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rare.

CASES

OF PERSECUTION

Protestantism.-THE CONSTANT PROG several occasions he has recently displayed. RESS OF PROTESTANTISM is attested, as He has called his youngest son after one of we have shown above, by the Catholics the favorite saints of Russia, St. Sergius, themselves. Numerous other proofs are and he has twice visited the monastery of furnished by the Protestant papers of this saint near Moscow, the first time for every week, while the cases in which the special purpose of imploring the help French Protestants are received into the of the saint for the safe delivery of the Roman Catholic Church are extremely empress, and the second time for returning

The Evangelical Church of Lyons thanks. The Sects OF THE RUSSIAN counts at present about six hundred Church have been lately made the submembers, nearly all of whom were for ject of an elaborate article in the Revue merly Catholics. The same was reported des deux Mondes, which maintains that at a late meeting of the French branch the measures adopted against them by of the Evangelical Alliance by one of the the Emperor Nicholas have not only failBaptist pastors of his denomination. ed, but have had the effect of increasing Three out of four pastors, and three hun- their numbers. They enjoy now a greater dred out of four hundred members, have toleration. Their marriages and children come from the Catholic Church. By this are no longer considered illegitimate, but great progress NEW ACTS OF OPPRESSION passports for traveling in foreign counare occasioned, especially in the provinces. tries are still refused to them. A glaring case occurred recently in the department of Haute Vienne, where, in The Roman Catholic Church, 1852, twelve evangelical schools had been SEVERAL NEW closed at a time by order of the govern- against the Roman Catholic Church have ment. After many fruitless efforts to ob

been reported by the Univers of Paris. tain an anthorization for reopening them. The inhabitants of the village Pawlow, the Protestants at length flattered them

near Vilna, though not slaves, are said to selves with the hope that all the requi- have been compelled by the Governor sites of the law had been complied with, General Nasinov to join the Russian that the Minister of Public Instruction Church, and even the knout, according to was in favor of their request, and that no these reports, has been again employed to opposition would any longer be made to

prevent former members of the Greek them. Nevertheless the Prefect and the

United Church from reuniting with the Conseil Academique of the department Catholic Church, which they had expresspersisted in refusing the demanded au- ed the desire to do. The Nord, a Russian thorization, and the Conseil Departmental, paper in Brussels, has denied the truth of the highest authority in such matters, these reports, but has admitted that the when appealed to, confirmed, “after a laws which forbid the reception of any mature deliberation," as the Minutes say, member of the Greek Church into that of "unanimously in the interest of public Rome, are maintained by order of the morality,” the decision of the Prefect.

emperor in their full vigor. The stateTHE NUMBER OF PROTESTANT PERIODICALS ments of the Catholic press, on the other having been, during 1858, again in- hand, are corroborated by the Russian creased by two, amounts now to twenty, correspondents of the paper published by among which there are two weeklies and Alexander Herzen, a Russian refugee in fifteen monthlies.

London, so that it is likely that they are

substantially true. Still THE RELATIONS RUSSIA.

BETWEEN RUSSIA AND ROME are of a The Greek Church.- THE ESTAB- more amicable nature than they wero LISHMENT OF A NEW ECCLESIASTICAL SEM- under Nicholas, and some more of the INARY at Tomsk, for the Eparchez of vacant bishoprics have been filled. Tomsk, which comprises the two large Among a part of the aristocracy a Romegovernments of Tomsk and Yeniseisk, is ward tendency undoubtedly exists, which the first step taken for the education of has induced the Pope to provide for a priests of the Russian Church in those regular Russian service in the city of distant regions, and a new proof that the Rome. A celebrated Russian member of emperor does not mean to exclude the the Redemptorist order, Father PetcherNational Church from his vast projects of ine, has for that purpose been called to reform. THE CONFIDENCE OF THE GREEK Rome. A STRONG OPPOSITION TO ROME is CLERGY IN THE EMPEROR has been greatly arising in Poland, partly from a new sect, strengthened by the strict observance of founded by the mystic poet Towianski, the religious rites and customs which on who believes himself to be a new Messiah

