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May 26.



and John Jacob de Medicis, in which bustle the town
was also ruin’d, for the gates and walls were beaten
down, that no enemy might after that lodge himself
there again. From Clæven we went to Riva upon the
Lago di como, where the water Addua runs into the lake,
and yet notwithstanding adds no water to it, nor taketh
any from it, but only runs ftrait through it ; and so doth
the Rhine through the lake calld the Boden-Sea: From
thence we travellid to Gera upon the same lake, where
we lay all night. On the bank I saw some purple-colour'd
lillies, a sort of Lilium Saracenicum with small leaves,
and in the old walls the Cymbalaria.

The 26th about noon we came to Como, a very glo-
rious and pleasant city, from whence the lake hath it's
name to this day. From thence we rode the same
night to Milan, the metropolis of that dukedom. What
strange passages have been committed in this town before
it was poflefied by the Emperor Charles the fifth, after
the decease of the last duke Francis Sfortia, is related fuf-
ficiently in History,

The 27th we rode through Binasco, a pleasant village, where the very learned and famous Andreas Alciatus, Doctor in Law, and Professor of several Universities in France and Italy, hath built a very glorious palace; and in the evening passing by the great park (in which in the year 1525, was fought that bloody battel between Francis King of France, and the Emperor Charles the fifth's officers, in which the King himself was made pri. foner, and many of his men kill'd) the same night arrived at Pavia, an ancient glorious city, situated on the river Tesin, where the Kings of the Longobards did formerly keep their courts, and afterwards Charles the Great, the first German Emperor, did institute an University, which has brought up many eminent and learned men since.

The 28th departing from Pavia, we passed the River Padus, or Eridanus, which is believed to be the biggest river in Italy, to Vogera, a pleasant village, situated on the river Stafora, there we began to take poft, and had eighteen stages to Nisa: By noon we arrived at Dertona, a pretty town, yet not very full of people, by reason of the many wars and intestine quarrels in which it was engaged, belonging to the Duke of Milan. In this country

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I found whole acres sown with Wood, and there I saw the White Poplar, also Millefolium flore luteo, and farther upon the hill Brotho the Cineraria, and the Stæchas Citrina, Cotinus Plinii, and many more fine plants. At night we came to Alexandria della Paglia, that is to say, of Chaff. When heavy and long wars did arise between the Emperor Frederick the first, and the towns of Lombardy, by instigation of Pope Alexander the third, the towns of Lombardy did agree to compile this city out of several villages in the year 1168,and did fortify it the year next ensuing, and call'd it, after the Pope's name, Ålexandria ; but the Imperialists call'd it Alexandria of Straw, which name it doth retain to this day ; yet we did not stay there, but rode the same night to Bellizona, a strong place, which perhaps formerly had it's own princes, which did sell it from Uri and his relations, because they could not defend it from the Duke of Milan in the vear 1422, and yet it cost a great deal of blood, until the Switzers got it into fafe poffeffion in the year 1500.

The 29th at noon we came to Ast, a considerable May 29. city belonging to the dukedom of Milan, where the King of Spain keeps a garrison, which had just then received the new Governour of Milan, and conducted him into the city. Not far off lieth Carmagnola, belonging to the King of France, and to the Marquisate of Saluzo, where is kept a French garrison, as at Moncalier, which is very near it, the Duke of Savoy hath a garrison; and so garrisons of three eminent princes lie very near one another. That night we lodged in a pitiful village call'd Baieron.

The 30th we rode throRacones and Savigliano, two 30. small villages, and at night came to Coni.

The last of May, after we had broke our fast in a 31, village call’d Limona, we came to mount Brothus, where we law many pleasant vineyards; and fo by Tenda into another village, calld Sorgo, where we staid all night.

The first of June we reached to Niffa in the morning, June 1. a city with a strong citadel, upon the Tyrrhenian sea, belonging to the Duke of Savoy, which the Turkish Admiral Barbarossa did for a long time besiege with great fury, and yet was forc'd to leave it, although he had the city in his poffeffion, in the year 1543.

year 1543. Thither alla B 3


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came Francis King of France, and the Emperor Charles the fifth, to Pope Paul the third, to have peace made between them. Thereabouts I espy'd some fine plants, but chiefly two sorts of Papaver Corniculatum, with large and stately flowers, yellow and brown ; and also the Ladanum latifolium, and upon the hill towards Villa Franca, a Convolvulus with white and purple-strip'd flowers, and with long and cut leaves.

The second we went from thence with more comJun, 2, 3, 4,5, 6C. pany, passing through the villages of Antibo, Cacabo,

Luc, Brignola, &c. (where I found in the shops a fort of very delicate preserved Prunes, calld in English Prunellos's, which would be very useful in burning fevers against the thirst, in great quantity) to Marseilles, which maketh thirty French miles or leagues ; and we rode so. fast onward, during this journey, that we arrived there in nineteen days after our departure, that is, on the fifth day of June: By the way I saw Convolvulus foliis acutis, Rubia Tinctorum, Stechas, a fine Sefely Peloponnesiacum, Thymelæa, Cistus with white and purple Aowers, and also a kind of Ladanum of the learned Carolus Clusius, with small Rosemary-leaves, Terebinthus, Ilex Coccifera, Aspalathus, and the Polemonium Monspeliensium of Rembert Dadoneus, call’d Trifolium frutitans, Ruscus, Lentiscus, Calamintha montana, fome common thistles, and others.

