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the clergy of the Reformed State Church, Catholic party (and this is an important which has long occupied the attention fact worth recording) have placed themof the Church authorities, has at length selves, as they cannot help doing in induced the consistory of Nantes to every case, on the side of the Pope, either depose Pastor Robineau, of Augers, on openly vindicating to the Catholic Church account of his views on Pedo-Baptism. the right to snatch Jewish children, who The opinions of the orthodox clergy on the have been secretly baptized, from their expediency of this measure are greatly parents, or observing a profound silence. divided, some maintaining that the hold- The history of the Mortara affair, compar. ing of Baptist views is inconsistent with ed with that of the Swedish women, the position of a clergyman of the National exiled on account of their reception into Reformed Church, and that it is the duty the Catholic Church is, therefore, a new of the proper authorities to suppress them, striking exemplification of the relation while others think that as long as the which Catholicism and Protestantism struggle of the evangelical party of the sustain generally to the question of Church against the rationalistic is not religious liberty. Great preparations are brought to a successful end, the Church made by the Pope and the superiors of ought not to deprive herself of the services the monastic orders in Rome, to improve of any pious evangelical minister who feels the opportunities which the recent treaty free in his conscience to remain in connec- of China with the Christian powers offers tion with the Reformed Church. THE PER- to the Christian religion. NEW MISSIONS SECUTION OF PROTESTANTISM in the interior will be organized on a grand scale, and of France is far from being at an end. In every Catholic country will be called upon some cases such affairs end satisfactorily, to send its contingent of missionaries. on appeal to the state ministry and the

Protestantism. — The last annual emperor, as in Maubeuge, where the im

SYNOD OF THE WALDENSES took place prisonment of the pastor, with that of

at La Tour, from May 18 to 23. It his colleagues, has cost the prefect, the

was complained that formalism and sub-prefect, and the mayor their places. spiritual death prevailed in many conBut new cases of violence and perse

gregations, and the means were discussed cution occur every month. Thus Prot

by which the Christian life in the valleys estant worship has been interdicted

might be strengthened. The Synod was at Labaume and Saint Quentin, (Gard,) where service had been held for a long Church of Scotland, and it was resolved

attended by deputies from the Free time past by the National Reformed

to invite also the Walloon Churches of HolChurch.

land, the Free Church of the canton of ITALY.

Vaud, and the Union of the Evangelical

Churches of France, to send representaRoman Catholic Church. - THE

tives in future. The last reports on the PRINCIPLES OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

EVANGELIZATION OF ITALY are very favoraWITH REGARD TO RELIGIOUS LIBERTY have

ble. The Waldenses receive applications been recently exemplified by an extraor

for spiritual aid from all parts of Italy. dinary event. On June 23d, an officer of The misunderstandings which for some the Papal police appeared at the house of

time existed between the Waldenses and Mr. Mortara, a Jew of Bologna, to demand

the Italian Committee of Evangelization, the surrender of one of his sons, because he

have been removed. The number of Prothad been secretly baptized by a Christian

estants is especially increasing in the servant girl. The boy, who is eight Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and the perseyears old, was taken to a convent of the

cution against them has for a while ceased. Dominicans, where he will be educated.

After the example of other parts of Italy, All the efforts of the disconsolate father

the Protestant foreigners in Sicily are to recover his child have been fruitless. Several Catholic governments of Europe lishing permanent Protestant congrega

beginning to be more intent upon estabhave been prevailed upon to espouse the

tions, and some progress has been made cause of the paternal rights of Jewish

in this respect in Palermo and Messina. parents against the canonical laws of the Catholic Church, but likewise in vain.