for the reformation of the Catholic cially the Asiatic portion, to preach a Church, partly from writers who proclaim crusade against the Christians, and are either the radicalism of Young Poland or forming in the cities confraternities for the Pansclavonian doctrines, which begin the defense of the faith. In several, and to agitate the whole east of Europe. The perhaps in all the mosques of ConstantiRoman Inder Librorum Prohibitorum nople, the people have been warned proscribes one Polish book after another. against buying and reading the Bible, and But the thunder of the Vatican has lost the call for the Bible has consequently its effect; instead of striking terror into diminished. The government, however, trembling authors, it is welcomed by has given another proof of its liberal disthem as a cheap and efficient means of position toward the Christians, by orderattracting general attention to their ing the execution of the instigators of the works.

great massacre of Christians at Jiddah, in

Arabia Social improvements, also, are Evangelical Lutheran Church.- carried on with undiminished vigor. In THE PUBLICATION OF A THEOLOGICAL QUAR- Europe the proportion of Mohammedans TERLY, which the faculty of the Univer

is constantly decreasing, and the power of sity of Dorpat has started at the begin- the Mohammedan element is moreover ning of the present year, is likely to

broken by the springing up of new sects, prove an event of importance. It will the last of which made its appearance give to Russia a more learned Protestant clergy, and thus strengthen the present

during the past year at Gaza, and is said

to hold Pantheistic doctrines, and to say ascendancy of Protestant ideas in the

nothing about the prophet. rising literature of Eastern Europe. At the same time it will aim at bringing about The Greek Church.--THE REORGANa closer union between the Lutherans of

IZATION OF THE GREEK CHURCH is proRussia and those of other countries, and

ceeding very slowly. At length a council thus be another step for the consolidation of reform has been convened, consisting of the Lutheran Church in Europe, and

of seven clerical and thirty-one lay memfor her final deliverance from the fetters

bers. Two months have been consumed of the State. Her prosperity in Russia, by the new council in discussing the it is hoped, will be increased by THE AU- mode of electing the Patriarch of ConTHORIZED ESTABLISHMENT OF a CENTRAL

stantinople. The laymen demanded that ECCLESIASTICAL Fund, from which schools he be elected by a direct vote of the Asand churches will be built, pastors and sembly, which would secure to them a teachers supported, and all the enterprises majority, while the prelates called this a of the Church promoted. This authoriza

violation of the sacred canons, and claimtion, which had been in vain solicited

ed the right of being the sole electors. during the reign of Nicholas, cannot fail

The parties being unable to come to an to prove highly advantageous to the in

agreement, it has been proposed, as a comterests of Russian Protestantism.

promise, that the sacred synod shall elect

the patriarch among five candidates proBuddhism. —Buddhism, thongh on

posed by the council of administration. the decrease, is not yet extinct in Russia.

THE INFLUENCE OF Russia on the Greek According to a work of Bishop Nil on

Church of Turkey seems to be increasing. Buddhism, there were, at the beginning

Seven new establishments for the clergy of the present century, two Buddhist bish- and pilgrims of Russia are in the course of oprics in Russia, one in Nerchinsk, the

building in Palestine, and the Archimanother on this side of the Yablonoi mount

drite Njegush of Montenegro has been in, ains, on the lake of Gunse.

Now only

duced to go to St. Petersburgh and not to the latter is in existence. In 1822 there Constantinople, to receive the consecration were in Russia 2,532 lamas, now only 285,

as bishop. with a Buddhist population of about 124,000 souls.

The Roman Catholic Church.

