585.
HORACE, ODE I. 16, TRANSLATION OF, 640. Locus, AMONG THE, Chap. I., Knock.
Houses of Parliament, Pugin's share in tarlitie, 479—Chap. II., The Trosachs,
the, 685.

485-Chap. III., Inchmahome, 492.
Hunt, Mr, the water-colour paintings of, Lohengrin, Wagner's drama of, 604.

203– Mr Holman, painting by, 215– Lomond, Loch, 485, 486.
Captain, his Journal of the Persian Louis Philippe, circumstances of his over-

throw, 79.
(unter, John, Mr Buckle on, 595. Lungs, the, their relations to the liver,
Hydropathy as a cure for dyspepsia, 413. 586.
Hydrophobia, vulgar errors regarding, Macaulay, T. B., his account of the case
222-in man, 224 et seq.

of Sarah Stout, 24-his portrait of
Iliad, the, resemblances between, and the Cranmer, 172.
Niebelungen Lied, 602.

Mad Dogs, I., Vulgar Errors, 222-II.,
Imperial Library at Paris, origin of the, Hydrophobia in man, 224-III., Origin
70.

of the disease, 227—IV., Signs of mad.
Inchmahome, sketches of, 492.

ness, 228—V., Stories of rabid dogs
Independents, rise of the, in England, and cats, 233-VI., The poison and its
175.

history, 236.
India, the true defence of, against Rus- Magliabecchi, the librarian, 75.
sia, 343 et seq.

Mahomed Yusuf, Khan of Herat, 344.
INDIAN ARMY, THE DEMISE OF TUE, 100. Maitland Book Club, the, 458.
Indian Civil Service, the new system of Malet, Colonel, death of, at Bushire, 348.
the, 107.

MANNERS, ON, 154.
Induction and Deduction, Mr Buckle Mary, Queen, the reign of, 173.
on, 592.

Mary, Queen of Scots, the scene of her
INLAND SEA OF JAPAN, THE, 613.

childhood at lochmabome, 494.
Inns, Scottish, cookery in, 409.

Matsys, Quentin, and his works, 365, 366.
Irish Archæological Society, the, 458. Method, Mr Buckle on, 594.
Jacob, General, his services in Persia, Microscope, the, errors of Mr Buckle
359, 362.

regarding, 587.
Jaenbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 12, Mineral waters, value of, as a cure for
13.

dyspepsia, 414 et seq.
JAPAN, THE INLAND SEA OF, 613.

Miracles, Dean Hook on, 1.
Jenner, the reception of his discovery, Missionary enterprise, modern forms of,
547.

146.
Jews, the modern, various opinions re- Mohummerah, the expedition against,
garding, 139.

359 et seq.
Johnson, Dr, on manners, 155.

MONBODDO, THE MEMORY OF, 363.
Jolly, Bishop Robert, sketch of, 440. Monteith, the lake of, 493.
Jones, Captain, resident at Bushire, 346 More, Sir Thomas, the martyrdom of, 171.

Mother, the, Mr Buokle on her influence,
JUDICIAL Puzzles : Spencer Cowper's 590.
Case, 19.

Moyam, adventure of Wolff at, 149.
Karun river, pedition up the, 360. Muller or the relations between the
Katrine, Loch, 487.

lungs and the liver, 586.
Knocktarlitie, sketches at, 479.

Nagasaki, the scenery of, 614.
Knox's Spirit of Despotism, anecdote Napier, Right Hon. Joseph, his address
regarding, 69.

at the Social Science meeting, 475.
Laing, Mr, on the depot system in re- Napoleon III., bis proscription of the
gard to India, 110.

Duc d'Aumale's letter, 78.

et seq.

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