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. The political press of Europe has not been The Roman Catholic Church. remiss in the defense of the sacred rights of THE Present MINISTRY OF SPain, under parents, and for several weeks the Mortara the presidency of General O'Donnell, affair has occupied a prominent place in is considered as less favorable to the their columns. But all the organs of the claims of the Catholic Church than its predecessors, and as devotedly opposed to matter. The schools of the sisters have any extension of her privileges. As a been closed, and a committee has been majority of the newly elected Cortes sides appointed, with the Patriarch of Lisbon with the ministry, it is not unlikely that as president, to deliberate if any reforms new conflicts with Rome will soon take can be introduced in the congregation of place. No stop, however, has as yet Portuguese sisters of charity. The patribeen put to the persecution of Protest- arch, however, who mistrusts the dispoantism in Spain and in the Spanish colonies. sitions of the majority of the committee, In Fernando Po, a Spanish possession in hesitates to take part in its sittings. Africa, a flourishing Baptist mission has been destroyed by a proclamation of the Protestantism. – While the pronew governor, forbidding the public exer- gress which Protestantism is continually cise of any other religion than the Roman making in the kingdom of Spain itself Catholic. In Portugal the AVERSION TO must be kept secret, from fear of new perseMONASTIC ORDERS, which animates a large cution, an important MOVEMENT TOWARD class of the population, has given rise to PROTESTANTISM is openly going on among a tumult at Lisbon. A congregation of the Spaniards who are no longer subFrench Sisters of Charity, having been jects of her Catholic majesty. In Gibaccused of using its schools in the interest raltar a flourishing Baptist congregation of the detested cause of Don Miguel, has has been formed of former members of the been mobbed. The king has been peti- Catholic Church, under the auspices of tioned by the liberal party to suppress the Free Church of Scotland, by Senor this first advance of reviving monasticism, Ruet, himself a convert from the Cathoand by many friends of the incriminated lic Church ; and in the Algerian province congregation, among whom are several of Oran about one hundred Spanish colomembers of the royal family, to protect nists have joined the Protestant Church the victims of a fanatic infidelity. The in a short time, and made the necessary young monarch has not yet found the preparations for establishing evangelical courage to take a decided stand in the

worship in their language.

ART. X.-SYNOPSIS OF THE QUARTERLIES.

I.-American Quarterly Reviews.

I. BIBLIOTHECA SACRA AND BIBLICAL REPOSITORY, October, 1858.-1. Meshakah on

Skepticism: 2. The Conflict of Trinitarianism and Unitarianism in the AnteNicene Age: 3. Baptism a Symbol of the Commencement of the New Life: 4. Homeric Ideas of the Soul and a Future Life: 5. Caprices and Laws of Literature: 6. The Representative System in the Constitution of Moses: 7. Sacred

Traditions in the East. II. THE NEW ENGLANDER, November, 1858.-1. James A. Hillhouse: 2. The

Number Seven : 3. Translations, and their Influence upon Scholarship: 4. The Divine Love of Truth and Beauty exemplified in the Material Creation : 5. Results of the Increased Facility and Celerity of Inter-communication ; 6. Art Exhibition in Yale College: 7. Rational Cosmology : 8. Dr. Cleaveland's Anriversary Sermon: 9. Self-supporting Missionary Colonization: 10. The High

School Policy of Massachusetts : 11. Dr. Thompson's Memoir of Stoddard. III.—THE CHRISTIAN REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. The Authorship of the Epistle of

Jude: 2. Yoruba Proverbs: 3. Hackett's Acts: 4. Plato on Atheism: 5. Basil an Important Witness respecting Baptism in the Fourth Century: 6. The New American Cyclopædia : 7. The Religious Element in Human Nature: 8. The Efficacy of Prayer.

IV. THE BIBLICAL REPERTORY, October, 1858.-1. Jonathan Edwards and the

Successive Forms of New Divinity: 2. De Tocqueville and Lieber, as Writers on Political Science: 3. The Life of Cardinal Mezzofanti: 4. Harrison on the Greek Prepositions: 5. Adoption of the Confession of Faith: 6. The Revised

Book of Discipline. V. THE THEOLOGICAL AND LITERARY JOURNAL, October, 1858.-1. Christ the Saviour

only of Mankind: 2. Thoughts on the Revival of Eighteen Hundred and Fiftyeight: 3. Notes on Scripture- Matthew ix.-xiii.: 4. The Sufferings and Death of Believers, their Disembodied Life, and their Resurrection : 5. Expositions of Portions of Scripture for the Aid of Bible Classes. The Miracles and Preaching of the Day of Pentecost: 6. Dr. Barth's Travels in Africa: 7. Dr. Rice's

Objections to the Doctrine of Christ's Premillenial Advent. VI. THE SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN Review, October, 1858.-1. Symmetry and

Beauty of God's Witnessing Church: 2. A Reasonable Answer to the Skeptic: 3. Our Domestic Missions—The True Theory of their Conduct and Management: 4. Halsey's Literary Attractions of the Bible: 5. The Conversion of the World: 6. Christianity a Disciplinary Element in an Education : 7.