Some of THE BISHOPS are displaying & TURKEY.

great zal for advancing the interests of Mohammedanism.-The fanaticism Rome, The Vicar Apostolic of Bosnia of the MOHAMMEDAN POPULATION still re- has built in his diocese, during the last mains unabated, and gains new strength three years, twelve new churches and from the increasing progress of Christiani- seventeen new schools. The Pope's ty. According to the Univers fanatic Sheiks late delegate in Syria, Archbishop Bruare going over the whole country, espe- noni, has witnessed, during the five years,

that he has resided in Syria, the recep- Protestantism.-The PROTESTANT tion into the Roman Catholic Church of SCHOOLS which have been established by five thousand members of the Eastern the American missionaries enjoy a great Churches. Having been recently trans- prosperity. Thus, a girl's school at Niferred to the Vicariate Apostolic of Con- comedia, which is now self-supporting, stantinople, Archbishop Brunoni has paid has fifty-seven pupils, chiefly from the an official visit to the patriarchs of the higher families of the Armenians, who Greek and Armenian Churches, which is are very well pleased with it. At Sidon considered as the forerunner of new at- the Protestant school was so generally tempts to effect a corporate union of those attended by Catholic children that it retwo Churches with Rome. THE UNITED quired threats of excommunication on the GREEK CHURCH has been greatly disturbed part of the Bishop of Tyre to cause the during the whole past year by the at- withdrawal of some of them. Greater attempts of its patriarch, and of Rome, to tention than before will be paid to Eurointroduce into the calendar the new style PEAN TURKEY as a missionary field. The instead of the old. The patriarch, see- whole country has been mapped out and ing himself unable to overcome the divided between the American Board and resistance of a large portion of his people, the Methodist Episcopal Church. Both and, it is said, even fearing for his life, have lately increased the number of their resigned in August, and returned to the missionaries, and extraordinary prosconvent of the Basilians, in which he had pects are there opening to them. The lived before his elevation to the patriar- EVANGELICAL DEACONESSES of Kaiserschate. His resignation having, however, werth, Prussia, have now four establishnot been accepted by the pope, he has ments in the East, at Constantinople, been compelled to return to his patriarch- Jerusalem, Smyrna, and Alexandria. al see. The controversy, and the excite. Their school at Smyrna is nearly selfment arising from it, are not yet settled, supporting; their hospital in Constantiand the bishop sent by Russia to Pales- nople is supported by the German Benertine has been invited by the leaders of olent Society of that city, and the other the anti-Roman party to Damascus, in two establishments by voluntary contriorder to bring about a union between butions, mostly collected in Russia. them and the Orthodox Greek Church.

Art. XI.-SYNOPSIS OF THE QUARTERLIES.

I.-American Quarterly Reviews. 1. THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Natural

Intimations of a Future Life: 2. Proverbs : 3. Recent German Apologetics : 4. On the Authorized Version of the New Testament: 5. Miscellaneous Slight Foot-prints of Good Men; Bishop White on Episcopacy and the Sue

cession, II. THE AMERICAN QUARTERLY CHURCH REVIEW, AND ECCLESIASTICAL REGISTER,

January, 1859.-1. The American Union; its Nature and Origin : 2. Theodore Parker and the Newest Theology : 3. Parton's Aaron Burr, dissected by a Nonagenarian : 4. Church Universities : 5. St. Patrick no Romanist: 6. The New Liturgy in Harvard University : 7. Letter to the Editor-Bishops, Successors of the Apostles: 8. A Word for our Fathers, in a Letter to an English Layman : American Ecclesiastical History-Early Journals of General Con

ventions. III. The North AMERICAN Review, January, 1859.–1. Canonical Compurga

tion and the Wager of Battle : 2. The Mount Vernon Memorial: 3. Edmund Burke: 4. Life and Writings of De Quincey: 6. Abelard: 6. Thompson's History of Boston: 7. Bible Revision: 8. Cotemporary French Literature: 9. Thompson's Life of Stoddard: 10. White's Shakspeare.