In Marseilles where I was lodged in my forenam’d kinsman's house, to stay untill the ships were ready, I inet with one fohn Ulrich Kraft, son of John Kraft, one of the Privy Council at Ulm, who was arrived there a few days before, also with the same intention to go, along with us, about his own business. We staid together, and while the ships were fitting out, we made ourselves acquainted with the Physicians and Apothecaries, but above the rest with one experienced man, Jacob Renaud, a great lover of plants, who shew'd me in his garden many pretty and strange simples, viz. Scammonium verum, Ambrofia, Moly, Ammi, Aloës, &c. and a great many dry'd and laid between papers. I found also about the city, Trifolium, Asphaltites, Lactuca marina, Dendillaria, 'Tragacantha Guilhelmi Rondeletii, a great Scabiosa with white flowers, Gratiola, Gnaphalium marinum, Medica marina, Polygonum marinum, Eryngium marinum, Coris Monspelienfium, another fort of Tamariscus, and of Consolida, with yellow sweet flowers, which I also found between Nimes, and Pont du gard, an old, strong, and fine building, upon which I did find Ruta Silvestris, a sort of Verbascum foliis disseEtis, Papaver corniculatum flore flavo ; I also found thereabouts Chondrilla Viminea,

? growing chiefly in the vineyards, Conyza major, Vermicularis fruticans, Carduus tomentosus, not unlike to Leucacantha, Nepa Lobelii in adversariis novis ; I also fourd Tartonrayre, After atticus luteus, Psyllium, Sefeli Æthiopicum fruticans, Jujubes, red Valeriana, Corruda Rembert. Dodon. the first kind of Catanance Dioscor. which I first spy'd by it's dry'd leaves, just like a Vulture's claw, and many others, not needful to be here related.

After that the ship Santa Croce was laden, victuall'd for three months, and provided with guns, and all other necessaries for a three months voyage ; we two went with our master, Anthony Reinard, with some others belonging to him, in a frigat, the first day of September, Sujt. I. in the year 1673, to our thip, which lay at anchor with feveral other laden ships, near the adjacent islands, with an intention to set sail the next day.

The next day about two in the afternoon, when God sent us a good wind, we hoisted up our fails, and went on: When our patron began to exhort his inen to agree together, and to be obedient to him, which they all faithfully promised ; then we went to prayers, and recommended ourselves to the protection of God Almighty,

In the first setting out, before we got to sea, our ship came so near to another, that they touch'd almost ; and had not the seamen in time got them off, we might have suffer'd shipwreck.

When this was over, and we out of danger, we fail'd on with full fails fix of us, and advanc'd so fairly, that we lost the fight of land before night, and could see nos thing but sky and water,

Not long after, most of us began to be fea-fick, and to bring up what we had eaten some days before, but I and my comrade Kraft purged ourselves that night so well, that we were very fresh again the next morning : Some of the rest remain'd fick for seven days after, and

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not one of us, altho' we were forty eight, but was sick,
and found an alteration after our shipping off.

After we had fail'd two days with a favourable wind,
by the Latins callid Caurus, but by the French and
Italians, Maistral, which bloweth between north and

west, and proceeded an hundred French leagues, there Sept. 4. arose on the fourth day about midnight another wind,

callid Græco, and by the Latins, Cæcias, which the
more it went to the east, the more it was against
us; so that we being hindred from going eastward,
were forced to go fideways, and to traverse up and

down, and were driven so far southwards, that on 5, 6, 7. funday night and monday morning we fail'd in fight

of the coast of Barbary. After the wind was laid a
little, and the dolphins appear'd in great numbers, we
hoped for better weather, but for want of it, 'finding
ourselves advance towards Africa more and more, we
were forced to tack about, and to direct our course to:
wards Marseilles again.

We going thus back again, contrary to our intentions,
feared that the wind would hold so a while, but con-
trary to our expectation, it came to be so calm towards the
night, that we could hardly perceive any. Then we hoped
it would change, which did also succeed accordingly, for

the next morning before break of day the Maistral began

to blow again, which pleased us extremely, and so we
return’d and pursued our former course again towards
the east, and on monday we fail'd so fast, that in an
hours time we made ten Italian miles, and on the 9th
day came into the streights of Sardinia and Africa,
where we saw an island call'd Gallicia, which, altho
it be but small, yet, because of the high mountains, is
seen afar off; we left it about thirty leagues on one
side of us. This island is subject to no body, wherefore
a great many pirates lye lurking there : In it is no
great matter to be seen, only wild Capers grow there in
great plenty. We, finding ourselves in this dangerous
place, were not idle, altho' the ship was well provided
with guns, pikes, and other arms, but got our great
guns ready, and fill'd our chamber, in which we two
were, with guns and swords, so that it look'd rather
like an armoury of the whole ship than a chamber.



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