Stuart Robinson's Church of God. VII. UNIVERSALIST QUARTERLY AND GENERAL REVIEW, October, 1858.–23. Specu

lative and Practical Universalism : 24. The Doctrine of Necessity : 25. Universalism Revealed in the Four Gospels : 26. Dante and St. Paul: 27. The

Lost Senses. VIII. THE CHRISTIAN EXAMINER, November, 1858.-1. Sacrifice: 2. Cicero the Orator:

3. Unitarianism-Past, Present, and Future : 4. Giacomo Leopardi : 5. The

Future of Turkey : 6. Modern Impudence. IX. THE MERCERSBURG Review, October, 1858.-1. Reformed Synods : 2. Gnosticism: 3. Evidences of Centralization : 4. The Incarnation : 5. The Interpretation of the Parable: 6. The Ascetic System : 7. The Influence of the Early

Church on the Institution of Slavery: 8. Tertullian. X. THE EVANGELICAL REVIEW, October, 1868.-1. Illustrations of the Wisdom V. THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH, SOUTH.-1.

and Benevolence of God derived from the Science of Meteorology: 2. Reminiscences of Lutheran Clergymen: 3. Schmid's Dogmatic of the Lutheran Church : 4. Liturgical Studies : 5. Educational Efforts of the Pennsylvania Synod : 6. Baccalaureate Address : 7. The Testimony of the Spirit: 8. Her

meneutical Manual. XI. THE AMERICAN QUARTERLY CHURCH REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. The Present

State and Hopes of Christianity: 2. Baptism tested by Scripture and History: 3. Philosophy the Handmaid of Religion : 4. Letter to Bishop Lee, of lowa, on Western Missions: 5. The Controversy in the Scottish Church : 6. The Rev. A. B. Chapin, D. D.: 7. Mixed Societies, in Principle and in Practice : American

Ecclesiastical History: The “ Proposed Book,” (Continued.) XII. Brownson's QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. Conversations of our

Club: 2. Catholicity in the Nineteenth Century: 3. Alice Sherwin, and the

English Schism : 4. An Exposition of the Apocalypse : 5. Domestic Education. XIII. THE PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY Review, October, 1858.-1. Characteristics

of the Eloquence of the Pulpit: 2. Sir William Hamilton's Theory of Perception : 3. Life and Works of John Gerson : 4. Chronological Arrangement of Chapters 13–28 of the Acts of the Apostles : 5. The Modern Pilgrimage to

Rome. XIV. THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. The Monu

ments of Lost Races : 2. Miss Sewell's late Domestico-Religious Novels : 3 Infant Baptism: 4. History of the United States : 5. Missions on the Voluntary Principle: 6. Literature of the Quarter: 7. Foreign Intelligence : 8. Dio cesan Intelligence.

John the Apostle, and his Writings: 2. Psychology: 3. Class-meetings : 4. Probationary Church-membership: õ. Mary, the Mother of our Lord: 6. The Unity of the Christian Church: 7. Natural Goodness.

V. THE FREEWILL BAPTIST QUARTERLY, October, 1858.-1. The Method in Con

formity to which the Idea of God is Developed in the Scriptures: 2. The Call to the Ministry-Special: 3. The Value of the Bible: 4. The Relation of SelfKnowledge to Christian Usefulness: 6. The Holy Spirit—The Ways of Quenching its Influence: 6. The Symbolical Art of the Early Christian Church : 7. Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani : 8. Mohammedan Power in India : 9. Jimeson on

the Methodist Articles of Religion : 10. Christian Hope. The article on the Methodist Articles of Religion affirms that no sect is less influenced by a doctrinal basis than the Methodists, inasmuch as action rather than faith is the characteristic of our system. Yet it affirms that our doctrinal principles are by no means inefficient, and must exert an increasing influence upon our body, and through it upon the general Church.

Up to this time we had supposed that Methodism had been the standing advocate of the doctrine of free-will as a subjective and immutable attribute of the human soul. For maintaining this doctrine the Wesleys and Fletcher were assailed by the Calvinists of their day, and Free-willer has been an epithet laid upon us as an opprobrium, both in England and America, through most of our past history. It is for this reason that we feel much refreshed when the present writer relieves us of this burden, and reveals to us the fact that the truest advocates of free-will are found “among the Calvinistic sects!" Our reviewer holds this view, first, because no Methodist author has, like Tappan, Mahan, and others, written a separate treatise on free-will; and second, because we hold that the depravity produced by the fall has obstructed our original and natural freedom. This fact, namely, that the inherent freedom of the will is overlaid by the effects of the fall, we understand him to deny; and thus, so far as we can see, he is on that point Pelagian. Into this position we imagine our Freewill Baptist friends are led, to our great regret, by the Pelagianizing writings of Taylor, Tappan, Mahan, etc.; for we did

suppose that the Freewill Baptists of thirty years ago coincided on this point with Methodism. Methodism holds that man is, by creation and by his true nature, free, just as truly, firmly, and clearly as Dr. Mahan or this reviewer. But under the influence of that spiritual death, superinduced "by one man that sinned,” we believe that the will with the other faculties has suffered. The power “ to will and to do” we believe that “God works within us;" and by that gracious power it is that we must “ work out our own salvation ;” and upon our free refusal to do that “work” final condemnation results. Hence we believe that man is both naturally free and graciously free; naturally free by original constitution; graciously free by a provision overlying the bondage wrought by the fall.