IV. THE EVANGELICAL REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. The New Testament Bishop

a Teacher: 2. The Sabbath: 3. A Want in the Lutheran Church met by the Founding of the Missionary Institute : 4. Is it right to Baptize the Children of Parents not in Connection with any Christian Society ? 6. The Relation of the Family to the Church: 6. Baccalaureate Address : 7. Reminiscences of Lutheran Clergymen: 8. What is the Result of Science with regard to the

Primitive World ? V. THE BIBLICAL REPERTORY AND PRINCETON REVIEW, January, 1859–1. Praying

and Preaching : 2. Religion in Colleges : 3. Sawyer's New Testament: 4. The

Book of Hosea : 5. The Unity of Mankind. VL THE CHRISTIAN REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. The Evangelical Armenians of

Turkey, the Reformers of the East: 2. Angels : 3. Longfellow as a Poet: 4. The Domestic Constitution : 5. The Heathen Witnesses of the Progress of Christianity before 200 A.D.: 6. Harrison on Greek Prepositions : 7. The Baptism of Basil the Great-Was it in his Infancy? 8. Buckle's History of

Civilization : 9. Early German Philosophers. VII. UNIVERSALIST QUARTERLY AND GENERAL REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Enthu

siasm-Its Nature and Conditions : 2. Truth, as a Dogma and as a Principle: 3. Our Helps and Hindrances : 4. Mohammedanism and its Founder: 6. The Aggressive Spirit of Christianity: 6. Divine Sovereignty: 7. Clapp's Theo

logical Views. VIII. THE PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Re-union of the

Synods of New York and Philadelphia: 2. The Publication Cause : 3. The New England Theocracy: 4. Foundation of Faith in the Word of God : 5. The Revival.

IX. THE SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN REVIEW, January, 1869.-1. The Astronomi

cal Argument against Christianity: 2. The Statesman : 3. The Fullness of Time: 4. Morality of the Legal Profession: 6. The Support of Superannuated Ministers, and the Indigent Families of Deceased Ministers: 6. The Prophetic Period of 1260 years : 7. The Early Presbyterian Immigration into

South Carolina. X. THE CHRISTIAN EXAMINER, January, 1859.-1. The Moravian Brethren: 2. Fran

cis Quarles: 3. Imagination in Theology : 4. Carlyle's Frederic: 5. The Two

Religions: 6. Dr. Furness and Dr. Bushnell-A Question of Words and Names. XI. THE THEOLOGICAL AND LITERARY JOURNAL, January, 1859.-1. Dr. Hickok's

Rational Cosmology : 2. Notes on Scripture—Matthew xiv, xvii: 3. Haven's Mental Philosophy: 4. Religious Lessons of the Deluge : 5. The Miracle, the Discourse, and the Persecution-Acts iii and iv: 6. The Formularies of the

Church of Holland. XII. BROWNSON'S QUARTERLY Review, January, 1859.-1. Usury Laws: 2. Catho

licity and Civilization: 3. The Humanists : 4. Primitive Elements of Thought : 5. Conversations on Theocracy: 6. Popular Amusements.

XIII. The New ENGLANDER, February, 1859.-1. The True Style and Measure

of the Higher Education : 2. The New Andover Hymn Book: 3. Roman Catholic Contributions and Missions: 4. China and the Chinese: 5. Revision of the English Bible: 6. Dr. Cleveland's Reply to the New Englander: 7. Pales

tine a Perpetual Witness for the Bible : 8. Nature and the Supernatural. XIV. THE MERCERSBURG REVIEW, January, 1859.–1. The Synod at Frederick,

Md. : 2. The Heidelberg Catechism-Its Formation and First Introduction in the Palatinate: 3. The Human Body and Disease, considered from the Christian Stand-point: 4. Introduction to the Study of Philosophy: 5. The Office of Bishop: 6. The Palatinate-A Historico-Geograhical Sketch.

XV. THE CONGREGATIONAL QUARTERLY, January, 1859.--1. Thomas Prince : 2. Con

gregationalism-its Features and Superiorities: 3. The Massachusetts General Association: 4. A Lesson from the Past: 5. The American Congregational Union : 6. Father Sawyer-A Biographical Sketch : 7. The Office of Deacon: 8. The Congregational Library Association : 9. John Norton's “Orthodox Evangelist :” 10. American Congregational Statistics, for 1868.

II.- Foreign Reviews. I. The London REVIEW, (Wesleyan,) January, 1859.-1. Early Christian Mon

achism: 2. Scotch University Reform: 3. Memoirs of Saint Simon: 4. Comparative Literary Rank of Nations: 5. The Ministry of Life : 6. Arithmetic, Ancient and Modern : 7. Literary Skepticism : 8. Illustrated Works: 9. Chris

tianity and Ethics : 10. Fiji. II. THE JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE, January, 1859.-1. The Franks, and

their Metropolitan: 2. Chinese: 3. Babylon and its Priest-kings : 4. Notes on John xvii: 5. Exegesis of the Book of Job: 6. Analecta Syriaca : 7. Anal

ysis of the Emblems of St. John. (Rev. vii.) III THE CHRISTIAN REMEMBRANCER, January, 1859.-1. Old English Chronicles :

2. Pastoral Poetry: 3. What is wanted in the Church's Missions : 4. Life of Mrs. Schimmel Penninck: 5. Inett's English Church : 6. The Bishop of St.

Andrew's on the Aberdeen Appeal: 7. Anti-Confessional Agitation. IV. THE NATIONAL REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Crabbe : 2. The Autobiography

of Catherine II. : 3. The Results of Short Imprisonments : 4. Virgil and his Modern Critics : 5. Count Miot de Melito and the French Revolution : 6. False Morality of Lady Novelists : 7. The Religion of the Working Classes : 8. Long

fellow : 9. Mansel's Limits of Religious Thought: 10. Parliamentary Reform. V. The British QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Physical and Moral

Heritage: 2. Dalmatia ; 3. Religious Systems-Ancient and Modern: 4. Bolingbroke : 5. Serf-emancipation in Russia : 6. Masson's Life of Milton : 7. France

and England: 8. Carlyle's Frederic the Great. VI. THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW, January, 1859.-1. Reform of Parliament: 2. The

Religious Policy of Austria: 3. The Sanitary Condition of the Army: 4. Chloroform and other Anæsthetics : 5. Spiritual Destitution in England : 6. Carlyle's

History of Friedrich the Second: 7. Recent Cases of Witchcraft. VII. THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN EVANGELICAL REVIEW, January, 1859. – 1. Friar Bacon and Lord Bacon: 2. Dr. Pusey on the Election of Bishops : 3. John Wycliffe — His Writings, Opinions, and Influence : 4. Spiritual Discipline of the Jesuits : 5. The Religious Awakening of 1858: 6. The Codex Vaticanus and Biblical Criticism: 7. Professor Stuart and Mr. Barnes on Romans v. 12–19: 8. Lives of Ursinus and Olevianus, and the Reformation

in the Palatinate. VIII. REVUE DES Deux Mondes, Nineteenth Volume. Paris. January, 1859.1. Religious Controversies in England-F. Newman, J. Martineau, W. Greg, The Evangelical Alliance. By Charles De Rémusat, of the French Academy : 2. Recollections of the Court of Dresden-Mlle. De Haltingen. By Madame Dora d'Istna: 3. Byron, Shelly, and English Literature-A Review of the Last Days of Shelly and Byron, by E. Trelawney. By Edmond de Guerle: 4. The Europeans in Oceanica-Australia Colonized and Savage. By Alfred Jacobs : 5. Marguerite de Tanly. By Amédée Achard: 6. Representative Monarchy in Italy-King Charles Albert and Count Cæsar Balbo. By Albert Blanc: 7. Scientific History in the Nineteenth Century-M. Biot. By Auguste Langel: 8. Poetry-Maritima. By J. Autran : 9. Political and Literary Record of the fortnight: 10. Musical Review: 11. Bibliographio Bulletin.

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