His statement that Methodism has as yet furnished no separate work on the will is obviated by his previous remark, that our system has been developed less by theological production than by action. Our Theodice, as stated by our standards, is based upon the doctrine of free-will ; and we trust the time is not far distant when a separate work on this point will demonstrate the fact.

II.- Foreign Reviews.

I. THE QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. The Arundel Society.–Fresco

Painting : 2. Horace and his Translators: 3. Wiseman's Last Four Popes: 4. James Watt: 5. The Roman at his Farm : 6. Sir Charles Napier's Career in

India : 7. The Past and Present Administrations. II. TAE EDINBURGH REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. The Greenville, Portland, and

Perceval Administrations : 2. Criminal Precedure in Scotland and England: 3. Birch's History of Ancient Pottery: 4. M. Guizot's Historical Memoirs : 6. Binocular Vision: 6. The Earls of Kildare: 7. Mr. Gladstone's Homeric Studies : 8. Guy Livingstone : 9. The Slave Trade in 1858: 10. Mr. Froude's

Reply to the Edinburgh Review. III. THE NATIONAL Review, October, 1858.-1. Carlyle's Life of Frederick the

Great: 2. The Relations of France and England : 3. The Sculptures from Halicarnassus in the British Museum : 4. Woman: 5. Russian Literature and Alexander Pushkin: 6. The Great Rebellion : Mr. Sanford and Mr. Forster: 7. Mr. Trollope's Novels: 8. The Zouave and kindred Languages: 9. Charles

Dickens: 10. Professional Religion: 11. Note in Answer to Colonel Mure. IV. THE CHKISTIAN REMEMBRANCER, October, 1858.-1. Science and Revelation:

2. Blunt on the Early Fathers : 3. Gladstone on Homer-Historical Value of the Iliad and Odyssey: 4. Sunday Schools: 5. The Outcast and the Poor of London : 6. Fray Morgaez against the Bull Ineffabilis : 7. Ecclesiastical Af

fairs in Scotland : 8. Savonarola. V. THE BRITISH QUARTERLY Review, October, 1858.-1. Froude's History of

England : 2. The Vatican Greek Testament: 3. Calendars and Old Almanacs : 4. Wycliffe—His Biographers and Critics : 5. M. Comte's Religion for Atheists: 6. Herodotus--- Rawlinson: 7. Political Party since the Revolution : 8. Our

Epilogue on Affairs and Books. VI. THE LONDON REVIEW, October, 1858.-1. Character and Condition of the

English Poor: 2. Arabian Philosophy: 3. English Dictionaries: 4. North Wales and its Scenery: 5. The Roman Alphabet applied to Eastern Languages : 6. The Last of the Alchemists: 7. Merivale's Roman History-Volume Sixth:

8. John Albert Bengel: 9. The Southern Frontier of the Russian Empire. VII. THE JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE AND BIBLICAL RECORD, October, 1858.

1. St. Augustine: 2. The Literature of the Book of Job: 3. Free Theological Inquiry: 4. Expository Remarks on 1 John v, 4-9: 5. The Exegesis of Genesis vi, 1-4: 6. A Chapter on the Church of Sweden : 7. Verification of Christian Epochs—No. 2: 8. On the Rectifications of Sacred and Profane Chronology, which the newly discovered Apis-Steles render Necessary : 9. Dr.

Cureton's Syriac Gospels. The article on the Book of Job suggests grave doubts of the prevalent theory of the patriarchal antiquity of that book. The Exegesis of Genesis vi, 1-4, contains a very able argument against the modern theory that the “sons of God” were the race of Seth, and maintains, with no little force, the ancient interpretation that they were angels from whose illicit intercourse with the “ daughters of men" giants were born. If he does not demonstrate the old interpretation, beyond all doubt, he certainly makes it clear that philology, antiquity, and natural construction are all on that side, and nothing but the extraordinary nature of the narrative resulting from such an interpretation is against it.

Dr. William Cureton has lately published“ Remains of a very Ancient Re

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